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Old 20-07-2014, 10:30 PM   #261
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The Bartons Arms (grid reference SP072890) is a pub in the High Street (part of the A34) in the Newtown area of Aston, Birmingham, England..Built in 1901 by noted pub architects partnership James and Lister Lea for Mitchells & Butlers, it is a grade II* listed building, famous for its wall-to-wall Minton-Hollins tiles and its snob screens, which allowed middle class drinkers to see working class drinkers in an adjacent bar, but not to be seen by them..Laurel and Hardy once stayed there, after appearing at the adjacent Aston Hippodrome (now demolished, replaced by The Drum Arts Centre), and were photographed serving beer from behind the bar..8 thousand a month is chicken feed..The pub features in Felicia's Journey-The Last Viking: The Untold Story of the World's Greatest Heist; as the gang of robbers meet in the pub..It was purchased in 2002 by Oakham Ales who restored the building to its former greatness. On 28 July 2006, the pub was damaged by fire, reportedly caused by an electrical fault..During the 2011 England riots, the pub was looted, windows were smashed, and fires started, albeit quickly doused by the manager, Wichai Thumjaron.. Up to 8 shots were fired at police who attended the incident...

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Atom Egoyan, OC (born July 19, 1960) is a critically acclaimed Canadian Stage director and Movie director.. Egoyan made his career breakthrough with Exotica (1994)..Egoyan was born to Armenian parents in Egypt. His family moved to Canada when he was two years old. His work often explores themes of alienation and isolation, featuring characters whose interactions are mediated through technology, bureaucracy or other power structures. Egoyan's films often follow non-linear plot-structures, in which events are placed out of sequence in order to elicit specific emotional reactions from the audience by withholding key information..Egoyan was born Atom Yeghoyan (Western Armenian: Աթոմ Եղոյեան) in Cairo, Egypt, the son of Shushan (née Devletian) and Joseph Yeghoyan, artists who operated a furniture store.. His parents were Armenian-Egyptians, and he was named Atom to mark the completion of Egypt's first nuclear reactor.. In 1962, however, his parents left Egypt for Canada, where they settled in Victoria, British Columbia, and changed their last name to Egoyan. Atom and his sister, Eve, now a concert pianist based in Toronto, were raised by their parents in British Columbia..The Egyptian nuclear power program was started in 1954.. The first nuclear reactor ETRR-1 was acquired from the Soviet Union in 1961. It was opened by Gamal Abdel Nasser at Inchass, Nile Delta.. The disposal of its spent fuel was controlled by the Soviets..Egypt's nuclear plans were frozen after the Chernobyl accident. In 2006, Egypt announced it would revive its civilian nuclear power programme, and within 10 years build a 1,000 megawatt nuclear power station at El Dabaa. It was estimated to cost US$1.5bn, and it would be constructed with the participation of foreign investors..
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_the_Eighth
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_energy_in_Egypt
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...7&postcount=15You know what they say, don't you? If you love a man's garden, you gotta love the man!..Sheep dogs have been in my family... for 16 generations!. Dating back to the Borgias..There were numerous unsubstantiated claims that the family was of Jewish origin..Frank, has anyone ever told you that you have a tendency toward self-pity...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...0&postcount=75

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Old 20-07-2014, 11:18 PM   #262
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The 1930s was a decade that began on January 1, 1930 and ended on December 31, 1939..After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the largest stock market crash in American history, most of the decade was consumed by an economic downfall called the Great Depression that had a traumatic effect worldwide. In response, authoritarian regimes emerged in several countries in Europe and South America, in particular the Third Reich in Germany. Weaker states such as Ethiopia, China, and Poland were invaded by expansionist world powers, the last of these attacks leading to the outbreak of the Second World War a few months before the end of the decade..The 1930s also saw a proliferation of new technologies, especially in the fields of intercontinental aviation, radio, and film...In trick-taking card games like bridge, the beer card is the seven of diamonds (♦7) playing card when it is agreed that, if a player wins the last trick of a hand with the ♦7, his partner must buy him a beer.. It is not considered as part of the rules of these games, but an optional and informal side-bet between players...

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September 1 - Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced/5–10 – 8th Nuremberg Rally staged by the German Nazi Party\8 – Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner S.S. Morro Castle kills 134 people/9- G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premieres in NYC\10 - The British Graham Land Expedition sets out to explore Graham Land in Antarctica/17 - USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)\18 - USSR admitted to League of Nations/19-Bruno Richard Hauptmann is arrested in connection with the Lindbergh kidnapping case in the U.S.\21 – A typhoon in Honshū, Japan kills 3,036 people, and destroys the temple, schools, and other buildings in Osaka/22 – Gresford Disaster:Gas explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, which leads to the death of 266 miners and rescuers, one of the worst tragedies in Welsh mining history\25 - Rainbow (US) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup/26 - Launching of the liner RMS Queen Mary at Clydebank\28 – Afghanistan joins the League of Nations/29 - Stanley Matthews makes his debut for the England national football team, beginning a record 23-year international career\30 - Babe Ruth's final game as a Yankee, goes 0 for 3- St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean Wins his 30th of year...

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Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking game using a standard 52-card deck.. It is played by four players in two competing partnerships, with partners sitting opposite each other around a table..South plays in the inferior contract of three no trump (six diamonds is excellent), against which the opponents cash the first 4 spade tricks..77 Diamonds is an online retailer of diamonds and diamond jewellery based in the United Kingdom, but operating throughout the World..Provincia di Vercelli is a province in the Piedmont region of northern Italy. Its capital is Vercelli..As of 2011, it has an area of 2,088 km²...
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0025272/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=140Tell her they may soon be leaving us.. Leaving us for a long, long journey.. How is it that ShakeSpeare says?. "From which no traveler returns"..I am - how shall I pursue it - a sort of vagabond of space.. I am the point of contact between time And Eternity..You seem to come from a distant place... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=561

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Old 21-07-2014, 12:50 PM   #263
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STS-51-G was the 18th flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the fifth flight of Space Shuttle Discovery. The se7en-day mission launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on June 17, 1985, and landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on June 24.. Sultan Salman Al Saud of Saudi Arabia was on board as a payload specialist; Al Saud became the first Arab, the first Muslim, and the first member of a royal family to fly into space..It was also the first Space Shuttle mission which flew without at least one astronaut from the pre-Shuttle era among its crew..Sultan bin Salman (Arabic: سلطان بن سلمان بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎ (born 27 June 1956) is a former Royal Saudi Air Force pilot who flew aboard the STS-51-G Space Shuttle mission as a payload specialist, and a member of the House of Saud.. He is thus the first astronaut of royal blood, and the first Arab and Muslim to fly in outer space..Regarding the connections between the state and the people, he argued that “Every citizen of this country is a responsible person. Here the state is the citizen and the citizen is the state. There is no division between the leadership and the citizens”..Sultan was born in Riyadh on 27 June 1956.. He is the second son of Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz.. His mother is Sultana bin Turki Al Sudairi who died in July 2011.. She was a daughter of Prince Salman's uncle, Turki bin Ahmad Al Sudairi,who was one of the former governors of Asir Province..Prince Sultan is a full brother of Fahd, Ahmed, Abdulaziz, Faisal and Hussa (born 1974)..From 17 June through 24 June 1985, he flew as a payload specialist on STS-51-G Discovery. As one of a seven-member international crew, which also included American and French astronauts, he represented the Arab Satellite Communications Organization (ARABSAT) in deploying their satellite, ARABSAT-1B. Sultan also holds the record for being the youngest person to fly on the Space Shuttle, at the age of 28..In 1985, Sultan recorded a commercial message that was broadcast on MTV during the Live Aid concert event..His Birds Eye View message mentioned his recent trip on the Space Shuttle and was one of 33 such by notable individuals..Sultan bin Salman is married to the daughter of Saud bin Faisal, the minister of foreign affairs of Saudi Arabia.. They have 3 children.. His son, Salman (born 1990), attended St. Andrew's University in Scotland, and married a daughter of Prince Khalid bin Saud Al Saud, a great-grandson of Mohammed bin Abdul Rahman, in Riyadh on 5 December 2012..Prince Sultan was awarded the Chancellor’s Medal by Syracuse University (SU) in November 2012 for his key role in helping to launch a collaborative partnership between SU and Princess Nora bint Abdul Rahman University...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STS-51-G
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=111With Major Lawrence, mercy is a passion.. With me, it is merely good manners.. You may judge which motive is the more reliable..Truly, for some men nothing is written unless THEY write it... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=565

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Old 21-07-2014, 07:00 PM   #264
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William Burges built for himself a house strange and barbarously splendid: none more than he could be minutely intimate with the thought of old art, or more saturated with a passion for colour, sheen, and mystery. Here were silver and jade, onyx and malachite, bronze and ivory, jewelled casements, rock crystal orbs, marble inlaid with precious metals; lustre, iridescence and colour everywhere; vermilion and black, gold and emerald; everywhere device and symbolism, and a fusion of Eastern feeling with his style..In his own bedroom the bed and other furniture is vermilion heightened by crimson glazes. Over the mantle a syren combs her long gilt hair, looking-glass in hand—the mirror no make-believe. The ceiling has red beams crossing a black field studded with small convex mirrors, two inches across, surrounded by gilt rays, the mirrors giving back the candle-light like stars in the midnight sky. The hangings are Eastern embroidery, and the pictures Persian miniatures. The ceiling of the next room is even more extraordinary and mysterious; it is divided into four squares by heavy beams, at the middle point of which there is a convex mirror as large as the moon: each of these squares is crossed by diagonal ribs of bright flamingo red, and a circle is drawn around the points of intersection, from which hang emus’ eggs—four in all—large, almond-shaped, and matchless green.. They vibrate as you enter the room..

