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Old 27-07-2009, 10:33 PM   #1
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Default Hermetic and Rosicrucian Timeline

Hermetic and Rosicrucian Timeline
13th century BCE

Zarathushtra founds Zoroastrianism, the religion of the Magi.
Moses founds Judaism.

10th century BCE
Solomon, son of David, flourishes as King of Israel.

ca. 5,000 BC - ca. 2,000 BCE
Sumer - Sumer becomes the cradle of civilization in the West. The Sumerians develop writing and are among the first astronomers, mapping the stars into sets of constellations, many of which constellations survive in the zodiac and in the constellations known to the ancient Greeks. The five planets that are visible to the naked eye also have Sumerian names. The Sumerians develop the first systems of celestial omens, which later develop into systems of astrological magic and alchemy in Chaldea and Egypt.

ca. 4200 BCE - 30 BCE
Egypt - Astrology has a very ancient history in Egypt, with star charts found there going back to 4,200 BC. The pyramids of Egypt reflect the importance given to astrology, as they are oriented towards the North pole of the sky and have a dual role as burial place for the pharaohs and as astrological calculators. Some zodiac signs are said to be Egyptian in origin, and the Egyptians are credited with fixing the positions of the cardinal signs Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn.
Certain cults within Egyptian religion play a particular role in the roots of the Hermetic tradition. Sekhmet, for example, embodying the sexual aspect of Hathor, is the patroness of alchemy. In the cult of Sekhmet, alchemy come to full flower in dynastic Egypt.
The Leiden and Stockholm papyri (ca. third century A.D.) would appear to be part of the same practical tradition. Here, among some three hundred recipes, will be found directions for the imitation of the noble metals. A method for the doubling of asem (the gold-silver alloy, electrum) indicates the future direction of alchemical literature.
After the occupation by Alexander the Great in 332 BC, Egypt comes under Greek rule and influence. In 'Alexandrian Egypt,' Horoscopic astrology is born through the fusion of Babylonian astrology with the Egyptian astrological Decans. This new system is labeled as "horoscopic astrology" because it employs the use of the ascendant ('horoskopos' in Greek) and the twelve derivative celestial houses. Alexandrian Egypt gives birth to the Hermetic tradition, with astrology, alchemy, and theurgy as its primary disciplines.

ca. 2,000 BC - ca. 1,600 BC
Babylonia/Chaldea - Chaldea is a Hellenistic designation for a part of Babylonia, mainly around Sumerian Ur. All Babylonians are called Chaldeans by the Greeks and Romans, however, and Chaldea is so identified with astrology that "Chaldaean wisdom" becomes synonymous with divination through the planets and stars. Chaldea, the area around Ur, plays an essential role in the transmission of astral spirituality from Sumeria. In Babylonia, astrology takes its place in the official cult as a direct offshoot of Sumerian culture. The spread of astrology is concomitant with the rise of a scientific astronomy in Babylonia. The Chaldeans are also the first to set out the twelve houses of the horoscope. This system later spreads through the Babylonians to other areas such as India, China and Greece where it merges with preexisting indigenous forms of astrology. Astrological magic and proto-alchemy develop in Chaldea before finding their way into Egypt. The recent study of two Babylonian tablets (Oppenheim, 1966) dating from the thirteenth century B.C. but copied from still earlier originals describes the production of "silver" from a copper/bronze mixture. These early recipes already contain elements of ritual and the processes themselves call for secrecy. Both were to become common themes in later alchemical literature.

1800 BCE - 500 CE
Eleusis = The Eleusinian Mysteries arose in Eleusis (12 miles from Athens) before spreading to all of Greece and beyond. The mysteries were based on the myths of Demeter, the goddesses of fertility, and her daughter, Persephone. The initiations were presented in three stages, what are known as the minor expression, the major expression, and the highest of the three -- the epopteia. These Mysteries were so important that during antiquity, the whole Greek world held a 55 day truce from all fighting to permit travel to and from Eleusis. The progressive concept of initiation and its effect on the individual is continued in Rosicrucian Initiation.

1700 BCE - 391CE
Delphic Mysteries - Delphi served as the spiritual center of Greece for over 2,000 years. The Pythia played a fundamental role in the oracles of Delphi. She was said to have the power to commune with the invisible world and speak on behalf of Apollo. The temple of Delphi exerted a tremendous influence in antiquity not only because of the oracles, but also because it housed a prestigious mystery school.

Mid-6th century - 492 BCE
Pythagorean School - The Pythagorean School was founded in Crotona, Italy and was therefore called the Italic school. Pythagoras taught that Unity was the first great law of the universe, and that from this Unity arose numbers, from numbers points, from points lines, from lines planes, from planes solids, and from solids the four principles (fire, air, water, and earth) of which the world is composed. This mystical understanding of the universe has far outlived the actual school of Crotona, including many Greek philosophers following Pythagoras, and has influenced much of western thought in one form or another. Rosicrucian philosophy embodies many of these concepts. Until 1847, vegetarians were known in English as "Pythagoreans."

ca. 6th century BCE - 391 CE
Orphic Mysteries - The first of the known mystery schools in ancient Greece, the Orphic mysteries were associated with the life of the mythical figure of Orpheus. Some mystical texts describe him as being an initiate who truly existed. According to these texts, he spent twenty years in Egypt and was a member of the mystery school associated with Memphis.

4th Century BCE - 6th century CE
Isis Mysteries - As the Hellenized Egyptian mysteries of Isis spread throughout the Mediterranean world, from the Middle East to Britain, they soon became one the most widespread exports of Egyptian spirituality. Many suggest that the Isis-Horus pair continues in images of the Virgin and Child. These Mysteries addressed the desire for personal transcendence and salvation, and a powerful image of the protective, nurturing and victorious Divine Feminine.

2nd Century BCE - 100 CE
Essenes - The Essenes were mystics who came together in spiritual communities throughout Egypt and Israel; one of these centers was most probably Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found. Jesus is believed by many to have been a member of the Essene community. Many of their practices paralleled those of the Pythagoreans. Among the different groups of Essenes were the Theraputae near Alexandria, specializing in healing, as described by Philo. Health of body, soul and spirit always figures prominently in the Rosicrucian tradition and its antecedents.

2nd century BCE - 5th century CE
Mithraic Mysteries - An initiatic mystery school in which students were gradually introduced to astronomical truths through symbol, and how the knowledge of these could lead the seeker to union with the power behind all existence. This combination of scientific study, symbolic initiation and cosmic union is a feature of Rosicrucian work.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:38 PM   #2
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Default The Biggest secret

The Biggest secret
As Manly P. Hall, the Freemasonic historian, wrote of Bacon:

“He was a Rosicrucian, some have intimated the Rosicrucian. If not actually the Illustrious Father C.R.C. referred to in the Rosicrucian manifestos, he was certainly a high initiate of the Rosicrucian Order... those enthusiasts who for years have struggled to identify Sir Francis Bacon as the true “Bard of Avon” might long since have won their case had they emphasized its most important angle, namely, that Sir Francis Bacon, the Rosicrucian initiate, wrote into the Shakespearean plays the secret teachings of the Fraternity of R.C. and the true rituals of the Freemasonic Order, of which order it may be discovered that he was the actual founder.“22

The rituals and symbols of Freemasonry can be traced back to ancient Egypt and beyond. In truth, its knowledge of sacred geometry, numbers and form, go back to before the last cataclysm. The Dionysiac Artificers or Architects, composed of initiates of the Bacchus-Dionysus (Sun) Mysteries whose role it was to design the public buildings and monuments, can be traced back at least three thousand years if not more.23

It was these architect-initiates who designed the great buildings of Constantinople, Rhodes, Athens and Rome and it was this same stream who built the temple to the goddess Diana at the world centre for the Diana cult at Ephesus,24 which is remembered as one of the wonders of the ancient world.

The Dionysiac Architects were connected with a secret society called the lonians (hence the island of lona in Scotland) who were apparently the people who commissioned the Temple of Diana. Under other names, the Dionysian Architects and initiates from the Frater Solomonis mystery school also built great Christian Cathedrals funded by the Knights Templar.

There were many Rosicrucian and Masonic emblems to be seen in the carvings of the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris and numerous depictions of compasses, squares and building tools before they were destroyed during the French Revolution.25 The Bacchus-Dionysus architects were divided into communities headed by Masters and Wardens, just as Freemasonry is today, and they settled in Israel where some researchers link them with the Essenes, the Egyptian sect who produced the Dead Sea Scrolls.26 Bacchus-Dionysus (two names for the same deity) was a symbol of the Sun who was said to have been born to a virgin on December 25th.

The foundation of Freemasonic legend and ‘history’ centres on the building of the symbolic King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. The Freemasonic hero is Hiram Abiff, the ‘son of the widow’ in their folklore. This is more symbolism. In Egypt, Horus (Tammuz) was the son of the widow, Isis.

The creation of Freemasonry in the 16th and 17th centuries pulled together many of the various themes, agendas and organizations I have highlighted so far. It connected the Rosicrucians and Templars in England, like Bacon, with the story of the Templars after their arrival from France at the time of Philippe the Fair, and their subsequent return to France as the Scots Guard. It also connects this group with the Priory of Sion.

The figure which encapsulated these connections was James VI of Scotland, who succeeded Elizabeth I and became James I of England and Scotland. He was the only child of Mary Queen of Scots. The Stuart bloodline with its connections to the reptilian Merovingians was now on the throne of both England and Scotland. Under James’s patronage, the Scottish and Templar knowledge and the Rosicrucian knowledge of Francis Bacon and others could merge and become united under the name, Freemasonry.

So could the knowledge of the reptilian House of Lorraine, another bloodline of King James. He had the whole set, this guy. For this reason, and others, you find the names ‘James’ and ‘St James’ appear many times in the titles of Brotherhood companies, organizations and their locations. The American ambassador to London is known as the Ambassador to the Court of St James.

Close to the Houses of Parliament in London you find St James’s Square and here is the headquarters of the Conservative Party; the biggest British trade union, the Transport Union; a building owned by the Scottish reptilian bloodline, the Keswicks (of which more later); and in the centre is a massive round church dedicated to St John (Nimrod).
One of his first acts as King James I of England and Scotland was to award a knighthood to Bacon, and James would later appoint him Solicitor-General, Attorney-General, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal and, in 1618, Lord Chancellor and Baron Verulam. Later Bacon was prosecuted on corruption charges and retired from official public life. In those early years under James I, there was a wonderful opportunity to circulate the suppressed knowledge of the ancient world if that was really the motivation of the James-Bacon esoteric underground. But again we have the contradiction.

The very opposite happened. James employed Bacon to edit the King James version of the Bible and launched a vicious condemnation of ‘witches and wizards’ - those among the general population who used and communicated the esoteric knowledge. More than that, he embarked on a vicious slaughter of them, killing thousands, and he even wrote a book explaining how they should be identified and dealt with. Why do that if, as claimed, the motivation of this underground stream was to protect and eventually circulate such information?

Because that was never the idea. It helps if people whose support you need think that is your motivation, but when it comes to the crunch you walk the other way. The hierarchy of the groups I have been highlighting don’t want to make the knowledge available, they want to hoard it and use it to gain power on a global scale. To be honest I’m fed up with hearing of how the Freemasons, Templars, Rosicrucians, Bacon and others, have been protectors of the knowledge when every time the climate has been right to make it public, including today, the opportunity is spurned. It’s bullshit.

They know that knowledge is power if you have it and others do not, so the last thing their hierarchy wants is an informed population. Throughout Europe, the wizards and witches, the sensitives and psychics in other words, were burned, drowned, jailed and tortured, on the orders of people like King James and Martin Luther. Yet these were initiates using the same knowledge the ‘wizards and witches’ were using and communicating.

There were two esoteric undergrounds and still are. The one among the people which passed on the knowledge in secret, myth and fairy tale, to avoid the wrath of the religious and political establishment; and the Babylonian Brotherhood underground which wanted that knowledge for itself to control and manipulate the religious and political establishment.

