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Old 28-07-2014, 01:01 PM   #221
porridge
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ksigmason View Post
“The degree, so called of Malta, or St. John of Jerusalem, crept in we suppose, by means of a bungler, who, not knowing enough of the ritual to confer it properly, satisfied himself by simply addressing a few words in the ceremony of dubbing; and thus, by the addition of a few signs and words but imperfectly understood, constituted a Knight Templar also a Knight of Malta, and so the matter stand to this day.”
Thats an honest but quite damming statement.

To me hes saying we had the jist & just made the rest up as we went along..or maybe im reading it wrong.
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Old 28-07-2014, 05:50 PM   #222
ksigmason
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Originally Posted by porridge View Post
Thats an honest but quite damming statement.

To me hes saying we had the jist & just made the rest up as we went along..or maybe im reading it wrong.
What he is saying is that this degree was made by someone trying to make another knighthood, but knew nothing of the actual Maltese knights. This quote goes along nicely with a more recent author, Stephen Dafoe says that we Masons are peculiar creatures. He points to the fantastical theories about Freemasonry and the Knights Templar, but points out that they are false and can be proven with some research, which he does in his book "Compasses and the Cross." He points out in the book that we Masons are some of the biggest perpetrators of creating these wacky theories, particularly in the 18th and early 19th century, to increase the pedigree of a new Masonic group they started. Fact remains, there is no concrete evidence that ties the two groups together, it's all loose and circumstantial at best.
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Old 28-07-2014, 11:51 PM   #223
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Okay, at Post #210, I said I'd run a multivariate regression equation on Masonic affiliations between Presidents and Appointees. Here it is.

Presidential Appointee Masonic Affiliation Analysis

Introduction

So inspired by Pepsi and his assertion that Masons hire and appoint other Masons to high ranks within the government, I decided to run a multivariate regression equation, which can have many independent variables (x). I ran two models with the equation of the first model being y=a+b1x1+b2x2+e with y (the dependent variable) being the Masonic affiliation of the Appointee, x1 (main independent variable) being the Masonic affiliation of the President), and x2 being the Political Party of the President (I just wanted to see if there was any connection). The second model used the equation, y=a+b1x1+b2x2+b3x3+e, with x3 being a control variable of the presidential number (Washington =1 through Truman = 33). Just for clarification “a” is the y-intercept, “b” is the slope coefficient, and “e” is the error, which explains everything else not explained by the independent variables.
Also note that the numbers following "b" and "x" are subscripts
Running these models, I used SPSS which is a program that runs the model for me so I didn’t have to run these equations by hand. I will post some of the equations so you can see how lengthy it can get.

Usually papers like this would be several pages (often more than 20-pages), but I am rushing this report for reasons that will be explained later. I will be shorterning many of the sections to a small paragraph, but these normally would be pages in length.

Theory Section

Variables must have at least two numeric values and which mine do. The dependent variable (y) is used to measure the Masonic affiliation of the person appointed. I coded them “1” for those who were Masons and “0” for those who were not Masons. The main independent variable (x) measures the Masonic affiliation of the President who did the appointing, and which was coded the same way as the dependent variable. The Political Party variable is coded 0-5 where “0” is for those who had no political affiliations, “1” for those who were Federalists, “2” for those who were Democrat-Republicans, “3” for Democrats, “4” for Whigs, and “5” for Republicans. The control variable of the numbering of Presidents corresponds with their place in the line of Presidents, which is coded 1-33 with Washington being “1” and Truman being “33”.

Hypothesis: Pepsi hypothesized that Masons are more likely than non-Masons to appoint other Masons to positions high in the US government.

Data Analysis

Frequency
Number of cases for all variables = 547
Please note that there are some repeats as some men served in multiple administrations)
Number of Mason appointees: 191 (34.9%)

Number of non-Masonic appointees: 356 (65.1%)
Regression Tables

As a reminder, Model 1 uses Presidential Masonic affiliation and Party Affiliation of the President.
Pearson’s r = 0.073

R-squared = 0.005 (0.5%)

Adjusted R-squared = 0.002 (0.2%)

Significance of x1: 0.192

Significance of x2: 0.410
Model 2 uses Presidential Masonic affiliation, Party Affiliation of the President, and controlling for their Presidential number.
Pearson’s r = 0.074

R-squared = 0.005 (0.5%)

Adjusted R-squared = 0.000 (0%)

Significance of x1: 0.298

Significance of x2: 0.428

Significance of x3: 0.811
Now, what do these numbers mean?

Pearson’s r (r) shows the correlation between x and y, meaning as x increases by 1 unit y will move by whatever Pearson’s r is; smaller numbers (fractions) will be a shallow movement and bigger numbers will be steeper movements. This number can be positive or negative which shows a positive or negative relationship between the two variables.

R-squared shows, in percentage, how variations in x affect variations in y. R-squared has values that range from 0 to 1 with one showing a perfect estimate and 0 showing none. The Adjusted R-squared takes sample size into consideration; the more observations you have the more confidence you have in your results. You want to see at least a 0.5 and above. The equation for R-squared is:
R-squared = 1 – [∑(y-y-hat)^2 / ∑(y-y-bar)^2]
∑ = sum all of the cases together, which in this case is 547 cases

^2 = squared

y = independent variable

yhat = a +bx
For this equation “a” and “b” are two equations in themselves as well, and you must find “b” first to get “a”.

b = r(Sy/Sx)
r = Pearson’s r
Pearson's r itself is another equation that is rather lengthy
Sy = Standard Deviation of y which means you take every case of y, subtract the mean of y (or called ybar; a y with a bar above it) from them, square the sum of each one, and then add up every one of those squares then divide by the number of cases minus 1, then take the square root of that number.