Burges had been to Constantinople, and there a few years ago hung from the dome of Sta. Sophia, 'the fairest and noblest church in the world,' a light frame of iron, an octagon, perhaps some sixty feet across, with radii and inner concentric lines; a vast spider's web, suspended, it must have seemed—such is the immensity—from the very vault of heaven. On this frame were artlessly hung an infinity of lamps, tiny glass vases of oil with floating wicks. Here and again amongst them were suspended ostrich eggs, all placed with no more precision than the lights and oranges on a Christmas tree—long, short, straight and awry, and so near the floor as to be almost under the sight of the reader of the 'perspicuous book,' as he ascended the high pulpit of the conquered mosque with the law and a naked sabre, the alternatives of Islam..It appears from photographs that vulgar gas lights have now taken the place of the original lamp frame, but it is shown in the interior view given in Texier and Pullan's book. These hanging eggs seem of universal use in the East, alike in church, mosque, and tomb.. Still at Constantinople, the frames of lights in the mosque of Achmet are decorated with globes of crystal and ostrich eggs. They are usually stained in bright colours, and have small metal mounts at top and bottom, with a pendant or tassel below. Such a frame carrying lamps and eggs may be seen in the wonderful water colour by Lewis at South Kensington..

The drawings of interiors of Arab mosques in Eber's 'Egypt' show, in a number of instances, a long cord, an egg, and then the lamp. Sometimes as many as a dozen are thus suspended here and there, or in a row from a beam. As far up the Nile as Assouan, Miss Edwards describes a mosque as 'cool and clean and spacious, the floor being covered with matting, and some scores of ostrich eggs depending from the ceiling.' In the Coptic churches the custom is equally observed, as may be seen in Butler's 'Coptic Churches of Egypt,' from which the following extract is taken; and it is interesting to note how such a seemingly trivial circumstance as the hanging of an egg from the ceiling arrests the attention, and invites inquiry as to the intention of it:-'The ostrich egg is a curious but common ornament in the religious buildings of the Copts, the Greeks, and the Muslims alike. It may be seen in the ancient church of the Greek convent in Kasr-ash Shammah, and in most of the mosques in Cairo, mounted in a metal frame, and hung by a single wire from the roof. In the churches it usually hangs before the altar screen; but at Abu-s-Sifain, an ostrich egg is suspended also from the point of the arches of the baldakyn. Here and there it is placed above a lamp, threaded by the suspending cord, as in the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem; and sometimes it hangs from a wooden arm fastened on to the pillars of the nave, as in the Nestorian church of At-Tahara, in Mosul. Sometimes, instead of the egg of the ostrich, artificial eggs of beautiful Damascus porcelain, coloured with designs in blue or purple,were employed, but these have almost entirely disappeared; in the churches of the 2 Cairos there is, I believe, not one left; but a few still remain in the churches of Upper Egypt, and in the mosques..The tomb mosque of Kait Bey, without the walls of Cairo, contains some fine specimens. These porcelain eggs are considerably smaller than an ostrich egg, but larger than a hen's egg. In the British Museum there is a porcelain egg from Abyssinia, with cherubim rudely painted under the glaze. It clearly belonged once to a Christian place of worship. The "Griffin's egg" was a
common Ornament in our own Mediæval churches...

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Ostriches have inspired cultures and civilizations for 5,000 years in Mesopotamia and Egypt.. A statue of Arsinoe II of Egypt riding an ostrich was found in a tomb in Egypt.. Hunter-gatherers in the Kalahari use ostrich eggshells as water containers, punching a hole in them..The presence of such eggshells with engraved hatched symbols dating from the Howiesons Poort period of the Middle Stone Age at Diepkloof Rock Shelter in South Africa suggests ostriches were an important part of human life as early as 60,000 BP..In Roman times, there was a demand for ostriches to use in venatio games or cooking.. They have been hunted and farmed for their feathers, which at various times have been popular for ornamentation in fashionable clothing (such as hats during the 19th century).. Their skins are valued for their leather.. In the 18th century they were almost hunted to extinction.. At the start of the 20th century there were over 700,000 birds in captivity.. The market for feathers collapsed after World War I, but commercial farming for feathers and later for skins and meat became widespread during the 1970s.. Ostriches are so adaptable that they can be farmed in climates ranging from South Africa to Alaska..Ostriches were farmed for their feathers in South Africa beginning in the 19th century. According to Frank G. Carpenter, the English are credited with first taming ostriches outside Cape Town. Farmers captured baby ostriches and raised them successfully on their property, and were able to obtain a crop of feathers every se7en to 8 months instead of killing wild ostriches for their feathers...It is claimed that ostriches produce the strongest commercial leather..Ostriches typically avoid humans in the wild, since they correctly assess humans as potential predators. If approached, they often run away, but sometimes ostriches can be very aggressive when threatened, especially if cornered, and may also attack if they feel the need to defend their territories or offspring..When attacking a person, ostriches deliver slashing kicks with their powerful feet, armed with long claws, with which they can disembowel or kill a person with a single blow...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrich
http://www.sacred-texts.com/earth/amm/amm15.htm
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=144And when the dream came, it seemed the whole room was filled with mist. It was so thick, I could just see the lamp by the bed, a tiny spark in the fog. And then I saw 1 big eye glaring at me...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=183

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Old 22-07-2014, 12:55 PM   #265
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The Bulgars (also Bolgars, Bulghars, Proto-Bulgarians, Huno-Bulgars) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people who flourished in the Pontic Steppe and the Volga basin in the 7th century AD.. Ethnically, the Bulgars are thought to have been Oghur Turkic, with Scytho-Sarmatian and Sarmatian-Alan elements.. There is a discussion whether these Sarmatian elements in the cultural characteristics of the Proto-Bulgars are based on Sarmatized Turks or Turkicized Sarmatians.. They had also enveloped other ethnic groups by their migration westwards across the Eurasian steppe.. In their ethnogenesis Indo-European (Iranian) groups, Altaic groups (Stoyanov 1997) and probably Uralic (Finno-Ugric) groups (Artamanov 1962) have participated..The early Bulgars (or "Proto-Bulgars") may have been present in the Pontic Steppe from the 2nd century, identified with the Bulensii in certain Latin versions of Ptolemy's Geography, shown as occupying the territory along the northwest coast of Black Sea east of Axiacus River (Southern Bug Ukrainian: Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh: Russian: Южный Буг, Yuzhny Bug), is a river located in Ukraine..The 2004 Ukrainian child pornography raids occurred in July 2004, when police in Ukraine raided a softcore child pornography ring operating in the cities of Kiev, Kharkiv and Simferopol. The ring had operated since 2001, and used a modeling agency as a front.. Although some models were of legal age 18+, approximately 1,500 girls aged from eight to sixteen were said to have been to the agency.. Erotic materials produced by the agency were distributed over the Internet to various countries..Quality and quantity of material from that studio was unmatched, and soon it became the most popular child erotica website in the world...

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In the middle of the 6th century, war broke out between the 2 main Bulgar tribes, the Kutrigur and Utigur. To the west, the Kutrigurs fell under Avar dominion and became influential within the Khaganate.. The eastern Utigurs fell under the western Göktürk empire in 568. The Bulgars took the city of Corinth in the middle of the 7th century..According to legend, on his deathbed Khan Kubrat commanded his sons to gather sticks and bring them to him, which he then bundled together. He commanded his eldest son Batbayan (also Bayan or Boyan) to break the bundle. Bayan failed against the strength of the combined sticks, and so did the other sons in turn. Kubrat undid the bundle and broke each stick separately. He then proclaimed to his sons, "unity makes strength", which has become a commonplace Bulgarian folk slogan and now appears on the modern Bulgarian coat of arms..Archaeological finds from the Ukrainian steppe suggest that the early Bulgars had the typical culture of the nomadic equestrians of Central Asia, who migrated seasonally in pursuit of pastures. From the 7th century, however they became a settled culture, planting crops, and mastering the crafts of blacksmithing, masonry, and carpentry..The Bulgars had a well-developed clan system and were governed by hereditary rulers. The members of the military aristocracy bore the title boyil (boyar). There also were bagains - lesser military commanders. The nobility were further divided onto Small and Great Boyars. The latter formed the Council of the Great Boyars and gathered to take decisions on important state matters presided by the khan (king). Their numbers varied between six and twelve. These probably included the ichirgu boyil and the kavkhan (vice khan), the 2 most powerful people after the khan..Traditionally, historians have associated the Bulgars with the Huns, who migrated out of Central Asia. Anthropological data collected from medieval Bulgar necropolises from Dobrudja, Crimea and the Ukrainian steppe have shown that Bulgars were a Caucasoid people with a small Mongoloid component and practiced circular type artificial cranial deformation..An examined population from an abandoned medieval cemetery showed mixed in anthropological terms with brachicranial Caucasoid type as the primary representatives followed by the Mongoloid admixed type.. Women's were not significantly different from men but were more Caucasoid than men...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgars
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...9&postcount=36Before turning to those moral and mental aspects of the matter which present the greatest difficulties, let the inquirer begin by mastering more elementary problems...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=674
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Old 22-07-2014, 06:23 PM   #266
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The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of World War I that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916. The peninsula forms the northern bank of the Dardanelles, a strait that provides a sea route to what was then the Russian Empire, one of the Allied powers during the war. Intending to secure it, Russia's allies Britain and France launched a naval attack followed by an amphibious landing on the peninsula with the eventual aim of capturing the Ottoman capital of Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul)..The naval attack was repelled and, after 8 months' fighting, with many casualties on both sides, the land campaign also failed and the invasion force was withdrawn to Egypt..The campaign is often considered as marking the birth of national consciousness in Australia and New Zealand and the date of the landing, 25 April, is known as "Anzac Day". It remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in those two countries, surpassing Remembrance Day (Armistice Day)..At the beginning of the 20th century, the Ottoman Empire was the "sick man of Europe", weakened by political instability, military defeat and civil strife following a century of decline. Power had been seized in 1908 by a group of young officers, known as the Young Turks, who installed Mehmed V as a figurehead Sultan..He was a scrubber at ze nunnery...