So the peoples’ underground was, and is, constantly attacked and pursued by the Brotherhood underground. Some 250,000 were murdered for being ‘wizards and witches’, 30,000 of them in the British Isles alone.27

The Freemasonic movement was to become a sort of central meeting place and coordinator for the various elements of the Brotherhood network. W. Wynn Westcott, founder of the Hermetic (and Satanic) Order of the Golden Dawn, knew the true background to Freemasonry because of his connections to the esoteric underground.

He wrote in his work, The Magical Mason, that the Freemasons originate from,


the Essenes

the Pharisee (Levite) Jews

the ancient mystery schools of Egypt and Greece

the Vehm-Gerichte of Westphalia, Germany

the Roman Collegia

the French Compagnons

the Rosicrucians.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:40 PM   #3
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Default Bacon sandwich

James employed Bacon to edit King James Version of the Bible and launched a vicious condemnation of wizards and witches,those among the general population who used and communicated the esoteric knowledge.

If Sir Francis Bacon, who was a flaming One Worlder and Freemason, and who was said to be a piano, edited the King James Bible, and if Manly P. Hall and Alestair Crowley are the final authority on the origin of the KJV, then I must abandon the Christian faith, leave God behind as a bad joke, and move on to eat, drink, and be merry. You see, my God used the KJV for 350 years to spread the Gospel of Jesus Christ to the whole world. If this book was the invention of dirty old Freemasons, then God is not there, and the KJV is just a bad joke.

So, this is a critical discussion forced on us by the filth of Freemasonry, the New Age, modern perverted Muslim scholars, and witches who all desperately need to trash the one book on earth which blows away their lies and prevarications.

We all know the Masons ,O.T.O , etc are all connected,and you marpat are also connected.

THE LIGHTBRINGERS: The Emissaries of Jahbulon (History of Freemasonry)

Jahbulon (or Jabulon) is a word which was used historically in some rituals of Royal Arch Masonry. According to Francis X. King, it is also used in Ordo Templi Orientis rituals.

Ordo Templi Orientis

According to Francis X. King in The Secret Rituals of the O.T.O., the word is used in two rituals of the Ordo Templi Orientis: the Lodge of Perfection, in which the candidate receives the Fourth Degree (which is called Perfect Magician and Companion of the Holy Royal Arch of Enoch); and the Perfect Initiate (or Prince of Jerusalem) degree, which falls between the fourth and fifth degrees. King prints in his book the lyrics of a song that mentions the word "Jahbulon."
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:43 PM   #4
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Golden dawn
4 BCE - 33 CE
Jesus founds Christianity.(not the Piso family's version)

ca. 01 - 200 CE

The "Testament of Solomon" is an Old Testament Pseudepigraphic catalog of demons summoned by King Solomon, and how they can be countered by invoking angels and other magical techniques. It is one of the oldest magical grimoires attributed to King Solomon.

46 CE
Legendary Foundation of the Rosicrucian Order - According to a legend of the 18th century Golden and Rosy Cross order in Germany, the Rosicrucian order was created when an Alexandrian Gnostic sage named Ormus and his six followers were converted by Mark, one of Jesus' disciples. From this conversion, Rosicrucianism was supposedly born, fusing early Christianity with Egyptian mysteries.

1st Century BCE - present
Hermetic Tradition - The Hermetic tradition is a set of philosophical and spiritual beliefs and disciplines, based primarily on writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus, wise sage and Egyptian priest commonly seen as synonymous with the Egyptian god Thoth. The name Trismegistus means the "Thrice Great" or "Thrice Greatest" because, as he claims in The Emerald Tablet, Hermes Trismegistus knows the three parts of the wisdom of the whole universe, being the operations of the Sun, the Moon, and of the Stars. These three operations refer to the 'Trivium Hermeticum;' the triad of Hermetic alchemy, theurgy, and astrology.
Alchemy - The Operation of the Sun - For Hermeticism, Alchemy is not the changing of physical lead into physical gold. Hermetic initiates derided those 'alchemists' trying to manufacture gold as mere 'puffers,' unable to understand the subtle allegories of Hermetic alchemical texts. The true goal of the Opus Magnum (Great Work) is the transmutation of the Prima Materia (First Matter), which is the physical body (symbolized by lead = Saturn, Chronos, ruled by time) into a 'body of light' (symbolized by gold = Sun, a solar body), with the goal of achieving conscious immortality in a single incarnation.
Theurgy - The Operation of the Moon - There are two different types of magic, according to Giovanni Pico della Mirandola's Apology, completely opposite of one another. The first is Goëtia, black magic reliant upon an alliance with evil spirits (i.e. demons). The second is Theurgy, divine magic reliant upon an alliance with divine spirits (i.e. angels, archangels, Gods). Theurgy translates to "The Science or art of Divine Works" and works in tandem with the Hermetic art of alchemy. Indeed, alchemy is seen as the "key" to theurgy, the ultimate goal of which is to become united with higher counterparts, leading to the attainment of Divine Consciousness. Ritual magic and all modern magical traditions ultimately derive from Hermetic theurgy.
Astrology - The Operation of the Stars - the three disciplines of the Trivium Hermeticum; alchemy, theurgy, and astrology are completely interdependent on one another. Hermetic astrology is not a mere passive tool for fortune telling as astrology is understood in modern times, but rather actively employs stellar influences for spiritual development using alchemy and theurgy. Hermetic alchemy and theurgy are likewise dependent on astrological cycles. Thus Hermetic theurgy can be understood as a sort of astrological magic.
Astrological and other scientific texts began to circulate in Alexandria and the Mediterranean during the 1st century BCE, and Alchemical texts somewhat later. Philosophical/spiritual texts appeared from the 1st century CE. The Hermetic tradition was honored by practitioners of Egyptian, Greco-Roman, Jewish, Christian and later Islamic religion, and many believe it represents a continuity with the teachings in the Egyptian Temples and Mystery schools. Hermetism inspired many Renaissance mystics and scholars, and modern evolutions of this tradition are often referred to as Hermeticism. Hermetism emphasizes the organic connection of the Divine with the earthly ("As above, so below") and points the way to return to the source of being. Authentic Rosicrucianism is heir to the Hermetic tradition, and employs the triad of Hermetic alchemy, theurgy, and astrology.

1st century CE - 14th century CE
Gnosticism - One of the early varieties of the Judeo-Christian spiritual tradition, the various groups we call "Gnostics" today emphasized the individual coming to personal and interior experiential knowledge (Gnosis) of the transcendent Divine One which is within the innermost being. This Gnosis then allows the person to enter into union with the source of all existence. Persecuted in the Mediterranean in the 4th-5th centuries CE, Gnostics continued their spiritual practice, moving to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Northern Italy and finally Southern France, where they were driven underground in the 14th century CE. The interior center of knowledge is a familiar theme that manifests in Rosicrucian studies and practice.

100 - 300 CE
Composition of Corpus Hermeticum, a collection of several Greek texts from the second and third centuries, survivors from a more extensive literature, known as Hermetica.

1st century CE
Apollonius of Tyana flourished.

1st - 3rd Century CE
Testament of Solomon, an early magical grimoire composed.

204 - 270 CE
Plotinus, Neo-Platonism philosopher and mystic is born in Egypt. Plotinus was a major philosopher in the ancient world and is widely considered the father of Neo-Platonism. Much of our biographical information about him comes from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Muslim, and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.

250 - 325
Iambics, Neo-Platonism philosopher, was born in Chalices, Cole-Syria.

3rd - 6th centuries CE, influential - present.
Neo-Platonism - The last flowering of the Classical Greek philosophical tradition, the Neo-Platonists synthesized the approaches of Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras and others, addressing the individual yearning for salvation from a philosophical viewpoint. This philosophical school provided ways that the individual could ascend the ladder of being through theories, contemplation of the Divine. Neo-Platonic approaches have continued to be of tremendous importance in Jewish, Eastern & Western Christian and Islamic Mysticism, as well as the esoteric schools, including Rosicrucian thought.

From the beginning of Judaism - the present day
Qabalah - The Qabalah is traditionally the knowledge handed down by Jewish mystics since the beginning of Judaism. At the beginning it was taught only by word of mouth and in the greatest secrecy. There are strong connections to Neo-Platonism, the Sophia tradition in Gnosticism. Qabalistic magic has become an important element in Hermetic and Rosicrucian theurgy.

500 (circa)
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite flourished, probably a native of Syria. Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, also known as pseudo-Denys, is the anonymous theologian and philosopher of the 5th century whose Corpus Areopagiticum (body of works by the Areopagite) was pseudonymously ascribed to Dionysius the Areopagite of Acts 17:34. The author was historically believed to be the Areopagite because he claimed acquaintance with biblical characters. His surviving works include the Divine Names, Celestial Hierarchy, Mystical Theology, Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, and various epistles. Some other works are no longer extant, such as Theological Outlines.

6th century CE

The "Sefer Yetzirah," an important Qabalistic text, is edited. It is the earliest extant book on Jewish esotericism. The Sefer Yetzirah is devoted to speculations concerning God's creation of the world. The ascription of its authorship to the biblical patriarch Abraham shows the high esteem which it enjoyed for centuries. It may even be said that this work had a greater influence on the development of the Jewish mind than almost any other book after the completion of the Talmud. It later has a large influence on the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:44 PM   #5
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An extremely rare 17th Century Rosicrucian depiction tells the startling story -- a future Garden of Eden is planned, to be ruled by the Serpent!

Last edited by lightgiver; 27-07-2009 at 10:45 PM.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:47 PM   #6
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ca. 776

Geber, the Arabian alchemist whose real name has been variously stated as Dschabir Ben Hayyan or Abou Moussah Djafar al Sofi, is active. According to the tenth-century Kitab-al-Fihrist, Geber was born at Tarsus and lived at Damascus and Kufa. Very little is known of his early life. He undertook wide experiments in metallurgy and chemistry with the object of discovering the constituent elements of metals, in the course of which he stumbled upon nitric acid and red oxide of mercury. It is upon such actual discoveries that his reputation is based, not upon the many spurious treatises that have been attributed to him and embrace the entire gamut of eighth-century science. His alleged extant works, which are in Latin, are regarded with suspicion, especially since several other medieval writers adopted his name. It is believed, however, that the library at Leyden and the Imperial Library at Paris contain Arabic manuscripts that might have been written by him. His books "Sum of Perfection" and "Investigation into the Perfection of Metals" are his most important works.

ca. 1004

The Sword of Moses is the title of an early magical grimoire edited by Moses Gaster in 1896 from a 13th or 14th century manuscript. Gaster assumed that the text predates the 11th century, based on a letter by Haya Gaon (d. 1037) which mentions the book alongside the Sefer ha-Yashar, and that it may even date to as early as the first four centuries AD. Besides the medieval manuscript used by Gaster, only a short fragment of the text survives in Cod. Oxford 1531.

Rome splits from orthodox church, forms Catholic church.

Crusaders led by Godfrey of Bouillon take Jerusalem back from the Turks. Bernard of Clairvaux shortly after this date initiates the founding of the Knights Templar.

King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, grants the Knights Templar a place to live within the sacred enclosure of the Temple on Mount Moriah, on the site where King Solomon had once built his Great Temple. Hugh de Payens is chosen by the knights as the first Grand Master. According to legend, the Knights Templar in Jerusalem came to possess and guard the Holy Grail, the Ark of the Covenant, the True Cross, the Shroud of Turin, and the secret bloodline of a certain French dynasty.

A Papal Bull is issued by Pope Innocent II stating that the Knights Templar shall owe allegiance to none other than the Pope.