Sx= Standard Deviation of x which means you take every case of x, subtract the mean of x (or called xbar) from them, square the sum of each one, and then add up every one of those squares then divide by the number of cases minus 1, then take the square root of that number.
a = ybar-b(xbar)
Adjusted R-squared = 1 – ((1-R-squared)(n-1/n-k-1))
n = number of cases

k = number of independent variables
The significance tells us if we can even draw conclusions or interpret the data. To be considered significant the number must be less than .05, .01, or .001; each one of these is a different level of significance, but the basic thing to understand is that it must be < 0.05 to be considered significant. If it is not significant then we cannot draw any conclusions from the data. To get the significance, it is a much more complicated equation and I will not write it out as it is a pain in the butt with subscripts and superscripts.

Conclusion

From this data there is no significant relationship (since all the significance levels are greater than .05) between a President being a Mason and if his appointee will be a Mason or not, and so I, nor anyone, can not make any conclusion from the data. The R-squared and Adjusted R-squared also shows the independent variables explain nearly none of the variations in the dependent variable. Now, the issue is that I used a nominal-level variable as both my dependent and independent variables. What I plan on doing though is recoding the Masonic affiliation variables. Instead of using a binary value of “0” or “1” use different codes for the various groups that each Mason belonged. An example of what I may do is that “1” will be coded for those who were just members of the Blue Lodge, “2” being for those who are also Royal Arch Masons, and so forth with numerous combinations that I find between all of them. This would change my variables to Ordinal-level variables and this could help find more correlation and association between Masonic affiliation and Presidential appointments.

I will start my research for this later today and maybe by the start of next week, I will have time to run the equation.
__________________
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Traveling Templar blog - 24FEB2019

