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Old 05-11-2009, 08:45 PM   #1
aronia
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Exclamation How to Learn Survival

How to Learn Survival

This is in no way a comprehensive study nor list and it is Incomplete

This is something that has been in the works and on my to do list for too long and I thought this would be a good place to post it

correct errors, add to it, throw tomatoes at me

I'm easy, here it is

Survival Basics

S -Size Up the Situation
If you are in a combat situation, find a place where you can conceal yourself from the enemy. Remember, security takes priority. Use your senses of hearing, smell, and sight to get a feel for the battlefield. What is the enemy doing? Advancing? Holding in place? Retreating? You will have to consider what is developing on the battlefield when you make your survival plan.

Size Up Your Surroundings
Determine the pattern of the area. Get a feel for what is going on around you. Every environment, whether forest, jungle, or desert, has a rhythm or pattern. This rhythm or pattern includes animal and bird noises and movements and insect sounds. It may also include enemy traffic and civilian movements.

Size Up Your Physical Condition
The pressure of the battle you were in or the trauma of being in a survival situation may have caused you to overlook wounds you received. Check your wounds and give yourself first aid. Take care to prevent further bodily harm. For instance, in any climate, drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. If you are in a cold or wet climate, put on additional clothing to prevent hypothermia.

Size Up Your Equipment
Perhaps in the heat of battle, you lost or damaged some of your equipment. Check to see what equipment you have and what condition it is in.
Now that you have sized up your situation, surroundings, physical condition, and equipment, you are ready to make your survival plan. In doing so, keep in mind your basic physical needs--water, food, and shelter.

U -Use All Your Senses, Undue Haste Makes Waste
You may make a wrong move when you react quickly without thinking or planning. That move may result in your capture or death. Don't move just for the sake of taking action. Consider all aspects of your situation (size up your situation) before you make a decision and a move. If you act in haste, you may forget or lose some of your equipment. In your haste you may also become disoriented so that you don't know which way to go. Plan your moves. Be ready to move out quickly without endangering yourself if the enemy is near you. Use all your senses to evaluate the situation. Note sounds and smells. Be sensitive to temperature changes. Be observant.

R -Remember Where You Are
Spot your location on your map and relate it to the surrounding terrain. This is a basic principle that you must always follow. If there are other persons with you, make sure they also know their location. Always know who in your group, vehicle, or aircraft has a map and compass. If that person is killed, you will have to get the map and compass from him. Pay close attention to where you are and to where you are going. Do not rely on others in the group to keep track of the route. Constantly orient yourself. Always try to determine, as a minimum, how your location relates to--

• The location of enemy units and controlled areas.
• The location of friendly units and controlled areas.
• The location of local water sources (especially important in the desert.
• Areas that will provide good cover and concealment.

This information will allow you to make intelligent decisions when you are in a survival and evasion situation.

V -Vanquish Fear and Panic
The greatest enemies in a combat survival and evasion situation are fear and panic. If uncontrolled, they can destroy your ability to make an intelligent decision. They may cause you to react to your feelings and imagination rather than to your situation. They can drain your energy and thereby cause other negative emotions. Previous survival and evasion training and self-confidence will enable you to vanquish fear and panic.

I -Improvise
In the United States, we have items available for all our needs. Many of these items are cheap to replace when damaged. Our easy come, easy go, easy-to-replace culture makes it unnecessary for us to improvise. This inexperience in improvisation can be an enemy in a survival situation. Learn to improvise. Take a tool designed for a specific purpose and see how many other uses you can make of it. Learn to use natural objects around you for different needs. An example is using a rock for a hammer. No matter how complete a survival kit you have with you, it will run out or wear out after a while. Your imagination must take over when your kit wears out.

V -Value Living
All of us were born kicking and fighting to live, but we have become used to the soft life. We have become creatures of comfort. We dislike inconveniences and discomforts. What happens when we are faced with a survival situation with its stresses, inconveniences, and discomforts? This is when the will to live- placing a high value on living-is vital. The experience and knowledge you have gained through life and your Army training will have a bearing on your will to live. Stubbornness, a refusal to give in to problems and obstacles that face you, will give you the mental and physical strength to endure.