The Knights Templar order adopt the splayed red cross as their emblem. Soon the Order, first called the "Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon" acquire a vast network of property and wealth. Many of the Kings of Europe come to owe the Order money, some even, their lives.
The Knights Templar had secrets. They were the only religious military Order with a secret initiation ritual. They maintained an esoteric symbolic system, and were exposed to much of the mystical philosophies of the Sufis, Albigenses, Waldensians, Gnostics, Druse, and Ishmaelites. These Poor Knights of the Temple would fight the 'enemies' of the Church ferociously in battle, but during peacetime, they studied them almost as earnestly.
According to legend, the interaction of the Knights Templar and Hasan I Sabah's, Assassins in the Holy Land transformed the Templars from the Pope's private army into an occult society that sowed the seeds of the Renaissance, Rosicrucianism, and Freemasonry.

ca. 1150
About the period of the first Crusades, alchemy shifts its center to Spain, where it had been introduced by the Arabian Moors. In the twelfth Century Artephius writes "The Art of Prolonging Human Life" and is reported to have lived throughout a period of one thousand years.
The "Turba philosophorum" is translated from Arabic. The "Turba Philosophorum" or assembly of the alchemical philosophers, introduces many of the key themes of the alchemical tradition and will often be quoted in later writings.

13th century CE

The Picatrix ("The Goal of the Sage [in sorcery]") is a grimoire of uncertain origins, isprobably written circa 1200 AD. Offering talismanic and astrological guidance, the text clearly comes from a non-European ethos. It has been attributed to al-Majriti (an Andalusian mathematician), but this attribution is doubtful, and the author is sometimes listed as "Pseudo-Majriti". Originally written in Arabic, a Latin translation appeared in 1256 from the court of Alphonso X of Castile.
The book has a major influence on West European magical thinking from Marsilio Ficino in the 1400s, to Thomas Campanella in the 1600s, to Ivan Chtcheglov in the 20th century. The edition in the British Library passes through several hands: Simon Forman, Richard Napier, Elias Ashmole and William Lilly.

13th century CE
Sefer Raziel HaMalakh "Book of Raziel the Angel"), is medieval Qabalistic grimoire, primarily written in Hebrew and Aramaic, but surviving also in Latin translation, as Liber Razielis Archangeli, in a 13th century manuscript produced under Alfonso X.

13th century CE
The Sworn Book of Honorius, or Liber Juratus (also liber sacer, sacratus or consecratus, Sworn Book of Honorius) is a medieval grimoire. Its date of composition is uncertain, but it is mentioned as liber sacer in the 13th century, apparently asserting a high medieval date. Johannes Hartlieb (1456) mentions it as one of the books used in nigromancy. The oldest preserved manuscript dates to the 14th century, Sloane MS 3854 (fol 117-144). Sloane MS 313, dating to the late 14th or early 15th c. had been in the possession of John Dee. The book is one of the oldest existing medieval grimoires as well as one of the most influential. It is supposedly the product of a conference of magicians who decided to condense all their knowledge into one volume. In 93 chapters, it covers a large variety of topics, from how to save your soul from purgatory to catch thieves or find treasures. It has many instructions on how to conjure and command demons, to work other magical operations, and knowledge of what lies in Heaven among other highly sought information. Like many grimoires, it has lengthy dissertations for proper operation and seals to be used. The book can be classified as a "Solomonic Grimoire" due to its heavy use of angelic powers and seals like those found in The Greater Key of Solomon.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:48 PM   #7
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Albertus Magnus - alchemist , scholar, philosopher, and scientist is born. No fewer than 21 alchemical folio volumes are attributed to him, though it is highly improbable that all of them are really his. The alchemist Michael Maier (author of Museum Chimicum), declared that Albertus had succeeded in evolving the philosophers' stone and passed it to his pupil Thomas Aquinas, who subsequently destroyed it, believing it to be diabolical. The alleged discoverer himself says nothing on this subject, but, in his De Rebus Metallicis et Mineralibus, he tells how he had personally tested some gold that had been manufactured by an alchemist, and it resisted many searching fusions.

Roger Bacon, alchemist, occultist and Franciscan friar, is born. Bacon, also known as Doctor Mirabilis (Latin: "wonderful teacher"), eventually places considerable emphasis on empiricism and becomes one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method.

ca. 1225
Michael Scot writes "Liber introductorius" and "Liber particularis." Scot's writings on astrology, alchemy and the occult sciences form a trilogy, Liber introductorius, Liber particularis and Physionomia (De secretis nature). "Liber introductorius" is a compendium of astrological, scientific and general knowledge, for 'beginners.' "Liber particularis" is a more advanced treatment of the same topics, using Aristotle and Isidore of Seville extensively. Physionomia (De secretis nature)- is detailed treatise on human anatomy, physiology and reproduction, along with some zoology.

Bartholomew Anglicus writes De rerum proprietatibus, and encyclopedic work including alchemy that becomes wildly popular.

First mention of alchemy in French literature - Roman de la Rose. William de Loris writes Le Roman de Rose, assisted by Jean de Meung, who also wrote The Remonstrance of Nature to the Wandering Alchemist and The Reply of the Alchemist to Nature.
Albertus Magnus is born. The authority of Albertus Magnus (1234-1314) is undoubtedly to be respected, since he renounced all material advantages to devote the greater part of a long life to the study of alchemical philosophy in the seclusion of a cloister.

Abraham Abulafia, Sicilian Qabalist, founder of ecstatic Kabbala, is born in Saragosa. Raymond Lull, an alchemist believed to possess titanic physical and mental energy, who threw himself heart and soul into everything he did, is born. Writings attributed to Lull include a number of works on alchemy, most notably "Alchimia Magic Naturalis," "De Aquis Super Accurtationes," "De Secretis Medicina Magna" and "De Conservatione Vitoe."

Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln, discusses transmutation of metals in "De artibus liberalibus" and "De generatione stellarum."

ca. 1235
Pope Honorius III, to whom a series of magical grimoires are attributed, passes.
Arnald of Villanova writes a number of important treatises on alchemy "Quaestiones tam esseentiales quam accidentales," "Epistola supe alchemia ad regem Neapolitanum," "De secretis naturae," "Exempla de arte philosophorum." Arnald of Villanova argues that alchemy must play an important role in the much needed reform of medicine. In this way new remedies and the elixir of life might be found. Like his friend, Peter d'Apona, Arnald of Villanova was accused of obtaining his knowledge from the devil and was charged by many different people with magical practices. Although he did not himself fall into the hands of the Inquisition, his books were condemned to be burnt in Tarragona by that body on account of their heretical content.

The Dominican Thomas of Cantimpre mentions alchemy in his Liber de natura rerum.

Joseph Gikatilla, Spanish Sephardic Qabalist, is born.

"Liber Juratus," an early magical grimoire also called the Sworn Book of Honorius, is compiled by Honorius of Thebes, son of Euclid.
Vincent de Beauvais writes "Speculum Maius" (this encyclopaedia mentions alchemy in many places).

King Alfonso the Wise of Castile orders translation of alchemical texts from Arabic. He is supposed to have written "Tesoro" a treatise on the Philosophers' stone.

Franciscan friar Bonadventura d'Iseo's 'Liber Compostella' provides some alchemical recipes.

Peter de Abano [Pietro d'Abano], Italian physician and philosopher to whom the magical grimoire, the "Heptameron," is attributed, is born. Professor of medicine in Padua.

ca. 1264
Albertus Magnus, Bishop of Regensburg, writes "De mineralibus."

Roger Bacon writes "Opus maius."

Roger Bacon writes "Opus tertium," in which he comments that although many physicians use chemical processes to prepare their medicines, very few of them know how to make metals and fewer still knew how to perform those works which led to the prolongation of life.

ca. 1270
Thomas Aquinas is sympathetic to the idea of alchemical transmutation in his Summa theologia. In his Thesaurus Alchimae, Aquinus speaks openly of the successes of Albertus and himself in the art of transmutation.

Provincal Chapter at Narbonne forbids the Franciscans to practice alchemy.

Dominican order at Pest warns friars not to study or teach alchemy.

Ramon Lull writes "Ars Magna."

Albertus Magnus passes.

ca. 1280
"Sefer Ha-Zohar," an essential Qabalistic text, is written by Moses de León but attributed to Simon ben Yohai.

Abraham Abulafia passes.

Roger Bacon passes.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:49 PM   #8
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Default Hermetic and Rosicrucian


King Philip IV of France (1268-1314), already heavily in debt to the Knights Templar requests a further loan. The request is refused and King Philip orders the arrest of all Knight Templars in France.
11 October - Templar ships leave La Rochelle, heading to Scotland with much of their wealth. On Friday the 13th, in October, Jacques de Molay, the Grand Master of the Knights Templar, and 60 of his senior knights are arrested in Paris and charged with heresy. Many confess under torture. Pope Clement V initiates enquiries into the order and thousands of Knights Templar are arrested across Europe.

ca. 1310
Dante begins work on his Divine Comedy.

ca. 1311
Arnald of Villanova passes.

The Knights Templar become extinct when the order is dissolved by the Council of Vienne. All the property owned by the Templars is transferred to the Knights of St. John ( The Hospitallers).

Friars Minors' Constitution generales antique forbids the friars to practice alchemy.

March 18 - Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake. According to legend, upon the execution of Jacques de Molay, Peter d'Aumont, the Provincial Grand Master of Auvergne, with two Commanders and five Knights, flee for safety and direct their course toward Scotland, concealing themselves during their journey under the disguise of Operative Masons. Upon landing on the Scottish Island of Mull they there meet the Grand Commander George Harris and several other brethren, with whom they resolve to continue the Order. d'Aumont is elected Grand Master. To protect themselves from all chance of discovery and persecution they adopt symbols taken from architecture and assume the title of Freemasons. In 1361 the Grand Master of the Temple transfers the seat of the Order to the old city of Aberdeen, and from that time it spreads, under the guise of Freemasonry, through Italy, Germany, France, Portugal, Spain, and other places. Albertus Magnus passes.

Peter de Abano passes.

Pope John XXII's Papal Bull, "Spondet quas non exhibent," is issued against those who practice alchemy.
The Cistercians ban alchemy.

The monk Adolf Meutha is driven from the Cistercian Monastery at Walkenried for practicing alchemy.

John Dastin, an English alchemist of the fourteenth century, corresponds with Pope John XXII, in defense of alchemical practice. Work attributed to Dastin is included in the 1625 "Harmoniae imperscrutabilis Chymico-Philosophicae of Hermannus Condeesyanus," the 1629 "Fasciculus Chemicus of Arthur Dee," and the 1652 "Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum" of Elias Ashmole.

Dominicans in France prohibit the teaching of alchemy at the University of Paris, and demand the burning of alchemical writings. Joseph Gikatilla passes.

King Edward III requests Thomas Cary to find two alchemists who have escaped, and to find the secret of their art.

Nicolas Flamel is born. Flamel becomes a successful writer, manuscript-seller, and alchemist. Flamel is attributed as the author of the "Livre des Figures Hiéroglypiques," an alchemical book published in Paris in 1612 then in London in 1624 as 'Exposition of the Hieroglyphicall Figures.' Flamel is reputed to have succeeded in the two goals of Hermetic alchemy - to have made the Philosopher's Stone which turns lead into gold, and to have achieved immortality in a single incarnation, together his wife Perenelle.
Pope John XXII gives funds to his physician to set up a laboratory for a "certain secret work."

Petrus Bonus of Ferrara writes "Pretiosa margarita novella," an alchemical text that reflects the influence of scholasticism in its tripartite structure. Arguments in favor of alchemical transmutation follow are followed by initial refutations, and these in turn are followed by positive answers to the objections. Bonus' supposed "Introductio In Divinam Chemicae Artem" will not be printed much until 1572.
Raymond Lull passes.

Pope Benedict XII orders an investigation into the alchemical activities of some clerics and monks.

ca. 1352
The alchemical text "Liber de secretis naturae seu de quinta essentia" appears and is traditionally ascribed to Lull. John of Rupescissa is the actual author, however.

Pope Innocent VI imprisons the Catalan alchemist John of Rupescissa, who insists that the only real purpose of alchemy is to benefit mankind. Rupescissa's works abound with medicinal preparations derived from metals and minerals and he emphasizes distillation processes which seemingly separate pure quintessences from the gross matter of natural substances.

Hortulanus' commentary on the Emerald Tablet of Hermes appears.

ca. 1358
Francesco Petrarch discusses alchemy in "De remediis utriusque fortunae."