Last edited by ksigmason; 28-07-2014 at 11:53 PM.
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Old 29-07-2014, 12:05 AM   #224
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John Aasen (1890–1938), American silent film actor. Highland Park Lodge No. 382 Los Angeles, California.[1][2][3]
José Abad Santos (1886–1942), fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and Acting President of the Philippines during World War II.[4]
Leon Abbett, (1835-1894), American politician, served as Governor of New Jersey, from 1884 to 1887 and from 1890 to 1893. Member Mystic Tie Lodge 272 (New York City) and several others.[1]
John Abbott (1821–1893), Canadian Prime Minister. Initiated: St. Paul's, No. 374, E.R., Montreal, 1847.[5]
Joseph Palmer Abbott (1842–1901), Australian politician, Grand Master of New South Wales from 1895 to 1899[6]
Robert S. Abbott (1870–1940), African-American lawyer and newspaper publisher[7][8][9]
William "Bud" Abbott (1895–1974), American comedian and actor (part of the Abbott & Costello comedy team).[10][11]
Abdelkader El Djezairi (1808-1883), Algerian Islamic scholar, Sufi, political and military leader who led a struggle against the French colonial invasion in the mid-19th century.[1][12][13]
Nicanor Abelardo (1893–1934), Filipino composer. Raised in Luzon Lodge No. 57[14]
Ralph Abercromby (1734–1801), Scottish soldier (Lieutenant-general in the British Army) and politician (MP 1774–1780, 1784–1786)[15]
Thomas Abernethy (May 16, 1903 – June 11, 1998), member of the United States House of Representatives from Mississippi. Received degrees in Eupora Lodge No. 423, Europa, Mississippi.[1]
Edmond François Valentin About (14 February 1828 – 16 January 1885), was a French novelist, publicist and journalist.[1]
Benjamin Abrams (August 18, 1893 – June 23, 1967), Romanian-born American businessman and a founder of the Emerson Radio & Phonograph Corporation. Meber of Farragut Lodge No. 976, New York City.[1]
Franz Abt (22 December 1819 – 31 March 1885), was a German composer and choral conductor. Initiated in Brunswick Lodge in 1853.[1]
Roy Acuff (1903 – 1992), American country music singer.[16]
Major General Sir Allan Adair, 6th Baronet, GCVO, CB, DSO, MC & Bar, JP, DL (3 November 1897—4 August 1988), was a British Army general who served in both World Wars. Household Brigade Lodge No. 2614 and appointed Assistant Grand Master of the G.L. of England in 1953.[1]
E. Ross Adair (December 14, 1907 – May 5, 1983), a U.S. Representative from Indiana. Raised in Albion Lodge No. 97, Albion, Indiana.[1]
Alva Adams (May 14, 1850 – November 1, 1922), Three time governor of Colorado. Member of the Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite (Southern Jurisdiction).[1]
Alva B. Adams (October 29, 1875 – December 1, 1941), United States Senator Colorado.[1]
Andrew Adams (January 7, 1736 – November 26, 1797) Delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress and later Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court. Member of St. Paul's Lodge No. 11, Litchfield, Connecticut.[1]
Charles Adams (October 18, 1876 – October 2, 1947) was an American businessman and sports promoter. Was a Knight Templar and Shriner.[1]
Frank R. Adams (July 7, 1883 – October 8, 1963), American author, screenwriter, composer, and newspaper reporter.[1]
Jasper Adams (August 27, 1793 – October 25, 1841) American clergyman, college professor, and college president. Raised in Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 4, Providence, Rhode Island.[1]
Sherman Adams (1899–1986), American politician (Elected to U.S. Congress and as Governor of New Hampshire).[1][10]
Samuel Adams (June 5, 1805 – February 27, 1850), third governor of Arkansas. Junior Warden pro-tem of the Grand Lodge of Arkansas in 1844.[1]
Wilbur L. Adams (October 23, 1884 – December 4, 1937), American lawyer and politician from Delaware. Served as U.S. Representative from Delaware.[1]
Henry Adamson (1581–1639), was a Scottish poet and historian. Wrote one of the earliest known references to the Mason's Word.[1]
Michael Adeane, Baron Adeane, Lieutenant-Colonel, GCB, GCVO, PC (30 September 1910 – 30 April 1984), was Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II during the first twenty years of her reign and to her father, King George VI prior. Served as Senior Grand Deacon of the Grand Lodge of England in 1946.[1]
Charles Adkins (February 7, 1863 – March 31, 1941) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1]
Jesse Corcoran Adkins (April 13, 1879 – March 29, 1955) United States federal judge in the District Court for the District of Columbia.[1]
Julius Ochs Adler (December 3, 1892 – October 3, 1955) was an American publisher, journalist, and United States Army general. Member of Justice Lodge No. 753 of New York City.[1]
Adolphus Frederick IV, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (5 May 1738 – 2 June 1794), was a Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Member of the Lodge at New-Brandeburg.[1]
Adolf Frederick (14 July 1710 – 12 February 1771) King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. Master of a Stockholm lodge and received the title of Protector of Swedish Freemasonry in 1762.[1]
Ignacio Agramonte (1841—1873) was a Cuban revolutionary, who played an important part in the Ten Years' War (1868–1878).[1]
Gregorio Aglipay (1860–1940), Supreme Bishop of the Philippine Independent Church.[17]
Emilio Aguinaldo (1869–1964), President of the Philippines. Pilar Lodge No. 203 (now Pilar Lodge No. 15) at Imus Cavite and was founder of Magdalo Lodge No. 31 (renamed Emilio Aguinaldo Lodge No. 31 in his honor).[10]
Agustín I of Mexico (1783–1824), Emperor of Mexico[18]
William David Blakeslee Ainey (April 8, 1864 – September 4, 1932), was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.[1]
