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Old 28-09-2007, 12:05 AM   #41
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Another audio:




Kent Daniel Bentkowski - The Microchip Agenda (mp3)
September 27, 2007

Quote:
Kent Daniel Bentkowski from Kentroversypapers.net joins us to discuss his article "The Microchip Agenda - Would You like a CHIP To Go with That Hot Dog". We begin talking about Kent's recent Health Scare and Kent also Shares with us a Positive Announcement about his Upcoming Book Project. Topics Discussed: Micro Chipping of Pet's and Live Stock, Chipping of Children for Reasons of Security, Who is Behind the Development? The Popularization of the Microchip, Why the Need for a Micro Chipped Population? VeriChip and Cancer Tumors, VeriChip Health Corporation Changed name to Xmark, Digital Angel, Mark of the Beast, Project L.U.C.I.D., RFID, Nano Sized Chips, Iris Scan & Ad's, The New World Order Agenda and much more.
More links here.
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Old 28-09-2007, 02:19 AM   #42
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TiVo Files Patent For RFID Personal Video Recorder

By Laurie Sullivan , TechWeb Technology News

TiVo Inc. has filed a patent application to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office earlier this month that suggests company inventors believe radio frequency identification (RFID) technology will become inserted into clothing, jewelry, key chains, and even under the skin in the body.

Whether TiVo actually decides to build in the feature, the patent is for a personal video recorder (PVR) that recognizes viewer preferences through an RFID chip embedded in clothing, jewelry or "inserted somewhere [in] the user's body."

The multimedia mobile personalization system would have a remote control that recognizes the viewer's RFID tag closest to the PVR. The remote control identifies and notifies the multimedia device through the RFID chip in the person's clothing or body to tailor the media content to their preferences.

The remote control device would identify and link the viewer to the system using an "RFID tag that is attached to a key ring, necklace, watch, in his wallet, or even a sub dermal tag inserted somewhere in the user's body." The remote control would detect the RFID tag in a limited radius so it wouldn't get confused by signals from others, the patent said.

Either broadcast or recorded television programs and music play lists stored on a local hard drive could be sorted, displayed or restricted, depending on the user identifier. Other methods of identifying the user are stated, too, such as computer vision recognition, biometric identification, and voice analysis.

http://www.techweb.com/wire/hardware/174401408
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Old 30-09-2007, 01:26 PM   #43
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Some older articles:

Kidnapped? GPS to the Rescue
Julia Scheeres 01.25.02 | 2:00 AM



Foreign executives and other individuals who are frequent kidnapping targets in Latin America will soon be able to use implantable ID chips and personal GPS devices in an attempt to thwart their abductors.

Applied Digital Solutions announced Thursday it had reached an agreement with a distributor to sell its VeriChip and Digital Angel products in three South American countries.

The Palm Beach, Florida, company refused to discuss the particulars of the deal -- including the names of the countries or the distributor -- for security reasons.

"We don't want the bad guys to find out," said Keith Bolton, chief technology officer.

In recent years, a rash of abductions have plagued Latin American countries. Colombia is the kidnapping capital of the world, with more than 3,000 people nabbed in that country each year, according to the State Department.

Applied Digital Solutions decided to market its products -- which were originally designed for medical purposes and to track parolees -- in South America, after security firms showed interest in using the devices to track and recover kidnapped clients.

VeriChip is similar to the devices that have been implanted in millions of pets in the United States in recent years, which allow animal shelters to identify the pets and contact their owners.

The chip, which is slightly larger than a grain of rice and transmits two to three sentences of data, can be read by a scanner up to four feet away. It is injected into the subject's forearm or shoulder under local anesthesia during an outpatient procedure and leaves no mark, Bolton said.

Applied Digital Solutions originally planned to sell the chip to people with pacemakers or other internal medical devices as a way of transmitting health information -- such as allergies -- to hospital workers in emergency situations.

The second product, Digital Angel, which combines a global satellite positioning system and monitoring service, was designed with people who stray in mind, such as parolees or Alzheimer's patients. The system combines a watch and a device the size of a pack of cigarettes that clips onto a waist band or a belt like a pager.

"We agreed to distribute the products (in South America) because it's consistent with our mission to save lives and improve the quality of life," he said. The GPS system could help locate kidnapping victims, and the VeriChip could identify them if they were drugged -- or in a worst case scenario -- killed.

The two products will be bundled together for sale in South America, and initial orders exceed $300,000. The Verichip -- which must be approved by the FDA before it is sold in the United States -- didn't require the same clearance in the South American market.

Security experts had mixed reaction to the company's announcement.

"If the police are notified and are able to use the GPS to track you down, the device is going to be paramount," said Greg Pearson, director of Protective Services for the Steele Foundation, a risk management company in San Francisco.

In some situations, it may be safer to negotiate with captors than to send in the commandos, added Sean McWeeney, president of the Fairfax, Virginia-based Corporate Risk International.

"If you're being held by kidnappers, you want to be careful," McWeeney said. "If everybody's armed, there's a high likelihood of a shootout, and the last thing you want to do is to get caught in the crossfire."

Since it was first announced on December 19, 2001, the VeriChip has been featured by dozens of media outlets. While civil libertarians have raised fears about people being implanted with the chip against their will, the company said it has received more than 2,000 e-mails from teenagers who have volunteered to be "chipped."
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Old 30-09-2007, 01:34 PM   #44
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Schoolchildren to be RFID-chipped

Japanese authorities decide tracking is best way to protect kids

By Jo Best - Thursday 8 July 2004

The rights and wrongs of RFID-chipping human beings have been debated since the tracking tags reached the technological mainstream. Now, school authorities in the Japanese city of Osaka have decided the benefits outweigh the disadvantages and will now be chipping children in one primary school.

The tags will be read by readers installed in school gates and other key locations to track the kids' movements.

The chips will be put onto kids' schoolbags, name tags or clothing in one Wakayama prefecture school. Denmark's Legoland introduced a similar scheme last month to stop young children going astray.

RFID is more commonly found in supermarket and other retailers' supply chains, however, companies are now seeking more innovative ways to derive value from the tracking technology. US airline Delta recently announced it would be using RFID to track travellers' luggage.
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Old 30-09-2007, 01:47 PM   #45
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Why, Hello, Mr. Chips

Julia Scheeres 04.04.02 | 1:35 PM

The VeriChip carries the personal information of the person it is embedded in. The actual chip is about the size of a grain of rice. The Food and Drug Administration has ruled that an implantable microchip used for ID purposes is not a regulated device, paving the way for the chip's immediate sale in the United States, the manufacturer announced today.

For the past several weeks, Applied Digital Solutions has worked to get its VeriChip -- a biochip containing personal data that is similar to devices used to identify lost pets -- classified as a non-regulated device. On Thursday, the company's wish was granted.

"They inquired about the use of the product for non-medical, identification purposes," said FDA spokeswoman Sharon Snider. "If it's a non-medical use, the FDA doesn't regulate it."

Because the VeriChip won't be subject to the agency's rigorous safety tests, ADS will be able to launch the product over the next three months, said ADS president Scott Silverman, first in the company's headquarters of Palm Beach County, Florida, and then nationwide.

In the United States, the VeriChip has been marketed as a medical aid which would allow hospital workers to access patients' health records with a simple wave of the wand, or reader. While the FDA has not approved storing medical information on the chip, the device's ID could be cross-referenced with a computer database holding the patient's records.

In South America, the device has been bundled with a GPS-unit and sold to potential kidnapping victims. (The company is developing a separate implantable GPS product for kidnapping targets that should be completed in a year, Silverman said.) The company hasn't decided yet if it will sell or freely distribute the scanner needed to read the chip's 125-kHz signal to hospitals. The scanner is expected to cost between $1,000 and $3,000.

ADS has been inundated with inquiries from teenagers and other technophiles who are impatient to get the device.

"We'll start the rollout with people who want it for medical concerns and Generation Y people who want to get chipped because they think it's cool," Silverman said.