William Langland's "Piers Plowman" criticizes alchemists as deceivers.

John of Livania, Canon in Trier, writes three books on the vanity of alchemy.

The "Dominican Directorium inquisitorum," the textbook for inquisitors, places alchemists among magicians and wizards.

According to the Confessio Fraternitatis "our Christian Father", also known as Frater C.R.C. and Christian Rosenkreutz, the founder of the Rosicrucian tradition, is born.

King Charles V the Wise issues a decree forbidding alchemical experiments.

Geoffrey Chaucer Canterbury Tales discuss alchemy in the Canon's Yeoman's Tale.

Christian Rosenkreuz begins his pilgrimage at the age of sixteen. This leads him to Arabia, Egypt and Morocco, where he comes into contact with sages of the East, who reveal to him the "universal harmonic science". After learning Arabic philosophy in Jerusalem, he was led to Damyar in Yemen. Then he stops briefly in Egypt, soon afterwards he embarking to Fes, a center of philosophical and occult studies, such as the alchemy of Abu-Abdallah, Gabir ben Hayan, and Imam Jafar al Sadiq, the astrology and magic of Ali-ash-Shabramallishi, and the esoteric science of Abdarrahman ben Abdallah al Iskari.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:50 PM   #9
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Originally Posted by lightgiver View Post

An extremely rare 17th Century Rosicrucian depiction tells the startling story -- a future Garden of Eden is planned, to be ruled by the Serpent!
OK then I'll bite but why it needed another new thread is beyond me. Why does this depict a vision of the future?

And, once again, have you read Jüri Lina's book or just watched the movie?
Why was WTC 7 not mentioned in the 911 Commission Report?

Communications on an internet forum should be implicitly and demonstrably informed by respect - each esteeming the other no less than we esteem ourselves.
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Old 27-07-2009, 10:54 PM   #10
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Default Time is on my side

Timeline 15th century
15th century CE

The "Munich Manual of Demonic Magic" (CLM 849 of the Bavarian State Library, Munich) fifteenth century grimoire manuscript. The text is largely concerned with Demonology and Necromancy.

King Henry IV of England issues a prohibition of alchemy.

An early arly German manuscript appears, "Buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit," paralleling the Christ and the Philosophers' stone.

Nicolas Flamel passes.

Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher is born. Under the patronage of the de'Medicis, Ficino translates many Greek classics including the "Corpus Hermeticum."

Earliest dated Western alchemical treatise, "De compositione alchemiae," is written by Robert of Chester.

ca. 1450
Printing technology is developed. Cosimo de Medici asks Marsilio Ficino to set up the Platonic academy in Florence.

The grimoire known as the Book of Abramelin is framed as a sort of epistolary novel or autobiography in which Abraham of Worms describes his journey from Germany to Egypt and reveals Abramelin's magical and Qabalistic secrets to his son Lamech. Internally the text dates itself to the year 1458. The Book of Abramelin tells the story of an Egyptian mage named Abramelin, or Abra-Melin, who teaches a system of magic to Abraham of Worms, a German Jew presumed to have lived from c.1362 - c.1458. The magic described in the book was to find new life in the 19th and 20th centuries thanks to S.L. MacGregor Mathers' translation, "The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage," its import within the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and later within the mystical system of Thelema (established in 1904 by Aleister Crowley). Unfortunately, Mathers used the least-reliable manuscript copy as the basis for his translation and his translation contains many errors and omissions. The later English translation by Georg Dehn and Steven Guth, based on the earliest and most complete sources, is more scholarly and comprehensive. Dehn attributed authorship of The Book of Abramelin to Rabbi Yaakov Moelin (ca. 1365-1427), a German Jewish Talmudist.

The fall of Constantinople to the Turks causes the dispersal and spread of Greek manuscripts and scholarship.

Johannes Reuchlin, German humanist and lawyer, is born. Reuchlin writes on Qabalah for Christians.

Twelve men petition Henry VI of England for a license to practice alchemy.

Johannes Trithemius is born at Trittenheim on the Moselle. Trithemius becomes a famous scholar, magician, alchemist, and Benedictine abbot.

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian Rennaissance philosopher and scholar is born.

Francesco Giorgi, Venetian philosopher and early Christian Qabalist, is born. Author of De Harmonia Mundi (Venits, 1525).

"Der Antichrist und die funfzehn Zeichnen" (the book of the antichrist) associates alchemists with demons and Satan.

Ficino's translation of the Corpus Hermeticum is published. This text was of great influence in the revival of Natural Magic, Astrology, and Alchemy.
Sir George Ripley, a famous 15th century English alchemist, second only to Roger Bacon, writes "The Compound of Alchymy; or, the Twelve Gates leading to the Discovery of the Philosopher's Stone", dedicated to King Edward IV and highly appreciated by him. Ripley studied for twenty years in Italy where he became a great favorite of Pope Innocent VIII. . His twenty-five volume work upon Alchemy, of which the "Liber Duodecem Portarum" was the most important, brought him considerable fame.

Ferdinand and Isabella ascend to the throne in Spain and Austria.

ca. 1474
Christopher of Paris writes the alchemical text, "Elucidarius."

ca. 1475
The Pretiosissimum Donum Dei, 'the most precious gift of God', is an important early alchemical work, with a famous series of 12 illustrations. There exist well over 60 manuscripts of the Donum Dei, the earliest dating from the 15th century.

George Ripley writes "Medulla alchemiae."

Thomas Norton writes "Ordinall of Alchimy," which illustrates an increasing use of allegorical and mystical themes typifying alchemical texts of the late fourteenth and the fifteenth centuries.

Martin Luther is born Eisleben, Saxony, Germany. Luther eventually becomes the Father of Protestantism in Christianity.

Christian Rosenkreutz, Frater C.R.C., the founder of the Rosicrucian tradition, passes according to the "Confessio Fraternitatis." Avicenna writes "De anima."

"Summa perfectionis," attributed to Geber, is published. In this important alchemical text, the sulphur-mercury theory forms the theoretical basis for an understanding of the metals, and the alchemist is informed that he must arrange these substances in perfect proportions for the consummation of the Great Work. Geber describes in considerable detail the laboratory processes and equipment of the alchemist.

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, an important magical author, is born in Cologne Germany. The 'Malleus Maleficarum' is published and becomes a major instrument of witch hunters. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, at the age of twenty-three, proposes to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy and magic against all comers, for which he writes the famous Oration on the Dignity of Man which has been called the "Manifesto of the Renaissance" and a key text of Renaissance humanism.

The figure of Hermes Trismegistus is put into the mosaic pavement in Sienna Cathedral.

Ficino's "Libri de Vita" is published.

Ferdinand and Isabella expel Jews from Spain, the center of Qabalistic activity passes, causing the dispersal and spread of Jewish and Qabalistic manuscripts and scholarship. Columbus discovers the New World.

Paracelsus, alchemist, physician, astrologer, and general occultist, is born. Born Phillip von Hohenheim, he later takes up the name Philippus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim, and still later takes the title, Paracelsus, meaning "equal to or greater than Celsus." Celsus was a Roman encyclopedist from the first century known for his tract on medicine. Paracelsus is tutored by Trithemius, according to his own account. Paracelsus expresses an interest in transmutation, but is primarily concerned with the medical applications of alchemy. Paracelsus regularly used the Aristotelian elements, but he also introduced the tria prima-the principles of Salt. Sulphur, and Mercury.
The latter were a modification of the older sulphur-mercury theory of the metals, but they differed from the older concept in that they were to apply to all things rather than being limited to the metals alone.

Reuchlin's "De Verbo Mirifico" is published.
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola passes.
Sebastian Brandt's "The ship of fools" derisively discusses methods used by "cheating alchemists."

"Tractatus contra alchymistas" written by a Dominican questions the genuineness of alchemical gold.

Marsilio Ficino passes.
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Old 27-07-2009, 11:49 PM   #11
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Default Freemasons and Extraterrestials

Royal Blue blood Knight of Malta and Honorary 33rd degree Freemason, America’s 40th President Ronald Reagan often talked about how the whole world would come together if there were an external alien threat to our planet. At the United Nations General Assembly on Sept. 21st, 1987, Reagan said, "In our obsession with antagonisms of the moment, we often forget how much unites all the members of humanity. Perhaps we need some outside, universal threat to make us recognize this common bond. I occasionally think how quickly our differences worldwide would vanish if we were facing an alien threat from outside this world." Speaking to a room full of reporters at the White House on May 5th, 1988, Reagan said, "I've often wondered what if all of us in the world discovered that we were threatened by an outer…a power from another planet. Wouldn't we all of a sudden find that we didn't have any differences between us at all, we were all human beings, citizens of the world and wouldn't we come together to fight that particular threat?" He mentioned this idea many other times throughout his life.


Almost every movie or TV show you have ever seen about aliens or the Moon came from a Freemasonic director! All of these were made by Masons: Close Encounters of the Third Kind, ET, Taken, Alien 1-4, Independence Day, 2001: Space Odyssey, Star Wars, Star Trek, Men In Black, From the Earth to the Moon, Apollo 13, War of the Worlds, and the X-Files.

Adam Weishaupt, the founder of the Illuminati wrote, “Of all the means I know to lead men, the most effectual is a concealed mystery. The hankering of the mind is irresistible; and if once a man has taken it into his head that there is a mystery in a thing, it is impossible to get it out, either by argument or experience. And then, we can so change notions by merely changing a word. What more contemptible than fanaticism; but call it enthusiasm; then add the little word noble, and you may lead him over the world."

Aleister Crowley , Freemason, Golden Dawn , Aliens & Angels
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Old 27-07-2009, 11:52 PM   #12
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Default 16th century

16th century CE

16th century CE
The Greater Key of Solomon, Clavis Salomonis, or Clavicula Salomonis is a medieval book on magic falsely attributed to King Solomon. Most manuscripts date to the 16th or 17th century, but a prototype in Greek still survives from the 15th century. It is sometimes used as a grimoire. It is possible that the Key of Solomon inspired later works such as the Lemegeton, also called The Lesser Key of Solomon, although there are many differences between the books. What may have inspired the Lemegeton are the conjurations and rituals of purification, and in a less important way, the clothing and magic symbols.
Judging by its style of writing, the book was written in the Middle Ages. Many books attributed to King Solomon were written in this period, which was underscored by the Crusades and the influence that the contact with Jewish qabalists and Arab alchemists had on European magicians and demonologists. Unlike other similar books, the Key of Solomon does not mention any of the seventy-two spirits constrained by King Solomon in a bronze vessel as the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum (16th century) and the 17th century Lemegeton seal of the demons do. What the Key of Solomon describes is not the appearance or work of any demon but only the necessary drawings to prepare each experiment. The book contains several paragraphs and terms inspired by Talmudic texts and the Jewish Qabalah teaching.

The grimoire, "Pseudomonarchia Daemonum," (Hierarchy of Demons) first appears as an Appendix to Johann Weyer's De praestigiis daemonum. The title of the book translates roughly to "false monarchy of demons". A grimoire similar in nature to the Ars Goetia, the first book of The Lesser Key of Solomon, it contains a list of demons, and the appropriate hours and rituals to conjure them. The book was written before known copies of The Lesser Key of Solomon, and has some differences. There are sixty-eight demons listed (instead of seventy-two), and the order of the spirits varies, as well as some of their characteristics. The demons Vassago, Seere, Dantalion and Andromalius are not listed in this book. Pseudomonarchia Daemonum does not attribute seals to the demons, as The Lesser Key of Solomon does. Weyer referred to his source manuscript as Liber officiorum spirituum, seu Liber dictus Empto. Salomonis, de principibus et regibus daemoniorum. (Book of the offices of spirits, or the book of saying of Empto. Solomon concerning the princes and kings of demons).