John C. Ainsworth (June 6, 1822 – December 30, 1893), American pioneer businessman and steamboat owner in Oregon. Helped organize the Grand Lodge of Oregon and served as grand master 1854-55.[1]
Milburn Akers (1900 – 1970), Chicago journalist, chairman of the Board of Trustees of McKendree College, and the ninth president of Shimer College.[1]
George Edward Akerson (1889-1937), American journalist, and the first official White House Press Secretary. Received 32° in Minneapolis Feb. 27, 1929.[1]
Adeyemo Alakija KBE (May 25, 1884 – 1952) was a Nigerian lawyer, politician and businessman. Co-founded the Daily Times of Nigeria. Member Star of Nigeria Chapter No. 255, R.A.M. 23° AASR.[1]
Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel Order of Santiago, Order of Charles III, KCB, MWO (7 July 1770 – 14 July 1843) was a Spanish general and statesman. Imprisoned in 1814 for being a Freemason.[1]
Juan Bautista Alberdi (August 29, 1810 – June 19, 1884), Argentine political theorist and diplomat.[1]
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (8 January 1864 – 14 January 1892), was the eldest son of King Edward VII.[1]
Carl Albert (May 10, 1908 – February 4, 2000), American Politician. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1971 to 1977. Member of South McAlester Lodge No. 96, Mc- Alester, Okla. (1946), 32° Indian Consistory, AASR (SJ) and DeMolay Legion of Honor.[1]
Nelson W. Aldrich (1841–1915), United States Senator from Rhode Island. Treasurer of the Grand Lodge of Rhode Island 1877–78, member of What Cheer lodge.[10]
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin (1930–), American Astronaut. Second human to set foot on Extra-Terrestrial soil. Member of Montclair Lodge No. 144 of New Jersey.[19][20][21][22]
Elizabeth Aldworth (1693/95[23]-1773/1775[23]), Noted female Mason. Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft Degree in 1712.[24]
Vasile Alecsandri (1821–1890), Romanian Poet, playwright, politician and diplomat.[25]
Horace M. Albright (January 6, 1890 – March 28, 1987), American conservationist.[1]
James L. Alcorn (November 4, 1816 – December 19, 1894) Leading southern white Republican during Reconstruction in Mississippi, where he served as governor and U.S. Senator.[1]
Chester Hardy Aldrich (November 10, 1862 – March 10, 1924) American politician. 16th governor of Nebraska and justice of the Nebraska Supreme Court.[1]
Nelson W. Aldrich (November 6, 1841 – April 16, 1915) American politician. Senator from Rhode Island. Member and Past Master of What Cheer Lodge No. 21 in Providence.[1]
J. Frank Allee (December 2, 1857 – October 12, 1938) American merchant and politician. U.S. Senator from Delaware.[1]
Miguel Alemán Valdés (29 September 1900 – 14 May 1983) President of Mexico from 1946 to 1952. Initiated, Passed, and Raised in Antiquities Lodge No. 9 of Grand Lodge Valle de Mexico. Later demitted to City of Mexico Lodge No. 35.[1]
Alexander I of Russia (1777-1825) Czar of Russia from 1801-1825. Banned all secret societies in 1801, but rescinded the prohibition in 1803. He banned Freemasonry in Russia in 1822 due to concerns of political power of some lodges.[1]
Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1888–1934), Last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1921–29) and first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34).[26]
George Forrest Alexander (April 10, 1882 – May 16, 1948), was a judge of the United States territorial court for the Alaska Territory from 1933 to 1947.President of the Juneau Shrine Club 1934-39 .[1]
Grover Cleveland Alexander (February 26, 1887 – November 4, 1950), American Major League Baseball pitcher. Raised in St. Paul Lodge No. 82, St. Paul Nebraska in 1923. Expelled for un-Masonic conduct in 1930.[1]
Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis KG PC GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD PC(Can) (10 December 1891 – 16 June 1969), was a British military commander and field marshal. Served in both World Wars. Governor General of Canada from 1946-1952. Past grand steward andpast grand warden of the G.L. of England.[1]
Nathaniel Alexander (March 5, 1756 – March 7, 1808) 13th Governor of North Carolina. Officer of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1802, 1803, 1806, 1807 and was senior grand deacon at his death in 1808.[1]
Alexander, Prince of Orange (25 August 1851 – 21 June 1884), Heir apparent of King William III of the Netherlands from 11 June 1879 until his death. Grand Master of the Netherlands.[1]
Bernardo Soto Alfaro (1854-1931), President of Costa Rica from 1885-1889. Member of Esperanza Lodge.[1]
Eloy Alfaro (June 25, 1842 – January 28, 1912) served as President of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911.[1]
Bruce Alger (June 12, 1918-), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas.[1]
Russell A. Alger (February 27, 1836 – January 24, 1907), 20th Governor and U.S. Senator from Michigan. U.S. Secretary of War during the Presidential administration of William McKinley. Major General in the UNion Army during the American Civil War. Raised in 1895 in Corinthian Lodge No. 241 in Detroit.[1]
Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet GCB FRSE (29 December 1792 – 23 May 1867) Scottish Historian.[1]
Alfred G. Allen (July 23, 1867 – December 9, 1932), U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1]
Charles Herbert Allen (April 15, 1848 – April 20, 1934) American politician and businessman. Served in the Massachusetts state legislature and senate, and in the United States House of Representatives. First United States-appointed civilian governor of Puerto Rico. Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the administration of William McKinley. Member of William North Lodge of Lowell, Massachusetts.[1]