ADS plans to charge $200 for the chip (insertion would be free at certified clinics) and an annual $40 service fee for maintaining the users' database. The chip, which is slightly larger than a grain of rice, is inserted under local anesthesia during a quick outpatient procedure.

The VeriChip has fanned the fear among certain Christians who believe it may be the dreaded "Mark of the Beast" described in Biblical lore.

Privacy advocates are also concerned about the chip's involuntary implantation or the possibility of using the technology to track government dissidents in the future.

Among the first people to receive the VeriChip will be a Palm Beach County family called the Jacobs. The Jacobs family -- Leslie, Jeffrey, and their son Derek -– are interested in the chip for a variety of health, security and technolust reasons.

Jeffrey Jacobs, the father, suffers from multiple degenerative diseases and needs 10 medications a day to control pain and other problems. He believes the chip could save his life during an emergency if he were unable to communicate with health workers. His 12-year-old son fantasizes about the merging of man and machine. And Jacobs' wife, Leslie, believes the chip could become a tamper-proof way to identify people in an increasingly insecure world.

"We are so thrilled to be part of this," Leslie Jacobs said, scoffing at privacy and religious concerns. "When they find out what this is really about, and that it can save people's lives, they'll change their minds."
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Old 30-09-2007, 01:59 PM   #46
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They Want Their ID Chips Now
Julia Scheeres 02.06.02 | 2:00 AM

Meet the Jacobs family: Jeffrey, Leslie and their son, Derek. They're a fairly typical American family, middle class and ambitious. The father is a dentist, the mother is an account executive at an interior design magazine and the 14-year-old son plays jazz and tinkers with computers in his spare time.

But one thing may soon make the Jacobses stand out: They could become the first family in the world to be implanted with microchips that contain their personal information.

The chip in question, the VeriChip, is similar to the biochips that have been used to identify pets and livestock for years.

Made by Applied Digital Solutions (ADS), the VeriChip stores six lines of text and is slightly larger than a grain of rice. It emits a 125-kHz radio frequency signal that can be picked up by a special scanner up to four feet away.

The company initially plans to market the chip in the United States as a medical device that would allow hospital workers to simply scan a patient's body in an emergency situation to access their health record.

The Jacobses, who live in Boca Raton, Florida, first heard about the microchip in a television news report.

"Derek stood up and said, 'I want to be the first kid to be implanted with the chip,'" Leslie Jacobs said. "For the next few days all he did was talk about the VeriChip."

Derek, an eighth-grader who became a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer at age 12, fantasizes about merging humans and machines. Jeffrey Jacobs, who is severely disabled, was interested in the device for health reasons. So Leslie called up Palm Beach-based ADS and offered her family as guinea pigs once the microchip is approved for testing by the FDA.

ADS chief technology officer Keith Bolton said he was a bit wary about the family's motives at first, but the Jacobses quickly convinced him they'd be perfect subjects. Since the VeriChip was announced in December, the company has been bombarded with queries from people interested in the device, Bolton said.

"Right now we have over 2,000 kids who have e-mailed, wanting to have the chip implanted," he said. "They think it's cool."

Derek, for one, dreams of a day when he'll be able log onto his computers or unlock his house and turn on the lights without lifting a finger, functions that British professor Kevin Warwick was able to do in a 1998 experiment with an implanted microchip.

Derek was also inspired by Richard Seelig, the company's director of medical applications, who injected two VeriChips into himself after hearing stories of rescue workers at the World Trade Center scrawling their names and Social Security numbers onto their bodies in case they didn't make it out of the rubble alive.

"I think it's one more step in the evolution of man and technology," said Derek, who once needed to move into the family room after his electronics equipment crowded his bedroom. "There are endless possibilities for this."

(Currently the chip is immutable once the device is injected via a syringe, using local anesthetic. In future applications, the chip may include a GPS receiver and other advanced features, company officials said.)

Jeffrey, a 48-year-old cancer survivor, has more practical reasons for wanting the VeriChip.

"If something happens to me and there's no one that knows anything about my medical history, any paramedic or hospital worker, if they have the scanner -- which hopefully everyone will have at some point –- will be able to scan all my information," he said. "It could save my life."

Leslie, 46, said she was motivated by security concerns. The Sept. 11 terrorist attacks hit close to home: Her family lives in South Florida, where authorities say 14 of the 19 hijackers lived. Her office is a block away from tabloid publisher American Media, where a photo editor died after contracting anthrax.

The world would be a safer place if authorities had a tamper-proof way of identifying people, she said.

"I have nothing to hide, so I wouldn't mind having the chip for verification," Leslie Jacobs said. "I already have an ID card, so why not have a chip?"

Pilots could be chipped and scanned before they entered the cockpit, she suggested, to ensure the person sitting at the controls was indeed an airline employee. Her husband went further, suggesting that violent criminals and known terrorists should be routinely chipped as a matter of policy.

The idea of requiring people to be implanted was brought up by Applied Digital Solutions CEO Richard Sullivan in an interview with the Palm Beach Post, in which he suggested microchips be used to track foreigners visiting the United States. (The company has since downplayed his comments.)

But an X-Files-type scheme where everyone is forcibly marked and monitored by the government worries both civil libertarians and Christians, who believe new technologies such as biometrics and biochips may be the feared "Mark of the Beast" of Biblical lore that is described in Revelations 13:16:

"He also forced everyone, small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on his right hand or on his forehead, so that no one could buy or sell unless he had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of his name."

Gary Wohlscheid, the president of The Last Day Ministries –- a group espousing the belief that humanity is on the verge of an apocalyptic showdown between the forces of good and evil –- believes the VeriChip could be this mark. Although the chip is not yet small enough to be injected into the forehead or right hand at the moment, it could be in the future, he said.

"Out of all the technologies with potential to be the mark of the beast, the VeriChip has got the best possibility right now," he said. "It's definitely not the final product, but it's a step toward it. Within three to four years, people will be required to use it. Those that reject it will be put to death."

Wohlscheid felt so strongly about this possibility that he created a Web page to warn others of the microchip's evil potential.

To quell Christians' fears, Bolton, the Jacobses and a theologian recently appeared on the 700 Club, hosted by televangelist Pat Robertson.

Privacy expert Richard Smith scoffed at the Jacobses' plans.

"Sounds like a publicity stunt and nothing more," he said. "Being chipped today has no value because hospitals and the police don't have the reader units."

Although the VeriChip is awaiting FDA approval in the United States, the company recently announced a deal to market the chips to potential kidnap victims living in South America, such as corporate executives. The device could be used to identify abduction victims who are unable to communicate with their rescuers because they are unconscious, drugged or, in a worst-case scenario, dead.

The company hopes to get the FDA green light in the next couple of months. When and if that happens, the Jacobses would be among the first subjects to receive the VeriChip, company officials said.
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Old 30-09-2007, 02:13 PM   #47
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VeriChip RFID Tag Patient Implant Badges Now FDA Approved

Update 0ct-17-2004: The Food and Drug Administration has given final approval to Applied Digital Solutions to sell their VeriChip RFID tags for implantation into patients in hospitals. The intent is to provide immediate positive identification of patients both in hospitals and in emergencies. Doctors, emergency-room personnel and ambulance crews could get immediate identification without resorting to looking for wallets and purses for ID. If, for example, you had a pre-existing medical condition or allergy, this could be taken into account immediately.

The Federal Drug Administration has approved a final review process to determine whether hospitals can use VeriChip RFID tags to identify patients. The 11-millimeter RFID tags will be implanted in the fatty tissue of the upper arm. The estimated life of the tags is twenty years.


(From VeriChip)

The VeriChip is a radio frequency identification (RFID) device that is injected just below the skin; the subdermal RFID tag location is invisible to the naked eye. A unique verification number is transmitted to a suitable reader when the person is within range.

The FDA ruling is not to allow implantation in humans; this has already been established. The purpose of the review is to examine privacy issues.