Hieronymus from Braunschweig in Germany was born in 1450 and died around 1512. His great contribution to human knowledge was his "Liber de arte distillandi. Das buch der rechten kunst zu distillieren. It was so popular that it was issued in many editions in German, Latin and English throughout the 16th century. The first part of the work dealt with the methods and apparatus for the distillation of plant or animal products. The second part, is a compendium of the traditional herbal texts, and the third part provides a list plant remedies made by distillation grouped under the conditions they are to treat.

"Bergbuchlein" provides the first published information on traditions of mining.

Agrippa's "De Occulta Philosophia" finished. Guillaume Postel, French mathematician, Qabalist, and mystic is born.

Johannes Trithemius passes.

Reuchlin's "De Arte Cabalistica" is published; Martin Luther posts his theses marking the beginning of Christian Protestantism.

Johannes Reuchlin passes.

Giorgi's "De Harmonia Mundi" is published.

John Dee, noted Welsh mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer, occultist, and consultant to Queen Elizabeth I, is born in London. Dee also devotes much of his life to alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy. Dee straddles the worlds of science and magic just as they are becoming distinguishable. One of the most learned men of his time, Dee lectures to crowded halls at the University of Paris when still in his early twenties. He becomes a student of Nicholas Flamel. Dee becomes an ardent promoter of mathematics, a respected astronomer and a leading expert in navigation, training many of those who would conduct England's voyages of discovery (he coins the term "British Empire"). At the same time, he immerses himself deeply in magic and Hermetic philosophy, devoting the last third of his life almost exclusively to these pursuits. For Dee, as with many of his contemporaries, these activities are not contradictory, but particular aspects of a consistent world-view.
Maximillian II is born.

More than eighty years before the publication of the Rosicrucian manifestos, the association of cross and rose already exists in Portugal in the Convent of the Order of Christ, home of the Knights Templar, later renamed Order of Christ. Three bocetes are already on the ab—boda of the initiation room. The rose can clearly be seen at the center of the cross. At the same time, a minor writing by Paracelsus called "Prognosticatio Eximii Doctoris Paracelsi" (1530) contains a reference to, and image of, a double cross over an open rose. In 1886, the occultist Stanislas de Guaita, "Au seuil du Mystère" uses this, Paracelsus' writing, and other examples, to argue that the "Fraternity of the Rose Cross" existed far earlier than 1614.
Georgius Agricola Bermannus', book on mining and extraction of ores is published.

"Libri tres de occulta philosophia" (Three Books about Occult Philosophy) is Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa's study of occult philosophy, acknowledged as a significant contribution to the Renaissance philosophical discussion concerning the powers of ritual magic and its relationship with religion. The three books deal with Elemental, Celestial and Intellectual magic. The books outline the four elements, astrology, qabalah, numbers, angels, gods names, the virtues and relationships with each other as well as methods of utilizing these relationships and laws in medicine, scrying, alchemy, ceremonies, origins of what are from the Hebrew, Greek, and Chaldean context.
These arguments were common amongst other hermetic philosophers at the time and before. In fact, Agrippa's interpretation of magic is similar to the authors Marsilio Ficino, Pico della Mirandola and Johann Reuchlin's synthesis of magic and religion. Unlike many grimoires of the time, before and past, these books are more scholarly and intellectual than mysterious and foreboding. These books are often read as authoritative by those interested in the occult even today.

The earliest version of the Splendor Solis, one of the most beautiful of illuminated alchemical manuscripts. The work consists of a sequence of 22 elaborate images, set in ornamental borders and niches. The symbolic process shows the classical alchemical death and rebirth of the king, and incorporates a series of seven flasks, each associated with one of the planets. Within the flasks a process is shown involving the transformation of bird and animal symbols into the Queen and King, the white and the red tincture. This echoes the Pretiosissimum Donum Dei sequence which is probably earlier, dating from the 15th century. Although the style of the Splendor Solis illuminations suggest an earlier date, they are quite clearly of the 16th century.
The Splendor Solis was associated with the legendary Salomon Trismosin, allegedly the teacher of Paracelsus. The Trismosin writings were later published with woodcut illustrations, in the Aureum Vellus, oder Guldin Schatz und Kunst-kammer, 1598, which was reprinted a number of times. A French translation, entitled La Toyson d'or, ou la fleur des thresors was issued in Paris in 1612 with a number of very fine engravings, some copies of which were hand-coloured.

Agrippa's "De Occulta Philosopha" is published.
Isaak Luria, Jewish Qabalist, is born in Jerusalem.
September 7 - Queen Elizabeth I is born at Greenwich palace in London.

Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa passes.
Giambattista della Porta, Author of "Magia naturalis" (Natural Magic) (1585, 1589), is born in Naples.

Reginald Scot, Author of "Discoverie of Witchcraft" (1584), is born.

Julius Sperber, also known under the pseudonym, Julianus de Campis, is born. Alchemist, Qabalist, and mystical writer, Sperber becomes one of the co-founders of the Rosicrucian order. His most important work, "das Echo der von Gott hocherleuchteten Fraternitet des Lobl. Ordens R.C." (1615 and 1620) (The Echo from the divinely enlightened Fraternity R+C), counts as one of the most important early Rosicrucian texts. Sperber writes that the Rosicrucian order is not newly founded, but is the inheritor of ancient wisdom descending from the Chaldeans and Egyptians. Sperber practices astrology, alchemy, and theurgy, which he calls "Divine Magic," and is one of the earliest to write of a Rosicrucian fraternity.
Francesco Giorgi passes.
Faust passes according to legend.
"De la pirotechnia," an important manual on metalworking by Italian metallurgist, Vannoccio Biringuccio, is published. Biringuccio is considered by some as the father of the foundry industry as De la pirotechnia is the first written account of proper foundry practice.

Paracelsus passes.
"In hoc volumine alchemia," the first alchemical compendium, is published.

The Inquisition is established in Rome.

Martin Luther passes.
Petrus Bonus' Pretiosa margarita novella of 1335 printed.

Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher is born in Nola Italy.

The Rosarium philosophorum, attributed to Attributed to Arnoldo di Villanova (1235-1315), is first published, although it had circulated in manuscript form for centuries. It is published in Frankfurt, as the 2nd volume of a work known as 'De Alchimia Opuscula Complura Veterum Philosophorum'. The Rosarium philosophorum contains 20 woodcut illustrations depicting one of the important themes in alchemy, the role played by the sexual union of man and woman in the rectification and multiplication of the philosopher's stone. In the true "Opus Magnum," the secret fire of sexuality is one of the subtle fires used to cook the true "Prima Materia," the physical body, with the goal of the spiritualization of matter in order to cultivate the energetic bodies, such as the "astral" or "lunar" body.

Emperor Rudolph II is born. Astronomy and alchemy become mainstream science in Renaissance Prague and Rudolf was a firm devotee of both. His lifelong quest is to find the Philosophers Stone and Rudolf spares no expense in bringing Europe's best alchemists to court, such as Edward Kelley and John Dee. Rudolf even performs his own experiments in a private alchemical laboratory. While Rudolf is still a prince, Nostradamus prepares a horoscope dedicated to him as 'Prince and King'. Rudolf gives Prague a mystical reputation that persists in part to this day, with Alchemists' Alley on the grounds of Prague Castle becoming a popular visiting place.
Guillaume Postel publishes a Latin translation of "Sefer Yetzirah," an important Qabalistic work, which later influences the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.
Francesco Giorgi passes.
Faust passes according to legend.

Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded.

Edward Kelley, an important Renaissance magician and alchemist, is born. First edition of Alessio Piemontese "Secreti." The most famous sixteenth-century book of secrets is a work attributed to Alessio Piemontese, I Secreti del reverendo donno Alessio Piemontese (1555; The secrets of Alessio). "Books of secrets" become one of the most popular genres in early modern science publishing, the collections of recipes known as began to stream from the presses in the mid-sixteenth century and were printed continuously down to the eighteenth century.

"De Re Metallica," Georgius Agricola's (1494-1555) best known work, is published as a systematic examination of mining and metallurgy as practiced in the sixteenth-century mining center of Joachimsthal in Czechoslovakia. Agricola was a medical doctor there and observed at first hand the mining operations commonly used as well as the ill effects on miners. Agricola described all mining operations in great detail including prospecting, administration, the use of water power and the transport of ores. He described for the first time the preparation of nitric acid and saltpeter. Illustrated with 292 large woodcut illustrations, De Re Metallica exerted great influence on geology, chemistry, mining technology and metallurgy. It was frequently reprinted and remained a standard work for more than 100 years.

The "Ars Notoria" is a grimoire of magical invocations and prayers attributed to Solomon and therefore related to the celebrated Key of Solomon the King, one of the most famous grimoires. Ars Notoria is known in the English translation of Robert Turner (Sloane Manuscript 3648, British Library, London), published by him in 1657.

Elizabeth I becomes queen of England
. Giambattista della Porta's "Magia Naturalis" is published.
The Zohar, and essential Qabalistic text, is printed.
Giambattista della Porta publishes is first work, "Magiae naturalis"- "Natural Magic" in "four" books (written, according to the author, "Porta, " when he was fifteen years old. It will later be expanded to twenty books compended into one volume in 1584. In this form the book has a great vogue, being translated from the original Latin into the principal European languages, and republished in the Latin edition in many places for a hundred years. "Magiae naturalis" is a work on popular science, cosmology, geology, optics, plant products, medicines, poisons, cooking etc. Included are books on transmutation of the metals, distillation, etc.

Heinrich Khunrath is born in Leipzig. It is evident that the first Rosicrucian manifesto, the "Fama Fraternitatis," is influenced by the work of this respected Hermetic philosopher and author of "Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Aeternae" (1609), a work on the mystical aspects of alchemy, which contains the oft-seen engraving entitled "The First Stage of the Great Work," better-known as the "Alchemist's Laboratory."

ca. 1560
Adam von Bodenstein begins his work of editing various writings of Paracelsus.

Francis Bacon, English philosopher, statesman, and essayist best known as a philosophical advocate and defender of the scientific revolution, is born. His works established and popularized an inductive methodology for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method or simply, the scientific method. In the context of his time such methods were connected with the occult trends of hermeticism and alchemy. For Bacon, alchemy was a major field of experimental science and he explicitly stated that one of its goals was the search for a lengthened life span. Certain modern, nominally Rosicrucian groups claim that Christian Rosenkreuz is a pseudonym for Francis Bacon.
Peter Perna prints "Verae alchemiae artisque metallicae," a compendium of 53 alchemical treatises.

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Default "Monas Hieroglyphica" (The Hieroglyphic Monad)1564

"Monas Hieroglyphica" (The Hieroglyphic Monad), although published by John Dee at age 37, is considered valuable by him throughout his life. The Monas, Dee's enigmatic treatise on symbolic language, is a highly esoteric work that Dee wrote in thirteen days. The essay explains his discovery of the monad (unity) underlying the universe as expressed in a hieroglyph or symbol. Dee calls this "Hieroglyphic Monad," a "magical parable" based on the Doctrine of Correspondences, which lies at the heart of alchemy. Through careful meditation and study of the glyph, Dee promises, its secrets may be slowly revealed. He claims it will revolutionize astronomy, alchemy, and mathematics. This work has a profound influence on the respected Hermetic philosopher, Heinrich Kunrath, who in turn has a profound influence on the first Rosicrucian manifesto.
"Il metamorfosi metallico et humano" is published by Giovanni Battista Nazari. There is an interesting series of woodcuts in the important allegorical work by Nazari. The first two images were in the first edition, however, a further four illustrations were added to the second and third editions, which were retitled Della tramutatione metallica sogni tre..., and issued in 1572 and 1599. The illustrations are reminiscent of woodcuts in the famous Hypnerotomachia Poliphilio, 1499.

Michael Maier, Rosicrucian alchemist, and philosopher, physician to Emperor Rudolph II, is born. Meier becomes one of the most prominent defenders of the Rosicrucians, clearly transmitting details about the "Brothers of the Rose Cross" in his writings. Maier makes the firm statement that the Brothers of R.C. exist to advance and inspire arts and sciences, including alchemy. Maier's never claims to have produced gold, nor does Heinrich Khunrath nor any of the other Rosicrucians alchemists. Their writings rather view Alchemy as a Path of Initiation, a "Hermetic Inner Alchemy" that produces spiritual development through the development of subtle and energetic bodies.