The new regime implemented a program of reform to modernise the outdated political and economic system and redefine the racial make-up of the empire. An enthusiastic supporter, Germany provided significant investment. German diplomats subsequently found increasing influence despite Britain previously being the predominant power in the region, while German officers assisted in training and re-equipping the army.. Despite this support, the economic resources of the empire were depleted by the cost of the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 and the French, British and Germans had offered financial aid. A pro-German faction influenced by Enver Pasha, the former Ottoman military attaché in Berlin, opposed the pro-British majority in the Ottoman cabinet, and subsequently moved to secure closer relations with Germany.. In December 1913, the Germans sent a military mission to Constantinople, headed by General Otto Liman von Sanders. Meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire's geographic position meant that her neutrality in the event of war in Europe was of significant interest to Russia and to her allies France and Britain..During the Sarajevo Crisis in 1914, German diplomats offered an anti-Russian alliance and territorial gains in Caucasia, north-west Iran and Trans-Caspia. The pro-British faction in the Cabinet was isolated due to the British ambassador taking leave until 18 August.. As the crisis deepened in Europe, Ottoman policy was to obtain a guarantee of territorial integrity and potential advantages, unaware that the British might enter a European war..Mussolini has given me a present for you: the Italian War Hero Medal...



On 17 February 1915, a British seaplane from HMS Ark Royal flew a reconnaissance sortie over the Straits.. Two days later, the first attack on the Dardanelles began when a strong Anglo-French task force, including the British battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth, began a long-range bombardment of Ottoman artillery along the coast..Frustrated by the mobility of the Ottoman batteries, which evaded the Allied bombardments and threatened the minesweepers sent to clear the Straits, Churchill began pressuring the naval commander, Admiral Sackville Carden, to increase the fleet's efforts.. Carden drew up fresh plans and on 4 March sent a cable to Churchill, stating that the fleet could expect to arrive in Istanbul within 14 days.. A sense of impending victory was heightened by the interception of a German wireless message that revealed the Ottoman Dardanelles forts were running out of ammunition..On 18 March 1915, the main attack was launched.. The fleet, comprising 18 battleships with a supporting array of cruisers and destroyers, sought to target the narrowest point of the Dardanelles, where the straits are 1 mile (1.6 km) wide. Despite some damage sustained by ships engaging the Ottoman forts, minesweepers were ordered to proceed along the straits. According to an account by the Ottoman General Staff, by 2:00 p.m. "all telephone wires were cut, all communications with the forts were interrupted, some of the guns had been knocked out ... in consequence the artillery fire of the defence had slackened considerably"...

After the failure of the naval attacks, ground forces were assembled, tasked with eliminating the Ottoman mobile artillery so that minesweepers could clear the way for the larger vessels. The British Secretary of State for War, Lord Herbert Kitchener, appointed General Sir Ian Hamilton to command the 78,000-strong Mediterranean Expeditionary Force that was to carry out the mission..With only 5 divisions the operation would be complicated by the limited forces available, the rugged terrain of the peninsula and the small number of suitable landing beaches, as well as severe logistical difficulties..As a landing under fire had not been foreseen, the force was not prepared for such an undertaking. The British and French divisions subsequently joined the Australians in Egypt, while over the following month Hamilton prepared his plan, choosing to concentrate his force on the southern part of the Gallipoli peninsula at Cape Helles and Sedd el Bahr...The Ottomans prepared to repel a landing on either side of the Straits, with the Ottoman 5th Army assigned for this purpose..The Allies planned to land and secure the northern shore, capturing the Ottoman forts and artillery batteries there so that a naval force could advance through the Narrows and the Sea of Marmara towards Constantinople.. Scheduled for 23 April but postponed until 25 April due to bad weather, landings were to be made at six beaches on the peninsula..The Helles landing was made by the 29th Division, under the command of Major General Aylmer Hunter-Weston. The division landed on 5 beaches in an arc about the tip of the peninsula, named from east to west as 'S', 'V', 'W', 'X' and 'Y' Beaches..Do not tell me you have dynamite in your trousers...

The main landings were made at 'V' Beach, beneath the old Seddülbahir fortress and at 'W' Beach, a short distance to the west on the other side of the Helles headland. The covering force from the Royal Munster Fusiliers and Hampshires landed from a converted collier, SS River Clyde, which was run aground beneath the fortress so that the troops could disembark via ramps to the shore. The Royal Dublin Fusiliers landed at 'V' Beach from open boats. At 'W' Beach, the Lancashire Fusiliers also landed in open boats, on a shore overlooked by dunes and obstructed with barbed wire. On both beaches the Ottoman defenders occupied good defensive positions and inflicted many casualties on the British infantry as they landed. Troops emerging one-by-one from sally ports on the River Clyde were shot by machine gunners at the Seddülbahir fort. Of the first 200 soldiers to disembark, only 21 men reached the beach.. By the moaning of 25 April 1915, out of ammunition and left with nothing but bayonets to meet the attackers on the slopes leading up from the beach to the heights of Chunuk Bair, the 57th Infantry Regiment received orders from Kemal, commanding the 19th Division: "I do not order you to fight, I order you to dye.. In the time which passes until we die, other troops and commanders can come forward and take our places".. Every man of the regiment was either killed in action or wounded. As a sign of respect, the 57th Regiment no longer exists in the Turkish Army..At 'W' Beach, thereafter known as Lancashire Landing, the Lancashires were able to overwhelm the defences despite the loss of 600 casualties from 1,000 men..After the landings, so few remained from the Dublin and Munster Fusiliers that they were amalgamated into "The Dubsters".. Only one Dubliner officer survived the landing, while of the 1,012 Dubliners who landed, just 11 survived the Gallipoli campaign unscathed..The Australian submarine HMAS AE2 under the command of Lieutenant Commander Henry Stoker succeeded in getting through the Straits on the night of 24/25 April.. As the army began landing soldiers at Cape Helles and Anzac Cove at dawn on the 25th, by 06:00, AE2 reached Chanak and torpedoed the Turkish gunboat Peyk-i Şevket while evading a destroyer.. The submarine ran aground beneath a Turkish fort but the fort's guns could not bear and AE2 was manoeuvred free.. Shortly after refloating, the submarine's periscope was sighted by a Turkish battleship, which was firing over the peninsula at Allied landing sites; the ship ceased fire and withdrew..This is very serious!
The Gestapo is only insured for 3rd party!..

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Casualty figures for the campaign vary between sources, but it is believed that by the time the Gallipoli Campaign ended over 100,000 men were dead, including 56,000–68,000 Turkish and around 53,000 British and French soldiers.. Carlyon gives 43,000 British killed or missing, including 8,709 Australians.. Among the dead were 2,721 New Zealanders, about a quarter of those who had landed on the peninsula.. In total there were nearly half a million casualties during the campaign, with the British Official History listing total losses, including sick, as 205,000 British, 47,000 French and 251,000 Turkish. Yet Turkish casualties have been disputed and were likely higher, with another source listing 2,160 officers and 287,000 other ranks..Included among this may be as many as 87,000 killed..Many soldiers became sick due to the unsanitary conditions, especially from enteric fever, dysentery and diarrhoea. It is estimated that at least 145,000 British soldiers became ill during the campaign.. Turkish sick are given as 64,000..The significance of the Gallipoli Campaign is felt strongly in both New Zealand and Australia. Within popular historiography, the campaign is referred to as both nations' "baptism of fire" and linked to their emergence as independent nations..The landing on 25 April is commemorated every year in both countries as "Anzac Day". The first iteration was celebrated unofficially in 1916, at churches in Melbourne, Brisbane and London, before being officially recognised as a public holiday in all Australian states in 1923..In Turkey the battle is also thought of as a significant event in the nation's emergence, although it is primarily remembered for the fighting that took place around the port of Çanakkale where the Royal Navy was repulsed in March 1915.. For the Turks, 18 March has a similar significance as 25 April to Australians and New Zealanders, and although it is not a public holiday, it is commemorated with special ceremonies.. The campaign's main significance to the Turkish people lies in the role it played in the emergence of Mustafa Kemal, who became the first president of the Republic of Turkey after the war.. "Çanakkale geçilmez" (Çanakkale is impassable) became a common phrase to express the nation's pride at stopping the massive assault.. The song "Çanakkale içinde" (A Ballad for Chanakkale) commemorates the Turkish youth who fell during the battle..Look at my kneepads...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gallipoli
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...2&postcount=61All right men I want you to remember who you are.. You are the 10th Light Horse!. Men from Western Australia. Don't forget it.. Yeah, we've considered that Barton.. We're gonna hit their trenches with the heaviest barrage of the campaign just before your Men go over the top..With a 22mm shell, "just wounding" may be difficult...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=869

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Old 03-08-2014, 09:55 PM   #267
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Arrow King of Tars


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Saracen was a generic term for Muslims widely used in Europe during the later medieval era. The term's meaning evolved during its history. In the early centuries CE in Greek and Latin it referred to a people who lived in desert areas in and near the Roman province of Arabia, and who were specifically distinguished from Arabs.. In Europe during the Early Medieval era, the term began to be used to describe Arab tribes as well.. By the 12th century, "Saracen" had become synonymous with "Muslim" in Medieval Latin literature. This expansion of the meaning had begun centuries earlier among the Byzantine Greeks, as evidenced in Byzantine Greek documents from the 8th century.. In the Western languages before the 16th century, the words "Muslim" and "Islam" were not used (with a few isolated exceptions), and instead "Saracen" was in common use..

Beginning no later than the early 5th century, Christian writers came to equate Saracens with Arabs, which in turn linked Saracens with Ishmaelites (descendants of Abraham’s older son Ishmael) in some strands of Jewish, Christian, and Islamic genealogical thinking. The writings of Jerome (d. 420) seem to contain the earliest versions of the claim that Ishmaelites chose to be called Saracens in order to associate themselves with Abraham’s “free” wife Sarah, rather than to use the name Hagarenes, which would highlight their association with Abraham’s “slave woman” Hagar..This claim remained popular throughout the Middle Ages, but derives more from Paul’s allegory in the New Testament letter to the Galatians than from actual historical data. The name "Saracen" was not indigenous to the populations so described, but was applied to them by Greco-Roman historians based on Greek place names.

Usage of the term in the Latin West changed as the Middle Ages progressed, but its connotation remained negative and its exact definition continued to be unclear. In an 8th-century polemical work, John of Damascus criticized the Saracens as followers of a false prophet and "forerunner[s] to the Antichrist..By the 12th century, Medieval Europeans had more specific conceptions of Islam and "Saracen" had become an ethnic and religious marker.. In some Medieval literature Saracens—that is, Muslims—are black-skinned, while Christians are lighter-skinned. An example is in The King of Tars, a medieval romance..The Song of Roland, an Old French 11th century heroic poem, takes the association of black skin with Saracens a step further by
making it their only exotic feature...