Kevin Wiley, CEO of VeriChip Corporation, stated:

Quote:
We continue to market and sell VeriChip internationally primarily for the security application. As evidenced by the recent chipping of Mexico's Attorney General and his staff, the VeriChip technology provides first-of-a-kind tamper-proof and secure applications. These applications can also occur with medical records and medical device information. We look forward to the de novo process and the ultimate conclusion of the regulatory process.
(Medical Use of VeriChip)

SF fans may recall that in the world of The Computer Connection, written by Alfred Bester in 1974, most people have chips called skull bugs for identification and monitoring implanted at birth.

About one thousand of VeriChip RFID tags have been inserted into humans so far; most of the sales have been outside the U.S. See Baja Beach Club Implants VeriChip In Customers for more about implantation in humans; read more about this story at RFID tags may be implanted in patient's arms. (This story was originally posted on Aug-15-2004). Scroll down for more stories in the same category. (Story submitted 10/17/2004)

Index of related articles:

What is RFID?
How RFID Works
How is RFID used inside a living body?
What can RFID be used for?
Is RFID Technology Secure and Private?
Are There Concerns About How RFID Will Be Used? (Update)
Next-Generation Uses of RFID?
What Are Zombie RFID Tags?
RFID Information Technology Articles
Problems With RFID
Advantages of RFID Versus Barcodes
RFID Glossary
Contactless Credit Card Advantages
Contactless Credit Card Disadvantages
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Old 30-09-2007, 02:24 PM   #48
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US Company Implants Chips In Workers

CityWatcher.com, a private video surveillance company has embedded silicon RFID chips in two of its employees. This is the first instance in which workers in the United States have been chipped as a way of identifying them.


(Verichip implantable RFID chip)

The company is testing the VeriChip ID tags as a way of controlling access to physical locations: in the case of CityWatch.com, a room that holds security video footage for government agencies.

Sean Darks, Chief executive of CityWatcher, stated his belief that the chips, which are encased in a special glass to make them human-implantable, are really no different than any other identity cards. Placed in the upper right arm, they are scanned by a device which is essentially the same as an RFID card reader.

Quote:
There’s nothing pulsing or sending out a signal,” said Mr Darks, who has had a chip in his own arm. “It’s not a GPS chip. My wife can’t tell where I am.
(From Us group implants electronic tags in workers)

The basic technology is more than thirty years old; it has been used for almost a generation as a way of providing a permanent ID for animals, including farm animals and pets. It is in wider use for people in other countries. More than 2,000 nightclub patrons in Barcelona, Spain and Rotterdam, Netherlands have been chipped, using the implanted RFID tags to order with the wave of a hand.

If you'd like to get one (just to be on the cutting edge) doctors tyically charge a $200 fee for implantation, a relatively simple procedure involving a needle slightly larger than the diameter of the device itself. Science fiction writers have been working with this idea for a while. In his 1984 book Neuromancer, William Gibson wrote about executives who had special chips implanted not only for identiification, but other purposes as well.

Quote:
Friday night on Ninsei...

He stepped out of the way to let a dark-suited saraiman by, spotting the Mitsubishi-Genentech logo tattooed across the back of the man's right hand.

Was it authentic? If that's for real, he thought, he's in for trouble. If itt wasn't, served him right. M-G employees above a certain level were implanted with advanced microprocessors that monitored mutagen levels in the bloodstream. Gear like that would get you rolled in Night City, straight into a black clinic.
Read some of the other stories about this technology:

Veripay Credit-Card Implant
Zombie RFID Tags Arise To Face Privacy Advocates
VeriChip Tag Patient Implant Badges Now FDA Approved
RFID Tags Proposed To Halt Blackmarket Cadaver Trade
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Old 30-09-2007, 02:47 PM   #49
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Proposal to Implant Tracking Chips in Immigrants
By Bill Christensen - 31 May 2006 07:04 pm ET

Scott Silverman, Chairman of the Board of VeriChip Corporation, has proposed implanting the company's RFID tracking tags in immigrant and guest workers. He made the statement on national television on May 16.

Silverman was being interviewed on "Fox & Friends." Responding to the Bush administration's call to know "who is in our country and why they are here," he proposed using VeriChip RFID implants to register workers at the border, and then verify their identities in the workplace. He added, "We have talked to many people in Washington about using it...."

The VeriChip is a very small Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag about the size of a large grain of rice. It can be injected directly into the body; a special coating on the casing helps the VeriChip bond with living tissue and stay in place. A special RFID reader broadcasts a signal, and the antenna in the VeriChip draws power from the signal and sends its data. The VeriChip is a passive RFID tag; since it does not require a battery, it has a virtually unlimited life span.

RFID tags have long been used to identify animals in a variety of settings; livestock, laboratory animals and pets have been "chipped" for decades. Privacy advocates have long expressed concerns about this technology being used in human beings.

In a related story, Colombian President Alvaro Uribe allegedly remarked that microchips could be used to track seasonal workers to visiting U.S. senators Jeff Sessions (Alabama) and Arlen Specter (Pennsylvania). "President Uribe said he would consider having Colombian workers have microchips implanted in their bodies before they are permitted to enter the US for seasonal work," Specter told Congress on April 25.

Implanting microchips in human beings for the purpose of monitoring is not exactly news for science fiction fans; Alfred Bester wrote about "skull bugs" in his 1974 novel The Computer Connection:
Quote:
...you don't know what's going on in the crazy culture outside. It's a bugged and drugged world. Ninety percent of the bods have bugs implanted in their skulls in hospital when they're born. They're monitored constantly.
(Read more about Alfred Bester's skull bugs)

VeriChips are legal for implantation in people in the U.S.; see VeriChip RFID Tag Patient Implant Badges Now FDA Approved. See also a related story on a Proposed National Worker DNA Fingerprint Database. Read more at RFID implants for guest workers, Latin leader keen on ID chips and Chip implants for migrant workers?.

Note: The source for this story was inadvertently omitted; read the press release at spychips.com; also, see the Silverman interview transcript.
(This Science Fiction in the News story used with permission from Technovelgy.com - where science meets fiction.)

- George Orwell's Illnesses Influenced '1984'

- State Would Outlaw Mandatory Microchip Implants

- Chip Implants Proposed To Halt Blackmarket Cadaver Trade

- Two Workers Have Tracking Chips Implanted Into Them

- More Parents Going High-Tech to Track Kids
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Old 30-09-2007, 02:54 PM   #50
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State Would Outlaw Mandatory Microchip Implants
By Bill Christensen - 25 April 2006 10:49 pm ET

RFID microchips implanted in humans? Who would think of such a thing? Here are a few examples:

- VeriChip RFID Tag Patient Implant Badges Now FDA Approved

- U.S. Company Implants Chips in Workers

- RFID Tags Proposed to Halt Blackmarket Cadaver Trade

You're not even safe from being 'chipped when you're dead.

But you'll be safe in Wisconsin, if State Representative Marlin Schneider, D-Wisconsin Rapids, gets his bill passed. A proposal moving through the Wisconsin Legislature would prohibit anyone from requiring people to have the tiny RFID chips embedded in them or doing so without their knowledge. Violators would face fines of up to $10,000.

Verichip Corporation, based in Florida, has federal approval to implant these rice grain-sized RFID chips in people. The procedure is very similar to getting a shot; typical sites for implantation are the back of the hand and the upper arm.

Wisconsin's former governor Tommy Thompson supported the idea of chip implantation for medical identification reasons; he even joined Verichip's board of directors. However, he hasn't gotten the chip himself.
If this bill passes, Wisconsin would be the first state to ban mandatory microchip implants.

The idea for this story was found here (via Slashdot).

(This Science Fiction in the News story used with permission from Technovelgy.com - where science meets fiction.)

- More Parents Going High-Tech to Track Kids
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Old 30-09-2007, 03:03 PM   #51
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Brain chip research aims for future movement
Thursday, March 2, 2006

(CNN) -- Matthew Nagel awoke from a two-week coma in the summer of 2001 to learn he was paralyzed from the neck down.

"My mother was right by my side and explained that I got stabbed," he recalled.

He faced a future of never being able to walk again and having to breathe with a ventilator.