Isaak Luria passes.
Peter Perna prints the compendium of alchemical treatises, "Alchemiae quam vocant."

Robert Fludd, English physician, philosopher, and mystic, is born. Flood becomes an English Paracelsian doctor with an encyclopedic knowledge of the Hermetic tradition who defends the Rosicrucians against their detractors between 1616 and 1633. Robert Fludd defended the chemically oriented views of the Rosicrucians and he described his mystical alchemical interpretation of nature and supernature in a series of folio volumes on the macrocosm and the microcosm. Here he placed considerable emphasis on an alchemical interpretation of the Creation and he utilized mechanical examples to support his views. His work gave support to the alchemical plea for a new science and it was viewed with alarm by Johannes Kepler, Marin Mersenne, and Pierre Gassendi.
Peter Perna prints the collected works of Paracelsus in Latin.

The "Arbatel Of Magic," an important magical grimoire, first appears. The text is in Latin and appears to have been influenced by Paracelsus. It is of Christian, not Jewish, origin. Only one of its nine volumes still exists: dealing with the institutions of magic, the work is entitled Isagoge, which means "essential or necessary instruction." The book introduces the ritual of the Olympic spirits who dwell in the air and among the stars and who govern the world.
Jakob Böhme, German Christian mystic, is born. Böhme's writing shows the influence of Neo platonist and alchemical writers such as Paracelsus, while remaining firmly within a Christian tradition. He has in turn greatly influenced many anti-authoritarian and mystical movements, including the Rosicrucian tradition. Böhme was also an important source of German Romantic philosophy, influencing Schelling in particular.

Maximillian II passes.

Jan Baptista van Helmont is born. There are three short mentions of Jan Baptista van Helmont's [1577-1644] experiences with transmutation contained in his collected writings edited by his son Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont [1618-1699] under the title Oriatrike or, Physick Refined... London 1662. Jean Baptiste van Helmont describes in detail his transmutation of mercury to gold by means of a small sample of the philosopher's stone. Van Helmont sought a chemical understanding of man through medicine but, in contrast to Fludd and most Paracelsians, he rejected the macrocosm-microcosm analogy. Van Helmont thus was less interested in macrocosmic and geocosmic phenomena than Fludd and he concentrated more on practical and theoretical medical questions.

Rabbi Judah Loew the Maharal of Prague, a 16th century rabbi. He is reported to have created this year a golem to defend the Prague ghetto of Josefov from Anti-Semitic attacks. The story of the Golem first appeared in print in 1847 in a collection of Jewish tales entitled Galerie der Sippurim, published by Wolf Pascheles of Prague. In Jewish folklore, a golem (????, sometimes, as in Yiddish, pronounced goilem) is an animated being created entirely from inanimate matter.

John Dee and Edward Kelley begin their Enochian "mystical experiments."
Guillaume Postel passes.

Hieronymus Reusner's Pandora contains a series of 18 woodcuts. This series of emblems is based on one of the earliest German alchemical manuscripts "Der buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit," made 170 years earlier.
Edward Kelley embarks on his public alchemical transmutations in Prague.

Bruno's "Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast" is published.

Johann Valentin Andreae is born. Andreae eventually claims authorship of the anonymously published Chymische Hochzeit ("Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz").
Andreae becomes a practicing alchemist and a member of a secret alchemical society known as "Die Unzertrennlichen." Most modern scholars attribute the authorship of the Rosicrucian manifestos to the circle of individuals around Andreae in Tubingen, Germany.

"Alchymia" is written by Andreas Libavius (1540 - 1616)
German Andreas Libau German is chemist, physician, and alchemist who made important chemical discoveries but is most noted as the author of the first modern chemistry textbook. Of his numerous works, all of which were noted for clear, unambiguous writing, Alchymia (1606; "Alchemy") is the most important. Although he was a firm believer in the transmutation of base metals into gold, Libavius was renowned for his vitriolic attacks against the mysticism and secretiveness of his fellow alchemists.
John Dee's "Hieroglyphic Monad" is reprinted.
Edward Kelley passes.

Reginald Scot passes.
First appearance of a work of Basil Valentine, the German adept and Benedictine monk, in alchemical philosophy is commonly supposed to have been born at Mayence toward the close of the fourteenth century. His works will eventually include the "Triumphant Chariot of Antimony," "Apocalypsis Chymica," "De Microcosmo degue Magno Mundi Mysterio et Medecina Hominis" and "Practica un cum duodecim Clavibus et Appendice."
The Book of Lambspring is included in Barnaud's Triga Chemica. The Book of Lambspring is a short work with an introductory section in verse and an emblem showing a threefold furnace. Following the tradition of emblem books of the period its series of fifteen emblems each bears a motto or title with a verse on the facing page.



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Default 17th century CE

The "Lesser Key of Solomon" (Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis) (the Clavicula Salomonis, or Key of Solomon is an earlier book on the subject), is an anonymous 17th century grimoire, and one of the most popular books of demonology. It has also long been widely known as the Lemegeton, although that name is considered incorrect because it depends on faulty Latin. It appeared in the 17th century, but much was taken from texts of the 16th century, including the Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, by Johann Weyer, and late-medieval grimoires. It is likely that books by Jewish qabalists and Muslim mystics were also inspirations. Some of the material in the first section, concerning the summoning of demons, dates to the 14th century or earlier. The book claims that it was originally written by King Solomon, although this is certainly incorrect. The titles of nobility assigned to the demons were unknown in his time, as were the prayers to Jesus and the Christian Trinity included in the text. The Lesser Key of Solomon contains detailed descriptions of spirits and the conjurations needed to invoke and oblige them to do the will of the conjurer (referred to as the "exorcist"). It details the protective signs and rituals to be performed, the actions necessary to prevent the spirits from gaining control, the preparations prior to the invocations, and instructions on how to make the necessary instruments for the execution of these rituals. The several original copies extant vary considerably in detail and in the spellings of the spirits' names. Contemporary editions are widely available in print and on the Internet. The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King (Clavicula Salomonis Regis) is a 1904 translation of the text by Samuel Mathers and Aleister Crowley. It is essentially a manual that gives instructions for summoning 72 different spirits and is derived from one book of the Lemegaton.

Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake in Rome.

Athanasius Kircher, a German Jesuit scholar who eventually publishes around 40 works, is born. Kircher writes in the fields of oriental studies, geology, and medicine and made an early study of Egyptian hieroglyphs. He has been compared to Leonardo da Vinci for his inventiveness and the breadth and depth of his work. A scientific star in his day, towards the end of his life he is eclipsed by the rationalism of René Descartes and others. In the late 20th century, however, the aesthetic qualities of his work again began to be appreciated. One scholar, Edward W. Schmidt, has calls Kircher "the last Renaissance man".
William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, is born in Diseworth, county Leicester, England.
Publication of the first volumes (I-IV) of the substantial compendium of alchemical texts known as the Theatrum Chemicum. (Theatrum chemicum, præcipuos selectorum auctorum tractatus de chemiæ et lapidis philosophici antiquitate, veritate, iure, præstantia et operationibus, continens...) by Zetzner in Ursel.

Adrian von Mynsicht, an important German alchemist, is born. Writing under the pseudonym, Henricus Madathanus, von Mynsicht is best known for the allegorical work "Aureum Saeculum Redivivum" (1621).
Queen Elizabeth I passes;
James I accends to the throne.

The tomb of Christian Rosenkreutz, later known as the Vault of the Adepti, is opened according to the Confessio Fraternitatis, which leads to the rebirth of the Rosicrucian tradition at the time of the publication of the Rosicrucian manifestos.
Simon Studion's "Naometria" (Naometria ms. Novum lumen chemicum) is published in Tubingen, Germany. The "Naometria" is seen as primary source material for the "Fama Fraternitatis," embodying ideas for spiritual reformation and the transformation of society. Studion employs the images of the rose and cross in this groundbreaking work and mentions a society called the Militia Crucifera Evangelica. Many scholars see this society as a precursor of the Rosicrucian brotherhood.
A manuscript of the first Rosicrucian manifesto, the "Fama Fraternitatis," is alleged to begin circulation in Tubingen among the circle around Johan Valentiine Andreae. Andrae is a student in Tubingen since 1601. The authorship of the Fama Fraternitatis is doubtlessly influenced by, Christoph Besold, a university professor who himself is influenced by Studion's "Naometria."
Basil Valentine's "The Triumphal Chariot of Antimony" is first published as "Triumph-Wagen Antimonii... An Tag geben durch Johann Thölden. Mit einer Vorrede, Doctoris Joachimi Tanckii., Leipsig, 1604." In this work, much commented upon in 17th and 18th century alchemical works, Valentine extols antimony as an excellent medicine. The volume also embodies a lengthy metrical treatise on the philosophers' stone.

Heinrich Kunrath passes.

Trithemius' "Stenagraphia" is published.

John Dee passes.

The "Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Aeternae," written by Heinrich Kunrath is published. It is a work on the mystical aspects of alchemy, which contains the oft-seen engraving entitled "The First Stage of the Great Work," better-known as the "Alchemist's Laboratory."
Oswald Croll publishes the "Basilica chemica." Oswald Croll was professor of medicine at the University of Marburg and was one of the great propagandists for the chemical approach to medicine. Many consider him responsible for gaining official recognition for the medicinal value of many of the chemicals advocated by the followers of Paracelsus. Croll's Latin treatise Basilica chymica (or 'Royal Chemistry') was published in Frankfurt in the year of his death, 1609, and it became immensely popular and the standard introduction to chemical medicine (often termed iatrochemistry). It set out the methods of preparation of the chemicals as well as the contents of compound remedies in far greater detail and organization than could be found in the vague and abstruse writings of Paracelsus himself or of many of his subsequent enthusiasts.

Jean Beguin publishes the "Tyrocinium chymicum," a published set of chemistry lecture notes started in Paris, France. It has been suggested that it was the first chemistry text book (as opposed to alchemy). Many of the preparations were pharmaceutical in nature.
The Alchemist, written by Ben Jonson (1573-1637), presents a satirical window through which we can see one way in which alchemy was perceived in the opening decade of the 17th century. Jonson was one of the foremost of the Jacobean dramatists. He displays considerable understanding of alchemy and makes many jokes based on its symbolism (and in two places even refers to Dee and Kelly).

Emperor Rudolph II passes.
The "Livre des figures hiéroglypiques" attributed to Nicholas Flamel is published for the first time. In its publisher's introduction Flamel's search for the Philosopher's Stone is described. According to it, Flamel made it his life's work to understand the text of the mysterious 21-page book he had purchased, and that around 1378, he traveled to Spain for assistance with translation. On the way back, he reported that he met a sage, who identified Flamel's book as being a copy of the original Book of Abraham also known as the Codex. With this knowledge, over the next few years Flamel and his wife allegedly decoded enough of the book to successfully replicate its recipe for the Philosopher's Stone, producing first silver in 1382, then gold, and ultimately achieving immortality.
The Lexicon alchemiae (Dictionary of Alchemy) is published by Martin Ruland, a physician at Regensburg during the 1590s and later at Prague. Ruland the younger was one of Emperor Rudolf II's retinue at the Habsburg court which during Rudolf's reign promoted the study of alchemy and astrology.
Jacob Böhme's first treatise, "Aurora" (Aurora, or Die Morgenroete im Aufgang), written by Böhme following a vision he had in 1610, is circulated in manuscript form until a copy falls into the hands of Gregorious Richter, the chief pastor of Görlitz, who considers it heretical and threatens BÖhme with exile if he does not stop writing.