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Pescennius Niger (Latin: Gaius Pescennius Niger Augustus; c. 135/140 – 194) was Roman Emperor from 193 to 194 during the Year of the 5 Emperors.. He claimed the imperial throne in response to the murder of Pertinax and the elevation of Didius Julianus, but was defeated by a rival claimant, Septimius Severus, and killed while attempting to flee from Antioch..Although Niger was born into an old Italian equestrian family, around the year 135, he was the first member of his family to achieve the rank of Roman senator.. Not much is known of his early career; it is possible that he held an administrative position in Egypt, and that he served in a military campaign in Dacia early in Commodus’ reign.. During the late 180s, Niger was elected as a Suffect consul, after which Commodus made him imperial legate of Syria in 191..The name "Niger" means "black", which incidentally, contrasts him with one of his rivals for the throne in 194, Clodius Albinus, whose name means "white".. According to the notoriously unreliable Historia Augusta, his cognomen of "Niger" was given due to the fact that his neck was black..Forced to retreat to Antioch, Niger was captured while attempting to flee to Parthia.. He was beheaded, and his severed head was taken to Byzantium, but the city refused to surrender. Eventually, Severus stormed and completely destroyed Byzantium before he had it rebuilt.. Niger’s head eventually found its way to Rome where it was displayed..After his victory in the east, Severus punished all of Niger’s supporters.. He also had Niger’s wife and children put to death, while his estates were confiscated..Ever since it was first published the Historia Augusta has been known to not be particularly reliable. However as it is also the principal Latin source regarding a century of Roman history and so historians must use it...." but only with extreme circumspection and caution..Of considerable significance in this regard is the opening section of the life of Aurelian, in which 'Flavius Vopiscus' records a supposed conversation he had with the City Prefect of Rome during the festival of Hilaria in which the Prefect urges him to write as he chooses and invent what he does not know...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saracen
http://townhall.com/columnists/diana...6794/page/full
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...5&postcount=32The Lord has delivered you from your trance.. Remember what we discussed, Mrs. Smith.. What is she talking about?.Shh!..You've been in a coma,Johnny.. Not a trance...Coma?..For how long?...Five years..5 long years, John..Lost for five years..And now reborn unto me..What about Sarah?.. She cleaves now unto another man..Aaahhh!- Amy - Aaahhh!..http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=574

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Old 11-08-2014, 02:00 PM   #268
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Arrow Trojan UK


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Operation Trojan Horse was an organised attempt by Islamists to covertly co-opt schools in England.. The name, based on the Ancient Greek legend, came from a leaked letter of questionable authenticity discovered in March 2014, alleged to be from Islamists in Birmingham, detailing how to wrest control of a school and speculating about expanding the scheme to other cities. Around a month later, Birmingham City Council said that it had received "hundreds" of allegations of school takeover plots similar to those illustrated in the letter, some dating back over 20 years.. Tahir Alam, the chairman of the Park View Educational Trust which runs six schools in Birmingham, was found to have written a 72-page document for the Muslim Council of Britain in 2007 detailing a blueprint for the "Islamisation" of secular state schools...

Two anonymous members of staff at Park View School told BBC Radio 4 that school assemblies had praised Anwar al-Awlaki, the former head of Al-Qaeda.. Although the school describes itself as "multi-faith", there are claims that the Islamic call to prayer is broadcast to the entire school.. Park View Headteacher Lindsey Clark told inspectors that her role had been marginalised and that major decisions were being made by governor Tahir Alam and a small group of "hardliners". A senior teacher told inspectors that the solution to all problems would be a global Caliphate under Sharia law..The investigation obtained 3000 messages, spanning 130 pages of transcripts, of a private WhatsApp discussion between a group of teachers at Park View School called the Park View Brotherhood. The report stated the messages evidenced that the group had "either promoted, or failed to challenge, views that are grossly intolerant of beliefs and practices other than their own"..The discussions contained: "Explicit homophobia, highly offensive comments about British service personnel, a stated ambition to increase segregation at the school, disparagement of Muslims in sectors other than their own, scepticism about the truth of reports of the murder of Lee Rigby and the Boston bombings and a constant under current of anti-western, anti-America and anti-Israel sentiment"... "The group promoted links to extremists speakers that betrayed "an Islamist approach that denied the validity of alternative belief" and that some group member believed that the murder of Lee Rigby was staged encouraged other members to promulgate this view...

Salma Yaqoob, a former Birmingham City Councillor and prominent Muslim spokesperson, began a group named "Hands Off Birmingham Schools" in the aftermath of the inspections, saying that they were influenced by “a climate of political and media hysteria”.. George Galloway, the Respect Party MP for Bradford West, was opposed to the government inspections and the lack of opposition from Labour. He dubbed them "Trojan Horse-shit" and likened the basis of the investigation to the Iraq War dossier, also calling it "a dog whistle response to Ukip"..Andrew Gilligan of The Daily Telegraph wrote extensively on the episode. He criticised the approaches to the story by the BBC and The Guardian, which he claimed were unduly biased in favour of the schools.. Pieces in The Guardian included criticism of the academy system, and demanding that all state schools are secular. The latter piece concluded that in the present system, the schools investigated could have registered themselves as faith schools and been allowed to teach Islamic values with permission from the state..An undercover reporter working for the Daily Mirror posed as a wealthy ­businessman and potential client of the training firm Exquisitus, a firm owned by Shahid Akmal, the chairman of governors at Nansen Primary School. The reporter recorded a series of meetings with him which the Mirror alleged exposed Akmal as a "sexist, racist bigot"..



Akmal was recorded saying that “white women have the least amount of morals” and since women were “emotionally weaker” than men, their role was to look after children and the home. Akmal criticised female politicians, saying: “She has to sacrifice her family, she has to sacrifice her children, she has to sacrifice her husband, all in the name of equality." He claimed that that girls should be taught cooking and sewing while boys should be taught trades..He claimed that white children were “lazy” and that white people "still think they rule half the world.” He said that the "colonial blood" within white people was "very difficult to get rid of that very quickly"..Akmal said that jailing gay people and adulterers was a “moral position to hold" and that they should be exiled from the community. He said “man-made” British law were “very confusing” unlike those “given by God” which were “fair"..The Trojan Horse is a tale from the Trojan War, as told in Virgil's Latin epic poem The Aeneid, also by Dionysius, Apollodorus and Quintus of Smyrna. The events in this story from the Bronze Age took place after Homer's Iliad, and before his Odyssey. It was the
stratagem that allowed the Greeks finally to enter the city of Troy and end the conflict...

Quote:
Small Heath, which has been settled and used since Roman times, sits on top of a small hill. The slightly elevated site offers poor agricultural land, lying on a glacial drift of sand, gravel, and clay, resulting in a heathland that provides adequate grazing for livestock..The land therefore seems to have developed as a pasture or common land, on which locals could graze their animals. However, the site lies directly on the route between Birmingham and Coventry, and so was probably used by drovers transporting animals to and from the two cities, and the livestock markets within each..The Coventry Road itself was first recorded in 1226, leading from the Digbeth crossing of the River Rea. At this time Birmingham was a medieval market town whilst Coventry was a major city of national importance. In 1745 the Coventry Turnpike was created with tollgates at Watery Lane Middleway, Green Lane and at the River Cole. At Holder Road a milestone showed 105 miles (169 km) to London..There are two large supermarkets, Asda and Morrisons and the outdoor pursuits centre Ackers Trust. There is also a business park that is home to the former Birmingham Cable Company (now Virgin Media), the international CADCAM company Delcam and kitchen appliance repair specialists Repaircare.. In recent years, the Coventry Road has attracted a growing increasing number of ethnic fast food restaurants...A large number of mostly terraced houses were built around Small Heath towards the end of the 19th century, and over the next few decades these buildings became the residence of numerous Irish immigrants. In the 20 or so years that followed the end of World War II, the area attracted more immigrants - mostly from the Indian sub-continent. Immigrants from the West Indies also settled in Small Heath, but Pakistani immigrants, including a large majority from Azad Kashmir, were by far the most significant people to settle in the area.. House prices have been steadily increasing on a par with other areas within Birmingham...Azad Kashmir was part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, which ceased to exist as a result of the first Kashmir war in 1947, fought between India and Pakistan..It shares a border with Gilgit–Baltistan, together with which it is referred to, by the United Nations and other international organizations, as "Pakistani-controlled Kashmir" (or Pakistan Administered Kashmir) and as "Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir" in India and rest of the world..The total population of the area is approximately 36,898, based on 2007 estimates.. The majority of residents are of South Asian origin, mainly of Pakistani (51%) and Bangladeshi (9%) descent, while people of White British ethnicity is 22%.. Many residents are also Muslim; there are many mosques in the area, the largest in Small Heath being the Ghamkol Shariff Masjid which is also one of the largest in the UK...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Trojan_Horse
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...0&postcount=41You bring the crowns and heads of conquered kings to my city steps. You insult my queen. You threaten my people with slavery and death! Oh, I've chosen my words carefully, Persian. Perhaps you should have done the same!.This is blasphemy! This is madness!..Madness..?..This is Sparta!... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=414

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Old 11-08-2014, 08:28 PM   #269
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Lightbulb Emir Hamad Brigade



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Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني‎, born 1952) is a member of the ruling Al Thani Qatari royal family. He was the ruling Emir of Qatar from 1995 to 2013..Emir ( أمير‎ ʾAmīr), sometimes transliterated Amir, Amier or Ameer, is a title of high office used in a variety of places in the Muslim world.. Literally it means commander, general, or prince. The feminine form is emira (أميرة ʾAmīrah). When translated as prince, the word "emirate" is analogous to a sovereign principality..The House of Thani (Arabic: آل ثاني Al Thani‎) is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to the Banu Tamim tribe..The Banu Tamim tribe (Arabic: بنو تميم‎), also known as the Bani Tamim tribe, are one of the main tribes of Arabia. Tamim, the ancestor of the tribe, is a direct descendant of Adnan and is thus considered an Ishmaelite tribe descending from Ishmael son of Abraham..Today, descendants from the tribe live in the Arabian Peninsula and neighboring countries such as, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Tunisia, Egypt, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Lebanon & the Palestinian.. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid...