But things changed temporarily for then 25-year-old Nagel when he became the first person to have a device implanted in his brain designed to connect his thoughts and convert them to actions.

How it would work

The BrainGate Neural Interface is being developed by Cyberkinetics Neurotechnology Systems Inc. in Foxborough, Massachusetts.

The device is a 4 by 4 millimeter arrangement of 100 electrodes. It is surgically implanted in the motor cortex, the part of the brain responsible for creating movement in the limbs.

The implanted chip connects to a small platform protruding from the patient's skull that is linked to an external processor.

If the system works as hoped, the chip detects and sends signals from the motor cortex to the processor, which interprets them and feeds them into a computer.

After doctors implanted the device in Nagel's brain, they saw some encouraging signs.

"Within the first three days I was able to control the cursor pretty much," Nagel said. "When I think back on it, it's kind of a trip to think that my brain signals was controlling a mouse, changing channels on my TV, adjusting the volume, opening e-mails."

A symphony of cells

In February, Cyberkinetics announced that it had four more participants in two of its pilot clinical studies -- one for quadriplegic patients with spinal cord injuries, stroke or muscular dystrophy, and the other for people with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gherig's disease. ALS is a fatal degenerative disease characterized by continual loss of muscle control.

Dr. Leigh Hochberg, a neurologist at Massachusetts General Hospital is helping to develop the device and is involved with one of the trials. He, too, was encouraged by Nagel's accomplishments.



"Of course, it's important to replicate to see that other people with paralysis can achieve the same goals or, perhaps, others," he said.

Hochberg said that if it's possible to listen to those signals in the brain, perhaps they could be interpreted and used to control a computer cursor.

"Listening to one cell at a time is much like listening to the solo violinist," Hochberg said. "But listening to dozens at a time is beginning to hear the whole symphony."

Hochberg said the initial goal of the research is to test the safety and feasibility of the device.

"If that's successful, then the long term goal of brain computer interface research is to see if one day we can reconnect brain to limb," he said.

Thoughts for the future

Results down the road from the clinical trials and continued research could be promising for people like Nagel and Rosemarie Sherry. She was diagnosed with ALS in December 2003.

"I was one of the people who whenever anybody did something nice for me, I would send them a 'thank you' card ... And [now] I can't," she said.

One of Sherry's concerns is that eventually she'll lose the ability to do the things she loves, like updating her blog.

"I like to blog because I'm able to write my feelings down, and I like for people to see that life can be still lived with a disease such as mine," Sherry said. But it isn't always easy.

"Most times I have to use my left hand to move my right hand on the mouse," she said.

She's rapidly losing the ability to move and speak. But, like most people with ALS, there is nothing wrong with her mind.

And while Sherry isn't a part of the current clinical studies, Hochberg hopes that 10 years from now continued research will help to improve devices like BrainGate and enable people like her to move again.

"I'm very hopeful that these technologies will be able to help people with paralysis in the future; to make communication occur more easily, to allow people to control their environment more directly and, I hope, to one day to be able to move again," Hochberg said.
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Old 30-09-2007, 03:09 PM   #52
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(From the website linked to in the above article - a website which is misleading because it pretends that all this stuff is new, but it is not; the research has been done over the last 4 decades and more.)

http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI10...ontroversy.htm

Controversy


http://neuro.duke.edu/Faculty/Nicolelis.htm

While Donoghue’s recent human implantation shows much promise it has also sparked much controversy from other researchers in the field, mostly led by Duke’s Miguel Nicolelis, and from bioethicists. These issues must be addressed in order for wide use of the technology to become a reality.

Criticism from a research standpoint:
  • The human trial is a "stunt," says Miguel Nicolelis. Donoghue is more concerned with profits made by his company than overall benefit to the patient and to the research.
  • The system does not work as well as advertised.
  • Reading email and turning on a TV does not improve one’s quality of life dramatically .
  • Other non-invasive methods could produce the same result; more applicability to quality of life is needed to justify surgical intervention.
  • The electrodes are easily susceptible to obstruction with brain material, thus creating the need for multiple surgeries
  • Implantation in a human overlooked what some, such as Miguel Nicolelis, believed are essential steps: "I think they skipped a couple of steps to make this ready for humans." Should something go wrong due to the surgery, the entire field would suffer major setbacks.1

Criticism from an ethical standpoint:
  • The military could potentially use this technology as a means of creating a superior weapon or designing the “super soldier.” This use could ultimately lead to the demise of more people than it helps
  • If individuals without a disability attempt to use this technology to alter current abilities and senses, the device would create greater disparity among individuals. This use would raise issues related to cost and who has access to health care.
  • Abuse of this technology could potentially threaten the privacy and autonomy of individuals if this technology is used to “read” someone else’s mind and possibly even control another human being like a robot.

Analysis:

This technology has shown a great deal of promise in whom it can help and what it can do. There is a potentially large patient population available and in addition, simple communication and control capabilities can be beneficial for those with severe motor disabilities. Donoghue's current trial shows that it can and does work. In order to create a more complete understanding, one must consider the drawbacks and challenges. The design needs additional development and further progress to create a more patient-friendly product. Ethically, a number of issues to explore and discuss exist. This technology has the potential of helping a large number of individuals and at the same time, if it were to be used beyond the purpose of its design, it would have a significantly negative impact on society as a whole. Realistically, at this point, the more immediate benefits of the technology outweigh the potential for misuse.

Something to think about:

John Donoghue, when asked about whether or not brain-computer interfaces will open the door to mind control
:

"We do that all the time already. Advertising is mind control. Even pharmaceutical agents are a form of mind control. When people have behaviors that deviate extremely far from the norm, they are given medications that bring their mind back into the realm of behavior that we call normal. So we do it now. If a child were to have a seizure, and we controlled his mind so that he didn't have seizure, that would be a wonderful thing. We want to do that."3

References:
1. http://www.technologyreview.com
2. http://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Bioe/BioeMcGe.htm
3. http://www.discover.com/issues/nov-0.../neuroscience/

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Old 30-09-2007, 08:14 PM   #53
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Implantable brain chips: ethical and policy issues
Winter, 2001

By Ellen M. McGee, Ph.D.
Director, The Long Island Center for Ethics Long Island University - CW Post, Brookville, NY

Gerald Q. Maguire, Jr., PhD
Royal Institute of Technology, Kista, Sweden

The future may include the reality of science fiction's "cyborgs," persons who have developed some intimate and occasionally necessary relationship with a machine. It is likely that computer chips implanted in our brains and acting as sensors or actuators may soon not only assist the blind and those with failing memory, but even bestow fluency in a new language, enable "recognition" of previously unmet individuals and provide instantaneous access to encyclopedic databases.

Developments in nanotechnology, bioengineering, computers and neuroscience are converging to facilitate these amazing possibilities. Research on cochlear hearing and retinal vision has furthered the development of interfaces between neural tissues and microcomputers. The cochlear implant, which directly stimulates the auditory nerve, enables totally deaf people to hear sound. An artificial vision system, the "Dobelle Eye," uses a tiny television camera and ultrasonic distance sensors mounted on eyeglasses and connected to a miniature computer worn on a belt. This invention enables the blind to navigate independently, "read" letters, "watch" television, use a computer and access the Internet. 1 These "visual" activities are achieved by triggering pulses from the microcomputer to an array of platinum electrodes implanted on the surface of the brain's visual cortex. In March 1998, a "locked in" victim of a brain-stem stroke became the first recipient of a brain-to-computer interface, enabling him to communicate on a computer by thinking about moving the cursor. 2

Used for therapy such as remediating retardation, replacing lost memory faculties, or substituting for defective sensory abilities, implantable brain chips are noncontroversial and desirable interventions. The issues that arise with such therapeutic uses of implantable brain chips primarily involve questions of equity and the costs of implementing this technology.

Questions that are far more difficult are raised by the potential for enhancement. The linkage of smaller, lighter and more powerful computer systems with radio technologies that involve low frequency electromagnetic waves widely used for wireless communication, will enable future users to access information and communicate anywhere or anytime.