The "Fama Fraternitas," the first Rosicrucian manifesto is published. The Rosicrucian manifestos, "Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis" (1614), "Confessio Fraternitatis" (1615), and "Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz" (1616) cause immense excitement throughout Europe. These works declare the existence of a secret brotherhood of alchemists and sages who prepare to transform the arts, sciences, religion, political, and intellectual landscape of Europe while wars of politics and religion ravage the continent. Not only will these works be re-issued several times, but they are followed by numerous pamphlets, favorable and otherwise, whose authors generally know little of the real aims of the original authors and often amuse themselves at the public's expense.
Isaac Casaubon publishes certain Hermetic texts attributed to Hermes Trismegistus.

The "Confessio Fraternitatis" (Confessio oder Bekenntnis der Societät und Bruderschaft Rosenkreuz) is published. This second anonymous manifesto of a trio of Rosicrucian pamphlets, declares the existence of a secret brotherhood of alchemists and sages who were interpreted, by the society of those times, and are preparing to transform the political and intellectual landscape of Europe. The Confessio is a breviary about "the true Philosophy", it completes, complements, and justifies the earlier manifesto (Fama Fraternitatis, 1614), defending it from the voices and accusations already being launched against the mysterious Brothers of the "Fraternity of the Rose Cross."
According to the Confessio, a fundamental requisite to achieve this knowledge is "that we be earnest to attain to the understanding and knowledge of philosophy" and the Rosicrucian Brothers describe themselves as Christian ("What think you, loving people, and how seem you affected, seeing that you now understand and know, that we acknowledge ourselves truly and sincerely to profess Christ") but not in the exoteric, popular Christianity sense ("condemn the Pope,") but in the sense of esoteric Christianity: "addict ourselves to the true Philosophy, lead a Christian life."
Julianus de Campis (Julius Sperber) publishes "das Echo der von Gott hocherleuchteten Fraternitet des Lobl. Ordens R.C." (1615 and 1620) (The Echo from the divinely enlightened Fraternity R+C).
Giambattista della Porta passes.
Steffan Michelspacher publishes "Cabala, Spiegel der Kunst und Natur."

The "Chymische Hochzeit" (Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz) is published as the third of the original manifestos of the mysterious "Fraternity of the Rose Cross" (Rosicrucians). The "Chymical Wedding is an allegorical romance novel divided into Seven Days, or Seven Journeys, like Genesis, and tells us about the way that Christian Rosenkreuz is invited to go to a wonderful castle full of miracles in order to assist the Chymical Wedding of the king and the queen, that is, the husband and the bride.
This manifesto has been a source of inspiration for countless poets, alchemists, and dreamers, through the force of its initiation ritual with processions of tests, purifications, death, resurrection, and ascension, as by its symbolism found since the beginning with the invitation to Rosenkreutz to assist with the Royal Wedding.
Julius Sperber passes.

Elias Ashmole, celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, student of astrology and alchemy, and early speculative Freemason, is born in England. During the 1650s, Ashmole devotes a great deal of energy to the study of alchemy. In 1650 he publishes "Fasciculus Chemicus" under the anagrammatic pseudonym James Hasholle. In 1652, he publishes his most important alchemical work, "Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum. In 1653, Ashmole is given the secret of the Philosopher's Stone by his Alchemical Master, William Backhouse. Ashmole publishes his final alchemical work, "The Way to Bliss," in 1658.
Fludd's "Utriusque Cosmi Historia" is published.
Maier's "Atlanta Fugiens," an important Rosicrucian alchemical text, is published in Latin. It is a most amazing book as it incorporates 50 emblems with epigrams and a discourse, but extends the concept of an emblem book by incorporating 50 pieces of music the 'fugues' or canons. In this sense it was an early example of multimedia.
Robert Fludd publishes the first volume of Utriusque Cosmi, Maioris scilicet et Minoris, metaphysica, physica, atque technica Historia (The metaphysical, physical, and technical history of the two worlds, namely the greater and the lesser, published in Germany between 1617 and 1621) in which he lays out his philosophy.

In his manifesto, "Pia et Utilissima Admonitio de Fratribus Rosae Crucis," Henrichus Neuhusius states that the Rosicrucians have left for the East due to the political instability in Europe at the time (the forthcoming Thirty Years' War.
The "Speculum sophicum rhodo-stauroticum." (The Mirror of the Wisdom of the Rosicrucians) is published by Daniel Mogling under the pseudonym of Theophilus Schweighardt. This text contains three important engravings and contributes heavily to the emergence of the Rosicrucian tradition.

The "Waterstone of the Wise" (Wasserstein der Weysen, das ist, ein chymisch Tractätlein, darin der Weg gezeiget, die Materia genennet, und der Process beschrieben wird, zu dem hohen geheymnuss der Universal Tinctur zukommen, vor diesem niemalen gesehen...) is published by Johann Ambrosius Siebmacher. This important and influential text parallels the Philosophers' Stone with Christ, the Corner Stone. It had a long publishing history.

Robert Turner 'of Holshot', translator of magical texts, is born.

"Aureum Saeculum Redivivum," an alchemical work of primary importance to Rosicrucian alchemists, is published by Henricus Madathanus, (Adrian von Mynsicht).
Thomas Vaughan, English alchemist, is born. Vaughan is unusual among alchemists of the time in that, like Flamel, he works closely with, values and even sees as essential his alchemical work with his wife, Rebecca Vaughan. Vaughan later becomes involved with a plan of Dr. Robert Child to form a chemical club, with a laboratory and library, the main aim being to translate and collect chemical works. In the course of litigation with one Edward Bolnest, Vaughan is accused of spending 'most of his tyme in the studdy of Natuall Philosophy and Chimicall Phisick'. He is reported as having confessed that he had 'long sought and long missed ... the philosopher's stone'. Thomas Vaughan is the author of tracts published under the pseudonym "Eugenius Philalethes. Eugenius Philalethes has often been confused with Eirenaeus Philalethes (or Philaletha), another alchemist.

Michael Maier passes.

"The Hermetic Arcanum" is published in Paris by Jean d'Espagnet as "Enchiridion physicae restitutae..." This is a key work of 17th century alchemy. A number of editions are issued over the next decades and it is included in a number of alchemical compendia. An English translation, translated by Elias Ashmole is later printed in 1650, in Arthur Dee's 'Fasciculus chemicus: or chymical collections'.

Jakob Boehme passes.
Viridarium chymicum, and import book of alchemical emblems, is published by Daniel Stolz von Stolzenberg (Daniel Stolcius) (1600-1660), a Bohemian physician and writer on alchemy, a pupil of Michael Maier in Prague.

The Musaeum Hermeticum, an important compendium of alchemical texts is first published by Lukas Jennis. Most noteworthy, this compendium includes "The Book of Lambspring," a short work with an introductory section in verse and an emblem showing a threefold furnace. Following the tradition of emblem books of the period its series of fifteen emblems each bears a motto or title with a verse on the facing page.

Francis Bacon passes.
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Default The Roman Dragon

Part II

The Roman Dragon

According to the Scottish Stewart Clan Internet Home, prior to the crowning of the Messiah on the sacred Stone of Destiny, a false Christ will try to unite mankind.

"So, this movement of the Stone of Destiny could very well be the beginning of a chain of events to shape the world -- and prepare His remnant today -- for the things about to come to pass; the false Messiah shall come first and try to fake uniting the people (Daniel 9:27) under the promised covenant of peace, but he will fail. He will pass himself off as Israel's Messiah, and Christianity's Christ." (34)

In Scripture, Daniel 12:1 identifies Michael as "the great prince" who will rescue Israel during the Tribulation:

"And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book."

Will "The Michael" prophesied by the Abbot of Scone come forward (stand up) as the lineal descendant of Jesus Christ, impersonating Michael the Archangel and defeating "Christianity's Christ," who will "fake uniting the people…under the promised covenant of peace"? Purveyors of the Grail legend thoroughly disparage the New Testament, arguing that the Gnostic Nag Hammadi Scrolls predated it and are therefore more authentic. Citing the spurious Dead Sea Scrolls, Gardiner informs readers that 'The Michael' at any time in history is the High Priest Melchizedek, whose office Jesus Christ once occupied. Upon returning to receive his kingdom, "The Michael" will face a formidable foe:

"It is of importance to note that the X sign, which became so hated by the Roman Church, was identified with the archangel Michael (Melchizedek) onwards from Old Testament times. The heritage of St Michael was the dynasty of high Zadok priests -- a heritage that prevailed in the continuing Messianic line... Fragments of the Prince Melchizedek Document found among the Dead Sea Scrolls indicate that Melchizedek and Michael were one and the same. It is this representation which features in the Revelation when the Archangel Michael (the descending Zadokite power of the Messiah) fights with the Roman Dragon of oppression… (35)

The Dead Sea Scrolls In English do in fact contain a scroll titled "The Heavenly Prince Melchizedek." The introduction to this scroll identifies Melchizedek with Michael the Archangel and also Elohim, who will officiate at the final judgment:

"The heavenly deliverer is Melchizedek. Identical with the Archangel Michael, he is head of the 'Sons of Heaven,' or 'God's of Justice' and is referred to as Elohim and 'el'... Here Melchizedek is portrayed as presiding over the final judgment and condemnation of his demonic counterpart Belial/ Satan, the Prince of Darkness...The great act of deliverance is expected to occur on the Day of Atonement at the end of the tenth Jubilee cycle." (36)

In the following excerpt from Bloodline Of The Holy Grail, the student of prophecy will recognize at once Gardiner's deceit as to the identity of the dragon of Revelation 12. Revelation 12:9 explicitly states that the dragon is "…the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world…" To further the deception required for the Merovingian conspirators to attain their messianic goal, Sir Laurence identifies the dragon as the Roman Empire:

"The Imperial Romans displayed a purple dragon on their standard, and it is this symbol that is depicted in Revelation 12:3, when Michael confronts the 'dragon with seven heads.' As we have seen earlier, the dragon in this instance was Rome: known historically as the City of the Seven Kings (or heads - the number of kings before the Republic was formed.)... We should therefore understand that the Archangel Michael's battle with the dragon in Revelation 12:7 corresponds to the conflict between the Zadokite succession and 'the beast of blasphemy' -- Imperial Rome." (37)

To illustrate the point, Bloodline Of The Holy Grail features a picture of an angel slaying a dragon with the following caption:

"Truth Against the World by Peter Robson. The day of fulfilment when the DRAGON is slain and the PHOENIX shall rise...Wearing the black garb of the esoteric church, the triumphant woman carries the therapeutic serpent of wisdom and healing."

To Hell with tyranny. http://watch.pair.com/priory2.html

Cover every angle in a world of deceit:

In this very informal documentary produced and directed by Mr.Chris Everard, an author and great film maker, he describes with great detail the Illuminati's and their Satanic influence throughout human history and how it affects our planet as well as our very lives. He talks deeply about the Demonic and Luciferian Illuminati including the Freemasons and how our so called LEADERS/GOVERNMENTS are involved with this very secret society brigade.

It is truly a diabolical scheme the elitistst's are preparing and playing out to take over humanity by desensitizing uis with mind control media propaganda that has already brainwashed a massive amount of the World populace. This entire greatly informative film exposes the Illuminati and its origins, the Skull and Bones, secret occultic societies, the ultimate plan of these societies to usher in with relentless force a complete New World Order including a New World Government. The Golden Dawn society is also discussed in depth and also the major importation of drugs by founders of the most powerful secret satanic societies in existence. The Skull and Bones society was actually funded and built using money from opium imported from the continent of Europe by illuminati and Freemasonic groups of people. Aleister Crowley a.k.a. "The Most Evil Man Ever To Live" or "The Beast is discussed. His roots are greatly covered and also his major involvements with the dark side of the occult. The Governmental puppets such as the Bush Family, Tony Blair, and many others. It is is very informal and it only is the honest truth, watch, indulge in the knowledge, feed you soul, and finally you will be treated to the truth!

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha

4 videos posted,if they do not stick just quote the post.

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Old 04-08-2009, 08:28 PM   #16
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Default 1629 to 1692

The "Summum bonum" is published by Robert Fludd. The rose symbol from the title page has become well known as a Rosicrucian symbol. It has a sevenfold symmetry, seven layers of petals and its stem is formed in the shape of a cross.