Hamad seized power in a bloodless palace coup d'état in 1995.. During his 18-year rule, Qatar's natural gas production reached 77 million tonnes, making Qatar the richest country in the world per capita with the average income in the country US$86,440 a year per person. During his reign several sports and diplomatic events took place in Qatar, including 2006 Asian Games, 2012 UN Climate Change Conference, Doha Agreement, Hamas–Fatah Doha agreement and it was decided that the 2022 FIFA World Cup was to be held in the country. He established the Qatar Investment Authority; by 2013 it had invested over $100 billion around the world, most prominently in The Shard, Barclays Bank, Heathrow Airport, Harrods, Paris Saint-Germain F.C., Volkswagen, Siemens and Royal Dutch Shell..During Hamad 's rule, Qatar hosted two US military bases. It also remained close with Hamas and Iran. He supported and funded rebel movements, particularly in Libya and Syria during the Arab Spring while maintaining political stability at home. The Sheikh founded news media group Al Jazeera, through which he maintained his influence over the Arab World. He also played a part in negotiations between US and the Taliban.. In June 2013 Hamad in his brief televised address announced that he would hand power to his 34-year-old son, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani...



He graduated from the British Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst in 1971 and commissioned as a lieutenant colonel.. After graduation he was made commander of a mobile brigade, which later became a force called "Hamad Brigade".. In 1972 Hamad had the rank of general, and became army chief of staff.. Next he was appointed commander-in-chief of Qatar's armed forces with the rank of major general.. In 1977 he was named minister of defense..A sportsman and an accomplished diver, Hamad has played an active role in promoting and developing athletics in Qatar.. His activism has enhanced the country's involvement and performance in a number of international competitions, including: winning an Olympic medal in track and field; hosting a wide variety of international sporting events such as the 15th Asian Games, GCC, Asian and World Youth soccer championships; and initiating the Qatar Open Tennis Championship which has grown to become one of two premier tennis competitions in the Middle East..Under his rule the Qatari government helped to fund the Al Jazeera news network by an emiri decree.. In an analysis of Al Jazeera, Hugh Miles said that diplomats from other countries know that the Emir is the real power behind Al Jazeera but he also quotes a network spokesman denying 'countless times' this accusation, adding that many independent news sources also have subsidies from their respective governments without this implying editorial dabbling and explaining that trying to coerce the kind of journalists Al Jazeera has would be like trying to 'herd cats'.. Sheik Hamad is a distant cousin of the network chairman, Hamad bin Thamer Al Thani, who was previously Minister of Information in the Emir Al-Thani government...



Under his reign, the country won the right to stage the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Doha, the first event of its kind to occur in the Middle East.. Under the patronage of Hamad and his wife Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser Al-Misnad, several world-class academic institutions have opened campuses in Doha, including Carnegie Mellon University, Georgetown University, Northwestern University, Texas A&M University and Weill Cornell Medical College..In 2005, under the direction of Hamad and the former Prime minister of QatarSheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, the Qatar Investment Authority was established, a sovereign wealth fund to manage the country's oil and natural gas surpluses.. The Qatar Investment Authority and its subsidiaries have acquired many businesses abroad, including London's iconic department store Harrods from entrepreneur Mohammed Al-Fayed, Paris based department store Printemps, French football club Paris Saint-Germain F.C.,a former 10% stake in Porsche, a 75% stake in film studio Miramax which they acquired from Disney, a 2% stake in media conglomerate and Universal Music Group parent company Vivendi, a $100 million USD investment in Chernin Group – whose founder Peter Chernin was COO of News Corp and President of Fox, a 1% stake in luxury goods manufacturer Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessy, a 6% stake in Credit Suisse, a 12.6% stake in Barclays and several other major companies. They also backed Glencore's $31 billion USD takeover bid for Xstrata.. Qatar is the largest property owner in London with their holdings including Europe's tallest building The Shard, Olympic Village and Park Lane's InterContinental Hotel.. They also own several hotels in Cannes including the Majestic Hotel, Grand Hyatt Cannes Hôtel Martinez and Carlton Hotel.. QIA was considered to have one of the leading bids in the sales of both Anschutz Entertainment Groupand Hulu..As of May 2013, it was reported the Investment Authority is in talks to purchase Neiman Marcus and Bergdorf Goodman...

The Emir made a $100 million donation for the relief of New Orleans following the 2005 Hurricane Katrina.. He was a key person in the cease fire during the 2006 Lebanon War and contributed majorly in the relief of damaged areas. In 2012, the Emir proposed deploying Arab troops to reduce killings in the Syrian civil war.. He provided two military bases for foreign troops, Al Udeid Air Base and Camp As Sayliyah..Despite the prevalence of anti-Israel sentiment within the Arab world, he had previously maintained friendly relations with Israel. He met Foreign Minister of Israel Tzipi Livni (25 September 2007) in New York City. This marked the first real attempt by any leader in the Persian Gulf to pursue dialogue with Israel.. However, Qatar severed diplomatic ties with Israel in 2009 in response to Israel's actions during the Gaza War.. The emir has also expressed his objection to Israeli settlement policy, especially the Judaization of Jerusalem...In December 2012, The New York Times accused the Qatari government of funding the Al-Nusra Front, a U.S. government designated terrorist organization. Others have noted the Emir's visit to Gaza and meeting with Hamas, which houses a militant wing, Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades.. In January 2013, French politicians again accused the Emir's government of giving material support to Islamist groups in Mali and the French newspaper Le Canard enchaîné quoted an unnamed source in French military intelligence saying that "The MNLA, al Qaeda-linked Ansar Dine and MUJAO have all received cash from Doha"..Sheikh Hamad has 3 wives and twenty-four children, eleven sons and 13 daughters...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamad_bin_Khalifa_Al_Thani
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=141Jesus, Gene..Most people believe that the 20th century was a death struggle between Communism and Capitalism, and that Fascism was but a hiccup.. But today we know better...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=572

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Old 18-08-2014, 08:23 PM   #270
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Arrow Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud


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Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud ben Mohammed Anoun (Arabic: عبد الواحد بن مسعود بن محمد عنون‎) was principal secretary to the Moroccan ruler Mulay Ahmad al-Mansur, and ambassador to the court of Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1600, to promote the establishment of an Anglo-Moroccan alliance..The visit of Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud followed the sailing of The Lion in 1551, and the 1585 establishment of the English Barbary Company, which had the objective of developing trade between England and Morocco.. Diplomatic relations and an alliance were established between Elizabeth and the Barbary states..

The last years of the 16th century saw major English successes against Spain, with the English victory against the Spanish Armada in 1588, and the Capture of Cadiz by the Earl of Essex in 1597. As a result, King Ahmad al-Mansur decided to send an embassy to propose a joint invasion of Spain. Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud was accompanied by al Haji Messa and al Haji Bahanet, as well as an interpreter named Abd el-Dodar, an Andalusian by birth, under cover of a trade mission to Aleppo with a stopover in London. Altogether, the embassy numbered 16 (including some prisoners being returned to England), and sailed on board The Eagle under Robert Kitchen.. He reached Dover on 8 August 1600..

Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud spent 6 months at the court of Elizabeth, at the age of 42, in order to negotiate an alliance against Spain.. Abd el-Ouahed ben Messaoud spoke some Spanish, but he communicated to the Queen through his interpreter who spoke in Italian.. They met with the Queen on 19 August, and again on 10 September..The Moroccan ruler wanted the help of an English fleet to invade Spain, Elizabeth refused, but welcomed the embassy as a sign of insurance, and instead accepted to establish commercial agreements.. Queen Elizabeth and King Ahmad continued to discuss various plans for combined military operations, with Elizabeth requesting a payment of 100,000 pounds in advance to King Hamet for the supply of a fleet, and Hamet asking for a tall ship to be sent to get the money.. Discussions however remained inconclusive, and both rulers died
within 2 years of the embassy...

Quote:
The Lion was commanded by brothers Sir Robert Barton and Sir Andrew Barton and captured by the English in 1511. The ship did not belong to the king but was fitted out for warfare by the Barton brothers. She was around 120 tons with a crew of forty, and probably the largest merchant ship used and hired by James IV of Scotland; small in comparison the king's Margaret and Great Michael.. Robert Barton took James IV of Scotland to the Isle of May in the Lion in September 1506.. Andrew Barton took the Lion and the small Jennet of Purwyn, (which was a captured Danish ship) close to England in June 1511. He was acting with a royal Letter of Marque, which was a license to plunder Portuguese ships. Both ships were captured by Sir Edward and Sir Thomas Howard and taken to Blackwall. Andrew Barton was killed during their capture..Othello has its source in the 1565 tale, "Un Capitano Moro" from Gli Hecatommithi by Giovanni Battista Giraldi Cinthio. While no English translation of Cinthio was available in Shakespeare's lifetime, it is probable that Shakespeare knew both the Italian original and Gabriel Chappuy's 1584 French translation. Cinthio's tale may have been based on an actual incident occurring in Venice about 1508.. It also resembles an incident described in the earlier tale of "The Three Apples", one of the stories narrated in the One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights).. Desdemona is the only named character in Cinthio's tale, his other characters being identified as the Moor, the squadron leader, the ensign, and the ensign's wife...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd_el-Ouahed_ben_Messaoud
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...4&postcount=84Tis now the very witching time of night, when church yards yawn and hell itself breathes out contagion to this world.. O, from this time forth my thoughts be bloody or be nothing worth!.. http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=288

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Old 19-08-2014, 08:25 PM   #271
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Arrow Muslim conquest of Persia


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Sassanid King Khosrau II submitting to the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius, from a plaque on a 12th-century French cross..Khosrau II (Chosroes II in classical sources, entitled "Aparvez"; later garbled into Parviz), "The Victorious" – (Middle Persian: Husrō(y); also Khusraw Parvēz, New Persian: خسرو پرویز Khosrow Parviz), was the last great king of the Sasanian Empire, reigning from 590 to 628In works of Persian literature such as the Shahnameh and Khosrow and Shirin (Persian: خسرو و شیرین‎), a famous tragic romance by Nizami Ganjavi (1141−1209), a highly elaborated fictional version of Khosrau's life made him one of the greatest heroes of the culture, as much as a lover as a king. Khosrow and Shirin tells the story of his love for the Aramean princess Shirin, who becomes his queen after a lengthy courtship strewn with mishaps and difficulties..The Sasanian Empire (also known as Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān in Middle Persian, was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 CE to 651 CE...The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognized as one of the main powers in Western and Central Asia, alongside the Roman–Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years..The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacid Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, South Ossetia, Abkhazia), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sassanid Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.. It was also hypothesized that the transition toward the Sassanid Empire represents the end of struggle of ethnic proto-Persians with their close migrant ethnic relatives, the Parthians, whose original homeland was in modern-day Central Asia...