Through miniaturization of components, systems have already been developed that are wearable and nearly invisible, so that individuals supported by a personal information structure 3 can move about and interact freely, as well as share experiences with others through networking. 4 The wearable computer project envisions users accessing a large communally-based data source. 5 The next step in this development is use of the implantable brain chip and direct neural interfacing. 6

As intelligence or sensory "amplifiers," the implantable chips will generate at least four benefits: l) increasing the range of senses, enabling, for example, seeing infrared light, ultraviolet light and chemical spectra; 2) enhancing memory; 3) enabling "cyberthink" - invisible communication with others when making decisions; and 4) facilitating access to information where and when it is needed. These enhancements will produce major improvements in quality of life or in job performance. The first prototypes for these improvements in human functioning should be avail-able in five years, military devices within 10 years, adoption by information workers within 15 years, and general use in 20 to 30 years.

A myriad of technical, ethical and social concerns should be considered before proceeding with implantable chips. The most obvious and basic problems involve safety. Evaluation of the costs and benefits of these implants requires a consideration of the surgical and long-term risks. The question of whether or not the difficulties with development of non-toxic materials will allow long-term usage should be answered in studies on therapeutic options and thus not be a concern for enhancement usage. However, the issue of whether there should be a higher standard for safety when technologies are used for enhancement rather than therapy needs public debate. Because of the enormous potential for societal impact, it is debatable whether the informed con-sent of recipients should be sufficient for permitting implementation.

Consideration needs to be given to the sociological and psychological effects of enhancing human nature. Will the use of computer-brain interfaces change our conception of man and our sense of identity? If people are actually connected via their brains, the boundaries between self and community will be considerably diminished. Not only may the boundaries of the real and the virtual worlds blur, but the pressures to act as a part of the whole, as a "collective consciousness," rather than as an isolated individual would be increased. The sense of self as a unique and isolated individual might be changed. Modifying the brain and its powers could change our psychic states and our understanding of what it means to be human. The borders between me "the physical self" and me "the perceptory intellectual self" could change as the ability to perceive and interact expands. Whether this would lead to bestowing greater weight to collective responsibilities and whether this would be beneficial are unknown.

Since usage may also engender a human being with augmented sensory capacities, the implications need consideration. Supersensory sight will see radar, infrared and ultraviolet images; augmented hearing will detect softer and higher and lower pitched sounds; enhanced smell will intensify our ability to discern scents; and an amplified sense of touch will enable discernment of environ-mental stimuli like changes in barometric pressure. These capacities would change the "norm" for humans. As the numbers of enhanced humans increase, today's nor-mal might be seen as subnormal, leading to the medicalization of another area of life. Thus, substantial questions revolve around whether there should be limits placed upon modifications of essential aspects of the human species.

Changes in human nature would be-come more pervasive if the altered consciousness were that of children. Will parents in our intensely competitive society be able to secure implants for their children, and if so, how will that change the already unequal lottery of life? Will the inequalities produced create a demand for universal coverage of these devices in healthcare plans, further increasing costs to society? Or will implanted brain chips be available only to those who can afford a substantial investment, thus further widening the gap between the haves and the have-nots? Of major concern should be the social impact of implementing a technology that widens the divisions not only between individuals, but also between rich and poor nations.

Beyond these more imminent prospects, British scientists have concluded that in about 30 years, "it will be possible to capture data presenting all of a human being's sensory experiences on a single tiny chip implanted in the brain." 7 This data would be collected by biological probes receiving electrical impulses and would enable a user to recreate experiences, or even to transplant memory chips from one brain to another. Combined with cloning technologies and given the possibility of continually recording and editing our lives, novel meanings of the self would be generated.

The most frightening implication of this technology is the grave possibility that it would facilitate totalitarian control of humans. Using such technology, commercial interests or governments could control and monitor citizens. In a free society this possibility may seem remote, although it is plausible to project initial compulsory usage for children, for the military or for criminals. Policy decisions will arise about this usage, and also about mandating implants to affect specific behaviors. A paramount worry involves who will control the technology and what will be programmed; this issue overlaps the uneasiness about privacy concerns and the need for secure communication links. The prospects for sinister invasions of liberty and privacy are alarming.

In view of the potentially revolutionary implications of the implantable brain chip, should its development and implementation be prohibited or, at the very least, regulated? This is the question that open dialogue needs to address. Certainly, it appears that moving towards implantable brain chips can be a positive step in the evolution of humans. Nevertheless, the issues as described in this paper are weighty and need international consideration. Disagreement exists even between the authors of this paper: Gerald Maguire thinks there should be no limits placed on how people can choose to modify themselves; Ellen McGee thinks that, at least initially, when used for enhancement, the technology should be regulated, treated as research on human subjects, and closely monitored for its effects. Both authors are worried about uses in the military and for children or other individuals whose choices might be compelled. McGee is particularly troubled by the inequities, especially on an international level, that will arise if this technology is left to a market economy. Our discussions have convinced us that public debate and multidisciplinary evaluation from thinkers in the fields of computer science, biophysics, medicine, law, religion, philosophy, public policy and international economy are urgently needed.

Footnotes:

1 Artificial vision system for the blind announced by the Dobelle Institute. Press Release. Science Daily http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases...0118065202.htm.

2 Headlam B. The mind that moves objects. The New York Times Magazine June 11, 2000:63-4.

3 Mann S. Wearable computing: A first step toward personal imaging. Computer Vol. 30, No. 2, February 1997. http://www.computer.org/co1997/r2025abs.htm.

4 Mann S. Wearable, tetherless, computer-mediated reality (with possible future applications to the disabled). http://wearcam.org/tetherless/.

5 Augmented Memory http://www.media.mit.edu/projects/we...gmented-memory. html. June 1997.

6 Thomas P. Thought control. New Scientist March 9, 1996.

7 Dawley H. Remembrance of things past - on a chip. Business Week August 5, 1996. Acknowledgments: This essay summarizes and updates a consideration of these issues published in the Hastings Center Report Jan-Feb 1999.

-----------------------------------------

Alan Watt discussed this journal in his March 14th blurb "Abandonment of Self for Programmed Security and Management (Existing as Non-Comprehending Peaceful Citizens)" - transcript.
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Old 30-09-2007, 08:20 PM   #54
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RFID Sale: VeriChip Corporation Makes First Sale In Switzerland
9/27/2007

VeriChip Corporation, a provider of RFID systems for healthcare and patient-related needs, announced recently that its wholly owned subsidiary, Xmark Corporation, has made its first sale in Switzerland.

Xmark’s ProtecPoint wander prevention system is being installed at Stiftung Schloss Turbenthal, a center for the deaf and elderly in Gehörlosendorf, near Zürich. The system is to be installed by Xmark’s dealer Avatech AG. The ProtecPoint system provides cost-effective protection for wander-prone individuals, and is part of Xmark’s suite of RFID solutions to locate and protect people in indoor environments.

“Xmark continues to expand in overseas markets, building on our industry leading position in North America,” said Daniel A. Gunther, President and CEO of Xmark. “We look forward to working with Avatech on future opportunities in Switzerland.”

Mr. Martin Naef, manager of logistics and facilities at Stiftung Schloss Turbenthal, said, “We choose Avatech AG and the ProtecPoint solution because of the easy installation and administration. ProtecPoint provides effective support for the nursing staff. We have been able to reduce manually monitoring of wandering residents.”

For more information on Xmark’s products, please contact 1-866-55–XMARK or email [email protected]. Additional information can be found online at www.xmark.com.

About Xmark

Based in Ottawa, Ontario, Xmark is a wholly owned subsidiary of VeriChip Corporation. For over 25 years, Xmark Corporation has provided Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) solutions to identify, locate, and protect people and assets in healthcare environments. Its market-leading infant protection, wander prevention, personal duress, and asset tracking applications are trusted by over 5,000 healthcare institutions worldwide to keep individuals safe.

Xmark products are installed and serviced through an international network of authorized dealers, backed by a dedicated technical services department at Xmark. All aspects of Xmark’s business are certified to the ISO 9001 quality standard.