Ethan Allen (January 1, 1904 – September 15, 1993) American Major League Baseball player from 1926 to 1938. Member of Yeatman Lodge No. 162, Cincinnati, Ohio.[1]
Frank G. Allen (October 6, 1874 – October 9, 1950), 51st Governor of Massachusetts. Raised in Orient Lodge, Norwood, Massachusetts.[1]
Henry Justin Allen (September 11, 1868 – January 17, 1950), 21st Governor of Kansas (1919–1923) and U.S. Senator from Kansas (1929–31).[1]
Ira Allen (April 21, 1751 in Cornwall, Connecticut - January 7, 1814) One of the founders of Vermont, and leaders of the Green Mountain Boys. Brother of Ethan Allen. Vermont Lodge No. 1 of Charleston, New Hampshire.[1]
John Allen, 3rd Viscount Allen (11 June 1713 – 25 May 1745) was an Irish peer and politician. Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland.[1][27]
Oscar K. Allen (August 8, 1882 – January 28, 1936), 42nd Governor of Louisiana. Member of Eastern Star Lodge No. 151, Winnfield, Louisiana.[1]
Salvador Allende (1908–1973), President of Chile (1970–1973). Lodge Progreso No. 4, Valparaíso.[28][29]
Roger Allin (December 18, 1848 – January 1, 1936), Fourth Governor of North Dakota. Golden Valley Lodge No. 6, Park River, North Dakota.[1]
William B. Allison (March 2, 1829 — August 4, 1908), Early leader of the Iowa Republican Party. Member of both houses of the United States Legislature. Charter member of Mosaic Lodge No. 125 of Dubuque. Honorary senior grand warden of the Grand Lodge of Iowa in 1889.[1]
James Allred (March 29, 1899 – September 24, 1959) 33rd Governor of Texas. Later a United States federal judge. Raised in Bowie Lodge No. 578 in 1920.[1]
Edward B. Almon (April 18, 1860 - June 22, 1933) United States Representative from Alabama.[1]
James Lindsay Almond, Jr. (June 15, 1898 – April 15, 1986), 58th Governor of Virginia. United States federal judge.[1]
Alfred S. Alschuler (1876 – 11 June 1940) Prolific Chicago architect.[1]
Richard Alsop (1761–1815) American merchant and author. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 2, Middletown, Connecticut.[1]
Paul Althouse (December 2, 1889 – February 6, 1954), American opera singer. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 435, Reading, Pennsylvania.[1]
Carlos María de Alvear (October 25, 1789 – November 3, 1852) Argentine soldier and statesman. Co-founder of the Lau-taro Lodge in 1812.[1]
Leo Amery (1873–1955), British journalist and politician.[30][31]
Albert Alonzo "Doc" Ames (1842 – 1911) mayor of Minneapolis whose corruption was exposed by muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens in the 1903 article, The Shame of Minneapolis. His obituary in the Minneapolis Morning Tribune described him as a 33rd degree Freemason and the Knights Templar.[32][33]
Ezra Ames (1768–1836), American portrait painter[10]
Oliver Ames (February 4, 1831 – October 22, 1895), 35th Governor of Massachusetts. Primary lodge membership unknown, but made honorary member of Columbian Lodge of Boston.[1]
William Amherst, 3rd Earl Amherst (1836–1910), British nobleman and politician[34]
Roald Amundsen (1872-1928), Norwegian polar explorer and discoverer of South Pole.[1]
Clinton Presba Anderson (October 23, 1895 – November 11, 1975) U.S. Representative from New Mexico, the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, and a U.S. Senator from New Mexico. Raised in Albuquerque Lodge No. 60 in 1917.[1]
George T. Anderson (February 3, 1824 – April 4, 1901) General of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[1]
Heartley "Hunk "Anderson (September 22, 1898 – April 24, 1978) American football player and coach. Coached for Notre Dame, the Chicago Bears among others. Calumet Lodge No. 271, Calumet, Michigan.[1]
Jack Z. Anderson (March 22, 1904 – February 9, 1981) U.S. Representative from California. Raised in Texas Lodge No. 46, San Juan Bautista, California in 1946.[1]
James Anderson (ca. 1679/1680-1739), Presbyterian minister best known for his influence on the early development of Freemasonry. Author of "The Constitutions of the Free-Masons" (1723) and The New Book of Constitutions of the Antient and Honourable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons (1738)[35]
Joseph Anderson (November 5, 1757 – April 17, 1837) United States Senator from Tennessee and first Comptroller of the United States Treasury. Military Lodge No. 19 of Pennsylvania and Lodge No. 36 in the New Jersey Brigade during the American Revolution. After the war was a member of Princeton Lodge No. 38 of New Jersey.[1]
Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) Union Army officer in the American Civil War, known for being the commander of Fort Sumter at the be beginning of the war. Raised in Mercer Lodge No. 50, Trenton, New Jersey in 1858. Honorary member of Pacific Lodge No. 233 of New York City.[1]
Robert B. Anderson (June 4, 1910 – August 14, 1989) United States Secretary of the Navy and later Secretary of the Treasury during the Eisenhower Administration. Member of Vernon Lodge No. 655 Vernon, Texas and was later an officer of the Grand Lodge of Texas.[1]
Robert H. Anderson (October 1, 1835 – February 8, 1888) Cavalry and artillery officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Attained the rank of Brigadier General. Commander of Palestine Commandery, Knights Templar No. 7 at Savannah, Georgia in the 1880s.[1]
Rudolph Martin Anderson (June 30, 1876 – June 21, 1961), was a Canadian zoologist and explorer.[1]
Sigurd Anderson (January 22, 1904 – December 21, 1990), 19th Governor of South Dakota. Raised in Coteau Lodge No. 54 at Webster, South Dakota in 1943.[1]
Victor Emanuel Anderson (March 30, 1902 – August 15, 1962), 28th Governor of Nebraska. Raised in George Washington Lodge No. 250, Lincoln, Nebraska in 1928.[1]
William F. Anderson (1860-1944), American Methodist pastor, writer, and educator who served as Bishop of Chattanooga, Cincinnati, and Boston and was Acting President of Boston University from January 1, 1925 to May 15, 1926.[1]