Quote:
The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. Arabs first attacked the Sassanid territory in 633, when general Khalid ibn Walid invaded Mesopotamia (what is now Iraq), which was the political and economic center of the Sassanid state.. Following the transfer of Khalid to the Roman front in the Levant, the Muslims eventually lost their holdings to Iranian counterattacks. The second invasion began in 636 under Saad ibn Abi Waqqas, when a key victory at the Battle of Qadisiyyah led to the permanent end of Sasanian control west of Iran. The Zagros mountains then became a natural barrier and border between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Sassanid Empire. Owing to continuous raids by Persians into the area, Caliph Umar ordered a full invasion of the Sasanian Iranian empire in 642, which was completed with the complete conquest of the Sasanians around 651.. The quick conquest of Iran in a series of well coordinated multi-pronged attacks, directed by Caliph Umar from Medina several thousand miles from the battlefields in Iran, became his greatest triumph, contributing to his reputation as a great military and political strategist...

Iranian historians have sought to defend their forebears by using Arab sources to illustrate that "contrary to the claims of some historians, Iranians, in fact, fought long and hard against the invading Arabs." By 651, most of the urban centers in Iranian lands, with the notable exception of the Caspian provinces and Transoxiana, had come under the domination of the Arab armies. Many localities in Iran staged a defense against the invaders, but in the end none was able to repulse the invasion. Even after the Arabs had subdued the country, many cities rose in rebellion, killing the Arab governor or attacking their garrisons, but reinforcements from the caliphs succeeded in putting down all these rebellions and imposing the rule of Islam. The violent subjugation of Bukhara after many uprisings is a case in point. Conversion to Islam was, however, only gradual. In the process, many acts of violence took place, Zoroastrian scriptures were burnt and many mobads executed.. Once conquered politically, the Persians began to reassert themselves by maintaining Persian language and culture. Regardless, Islam was adopted by many, for political, socio-cultural or spiritual reasons, or simply by persuasion, and became the dominant religion..

When Western academics first investigated the Muslim conquest of Persia, they only had to rely on the accounts of the Armenian Christian bishop Sebeos, and accounts in Arabic that were written some time after the events they describe. The most significant work was probably that of Arthur Christensen, and his L’Iran sous les Sassanides, published in Copenhagen and Paris in 1944..However recent scholarship, both Iranian and Western, has begun to question the traditional narrative. Parvaneh Pourshariati, in her Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran, published in 2008, provides both a detailed overview of the problematic nature of trying to establish exactly what happened, and a great deal of original research that questions fundamental facts of the traditional narrative, including the timeline and specific dates..

Pourshariati's central thesis is that contrary to what was commonly assumed, the Sassanian Empire was highly decentralized, and was in fact a "confederation" with the Parthians, who themselves retained a high level of independence. Despite their recent victories over the Byzantine Empire, making the Byzantines a client-state of the Sassanians, the Parthians unexpectedly withdrew from the confederation, and the Sassanians were thus ill-prepared and ill-equipped to mount an effective and cohesive defense against the Muslim armies.. Moreover, the powerful northern and eastern Parthian families, the kust-i khwarasan and kust-i adurbadagan, withdrew to their respective strongholds and made peace with the Arabs, refusing to fight alongside the Sassanians..Another important theme of Pourshariati's study is a re-evaluation of the traditional timeline. Pourshariati argues that the Arab conquest of Mesopotamia "took place, not, as has been conventionally believed, in the years 632–634, after the accession of the last Sasanian king Yazdgerd III (632–651) to power, but in the period from 628 to 632." An important consequence of this change in timeline means that the Arab conquest started precisely when the Sassanians and Parthians were engaged in internecine warfare over succession to the Sassanian throne..

The mid-14th-century Black Death ravaged much of the Islamic world.. The best estimate for the Middle East is a death rate of
roughly one-third...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim_conquest_of_Persia
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...3&postcount=23Pazuzu has brushed me with his wings..Don't hide behind science, you're better than that!.. If he can teach me how he has survived Pazuzu..I'll come back and let you know...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...6&postcount=45

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Old 21-08-2014, 09:05 PM   #272
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Arrow Al Ḥawwa



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'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Persian: عبدالرحمن صوفی‎) (December 9, 903. Rey, Iran – May 25, 986. Shiraz, Iran) was a Persian Muslim astronomer also known as 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, or 'Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, 'Abdurrahman Sufi and known in the west as Azophi. The lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him. Al-Sufi published his famous Book of Fixed Stars in 964, describing much of his work, both in textual descriptions and pictures. Biruni reports that his work on the ecliptic was carried out in Shiraz. He lived at the Buyid court in Isfahan. Sometimes, he is referred to as an "Arab" astronomer..He was one of the famous nine Muslim astronomers. His name implies that he was a Sufi Muslim. He lived at the court of Emir Adud ad-Daula in Isfahan, Persia, and worked on translating and expanding Greek astronomical works, especially the Almagest of Ptolemy. He contributed several corrections to Ptolemy's star list and did his own brightness and magnitude estimates which frequently deviated from those in Ptolemy's work..He identified the Large Magellanic Cloud, which is visible from Yemen, though not from Isfahan; it was not seen by Europeans until Magellan's voyage in the 16th century.. He also made the earliest recorded observation of the Andromeda Galaxy in 964 AD; describing it as a "small cloud".. These were the first galaxies other than the Milky Way to be observed from Earth..

Ophiuchus is a large constellation located around the celestial equator. Its name is from the Greek Ὀφιοῦχος "serpent-bearer", and it is commonly represented as a man grasping the snake that is represented by the constellation Serpens..In medieval Islamic astronomy (Azophi's Uranometry, 10th century), the constellation was known as Al-Ḥawwaʾ "the snake-charmer"...

Quote:
Aratus describes Ophiuchus as trampling on Scorpio with his feet.. This is depicted in Renaissance to Early Modern star charts, beginning with Albrecht Dürer in 1515; in some depictions (such as that of Johannes Kepler, 1604), Scorpio also seems to threaten to sting Serpentarius in the foot. This is consistent with Azophi, who already included ψ Oph and ω Oph as the snake-charmer's "left foot", and θ Oph and ο Oph as his "right foot", making Ophiuchus a zodiacal constellation at least as regards his feet.. This arrangement has been taken as symbolic in later literature, and placed in relation to the words spoken by God to the serpent in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:15)...

To the ancient Greeks, the constellation represented the god Apollo struggling with a huge snake that guarded the Oracle of Delphi.. Later myths identified Ophiuchus with Laocoön, the Trojan priest of Poseidon, who warned his fellow Trojans about the Trojan Horse and was later slain by a pair of sea serpents sent by the gods to punish him..According to Roman era mythography, the figure represents the healer Asclepius, who learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. To prevent the entire human race from becoming immortal under
Asclepius' care, Jupiter killed him with a bolt of lightning, but later placed his image in the heavens to honour his good works...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azophi
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=100 Does the world have a roof?.Of course! Supported by se7en pillars, and the se7en pillars are set on the shoulders of a genie whose strength is beyond thought, and the genie stands on an eagle, and the eagle on a bull, and the bull on a fish, and the fish swims in the sea of eternity...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=200
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Old 22-08-2014, 06:32 PM   #273
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Arrow Inferno


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Inferno (Italian for "Hell") is the first part of Dante Alighieri's 14th-century epic poem Divine Comedy...

In the ninth Bolgia, a sword-wielding demon hacks at the Sowers of Discord, dividing parts of their bodies as in life they divided others.. As they make their rounds the wounds heal, only to have the demon tear apart their bodies again. Dante encounters Muhammad, who tells him to warn the schismatic and heretic Fra Dolcino. Dante describes Muhammad as a schismatic, apparently viewing Islam as an off-shoot from Christianity, and similarly Dante seems to condemn Ali for schism between Sunni and Shiite.. In this Bolgia, Dante also encounters Bertran de Born, who carries around his severed head like a lantern (a literal representation of allowing himself to detach his intelligence from himself), as a punishment for (Dante believes) fomenting the rebellion of Henry the Young King against his father Henry II (Cantos XXVIII and XXIX)..

The ninth and last circle is ringed by classical and Biblical giants, who perhaps symbolize pride and other spiritual flaws lying behind acts of treachery..The giants are standing on a ledge above the ninth circle of Hell, so that from the Malebolge they are visible from the waist up.. They include Nimrod, Ephialtes (who with his brother Otus tried to storm Olympus during the Gigantomachy), Briareus, Tityos, and Typhon.. The giant Antaeus (being the only giant unbound with chains) lowers Dante and Virgil into the pit that forms the ninth circle of
Hell (Canto XXXI)...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inferno_(Dante)
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=190902&page=7There's nothing more reliable than a man whose loyalty can be bought for hard cash.. I already told him I had no part of this operation...Except ten percent..Twenty percent..The Swiss was my client..Look around you, all of you, what do you see? A bunch of buffoons, in fancy dress. You think the prince of Darkness would actually deign to manifest himself before the likes of you? He never has and he never will..They form a kind of satanic riddle...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=193

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Old 26-08-2014, 07:25 PM   #274
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Lightbulb Dost Mohammad Khan


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Dost Mohammad Khan was born to an influential family on 23 December 1793 in Kandahar, Durrani Empire.. His father, Payindah Khan, was chief of the Barakzai tribe and a civil servant in the Durrani dynasty.. They trace their family tree to Abdal (the first and founder of the Abdali tribe), through Hajji Jamal Khan, Yousef, Yaru, Mohammad, Omar Khan, Khisar Khan, Ismail, Nek, Daru, Saifal, and Barak. Abdal had Four sons, Popal, Barak, Achak, and Alako.. Dost Mohmmad Khan's mother is believed to have been a Shia from the Persian Qizilbash group...