The "Fasciculus chemicus," a collection of writings upon alchemy, is published by Arthur Dee (1579 - 1651), the eldest son of Dr John Dee, and educated at Westminster School. Arthur accompanied his father in his peregrinations across Bohemia. He became a physician to Michael I of Russia, the founder of the Romanov Dynasty and resided in Moscow for fourteen years while he wrote his Fasciculus Chemicus.

Christian Knorr von Rosenroth, German alchemist and mystic who edited Qabalistic works under the title Kabbala Denudata, is born.

Robert Fludd passes.

Adrian von Mynsicht (Henricus Madathanus) passes.
John Georg Gichtel, a German theosophical mystic in the tradition of Jakob Boehme, and highly esteemed by the Golden and Rosy Cross order, is born at Ratisbon, Germany, on March 14, 1638. He attributes his leaving a legal career to a meeting with Baron Justinianus von Weltz, who presents a vision for the union of Christianity. As a result Gichtel becomes the head of a small society, the Christerbauliche Jesusgesellschaft. It is not long before the church authorities express their disapproval, and Gichtel moves to Holland, the most religiously tolerant country on the Continent at the time. There he discovers Boehme's mystical writings and became an ardent disciple. He sees to the publication of the writings in 1682 and organizes a Boehmist society called the Brethren of the Angels. Gichtel's own major literary contribution lay primarily in a number of letters he wrote that were gathered and published by one of his followers as Theosophia practica (1701).

"The Art of Metals, In which is declared the manner of their Generation, and the concomitants of them. In Two Books." Is written in Spanish by Albaro Alonso Barba.

J.B. van Helmont passes.

Elias Ashmole records in his diaries being made a Freemason, and notes attending several Freemasonic meetings. This is the earliest reliable recorded evidence for the origin of Freemasonry, despite legends of Freemasonry having begun with the construction of King Solomon's temple, or its having been created by the Knights' Templar or the Rosicrucians.

"Fasciculus Chemicus or Chymical Collections" is translated from Latin into English by Elias Ashmole under the anagrammatic pseudonym of "James Hasholle" (by substitution of the letter J for I). However, Dee is displeased with Ashmole's translation.
Coelum Terrae is originally published under Thomas Vaughan's pseudonym 'Eugenius Philalethes' as "Magia Adamica: or the antiquitie of magic, and the descent thereof from Adam downwards, proved. Whereunto is added a... full discoverie of the true coelum terræ..."

"The Art of Distillation," a work on spagery, is published by John French.

Georg von Welling, a Bavarian alchemical and theosophical writer, is born. Von Welling is known for his 1719 work "Opus Mago-Cabalisticum et Theosophicum."
The "Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum, an important anthology of alchemical treatises, is compiled in English English by Elias Ashmole.
The "Fama Fraternitiats" and the "Confessio Fraternitas" are published in English translation by Thomas Vaughan.
Kircher's "Oedipus Aegyptiacus" is published.
Thomas Vaughan publishes English translation (not his own) of the Rosicrucian Fama and Confessio.
Elias Ashmole publishes his most important alchemical work, the "Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum," an extensively annotated compilation of alchemical poems in English. This work preserves and makes available many works that had previously existed only in privately held manuscripts. It will be avidly studied by other alchemists.

Elias Ashmole is given the secret of the Philosopher's Stone by his Alchemical Master, William Backhouse of Swallowfield (who has made Ashmole his alchemical "son") when the Backhouse believes himself to be close to death. Ashmole is reputed to pass the secret on to Robert Plot, the first keeper of the Ashmolean Museum.

Johann Valentin Andreae passes.
"Bibliotheca chimica" is published by Pierre Borel (Petrus Borellius, 1620 - 1689), a French alchemist, savant, chemist, physician, and botanist. The work includes a list of ancient texts, that can mostly be found in the larger libraries of Europe.

The "Themis Aurea. The Laws of the Fraternity of the Rosie Crosse" is written in Latin by Michael Maier, "And now in English for the Information of those who seek after the knowledge of that Honourable and mysterious Society of wise and renowned Philosophers." This is an extremely important Rosicrucian text and gives a good deal of information about the rules of the fraternity at the time.

Elias Ashmole publishes his final alchemical work, "The Way to Bliss."

ca. 1660
Eirenaeus Philalethes - The life of this alchemist is wrapped in mystery although a considerable mass of writing stands to his credit. The name, a pseudonym, is similar to the one used by Thomas Vaughan, who wrote as Eugenius Philalethes. It is to prefaces by Philalethes that we must chiefly look for any information about him. In the thirteenth chapter of his "Introitus Apertus ad Occlusum Regis Palatium" (Amsterdam, 1667) he also made a few autobiographical statements which illuminate his character and career.
"For we are like Cain, driven from the pleasant society we formerly had," he wrote, which suggests that he was persecuted. Elsewhere he heaped scorn on most of the hermetic philosophers of his day. Elsewhere, again, he criticized the popular worship of money. "I disdain, loathe, and detest the idolizing of silver and gold, by which the pomps and vanities of the world are celebrated. Ah! filthy, evil, ah! vain nothingness."
Lenglet du Fresnoy, in his Histoire de la Philosophie Hermétique (1742), refers to numerous unpublished manuscripts by Eirenaeus Philalethes, but nothing is known of these today.

Thomas Vaughan passes.
Joannes Fridericus Helvetius (Johann Friedrich Schweitzer), a physician of the Hague, Holland, publishes a work concerning a strange adventure in which he claims to have taken part in a veritable act of metallic transmutation by alchemy. The book was translated into English and published in London in 1670 under the title The Golden Cult Which the World Adores and Desires: In Which is Handled the Most Rare and Incomparable Wonder of Nature, in Transmuting Metals. It is one of the few exact descriptions of such an experiment.
The alchemical text "Lux obnubilata" is published by Crassellame.

"Introitus apertus ad occlusum regis palatium" (an open entrance to the shut-palace of the king) is the key work of Eirenaeus Philalethes. It is first published Amsterdam, 1667 and a few years later issued in an English edition and frequently republished thereafter.

Montfaucon de Villars satirises secret knowledge in his Comte de Gabalis.

The alchemical treatise, "Bibliothque des Philosophes Chimiques," is published by Jean Mangin de Richebourg.

William Cooper begins to publish works on alchemy especially those of Eirenaeus Philalethes.

Christian Knorr von Rosenroth publishes the first volume of Kabbala Denudata. This work includes three fragments from the book Zohar with extensive commentary, as well as treatises by Isaac Luria, founder of a Qabalistic sect in the sixteenth century, and the Treatise on the Soul, by Moses Cordovero. Rosenroth translated these Hebrew works into Latin and thus made them available to non-Jewish readers. An English translation of Kabbala Denudata was published by S. L. MacGregor Mathers in 1887. Additionally included is the alchemical, "Aesch-Mezareph." According to Raphael Patai and Gershom Scholem, the Aesch-Mezareph dates from the 16th or early 17th centuries. The original Hebrew text, if there was one, does not appear to have survived. A translation into English was issued in W. Wynn Wescott's 'Collectanea Hermetica' series at the end of the 19th century.
The "Mutus Liber" (Wordless Book), an essential tract of alchemical images, is published in France. It professes to outline a method of manufacturing the Philosopher's Stone.

Athanasius Kircher passes.

William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, passes.

J.G. Gichtel publishes an edition of the collected works of Jacob Böhme and organizes a Böhmist society called the Brethren of the Angels.

Christian Knorr von Rosenroth publishes the second volume of "Kabbala Denudata."

"153 Chymical Aphorisms" was published, together with 157 alchemical canons, by Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont, the son of the famous iatrochemist Jan Baptista van Helmont. F.M. von Helmont is remembered through his friendships with a wide circle of European intellectuals that included Gottfried Leibniz, the English Platonists Anne Conway and Henry More, and Christian Knorr von Rosenroth. He edited and published his father's works, preserved and published the work of Anne Conway, and collaborated with von Rosenroth on the publication of the famous Kabbala Denudata, a large compilation of Qabalistic texts (including sections of the Zohar) that were translated into Latin and formed a primary resource for subsequent generations of Christian and Hermetic Qabalists in Europe.

Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish scientist, philosopher, Christian mystic, and theologian, is born. Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. At the age of fifty-six he entered into a spiritual phase, in which he experienced dreams and visions. This culminated in a spiritual awakening, where he claimed he was appointed by the Lord to write a heavenly doctrine to reform Christianity. He claimed that the Lord had opened his eyes, so that from then on he could freely visit heaven and hell, and talk with angels, demons, and other spirits. For the remaining 28 years of his life, he wrote and published 18 theological works, of which the best known was Heaven and Hell (1758), and several unpublished theological works.

Christian Knorr von Rosenroth passes.
"A Short Book of Dialogues, or,(Certain Colloquies) of some Studious Searchers After the Hermetick Medicine and Universal Tincture." Is published by German apothecary and alchemist, Johann Rudolph Glauber (ca. 1604-1670). Although historians often portray Glauber as a proto-scientific chemist (he is credited with the identification of Glauber's Salt now known as Sodium Sulphate), Glauber worked extensively with alchemical ideas as well as developing laboratory techniques for distillation and control of furnaces. He was a firm believer in the philosophers' stone and the elixir of life. "Le triomphe hermetique, ou La pierre philosophale victorieuse. Traitté plus complet & plus intelligible, qu'il en ait eu jusques ici, touchant le magistre hermetique." (The Hermetical Triumph: or, The Victorious Philosophical Stone). "A Treatise more complete and more intelligible than any yet extant, concerning the Hermetical Magistery to which is added, The Ancient War of the Knights: Being an Alchemistical Dialogue between our Stone, Gold and Mercury: of the True Matter of which those who have traced Nature do prepare the Philosopher's Stone."

The "Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz" is published in English translation.
"Aphorismi Urbigerani, Or Certain Rules, Clearly demonstrating the Three Infallible Ways of Preparing the Grand Elixir or Circulatum majus of the Philosophers..London" is published.

John Dee's "Hieroglyphic Monad" is reprinted.

Elias Ashmole passes.
Salem witchcraft panic breaks out.

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Old 04-08-2009, 08:48 PM   #17
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Originally Posted by lightgiver View Post
1646 Elias Ashmole records in his diaries being made a Freemason, and notes attending several Freemasonic meetings.

This is the earliest reliable recorded evidence for the origin of Freemasonry, despite legends of Freemasonry having begun with the construction of King Solomon's temple, or its having been created by the Knights' Templar or the Rosicrucians.

The Grand Lodge of All England has no connection with any other body, Masonic or non-Masonic unless supported by a written Treaty or Agreement ratified by a Convocation of The Grand Lodge of All England. grandsecretary speaks on behalf of The Grand Lodge of All England. He does not represent the policies or views of ANY other Masonic organisation.
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Old 04-08-2009, 08:50 PM   #18
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Default Hermetic and rosicrucian timeline

Originally Posted by grandsecretary View Post
Cheers GS I will take a peak later.
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Old 04-08-2009, 08:53 PM   #19
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Originally Posted by lightgiver View Post
Cheers GS I will take a peak later.
I believe that you will find it most interesting, and worth the effort. Enjoy.

The Grand Lodge of All England has no connection with any other body, Masonic or non-Masonic unless supported by a written Treaty or Agreement ratified by a Convocation of The Grand Lodge of All England. grandsecretary speaks on behalf of The Grand Lodge of All England. He does not represent the policies or views of ANY other Masonic organisation.
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Old 04-08-2009, 08:59 PM   #20
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Default Newton le willows

Originally Posted by grandsecretary View Post
I believe that you will find it most interesting, and worth the effort. Enjoy.
I did skip over it

I have bookmarked it,I am a little busy at the moment.

Peace LG

PS I originate from around that neck of the Woods.


I may buy that book,I do know the way to bliss,but still never the less its worth a read,every little bit helps.

White Light Black Light: William Blake's Sexual Path to Spiritual Vision:


'Realms of bliss, realms of light, some are born to sweet delight, some are born to sweet delight, some are born to the endless night,'

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focus on the wee spot

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