About VeriChip

VeriChip Corporation, headquartered in Delray Beach, Florida, develops, markets and sells radio frequency identification, or RFID, systems used to identify, locate and protect people and assets. VeriChip's goal is to become the leading provider of RFID systems for people in the healthcare industry. In addition, VeriChip recently began marketing its VeriMed Patient Identification System, a passive RFID system for rapidly and accurately identifying people who arrive in an emergency room and are unable to communicate. This system uses the first human-implantable passive RFID microchip, the implantable VeriChip, cleared for medical use in October 2004 by the United States Food and Drug Administration.

VeriChip Corporation is majority-owned by Applied Digital Solutions Inc., which also owns a majority position in Digital Angel Corporation . For more information on VeriChip, please call 1-800-970-2447, or email [email protected]. Additional information can be found online at www.verichipcorp.com.

SOURCE: VeriChip Corporation
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Old 02-10-2007, 06:39 PM   #55
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VeriMed System Now Has 140 Hospitals and Approximately 300 Physicians as Part of Its Network
September 6 2006

VeriChip trains nearly 400 FEMA employees on its VeriTrace Emergency Management/ Disaster Recovery Application

DELRAY BEACH, Fla.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--September 6, 2006--VeriChip Corporation, a subsidiary of Applied Digital Solutions (NASDAQ: ADSX), announced today that its Implantable Division, consisting of the patient ID and personal health information system called "VeriMed™", the security application called “VeriGuard™”, and the emergency management system called “VeriTrace™” achieved important milestones. VeriMed, the first and only FDA-approved microchip for patient identification and access to medical information has advanced adoption in key areas of hospital and physician acceptance.

Since early August, 26 new healthcare facilities have agreed to adopt the VeriMed system. This brings the total to approximately 140 emergency departments, of which 36 – located in seven states and Washington, D.C. – have fully implemented the technology and will use the VeriMed reader as standard protocol to scan patients that present unconscious, delirious or confused. The Company continues to provide readers to hospitals at no charge as part of its efforts to “seed” the infrastructure for the VeriMed patient identification system.

The expansion of the VeriMed Physician Network has increased nearly six-fold in 2006, indicating increasing acceptance of VeriMed by primary care and specialty physicians.

“We are optimistic that we will see a significant increase in the number of physicians in our Physician Network as we enhance our efforts to educate physicians about the benefits of VeriMed through participation in several large medical conferences scheduled over the next few months,” stated Kevin McLaughlin, CEO of VeriChip Corporation. “We are further encouraged that our clinical study program with Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, which commences in September, will lead to increased adoption by physicians and health insurers.”

VeriChip’s VeriTrace application is designed to assist state and federal agencies to plan for and manage emergency situations and disaster recovery using implantable RFID technology. VeriChip has now trained nearly 400 FEMA employees on this technology including the Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Teams (DMORT) involved in the recovery efforts during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and responsible for Weapons of Mass Destruction recovery efforts. VeriChip continues to work with federal and state agencies on full implementation of this technology.


About VeriChip Corporation

VeriChip Corporation, headquartered in Delray Beach, Florida, develops, markets and sells radio frequency identification, or RFID, systems used to identify, locate and protect people and assets. VeriChip's goal is to become the leading provider of RFID systems for people in the healthcare industry. VeriChip sells passive RFID systems for identification purposes and active RFID systems for local-area location and identification purposes. VeriChip recently began to market its VeriMed™ Patient Identification System which is used to rapidly and accurately identify people who arrive in an emergency room and are unable to communicate. This system uses the first human-implantable passive RFID microchip, the implantable VeriChip™, cleared for medical use in October 2004 by the United States Food and Drug Administration. For more information on VeriChip, please call 1-800-970-2447, or email [email protected]. Additional information can be found online at www.verichipcorp.com

About Applied Digital - "The Power of Identification Technology"

Applied Digital develops innovative identification and security products for consumer, commercial, and government sectors worldwide. The Company's unique and often proprietary products provide identification and security systems for people, animals, the food supply, government/military arena, and commercial assets. Included in this diversified product line are RFID applications, end-to-end food safety systems, GPS/Satellite communications, and telecomm and security infrastructure, positioning Applied Digital as the leader in identification technology. Applied Digital is the owner of a majority position in Digital Angel Corporation (AMEX:DOC).

Statements about the Company's future expectations, including future revenues and earnings, and all other statements in this press release other than historical facts are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and as that term is defined in the Private Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change at any time, and the Company's actual results could differ materially from expected results. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequently occurring events or circumstances.

Contact:
Investors:
CEOcast, Inc.
Daniel Schustack, 212-732-4300
[email protected]

or

Media:
Direct Communications Group
John O. Procter, 202-772-2179
[email protected]
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Old 07-10-2007, 12:26 AM   #56
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VeriChip Goes Direct to Consumer

(September 04, 2007) Delray Beach, Fla.-based VeriChip Corp. plans to market its VeriMed implantable chips and Patient Registry service directly to consumers.

The vendor's new Patient First program will enable patients to be implanted with its VeriChip microchip for free and pay a $9.95 monthly fee for a subscription to its Patient Registry service. The Patient Registry is a component of VeriChip's Patient Identification System, which enables patients to be implanted with a microchip that's linked to their medical information.

The chip, which contains a 16-digit identification number assigned by VeriChip, is implanted underneath the patient's skin, between the elbow and shoulder. Physicians can access the number by scanning a patient with the vendor's reader. To access the medical record, physicians must enter the number into VeriChip's Web-based Patient Registry Database.

VeriChip will launch the Patient First program in the areas where several hospitals use its VeriMed system, including south Florida, northern New Jersey, Boston, Baltimore, Washington, Philadelphia and Atlanta. The vendor previously relied on physicians and hospitals to attract patients to be implanted with the microchips. Patients also had to pay at least $200 up front for the implantable chip and patient registry service under the former program.

For more information, go to verichipcorp.com.
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Old 07-10-2007, 01:43 AM   #57
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It just goes to prove that people won't have to be forced to take the chip, they'll pay to take it instead..
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Old 07-10-2007, 03:38 PM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by montag View Post
It just goes to prove that people won't have to be forced to take the chip, they'll pay to take it instead..
I believe there are occult reasons for this, needing to have people consent to their slavery. It seems to be like the vampire thing in those stories - you have to invite them in.

The thing is, more generally it seems that consent can be given purely by lack of opposition - and if you have been told, you can't ever complain about not having been told. But being told can come under simply having the information available, printed in books that you have never read, or even heard of, and possibly even in movies, etc.

It seems that the powers that be believe that legally we have been told, even if we weren't paying attention.

When it comes to the microchip implants, I think the main tactic will be modern advertising/marketing techniques, which basically means lies. People will be made to want one, and we can all think of a few highly effective ways of achieving this off the top of our heads, e.g. the über celebrity angle (you must have one if people as cool as P Diddy Widdy Doo Dah have one), the protecting the children angle (paedophiles will definitely kill your children if you don't have them chipped), the snob angle (gold, silver and bronze chips), the convenience angle (no more obligation to carry around that intolerably troublesome money), the medical angle (no more worry about incompetence from hospital staff who somehow gave the wrong medication, and dose, and killed your gran), and then when the brain chip comes in, the videogame angle (BE INSIDE the game - like The Matrix) and the sex angle (have sex with your favourite sexual fantasy figure, from any era. You won't really, obviously, but who cares about reality when you can have fantasy pushed right into the brain? The sex angle never fails - see pretty much ALL advertising.)

They have already started using some of these tactics, and they can be seen in articles in this thread. Others can be seen in movies, which is predictive programming.
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Old 07-10-2007, 03:58 PM   #59
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www.antichips.com/flyers/involuntary-microchipping.pdf

WHY ADVOCATES AND LAWMAKERS ARE CONCERNED ABOUT INVOLUNTARY MICROCHIPPING

If you do not believe the threat of involuntary microchipping is real, please take a moment to read over the following disquieting developments. Taken together, they reveal a focused effort to promote human microchipping. The time to nip this trend in the bud is now.