Rejecting overtures from Russia, he endeavoured to form an alliance with Great Britain, and welcomed Alexander Burnes to Kabul in 1837. Burnes, however, was unable to prevail on the governor-general, Lord Auckland, to respond to the amir's advances. Dost Mohammad was enjoined to abandon the attempt to recover Peshawar, and to place his foreign policy under British guidance. He replied by renewing his relations with Russia, and in 1838 Lord Auckland set the British troops in motion against him..

On 30 March 1855, Dost Mohammad reversed his former policy by concluding an offensive and defensive alliance with the British government, signed by Sir Henry Lawrence, Chief Commissioner of the Punjab, first proposed by Herbert Edwardes..In 1857 he declared war on Persia in conjunction with the British, and in July a treaty was concluded by which the province of Herat was placed under a Barakzai prince. During the Indian Mutiny, Dost Mohammad refrained from assisting the insurgents. His later years were disturbed by troubles at Herat and in Bukhara. These he composed for a time, but in 1862 a Persian army, acting in concert with Ahmad Khan, advanced against Herat. The old amir called the British to his aid, and, putting himself at the head of his warriors, drove the enemy from his frontiers. On 26 May 1863 he re-captured Herat, but on the 9th of June he died suddenly in the midst of victory, after playing a great role in the history of South and Central Asia for forty years. He named as his successor his son, Sher Ali Khan...

"We have men and we have gold and treasure and sacred land in plenty, we have everything."

—Dost Mohammad Khan to John Lawrence..


Wazir Akbar Khan (Persian وزیر اکبر خان) is a neighbourhood in northern Kabul, Afghanistan. It is one of the wealthiest parts in Kabul. Many foreign embassies are located there, including the American and Canadian.. The Kabul International Airport is also located in the Wazir Akbar Khan neighborhood..It is a common place for foreign workers to live. The streets are laid out on a grid with Western, two-story houses that date back to the 1960s and 70s.. Like much of Kabul, the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) provide security for the area. Most of Afghanistan's national government institutions are located in the area, including the Presidential Palace, the headquarters of the International Security Assistance Force and the German-Afghan Amani High School. A Marriott Hotel is being constructed across from the U.S. Embassy...

The neighborhood is named after Emir Akbar Khan, a prominent Afghan hero during the early 1840s, a son of Emir Dost Mohammad Khan..Akbar is Arabic for "great" and Khan means "chief" in Persian language and Pashto..Shāre Naw (Persian: شهر نو‎), also pronounced Share Naw, also spelled as Shahr-E-Naw or Shar-E-Now, is a neighbourhood in north-west Kabul, Afghanistan. Shāre Naw is, along with neighbouring Wazir Akbar Khān, the most expensive areas of Kabul..Shāre Naw also has a park, that makes it more attractive and is called by locals as Pārk Shāre Naw..The area's government postal code is 1003..As of August 2014, Ariana Afghan Airlines serves 3 domestic points and se7en international destinations; most of the
routes radiate from Kabul...
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0068182/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dost_Mohammad_Khan
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=211Perucho, don't you think the cannon might be a little bit rusty?.Anyone who even thinks about deserting this mission will be cut up into 198 pieces.. Those pieces will be stamped on until what is left can be used only to paint walls. Whoever takes one grain of corn or one drop of water... more than his ration, will be locked up for 155 years.. If I, Aguirre, want the birds to drop dead from the trees... then the birds will drop dead from the trees.. I am the wrath of god. The earth I pass will see me and tremble. But whoever follows me and the river, will win untold riches. But whoever deserts... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=891

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Old 03-09-2014, 10:08 PM   #275
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Arrow Operation Cyclone


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A ha-ha (or ha-ha wall) is a recessed landscape design element that creates a vertical barrier while preserving views..The name "ha-ha" derives from the unexpected (i.e., amusing) moment of discovery when, on approach, the recessed wall suddenly becomes visible...

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The United States, notably the Reagan's Administration, was an ardent supporter of Zia's military regime and a close ally of Pakistan's conservative-leaning ruling military establishment.. The Reagan administration declared Zia's regime as the "front line" ally of the United States in the fight against the Communism.. American legislators and senior officials most notable were Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger, Charlie Wilson, Joanne Herring, and the civilian intelligence officers Michael Pillsbury and Gust Avrakotos, and senior U.S. military officials General John William Vessey, and General Herbert M. Wassom, had been long associated with the Zia military regime where they had made frequent trips to Pakistan advising on expanding the idea of establishment in the political circle of Pakistan.. Nominally, the American conservatism of Ronald Reagan's Republican Party influenced General Zia-ul-Haq to adopt his idea of Islamic conservatism as the primary line of his military government, forcefully enforcing the Islamic and other religious practices in the country...

Herring is well known and remembered for her long association and politics relation with President of Pakistan Zia-ul-Haq. Her contacts and relations with Zia dated back to early 1970s, when he, as Brigadier-General, was a contingent commander of overseas Pakistan military formations in Jordon..In 1980, President Zia convened and held an honorary dinner to Robert and Joanne Herring in Islamabad..Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد ضياء الحق‎; 12 August 1924 – 17 August 1988), was the sixth President of Pakistan from 1978 until his death in 1988, having declared martial law for the third time in the country's history in 1977. He was Pakistan's longest-serving head of state, ruling 11 years...

Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States Central Intelligence Agency program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, 1979 to 1989. The program leaned heavily towards supporting militant Islamic groups that were favored by neighboring Pakistan, rather than other, less ideological Afghan resistance groups that had also been fighting the Marxist-oriented Democratic Republic of Afghanistan regime since before the Soviet intervention. Operation Cyclone was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken;funding began with $20–$30 million per year in 1980 and rose to $630 million
per year in 1987...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Zia-ul-Haq
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...40&postcount=1Kara, we're inside a Russian airbase in the middle of Afghanistan..You've had your 8, now I have my eighty..Thank you both for your help..My name is Kamran Shah..Please forgive the theatricals, it's a hangover from my Oxford days..Be careful, 007! It's just had a new coat of paint!..http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...44&postcount=1

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Old 10-09-2014, 05:15 PM   #276
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Arrow This ids England




Brian Gerrish ( UK column ) Explains the whole planned destruction of British society...
Quote:
Shortly after being elected in 1989, Vaz led a march of several thousands of Muslims in Leicester calling for Salman Rushdie's book The Satanic Verses to be banned.According to Rushdie's autobiography Joseph Anton, as quoted by Douglas Murray in The Spectator, Vaz had earlier promised his support against the fatwa:

Vaz said, in that phone conversation, that what had happened was ‘appalling, absolutely appalling,’ and promised his ‘full support’. A few weeks later he was one of the main speakers at a demonstration against The Satanic Verses attended by over three thousand Muslims, and described that event as ‘one of the great days in the history of Islam and Great Britain...

In February 1990, after a bombing attack by the IRA against a British Army recruiting centre in Leicester, Vaz publicly suggested that the Army had stored explosives on the premises..

In February 2000, the Parliamentary standards watchdog Elizabeth Filkin began an investigation after allegations that Vaz had accepted several thousand pounds from a solicitor, Sarosh Zaiwalla, which he had failed to declare. The allegations were made by Andrew Milne, a former partner of Zaiwalla and were denied by both Vaz and Zaiwalla. He was censured for a single allegation – that he had failed to register two payments worth £4,500 in total from solicitor Sarosh Zaiwalla.. Elizabeth Filkin accused Vaz of blocking her investigation into eighteen of the allegations..

In January 2001, immigration minister Barbara Roche revealed in a written Commons reply that Vaz, along with Peter Mandelson and other MPs, had contacted the Home Office about the Hinduja brothers. She said that Vaz had made inquiries about when a decision on their application for citizenship could be expected..

In 2002, Vaz was suspended from the House of Commons for one month after a Committee on Standards and Privileges inquiry found that he had made false allegations against Eileen Eggington, a former policewoman. The committee concluded that "Mr Vaz recklessly made a damaging allegation against Miss Eggington to the Commissioner, which was not true, and which could have intimidated Miss Eggington or undermined her credibility"...

In 2001, it was revealed that Vaz had assisted Anglo-Iraqi billionaire Nadhmi Auchi in his attempts to avoid extradition to France. Opposition MPs called for an investigation into what one dubbed "Hinduja Mark II"..

In September 2008, Vaz faced pressure to explain why he failed to declare an interest when he intervened in an official investigation into the business dealings of a close friend, solicitor Shahrokh Mireskandari, who has played a role in several racial discrimination cases against the Metropolitan Police, and who was representing Assistant Commissioner Tarique Ghaffur in his racial discrimination case against Scotland Yard Commissioner Sir Ian Blair.

Vaz's total expenses of £173,937 in 2008/2009 were ranked 45th out of 647 MPs, with office running costs and staffing costs accounting for 70% of this.. The register of Member's interests shows that he owns the constituency office..

His 2nd home expenses, ranked 83 out of 647 at £23,831 in 2008/2009 were the subject of a Daily Telegraph article.. Vaz who lives in Stanmore, a 45-minute journey time from Parliament, claimed mortgage interest on a flat in Westminster he bought in 2003...

Following the February 2004 murder of a 14-year-old boy, Vaz asked for an investigation between the video games and violence, saying the parents of the victim believe that the killer was influenced by the video game Manhunt...