William Hamilton Anderson (1874 - c. 1959), American Prohibitionist.[1]
Charles Anderson-Pelham (1749–1823), British Politician, Member of Parliament (1768–1794)[36]
Edward Andrade (1887–1971), English physicist. Initiated into Lodge Progresso No. 4 in 1935.[37]
Ignacio Andrade (31 July 1839 – 17 February 1925), President of Venezuela from 1898–1899.[1]
Johannes Valentinus Andreae (August 17, 1586 – June 27, 1654), Protestant theologian, alchemist, satirical writer and early Rosicrucian. Believed to have been a Mason.[1]
Louis André (1838–1913), French soldier, Minister of War from 1900 until 1904[38][39]
Charles O. Andrews (March 7, 1877 – September 18, 1946), United States Senator from Floridam1936 until 1946. Orlando Lodge No. 69.[1]
Frank Andrews(June 15, 1864 – December 7, 1936) First Assistant Attorney General of Texas.[1]
Robert Andrews (c. 1750 – 1804), Chaplain of the 2nd Virginia regiment in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Early Grand Master of Virginia. Member of Williamsburg Lodge No. 6.[1]
Ivo Andrić (1892–1975), Yugoslav writer and Nobel Prize laureate [26]
Frank M. Angellotti (Sept. 4, 1861-May 23, 19320, Chief Justice of California from 1915-1921. Raised in Marin Lodge No. 191, San Rafael, California in 1886. Grand Master of California 1888-1889.[1]
Levi Ankeny (August 1, 1844 – March 29, 1921) United States Senator from the state of Washington. Became a member of Willamette Lodge No. 2 of Portland in 1866, affiliating with Walla Walla Lodge No. 7 in 1878, serving as master in 1881.[1]
Martin Frederick Ansel (December 12, 1850 – August 23, 1945) 89th Governor of South Carolina.[1]
Martin C. Ansorge (January 1, 1882 – February 4, 1967) United States Representative from New York. Mt. Nebo Lodge No. 257, New York City.[1]
Jules Anspach (1829–1879), Belgian politician[40]
Galicano Apacible (1864–1949), Filipino politician.[citation needed]
Raymond Apple (1935–), Chief Rabbi, Great Synagogue (Sydney), Australia, (1972–2005)[41]
T. Frank Appleby (October 10, 1864 – December 15, 1924) United States Representative from New Jersey.[1]
Sir Edward Victor Appleton (1892–1965), British physicist. Nobel Prize 1947. Isaac Newton Lodge No. 859, Cambridge.[42]
Matthew Arbuckle (1778–1851) Career soldier in the U.S. Army closely identified with the Indian Territory.[1]
John Arbuthnot (1667–1735), British Physician and Satirist[1][43]
Branch T. Archer (1790–1856) Texan Commissioner to the United States, Speaker of the House of the Republic of Texas House of Representatives, and Secretary of War of the Republic of Texas. Raised in Harmony Lodge No. 62 at Pridewell Virginia.[1]
Dennis Archer (1942–), US Politician. Geometry Lodge #49 (Prince Hall), Detroit[44][45][46]
Leslie C. Arends (September 27, 1895 – July 17, 1985), United States Representative from Illinois.[1]
Constantin Argetoianu (1871–1955), Prime Minister of Romania[25]
Richard Arlen (September 1, 1899 – March 28, 1976), American actor of film and television. Member Utopia Lodge No. 537, Los Angeles, California.[1]
Lewis Armistead (1817–1863), Confederate general during the American Civil War. Alexandria-Washington Lodge #22, Alexandria, Virginia[47]
David H. Armstrong (October 21, 1812 – March 18, 1893), United States Senator from Missouri. Member of Washington Lodge No. 9 of St. Louis.[1]
Henry W. Armstrong (July 22, 1879 – February 28, 1951), American boxer, booking agent, producer, singer, pianist and Tin Pan Alley composer. Composed the song Sweet Adeline. Raised in 1922 in Montgomery Lodge No. 68, New York City.[1]
John Armstrong, Jr., 1758–1843), American soldier, delegate to the Continental Congress, United States Senator and United States Secretary of War. Hibernia Lodge No. 339, New York.[1]
Sir Richard Armstrong (c. 1782 – 3 March 1854), British Army officer. Commander of the British forces in Canada West from 1842 to 1848.[1]
Edward F. Arn (May 19, 1906 – January 22, 1998), 32nd Governor of Kansas. Raised in Wyandotte Lodge No. 3, Kansas City, Kansas in 1927. Member of the International Supreme Council of the Order of DeMolay. Deputy to imperial potentate of the Shrine in 1954-55.[1]
Ellis Arnall (March 20, 1907 – December 13, 1992) 69th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1943 to 1947. Member of Cowetta Lodge No. 60 at Newnan, Georgia.[1]
Thomas Arne (1710–1778), British Composer of Rule Britannia[31][37]
Benedict Arnold (1741–1801), American general and traitor, Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven, Connecticut[48]
Eddy Arnold (1918–2008), American country music singer. East Nashville Lodge 560 F& A.M. East Nashville, TN [10][49]
Henry H. Arnold (1886–1950), American general, only person to hold five-star rank in two branches of service. Union Lodge No. 7, KS.[50]
Samuel W. (Wat) Arnold (September 21, 1879 – December 18, 1961) was a U.S. Representative from Missouri. Member of Adair Lodge No. 366, Kirksville, Missouri.[1]
William W. Arnold (October 14, 1877 – November 23, 1957) U.S. Representative from Illinois.[1]
J. Hugo Aronson (September 1, 1891 – February 25, 1978), 14th Governor of the U.S. State of Montana. Received degrees in Shelby Lodge No. 143, in 1924 and later demitted to Cut Bank Lodge No. 82 in Cut Bank, both in Montanna. King Gustav VI Adolf q.v. of Sweden appointed him as representative of the G.L. of Sweden to the G.L. of Montana.[1]
François-Marie Arouet See Voltaire
Harold J. Arthur (1904–1971), 68th Governor of the U.S. State of Vermont from 1950 to 1951.[1]
Jacob Arvey (November 3, 1895 – August 25, 1977), Influential Chicago political leader from the Depression era until the mid-1950s.[1]
Gheorghe Asachi (1788–1869), Romanian writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator.[25]
Frank G. Ashbrook (October 20, 1892 – September 15, 1966), American mammalogist.[1]