• In 2005, VeriChip tried to chip the residents of Orange Grove Center, a facility in Chattanooga, Tennessee, that cares for the developmentally disabled. VeriChip offered to inject the devices for free to promote its product, but was ultimately rebuffed when the public questioned whether it was ethical to chip people who could not give informed consent. [1]

• Also in 2005, Tommy Thompson, former Secretary of Health and Human Services and 2008 presidential candidate, joined the board of directors for the VeriChip Corporation. He has used his Bush administration connections to promote the device, and has appeared on national television suggesting that every American should receive a VeriChip implant to link to their electronic medical records. Thompson also suggested using the VeriChip to replace dog tags in our armed forces. [2]

• The VeriChip Corporation claims to have been in talks with the Pentagon about implanting RFID tags into military personnel. [4]

• VeriChip CEO Scott Silverman publicly suggested that the U.S. government adopt the VeriChip implant to tag and track legal immigrants and guest workers. [Note: It is unclear to us how chipping undocumented immigrants will solve the problem of illegal immigration.] [5]

• The Congressional Record shows that Colombian President Álvaro Uribe told Senator Arlen Specter that he would consider chipping guest workers before allowing them to leave Colombia for the United States. [6]

• During the September 2005 Supreme Court confirmation hearings for Justice John Roberts, Senator Joseph Biden commented, "Can a microscopic tag be implanted in a person's body to track his every movement? There's actual discussion about that. You will rule on that — mark my words — before your tenure is over." [7]

• In 2004, employees of the Mexican Attorney General's office were asked to receive a chip implant to access a secure document room. Eighteen were actually chipped, and those who refused were reportedly reassigned. [8]

• In 2006, two employees of CityWatcher, a Cincinnati, Ohio, video surveillance company were implanted with VeriChips to access a secure room. While the company reportedly did not require the workers to get chipped, the incident worried employees around the country. Could employers make taking a chip a condition for employment? [9]

• New Jersey's oldest and largest insurer, Horizon Blue Cross and Blue Shield, is currently working with the Hackensack Regional Medical Center and VeriChip to develop a business case for the chipping of people. Privacy and civil liberties advocates caution that insurers could one day require customers to get chipped, or they could offer significant premium penalties for those who refuse. [10]

• IBM holds a major stake in the VeriChip Corporation. IBM has sworn public documents on file at the United States Patent and Trademark office detailing how marketers and government agents can track humans with RFID technology. [12] [13]

• IBM and VeriChip have set up a test laboratory in Austin, Texas, to explore the case for human chipping. [14]

• Since the VeriChip Corporation recently took its stock public, it's under increasing pressure from its share holders to generate revenues. VeriChip has announced plans to devote $8 to $10 million of its IPO proceeds to promote the chipping of people. [15] At a recent Florida Marlins baseball game, VeriChip purchased a prominent bill board reading "Microchip Implants Save Live." Hundreds of thousands of people were exposed to this message and likely believed it, despite the fact that no one's life has been saved by an implanted microchip. No mention was made of the serious potential health downsides of the implant. [16]

• Other companies that offer implant technology to identify and track lab rats, cattle, and pets could follow the pattern of the VeriChip Corporation and begin promoting human identification and tracking. One such company, Somark, has developed "chipless" RFID that can be injected into skin like a tattoo to track animals from a distance through radio waves. The company has suggested its product would be ideal for tracking members of the military. [17]

About this document: A version of this document was first submitted as testimony to the Oklahoma Senate Committee on Health & Human Services in support of Oklahoma Senate Bill 47, "Prohibiting the Forced Implantation of a Microchip." The authors are Liz McIntyre and Dr. Katherine Albrecht, CASPIAN Consumer Advocates and Co-authors of the "Spychips" series of books on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). All rights reserved.

Sources
1. Emily Berry, "Chips Spark Ethics Concerns," Chattanooga Free Press, 4 November 2005, available at available at http://www.cephas-library.com/nwo/nw..._concerns.html , accessed 6 February 2007.
2. Katherine Albrecht, "Transcript of Interview with Tommy Thompson Former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services," 11 July 2005, available at
http://www.spychips.com/devices/tomm...nverichip.html .
3. Katherine Skiba, "Bid for president called a long shot, Thompson launches PAC, considers run for White House,"JSOnline, 14 October 2006, available at
http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=519075 , accessed 6 February 2007.
4. David Francis and Bill Myers, "Company Trying to Get Under Soldiers' Skin," Examiner.com, 21 August 2006, available at http://www.examiner.com/a-232630~Com...tEdition=Miami , accessed 6 February 2007.
5. Fox News, "Transcript of the Fox & Friends interview with Scott Silverman, Chairman of the Board of VeriChip Corporation," 16 May 2006, available at http://www.spychips.com/press-releas...n-foxnews.html , accessed 6 February 2007.
6. Associated press, "Report: Colombian President Would Consider Immigrant Tracking With Microchips," FoxNews.com, 4 May 2006, available at http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,194337,00.html, accessed 6 February 2007.
7. WashingtonPost.com, "Transcript: Day One of the Roberts Hearings," 13 September 2005, available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn...091300693.html, accessed 6 February 2006.
8. Will Weissert, "Microchips Implanted in Mexican Officials," MSNBC, 14 July 2004, available at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5439055/, accessed 6 February 2007.
9. Katherine Albrecht and Liz McIntyre, "Two U.S. Employees Injected with RFID Microchips at Company Request," Spychips.com, 9 February 2006, available at http://www.spychips.com/press-releas...richipped.html , accessed 6 February 2007.
10. M.L. Baker, "Insurers Study Implanting RFID Chips in Patients," eWeek.com, 19 July 2006, available at http://www.eweek.com/article2/0,1895,1991150,00.asp , accessed 7 February 2007.
12. John R. Hind et al, "Identification and Tracking of Persons Using RFID-tagged Items," US Patent Application # 20020165758, assigned to IBM. Filed 3 May 2001.
13. Hind et al, "Identification and Tracking of Persons Using RFID-tagged Items in Store Environments," US Patent # 7,076,441, assigned to IBM, filed on 3 May 2001, granted 11 July 2004.
14. Health Data Management, "VeriChip, IBM Demonstrate RFID Tech," 12 September 2005, available at http://www.healthdatamanagement.com/...rticleId=12531 , accessed 6 February 2007.
15. VeriChip Corporation, "Amendment No. 6 to FORM S-1 REGISTRATION STATEMENT under The Securities Act of 1933," 22 January 2007, available at
http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/da...09620/ds1a.htm , accessed 6 February 2007.
16. To view the television coverage of the Marlins game, including the advertisement banner, see: http://www.truthcastnetwork.com/marlins.htm
17. David E. Gumpert, "Privacy Controversy Dogs RFID Startup, How can a company that makes radio frequency identification ink for use on animals and humans head off bloggers' criticism?," BusinessWeek.com, 25 January 2007, available at http://www.businessweek.com/smallbiz...vid+e.+gumpert.
18. Introduced by Wisconsin Representative Marvin D. Schneider, "2005 Assembly Bill 290 enacted as 2005 Wisconsin Act 482," enacted 30 May 2006, available at http://www.legis.state.wi.us/2005/da...s/05Act482.pdf .
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Old 07-10-2007, 04:32 PM   #60
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UK 2017: under surveillance
By Neil Mackay

IT is a chilling, dystopian account of what Britain will look like 10 years from now: a world in which Fortress Britain uses fleets of tiny spy-planes to watch its citizens, of Minority Report-style pre-emptive justice, of an underclass trapped in sink-estate ghettos under constant state surveillance, of worker drones forced to take on the lifestyle and values of the mega-corporation they work for, and of the super-rich hiding out in gated communities constantly monitored by cameras and private security guards.

This Orwellian vision of the future was compiled on the orders of the UK's information commissioner - the independent watchdog meant to guard against government and private companies invading the privacy of British citizens and exploiting the masses of information currently held on each and every one of us - by the Surveillance Studies Network, a group of academics.