A -Act Like the Natives
The natives and animals of a region have adapted to their environment. To get a feel of the area, watch how the people go about their daily routine. When and what do they eat? When, where, and how do they get their food? When and where do they go for water? What time do they usually go to bed and get up? These actions are important to you when you are trying to avoid capture.

Animal life in the area can also give you clues on how to survive. Animals also require food, water, and shelter. By watching them, you can find sources of water and food.

L - Learn Basic Skills
Learn to put together a survival kit that will meet your specific needs
and probable survival situations. Learn to use your survival kit. Learn to make fire in different environments with different materials. Learn to build shelter from natural materials. Learn to find and purify water. Learn first aid and the treatment of most common survival dangers such as insect stings, snake bites, climatic injuries, etc. Concentrate on "doing" as opposed to "knowing". Many people know how to build a fire, but cannot build a fire in a rain storm with damp tinder. That is the fine line between surviving or dying.
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Old 05-11-2009, 08:46 PM   #2
aronia
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Exclamation Life Saving Tools

Life Saving Tools

Axe
Mirror for signaling
Aluminum Foil for aiming heat, storage
Duct Tape for er anything
Chem. light sticks
Coiled wire, rope, dental floss, fishing line etc daisy chained
Fire source, flint steel etc
Batteries for needed devices
A Radio (HAM is best) (antennae)
Space Blankets
Knife (tool steel is better than stainless steel – Busse knifes are world renown & or Scalpel (exacto) blade or razor – Hatchet or bushmaster knife
Water Proof Bag or package garbage bags - ziplocks
IF FOOD then hard candy and health bars
First Aid Kit including (epipen injector for anaphylactic shock important – min 2 realistic 4 – also good for flat liners) Sample packets of Tylenol, Benadrine, Advil, Anti-Diarrhea meds, factor packs, Sun screen, Bug repellent, Important prescribed meds
Camping Shovel Spade & Pick
Whistles for locating the lost
Faraday LED or other LED bright light
Good day/night Compass, topographical map is helpful
Edible plant cards with pictures, description etc
Small String Magnet
Magnifying glass
Multi purpose tool and box cutter tool
Tweezers
Blister protection
Dark glasses for snow or sand
Heavy duty trash bags and other size bags
Easy awl needles
Fish hooks, and line weights
Monel stainless steel wire (hold 45lbs)
24 - 28 gauge galvanized steel wire
Tube tent
One quart coffee can & a wire hanger
Parachute cord (not Para Cord)
Condoms
Bullion
Safety pins
Monofilament fishing wire
Toilet paper and if possible mini toilet seat like a camping toilet

Last edited by aronia; 05-11-2009 at 08:47 PM.
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Old 05-11-2009, 08:48 PM   #3
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Exclamation Shelter, Water Use & Purification & Fire Making

Shelter

In making any shelter such as a lean-to, 6-8 inches are the “minimum” of foliage to keep dry during an average rain

Always use a smaller fire so you can sit closer and conserve supply

Construct your shelter a fair distance away from water, to avoid insects and unwanted animal encounters, yet camp close to supply demands if possible

River noise will greatly decrease your hearing range so camp in an appropriate place


Water Use & Purification

A seasoned hiker with a heavy pack can consume 2 quarts of water an hour

Use pool Chlorine to kill germs, Albumen to thicken around particles and sink them to bottom. (2 hours to 2 days)

Iodine can become toxic if taken in quantity and shut down kidneys or liver, but can be used with caution to purify water

Don’t pop ice in mouth for water, melt it first as it take calories for the body to melt, and calories must be replaced somehow

Methods to find fresh water, collect dew in the morning with a bandana or similar, gather any ice, foil on camp location to funnel water from trees etc