William A. Ashbrook (July 1, 1867 – January 1, 1940) U.S. Representative from Ohio.[1]
Turner Ashby (October 23, 1828 – June 6, 1862) Confederate cavalry commander in the American Civil War. He had achieved prominence as Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's cavalry commander. Member of Equality Lodge No. 44, Martinsburg, West Virginia.[1]
Bowman Foster Ashe (April 3, 1885 – December 16, 1952), U.S. educator who served as the first president of the University of Miami.[1]
James Mitchell Ashley (November 14, 1824 – September 16, 1896) was a U.S. congressman, territorial governor of Montana and railroad president. Raised in 1853 in Toledo Lodge No. 144, Toledo, Ohio.[1]
Elias Ashmole (1617–1692), English antiquary and politician, Warrington Lodge, Lancashire[51]
Wayne N. Aspinall (April 3, 1896 – October 9, 1983), U.S. Representative from Colorado. Raised in Palisade Lodge No. 125, Palisade, Colorado. in 1926.[1]
John Jacob Astor (1763–1848), American financier, The Holland Lodge No. 8, New York, 1790[52]
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881–1938), National hero and founder of the modern Republic of Turkey.[53]
David Rice Atchison (August 11, 1807 – January 26, 1886) U.S. Senator from Missouri. Known for the claim that for one day (March 4, 1849) he may have been Acting President of the United States. Member of Platte Lodge No. 56, Platte City, Missouri.[1]
King Æthelstan (c. 893/895 – 27 October 939) King of the West Saxons from 924 to 927, and King of the English from 927 to 939. It is claimed that he brought Masonry to England in the Regius Poem.[1]
John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl (6 May 1729 – 5 November 1774), Scottish peer and Tory politician. Succeeded his father as grand master of Grand Lodge of England in 1775, serving until 1781 and again from 1791-1813. Was grand master of Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1778 to 1779.[1]
John Murray, 4th Duke of Atholl, Scottish politician, Grand Master of Scotland (1778–1780) [54]
George Murray, 6th Duke of Atholl (20 September 1814 – 16 January 1864) was a Scottish peer. Served as 66th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1843-1863. Grand master of England from 1843 until his death in January, 1864.[1]
John Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl (15 December 1871 – 16 March 1942), Scottish soldier and Conservative politician. Served as 79th Grand Master Mason of Scotland 1909-1913.[1]
Smith D. Atkins (June 9, 1836 – March 27, 1913), American newspaper editor, lawyer, and a Union Army colonel during the American Civil War.[1]
Arthur K. Atkinson (19 October 1891-?), President of the Wabash Railroad in the mid-20th century. Member of University City Lodge No. 649, Missouri.[1]
George W. Atkinson (June 29, 1845 – April 4, 1925) Tenth Governor of West Virginia. Raised in Kanawha Lodge No. 20, Charleston, West Virginia October 12, 1866. Grand master of West Virginia in 1876 and Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of West Virginia from 1897 to 1901.[1]
William Yates Atkinson (November 11, 1854 – August 8, 1899) 55th Governor of Georgia.[1]
William Wallace Atterbury (January 31, 1866 – September 20, 1935) Tenth president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. American Brigadier General during World War I and built the American Army railroads in France during the War. Raised in Colonial Lodge No. 631, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1895.[1]
John James Audubon (1785–1851), American Ornithologist and Artist[42]
Red Auerbach[55]
John Auldjo (1805–1886), British Explorer, Alpinist, Engraver and Author[43]
Henry Aurand (November 16, 1894 – 1980), Career United States Army officer who served in World War I, World War II and the Korean War. Member of Shamokin Lodge No. 255, Shamokin, Pennsylvania.[1]
Moses Austin (October 4, 1761 – June 10, 1821) Secured a grant of 200,000 acres in the province of Texas (under New Spain) on Jan. 17, 1821, but died on his return trip to home in Missouri. His son Stephen F. Austin carried out the colonization of Texas.[1]
Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836), Secretary of State for the Republic of Texas. Louisiana Lodge No. 109, Missouri.[10]
Warren Austin (November 12, 1877 – December 25, 1962) American politician and statesman; among other roles, he served as Senator from Vermont and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Raised in Brattleboro Lodge No. 102 at Burlington, Vermont.[1]
Gene Autry (1907–1998), Movie and television star, Catoosa Lodge No. 185, Oklahoma[11][56][57]
William H. Avery (August 11, 1911 – November 4, 2009) 37th Governor of Kansas. Received degrees in Wakefield Lodge No. 396, Wakefield, Kansas.[1]
Samuel Beach Axtell (October 14, 1819 – August 7, 1891). Notable for being the most controversial Chief Justice of the New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court; corrupted administration as Governor of New Mexico; brief tenure as Governor of Utah; and two term Congressman from California. Member of Amador Lodge No. 65, Jackson, California.[1]
Charles Brantley Aycock (November 11, 1859 – April 4, 1912) 50th Governor of the State of North Carolina. He served as grand orator of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina in 1897.[1]
William Augustus Ayres (April 19, 1867 – February 17, 1952) Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas.[1]
Allen Bristol Aylesworth (1854–1952), Canadian politician.[58]
William Edmondstoune Aytoun (21 June 1813 – 4 August 1865) Scottish lawyer and poet. Active member the Scottish grand lodge and representative there of the Grand Lodge Royal York of Germany.[1]
Miguel de Azcuénaga (June 4, 1754 – December 19, 1833) was an Argentine patriot
Beginning with A...