On Friday, this study, entitled A Report on the Surveillance Society, was picked over by a select group of government mandarins, politicians, police officers and academics in Edinburgh. It is unequivocal in its findings, with its first sentence reading simply: "We live in a surveillance society." The information commissioner, Richard Thomas, endorses the report. He says: "Today, I fear that we are, in fact, waking up to a surveillance society that is already all around us."

The academics who compiled the study based their vision of the future not on wild hypotheses but on existing technology, statements made about the intentions of government and private companies and studies by other think tanks, regulators, professional bodies and academics.

The report authors say that they believe the key theme of the future will be "pervasive surveillance" aimed at tracking and controlling people and pre-empting behaviour. The authors also say that their glimpse of the future is "fairly conservative. The future spelled out in the report is nowhere near as dystopian and authoritarian as it could be."

Here's how 2017 might look...

BorderGuard The Jones family are returning to Britain from holiday in America. "It's hard to know the difference between the two countries by what the family experience at the border," say the Surveillance Report authors. Britain, America, all EU countries and all members of the G10 have outsourced their immigration and border control services to massive private companies. In this vignette, the futurologists give the company the name BorderGuard.

Thanks to the never-ending war on terror, these governments have developed "smart borders" using hidden surveillance technologies. Cameras and scanners at passport control monitor faces, irises and fingerprints checking them off against records of biometric passports, or the British ID card system. BorderGuard has access to state and transnational databases and can also data-mine information on individuals - such as consumer transactions - via a paid-for service provided by specialist companies trading in information held on every individual in the land.

For families like the Joneses, crossing borders is relatively swift and painless. The wealth of information held on them means they can be quickly identified and processed. But citizens of nations not signed up to the BorderGuard scheme face hostile and lengthy investigations while crossing frontiers.

Racial profiling is now the norm. Asian features inevitably mean being pulled to one side - whether or not you carry a biometric passport or ID card.

Brandscapes Retail chains and mega-malls now use huge shared databases - which began with data-mining reward card information - to create a "brandscape" for every shopper.

Smart tags buried in a shopper's clothing "talk" to scanners in shops. The system then connects to consumer databases, revealing where the clothing was bought and by whom and what other purchases the person has made. The system knows who you are, where you live, what you like and don't like. Intelligent billboards at eye level then immediately flash up adverts dove-tailed to the consumer profile of the individual.

The wealthiest consumer-citizen can even become a "cashless shopper". For £200, a chip can be implanted in the human body which is loaded with a person's bank and credit details. From then on, it's their arm that will be scanned in a shop, not their credit card. "Cashless shoppers" also get first-class service in mega-malls, with special lounges, spas and massage facilities reserved only for them. Urban myths, however, are springing up that muggers are targeting these elite consumers and cutting the chip from their arms. There are also concerns about hackers being able to upload viruses to the chip or empty the chipholder's account.

Tagged Kids Scandals about child abductions and murders during school hours mean teachers prefer tagging a child to facing legal liability for their injury in a court. Drug testing in schools has also become an accepted part of life following pressure by the government to identify problem children earlier and earlier in life. What children eat in schools is also monitored by parents, as boys and girls are required to swipe their school card every time they visit the canteen. The card contains information on school attendance, academic achievement, drug-test results, internet access and sporting activities. The card's records are used to assess whether the child has passed or failed their citizenship programme.

Shops are also monitoring children in order to tap into the lucrative youth market."Children," the report says, "are gradually becoming socialised into accepting body surveillance, location tracking and the remote monitoring of their dietary intake as normal."

Elites and Proles Most cities are divided between gated private communities, patrolled by corporate security firms (which keep insurance costs to a minimum) and high-crime former council estates. On most estates, private companies are tasked to deal with social evils.

Offenders have the option of having a chip voluntarily implanted in their arm so they can be monitored at home using scanners and sensors. Estates can be subject to "area-wide curfews", following outbursts of antisocial behaviour, which ban anyone under 18 from entering or leaving the estate from dusk until dawn.

Community wardens armed with Tasers enforce the law. CCTV cameras can be viewed by residents at home on their television's security channel.

In gated communities, meanwhile, no-one can get in or out unless their car's number plate is authorised by the automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) devices located on gates. There are now so many ANPR cameras across the land that it's almost impossible to drive the length of a street without details of your car being logged by the state.

The aesthetics of surveillance Security has been "aestheticised" - incorporated into the design of architecture and infrastructure - so that it is almost unnoticeable now. "It is ubiquitous but it has disappeared," the report authors say. Anti-suicide-bomber bollards outside embassies and government buildings are secreted in the ground, only being activated in an emergency when passers-by breach the range of security sensors.

Anti-government protesters are monitored by small remote-control spy-planes, which were introduced for the 2012 London Olympics but remained a permanent fixture.

CCTV is now embedded at eye level in lamp-posts to enable the use of facial recognition technology.

Protest and virtual surveillance Following protests, individual demonstrators can be monitored by camera until private security contractors for the local authority in which the demo took place get a chance to question them. Helmet-mounted cameras scan the biometrics of anyone being questioned. All guards and police are also now monitored by surveillance devices in their handheld computers. Ironically, this has triggered civil liberties concerns within the police union.

The report uses two "protesters", Ben and Aaron, as an example of how police might treat dissenters. When they are taken into custody by private security guards in Westminster, Ben undergoes the usual DNA swab, which is analysed instantaneously, and hands over his ID card for scanning. ID cards are still theoretically voluntary, but not having one makes life almost impossible. Aaron is a refusenik and doesn't own a card. That means he can't apply for a government job or claim benefits or student loans. He can't travel by plane or even train. To make matters worse, Aaron is a young black man - meaning he is deemed a "high category suspect" and is routinely stopped and brought in to the nearest police station for questioning.

Once Ben is released, police monitoring systems piggy-back on his hand-held device to track him as he travels across the city. He's also been put on a communications watchlist which means all his internet and e-mail traffic is saved by his ISP and passed to police. As most phone calls are online now, police also get access to these communications as well.

Call centre drones Call centres monitor everything that staff do and surveillance information is used to recruit staff. Potential employees are subjected to biometric and psychometric testing, as well as lifestyle surveys. "Their lives outside work," the authors say, "and their background, are the subject of scrutiny. It is felt to be increasingly important that the lifestyle profile of the employee match those of the customers to ensure better customer service." Recruitment consultants now frequently discard any CV which does not contain volunteered health information.

Once hired, staff are subjected to sporadic biometric testing which point to potential health and psychological problems. Thanks to iris-scanning at a gym connected to the company, employees can be pulled up at annual assessments for not maintaining their health. Periodic psychometric testing also reveals if staff attitudes have changed and become incompatible with company values.

Big Brother is looking after you Homes in the ever-growing number of retirement villages are fitted with the "telecare" system, with motion detectors in every room, baths with inbuilt heart monitors, toilets which measure blood sugar levels and all rooms fitted with devices to detect fire, flood and gas leaks. Panic buttons are also installed in every room. Fridges have RFID scanners which tell the neighbourhood grocery store that pensioners are running short on provisions. The goods are then delivered direct to the doorstep.

Huge databases in hospitals are able to compare tests on patients throughout the country. This allows doctors to red-flag risk factors earlier than ever before, meaning that a patient's statistical risk of suffering, for example, a heart attack, are predicted with much greater accuracy. The NHS will be locked in a battle with insurance companies who want access to health information for commercial purposes. The temptation for the NHS is the large amounts of money on offer. The authors point out that Iceland sold its national DNA database to private companies for research and profit in 2004.

The data shadow Those rich enough can sign up to "personal information management services" (Pims) which monitor all the information that exists about an individual - a person's so-called "data shadow". The Pims system corrects incorrect information held by government or private companies.

Those who can't afford Pims have to live with the impact that incorrect data can have on their lives, such as faulty credit ratings. "Some are condemned to a purgatory of surveillance and an inability to access information," the report authors say.

But for other people total surveillance has become an accepted way of life. Some voluntarily carry out surveillance on their whole lives - so-called "life-logging" where an individual uploads online details in realtime about everything they do.
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