The boiling of water can disinfect but not remove toxins, 5 min at a rolling boil achieves disinfectant, add 1 min of boiling for every 1000ft above sea level (found by topographical maps)

Sun distillation can be achieved with plastic laid out conically over a pit of dense plant matter and weighted in the middle over a cup, no cutting is needed, the water droplets will form on the ground side because it is cooler and condenses on the hotter plastic, a rubber hose can be placed in the cup so you don’t have to mess with it after it is made (yield is about a cup a day in a hole 6 in deep and 12x18 in size pit



Fire Making

Three things to use in fire making: starter material or tinder can be dried leaves, moss, or any dry dense flammable material, use kindling to create a sub fire to ignite the larger sticks and logs

Avoid normal matches; instead use British Life Boat matches or hurricane matches, or common matches dipped in wax to water seal them

A magnesium fire starter, gun powder out of a ammunition shell, and other hot and abrupt flash point fire starter’s fire ribbon as a paste in a tube and can get damp fires going

Start fires at least 5-10 feet from brush or overgrowth, surround fire with a containment wall rocks or dirt,

Camera and scope lenses as well as fire kit lenses can be used to start a fire, the polished bottom of a coke can will also use the convex magnifier effect, and ignite tinder

Camp fires come in various shapes: the teepee, the pyramid,

Make use of fire shields or walls to aim heat in a desired direction

Matches are a false sense of hope, if you stay dry, under shelter, and out of the wind then they are less likely to be needed, if not then they will be less likely work anyway, adding to the psychological factor at night etc
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Old 05-11-2009, 08:50 PM   #4
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Exclamation Foraging, Trapping, and Survival Eating

Foraging, Trapping, and Survival Eating

Healthy Granola Bars or other sealed type bars

Glycogen (sugars) which is used primarily by the brain needs replenishment and can be found in hard candy at the smallest degree

Many wilderness foraging doesn’t even replace the calories burned in obtaining foraged food

Foraging for smaller animals, insects, or larvae, it is a boon when you come across areas that have been previously searched by other large game, because if they were spending time looking in the area, it is likely that you will find something for yourself as well

Foil in a fire = oven, covered fire with a deep back recess = oven and can be made with rocks, the top rock can also be used, if hot enough, as a heating element

White eyeballs on a smaller cooking fish = fish done

Best food gathering equipment consist of firearms, archery, and fishing gear, or a makeshift spear using a stick and knife

Try to use foliage and foraged plants as a supplement only, and make meat your staple

When spear fishing, try to have barbs o0r more than one sharp end to increase chance of aim and always try to pin the fish to the bottom of the stream

A 4 deadfall trap consist of three sticks with notches and groove to make a 4 like looking trap with a dead fall object like a big rock to strike and or capture your prey

To make a proper noose, wrap wire around a small gauge stick several times, and anti wrap once, twist end wires together, and break the stick leaving a healthy lasso loop

Marmots are the staple of north western trapping

Common noose snares need to have the path toward them made so they must go through the trap area and become snared by the noose which is attached to a tree o fixed object

Trap only near animal routes or trails, and try to let the animal come to you, as even the most seasoned hunter will rarely come across prey that didn’t hear or smell you coming

Staying downwind of a target area is important, always use cover like trees or brush, aim for an animal in the head, unless you’re a good shot, then directly past the first shoulder for the heart

Animals usually visit watering places at dawn or dusk, smells such as cigarette smoke, or aftershave, and even underarm deodorant (basically use nothing smelly)

The two main styles of traps: holding traps, which restrain the animal and has no moving parts, such as the noose or snare traps, and machine traps; and machine traps have moving parts like crushing traps, lifting traps, pit traps etc

All traps use two mechanism, the power like dropping something, a counter weight etc; and then you have the trigger mechanism, these vary from trap to trap, but all utilize power and trigger. Even the snare uses the power of the animal to maintain its grip

There are three basic engines that make up machine traps:
Spring Pole – a fairly solid but pliable branch can be fastened to a tree and the work comes from the springing back of the branch dangling the prey, Spring poles can also be a built in branch