Vaz was born in 1956 in Aden, to parents originally from the Indian state of Goa, which accounts for his Goan-Portuguese surname. He moved to England with his family in 1965, settling in Twickenham. His father worked in the airline industry, while his mother held two jobs as a teacher and in Marks & Spencer. Vaz's father died by suicide when his son was 14...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_Vaz
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...60&postcount=7If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear..So far as I can see, all political thinking for years past has been vitiated in the same way. People can foresee the future only when it coincides with their own wishes, and the most grossly obvious facts can be ignored..when they are unwelcome..Each generation imagines itself to be more intelligent than the one that went before it, and wiser than the one that comes after it...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...197287&page=14

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Old 15-09-2014, 04:23 PM   #277
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Lightbulb Big Breakfast


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Waheed Alli, Baron Alli (born 16 November 1964) is a British multimillionaire media entrepreneur and politician. He was co-founder and managing director of Planet 24, a TV production company, and managing director at Carlton Television Productions.. He was, until November 2012, chairman of ASOS.com, and a director of Silvergate Media, which purchased two of the media rights previously held by Chorion Ltd, where Alli was former chairman. He is a Labour life peer and is one of only a few openly gay Muslim politicians in the world...

Alli started work as a junior researcher for a finance magazine, crediting his first success to Salem Ghayar, who hired and mentored him. After a few years of preparing monthly reports for potential investors, he was headhunted by Save & Prosper, part of Robert Fleming & Co.. Eventually he returned to his original employer, and worked his way up in the media business within Robert Maxwell's stable of publications. He then went to the City for a second career in investment banking, through which he became wealthy.. In the mid-1980s he met Charlie Parsons, who was to become his business partner and boyfriend...

In April 2003 Alli took over as chairman of the media rights company Chorion Ltd, which owns rights to Enid Blyton and Agatha Christie, and has offices beyond the UK in New York, Sydney, and Tokyo. He is chairman of AIM-listed ASOS.com and a director of Olga Television, entertainer Paul O'Grady's production company. He owns part of Shine Limited, a media production company he co-founded in March 2001 with Elisabeth Murdoch, daughter of media-magnate Rupert Murdoch. In August 2011, he stepped down from the chairmanship of Chorion and sold half his stake in ASOS.com to start a new company called Silvergate Media...He was part of a failed £100m bid backed by private equity firm 3i to buy Virgin Radio from SMG plc in 2005. In March 2007 he was appointed as SMG's non-executive director..Alli is a founder investor in Koovs, an Indian online retailer looking to replicate the success of Asos in the subcontinent. The company was set up in 2012 and intends to raise £22m with a stock market listing on London's Aim..



Alli joined the Labour Party at the persuasion of his neighbour Emily Thornberry, to whom he remains close.. He is also close to Anji Hunter, Director of Government Relations in Tony Blair's first government.. Prime Minister Blair used him for years as a means to help him reach out to a younger generation (aka "yoof culture"), and as such he is considered one of "Tony's Cronies". He was made a life peer as Baron Alli, of Norbury in the London Borough of Croydon, in 1998 at the age of 34, becoming the youngest and the first openly gay peer in Parliament...A portrait of him is in the National Portrait Gallery collection, which contains "portraits of the Nation's great men and women"...

Planet 24 was a television production company..It produced The Big Breakfast and The Word.. It had an animation division called Impossible TV. Bob Geldof and Tony Boland (television producer) founded Planet Pictures which merged with 24 Hour Productions, headed by Charlie Parsons and Waheed, later Lord Alli. The company was bought by Carlton Communications in 1999 and eventually merged with Carlton Productions, of which Lord Alli became managing director..Planet 24 also developed the original concept for Survivor, which was initially called Castaway. Geldof and Parsons met with the BBC to pitch the program as a reality-competition show. However, the BBC, which was intrigued by the concept, instead developed its own competing documentary-style show, Castaway 2000...ASOS.com (AY-soss) is a British online fashion and beauty store. Primarily aimed at young adults, ASOS sells over 850 brands as well as its own range of clothing and accessories. Sales for the financial year ending 31 August 2013 were £753.8 million. As of August 2013, ASOS PLC has an estimated net worth of £159 million. In May 2012, it reported a jump in pre-tax profits from £15.7 million to £30.3 million, with sales up 46% at £495 million...



Most life peers take a title based on their surname, either alone (e.g. Baron Hattersley) or in combination with a placename to differentiate them from others of the same surname (e.g. Baroness Kennedy of The Shaws). Surnames need not be used at all if desired.. Ian Paisley, for example, opted for the title Baron Bannside, and John Gummer chose the title Baron Deben..

Chorion Limited was a major international media production company with offices in London, New York and Sydney. The company produced TV shows and feature films, and was best known for the heritage properties included in its portfolio. These included children's characters such as Paddington Bear, Peter Rabbit, The Mr. Men, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Olivia, and Gaspard and Lisa. The company also owned the rights to the Agatha Christie Estate (including the Miss Marple and Poirot characters), Raymond Chandler, and Georges Simenon..In June 1998, Chorion acquired the rights to the Agatha Christie literary estate, with a vision of reviving the crime brand through new TV production and exporting the property to the United States..

The Chipping Norton set are a group of media, political and show-business acquaintances who have homes around (but not in) the market town of Chipping Norton in Oxfordshire.. Chipping Norton is located approximately 75 miles from London, 46 miles from Birmingham, 31 miles from Swindon and 20 miles from Oxford and Stratford-upon-Avon. Members of the Chipping Norton set regularly met socially, but the group gained notoriety in the wake of the News International phone hacking scandal, which directly involved members of the group...

In 2012 The Daily Telegraph identified the following people as being part of a "Chipping Norton Set":

Elisabeth Murdoch, CEO of media production company Shine Limited, daughter of News Corporation CEO Rupert Murdoch, and sister of News Corporation executive and former chairman of BSkyB James Murdoch.. Elizabeth Murdoch is married to Matthew Freud, owner of Freud Communications, and the couple own Burford Priory.. Clarkson has stated that Murdoch and Freud live in Burford "which to most people in Chipping Norton, myself included, is basically France"...

Steve Hilton and Rachel Whetstone. Hilton was Cameron's director of strategy and his wife, Rachel is the global head of communications and public policy for Google, they live in Burford. Hilton and Whetsone were godparents to the Camerons' deceased son, Ivan...

Emily Oppenheimer Turner, journalist and painter, and William Turner, businessman.. Emily is the granddaughter of Philip Oppenheimer, who ran the De Beers diamond empire; she is married to William Turner, director of The Hospital Group, Ltd. and former head of Sky Pictures, a division of BSkyB.William Turner worked as the head of Carlton films at Carlton Communications during David Cameron's time as director of corporate affairs at Carlton..

A horse, Raisa, was loaned to Rebekah Brooks by the Metropolitan Police from 2008–2010, stabled at the Brooks' farm and was subsequently returned to the police in a "poor condition".. In March 2012 David Cameron confirmed that he had ridden the horse with Charlie Brooks before he became Prime Minister in 2010.. Cameron had previously stated that he had not.. The leader of the opposition, Ed Miliband said that Cameron was in danger of becoming a symbol of "how leading politicians get too close to the powerful media"...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waheed_Alli,_Baron_Alli
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/inte...orton-set.html
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...7&postcount=20Everywhere they had run wild and taken possession of their habitat, breeding and multiplying, and clearly lacking any strong hand to keep them down...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1755

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Old 15-09-2014, 05:28 PM   #278
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Do the Hashashins still exist to this day?
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Old 15-09-2014, 06:47 PM   #279
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Arrow Jihad John

I would say Yes .. The origins of the word forgotten, across Europe the term Assassin had taken the meaning of "professional murderer"..the media just love a cold blooded killer to sell more news papers for the media barons who brainwash the public with their pro pagan da..and the public lap it up, like Pavlov's dogs"...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contract_killing
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=381

Last edited by lightgiver; 15-09-2014 at 06:50 PM.
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Old 15-09-2014, 07:33 PM   #280
lightgiver
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Quote:
In the past, a second lieutenant was often referred to as a shavetail.. In the U.S. Army and Marine Corps of today, non-commissioned officers often refer to a second lieutenant as a "second looey" or a "butterbar" in reference to the gold bar rank insignia..The Pakistan Army follows the British pattern of ranks..The primary mandate and mission of the army is "dedicated to the service of the nation." Since establishment in 1947, the Army (along with its inter–services: Navy, Marines and the Air Force) has been involved in 3 wars with neighbouring India and several border skirmishes with Afghanistan..The Pakistan Army operates 3 commands during peace time.. Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant General. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in Rawalpindi...



Most of the infantry regiments of the Pakistani Army originate from the old British Indian Army and recruit troops from a region or of specific ethnicities..The President of Pakistan is the civilian supreme commander of the Pakistan Armed Forces by statute. President of Pakistan controls the Pakistan Army as it is a state department. The Chief of the Army Staff (COAS), a four-star general, is the highest general officer (unless the 4-star general is Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee), a field and operational commander as well as a highest army four-star general officer, directs the non-combat and combatant operations from army combatant headquarters in Rawalpindi, near Islamabad.. On 27 November 2013, Sharif was appointed as the 15th Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif..The Special Services Group (SSG) is an independent commando regiment/corps of the Pakistan Army..

Rawalpindi has been inhabited for thousands of years, it is believed that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as c. 1000 BC. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and of a Vedic civilisation..It appears that the ancient city went into oblivion as a result of the White Hun devastation. The first Muslim invader, Mahmud of Ghazni (979-1030), gave the ruined city to a Gakhar Chief, Kai Gohar. The town, however, being on an invasion route, could not prosper and remained deserted until Jhanda Khan, another Gakhar Chief, restored it and named it Rawalpindi after the village Rawal in 1493..The Hephthalites (or Ephthalites), also known as the White Huns, were a nomadic confederation in Central Asia during the late antiquity period. The Hephthalite Empire, at the height of its power (in the first half of the 6th century), was located in the territories of present-day Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India and China..According to most specialist scholars, the spoken language of the Hephthalites was an East Iranian language but different from the Bactrian language that was utilized as the "official language" and minted on coins..They may be the eponymous ancestors of the modern Pashtun tribal union of the Abdali, the largest tribal union in Afghanistan..The Hephthalites could also have been ancestors of the Abdal tribe which has assimilated into the Turkmens and Kazakhs.. In India, the Rajputs formed as a result of merging of the Hephthalites and the Gurjars with population from northwestern India, though this is disputed...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan_Army
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=3214

Last edited by lightgiver; 15-09-2014 at 08:43 PM.
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