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Freemasons

Last edited by lightgiver; 29-07-2014 at 12:06 AM.
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Old 30-07-2014, 12:25 AM   #225
ksigmason
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Well, the student I was supposed to tutor called in sick today so I knocked out the research and ran the model.

Presidential Appointee Masonic Affiliation Analysis 2.0

Introduction

With this second scenario I ran just a bivariate regression equation which has only independent variable (x). The equation I ran was “y=a+b1x1+e” with the dependent variable (y) being the Masonic affiliation of the Appointee (Cabinet member) and the main independent variable (x) being the Masonic affiliation of the President. As a reminder from my previous post “a” is the y-intercept (where the line intersects the y-axis), “b” is the slope coefficient, and “e” is the error, which explains everything else not explained by the independent variables. I again used SPSS.

Theory Section

Variables must have at least two numeric values, but with this scenario I recoded my variables to have 25 values possible. Both variables measure the Masonic affiliation of the person appointed and the President. The codes range from "1" through "23" with also using "0" and a "-8", and just covers the main bodies in America with a variation of the bodies one could join. They were coded as follows:
0 = Non-Mason
1 = Members of the Blue Lodge only
2 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry
3 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry and Cryptic Masonry
4 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry and Templar Masonry
5 = Members of all 3-bodies of the York Rite
6 = Members of the Scottish Rite
7 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry and the Scottish Rite
8 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Cryptic Masonry, and the Scottish Rite
9 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Templar Masonry, and the Scottish Rite
10 = Members of York Rite and Scottish Rite
11 = Members of Scottish Rite and Shrine
12 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Templar Masonry, and the Shrine
13 = Members of York Rite and the Shrine
14 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Templar Masonry, Scottish Rite, and the Shrine
15 = Members of the York Rite, Scottish Rite, and the Shrine
16 = Members of the 33rd degree (separated this because I guessed that Pepsi or others would wine about it not being separated)
17 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry and the 33rd degree
18 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Cryptic Masonry, and the 33rd degree
19 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Templar Masonry, and the 33rd degree
20 = Members of the York Rite and the 33rd degree
21 = Members of the 33rd degree and the Shrine
22 = Members of Royal Arch Masonry, Templar Masonry, the 33rd degree, and the Shrine
23 = Members of the York Rite, the 33rd degree, and the Shrine
-8 = No information other than being a Mason
My codes reflect that you used to be able to be a Knight Templar without going through the Cryptic degrees, but to be a Templar you had to have gone through the Royal Arch degrees. I also ran by the rule that one had to be, prior to the Millennium, either a York Rite or Scottish Rite Mason before joining the Shrine.

Hypothesis: Pepsi hypothesized that Masons are more likely than non-Masons to appoint other Masons to positions high in the US government.

Data Analysis

Frequency
Number of cases for all variables = 547
Please note that there are some repeats as some men served in multiple administrations)
Number of Mason appointees: 191 (34.9%)
Now here is a breakdown of the frequency of each code:
1 = 112 (20.5%)
2 = 16 (2.9%)
3 = 0 (0%)
4 = 5 (0.9%)
5 = 2 (0.4%)
6 = 11 (2%)
7 = 0 (0%)
8 = 0 (0%)
9 = 4 (0.7%)
10 = 0 (0%)
11 = 8 (1.5%)
12 = 0 (0%)
13 = 0 (0%)
14 = 3 (0.5%)
15 = 0 (0%)
16 = 3 (0.5%)
17 = 1 (0.2%)
18 = 0 (0%)
19 = 2 (0.4%)
20 = 1 (0.2%)
21 = 4 (0.7%)
22 = 1 (0.2%)
23 = 0 (0%)
-8 = 18 (3.3%)
Number of non-Masonic appointees: 356 (65.1%)
Regression Tables

This Scenario compares Masonic affiliation of the President and the appointees. Here is the data I derived:
Pearson’s r = 0.179

R-squared = 0.032 (3.2%)

Adjusted R-squared = 0.030 (3%)

Significance of x1: 0.000
Now, what do these numbers mean?

Pearson’s r (r) shows the correlation between x and y, meaning as x increases by 1 unit y will move by whatever Pearson’s r is; smaller numbers (fractions) will be a shallow movement and bigger numbers will be steeper movements. This number can be positive or negative which shows a positive or negative relationship between the two variables.

R-squared shows, in percentage, how variations in x affect variations in y. R-squared has values that range from 0 to 1 with one showing a perfect estimate and 0 showing none. The Adjusted R-squared takes sample size into consideration; the more observations you have the more confidence you have in your results.

The significance tells us if we can even draw conclusions or interpret the data. To be considered significant the number must be less than .05, .01, or .001; each one of these is a different level of significance, but the basic thing to understand is that it must be < 0.05 to be considered significant. Essentially it tells us how many times out of a thousand that we will mess up; the smaller the number the better. If it is not significant then we cannot draw any conclusions from the data. To get the significance, it is a much more complicated equation and I will not write it out as it is a pain in the butt with subscripts and superscripts.

Conclusion

With this scenario, there is significant relationship between the two variables (it being at 0.000). There is a positive relationship, but it is very shallow as “b” is only 0.13 meaning that as “x” increases by one, “y” increases by only 0.13. Now, the hitch in the hypothesis, according to the R-squared and Adjusted R-squared, a President’s Masonic affiliation only explains ~3% why an appointee who is selected is a Mason or not. That is still an extremely weak R-square. The conclusion I draw from this data is that one's Masonic affiliation of a President has no effect on whether an appointment will be a Mason or not.

I forgot to add this yesterday, but I found it interesting to see how several Masons resigned or removed from their appointment. If I were to run this again, I'd look at their military careers and see how active they were in politics prior to their appointment.
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Old 30-07-2014, 12:32 AM   #226
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I'm guessing those like Pepsi will just dismiss this data because to them even one Mason involved in government is one too many. They have an insatiable hatred of us Masons and no matter what they will always demonize us because they need a scapegoat to 1) justify their hatred and 2) explain world events.
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Old 30-07-2014, 02:21 AM   #227
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ksigmason View Post
I'm guessing those like Pepsi will just dismiss this data because to them even one Mason involved in government is one too many. They have an insatiable hatred of us Masons and no matter what they will always demonize us because they need a scapegoat to 1) justify their hatred and 2) explain world events.
wasn't mathematics invented by the masons to confuse the masses? :P
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Old 30-07-2014, 04:00 AM   #228
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bikerdruid View Post
wasn't mathematics invented by the masons to confuse the masses? :P
Well, 83% of people who use statistics lie most of the time.

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Old 30-07-2014, 04:07 AM   #229
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ksigmason View Post
Well, 83% of people who use statistics lie most of the time.
careful now, the fanatics might use this quote as evidence of the duplicity of masons.
a little knowledge is a dangerous thing, and fanatics love to quote shit outa context.
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Old 30-07-2014, 04:53 AM   #230
ksigmason
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bikerdruid View Post
careful now, the fanatics might use this quote as evidence of the duplicity of masons.
a little knowledge is a dangerous thing, and fanatics love to quote shit outa context.
That wouldn't be anything new for them.
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