The counter balance trap uses a rock or weight for work also dangling your prey
Both type of spring traps are fastened to an anchor using three loops of rope in the cord used for setting the trap. One loop on the spring wire, and two on the anchor wire, use a small stick as a trigger and connect the two ropes by wrapping the 2 main loops around stick, and then like the deadfall trap the last loops secures the stick and when disturmed, it triggers the trap

Use the cold river or springs as a fridge for your meats

Use fire coals for cooking and not the direct flame

Rotisserie is great for big game but impracticable for small game, pan frying and then boiling in a stew or fricassee with herbs or other flora, bullion can be use to enhance flavor

Caution Tips for Trapping:
-Be cautious setting them up as they can hut you as well
-Don’t set up traps near people traffic, or close to camp, and mark your trap area with marker tape so it can be found easily
-Never leave any material behind once a trap is cleared
-Never leave a trap unsprung and move on to a different area
-Check your traps frequently so the catch is still fresh and safe to eat
-Be careful of live wild game, even in you trap as they can injure you and even kill you
-Traps are indiscriminate and you may catch something you don’t want to be around, approach traps with caution
-Some wild game can be ill and thus eating it can make you ill, know your game and be able to spot various ailments by inspection, take no chances, cook meat thoroughly
- Hunting is not a very effective way of getting food, as romantic as it seems, trapping is the best option especially when alone and unable to use multiple hunter techniques, traps hunt 24 hours a day while you rest, sleep, or other necessary activities
- Roughly 25% of your traps will yield something if placed right, so the more traps set, and the better yield
- Fashion your trap in camp and not in the target area to decrease human detection
- Place traps in high animal traffic areas or near dens and use the terrain to you advantage by using your trap to focus the animals trail
- Marmot snare traps should be about 5 fingers in diameter and 2 fingers off the ground surface

try to use every bit of the animal carcass, if you kill it “need it”
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Old 05-11-2009, 09:53 PM   #5
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outstanding thread !
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Old 05-11-2009, 09:56 PM   #6
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I would very much have made two threads of mine so much better with this on it .

cities towns and when the SHTF
evading sniffer /attack dogs and handlers .

If you go to the survival section ------there you will see a thread called

Ultimate thread of threads / survival

http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showthread.php?t=89528

on there are many threads like this but not like this ----------if you get my drift , I am about to sub this thread as a link on that thread .

thats what you get for writing shit hot material !


Last edited by tracker; 05-11-2009 at 10:04 PM.
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Old 06-11-2009, 12:44 AM   #7
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^^^^ Super thread - Thanks fot the infomation, i have saved it.

Quote:
Methods to find fresh water, collect dew in the morning with a bandana or similar, gather any ice, foil on camp location to funnel water from trees etc
Also if you tie a clear plastic bag around a bunch of leaves and leave it for a few hours, the moisture from the leaves will condense on the side of the bag, and you will get your water.
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Old 06-11-2009, 02:46 AM   #8
aronia
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Exclamation Survivalism

Survivalism

Survivalists tend to be the strongest mix of Politics, Self-Reliance, and Radicalism. As a result, the textfiles they write have one of the more unique blends of points of view of any other part of textfiles.com. While it's unlikely you'll agree with a lot of what's being said, you have to give them the fact that they say it loud and clear.

A lot of survivalist files are dedicated to preparing for a coming collapse of society, assuming the worst and preparing for it. They're not waiting for the calvary; they're looking to eat the horses if they come this way.


http://www.textfiles.com/survival/
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Old 07-11-2009, 04:21 PM   #9
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Default Boy Scouts Dib Dib

The very best place for anyone to start learning is the good old boy scouts.
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Old 07-11-2009, 08:07 PM   #10
aronia
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Exclamation I know that

I was a Boy Scout for 5 years from the ages of 7 to 12. I guess i have forgot most it - but it`s almost 30 years ago.

Last edited by aronia; 07-11-2009 at 08:27 PM.
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