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Old 23-02-2016, 12:33 AM   #1
lightgiver
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Lightbulb House of Wessex


Imaginary depiction of Cerdic ..
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Cerdic is cited in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as a leader of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain, being the founder and first king of Saxon Wessex, reigning from 519 to 534.. Subsequent kings of Wessex all had some level of descent claimed in the Chronicle from Cerdic..According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Cerdic landed in Hampshire in 495 with his son Cynric in 5 ships... He is said to have fought a Brittonic king named Natanleod at Natanleaga and killed him 13 years later (in 508), and to have fought at Cerdicesleag in 519.. Natanleaga is commonly identified as Netley Marsh in Hampshire and Cerdicesleag as Charford (Cerdic's Ford). The conquest of the Isle of Wight is also mentioned among his campaigns, and it was later given to his kinsmen, Stuf and Wihtgar (who had supposedly arrived with the West Saxons in 514).. Cerdic is said to have died in 534 and was succeeded by his son Cynric..Descent from Cerdic became a necessary criterion for later kings of Wessex, and Egbert of Wessex, progenitor of the English royal house and subsequent rulers of England and Britain, claimed him as an ancestor..Cynric was King of Wessex from 534 to 560.. Everything known about him comes from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.. There he is stated to have been the son of Cerdic, and also to have been the son of Cerdic's son, Creoda..During his reign it is said that the Saxons expanded into Wiltshire against strong resistance and captured Searobyrig or Old Sarum, near Salisbury, in 552.. In 556 he and his son Ceawlin won a battle against the Britons at Beranburh, now identified as Barbury Castle..


Sutton Hoo Helmet..

Cerdic's name may be commemorated in the name of the village of Chearsley, Buckinghamshire, which appears in the Domesday Book (1086) as Cerdeslai.. This is assumed to be the place mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as Cerdicesleah, where King Cerdic and his son Cynric defeated the Britons in 527..The name Cynric has a straightforward Old English etymology meaning "Kin-ruler..The Wroxeter stone was unearthed in 1967 in a Sub- Roman context (dating to c. 460 - 475 AD) with the inscription CUNORIX MACUS MAQVI COLINE, which translates as "Cunorix ('Hound-king') son of Maqui-Coline ('Son-of-Holly'), both of which are regarded as Irish personal names..The Wroxeter Stone bears an inscription in an Insular Celtic language partly-"Latinized Primitive Irish"..The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle provides a pedigree tracing Cerdic's ancestry back to Wōden and the antediluvian patriarchs..Curiously, the name Cerdic is thought to be Brittonic – a form of the name Ceretic rather than Germanic in origin..Ceretic Guletic of Alt Clut was a king of Alt Clut (modern Dumbarton) in the 5th century..Ceretic of Elmet (Ceredig ap Gwallog) was the last king of Elmet, a Brythonic kingdom that existed in the West Yorkshire area of Northern Britain during sub-Roman times..Bede describes Ceretic as "King of the Britons", perhaps meaning just the Britons of that area.. When Edwin of Deira returned to power in 617, Ceretic was expelled, supposedly due to complicity in the poisoning of Hilda's father, and his kingdom was annexed to Northumbria.. He is generally thought to be identical to Ceredig ap Gwallog, a 'Man of the North', whose father, Gwallog ap Llaennog, is associated with Elmet by the poet, Taliesin..


Gilli Smyth - Taliesin..

Ceawlin (also spelled Ceaulin and Caelin, died ca. 593) was a King of Wessex.. He may have been the son of Cynric and the grandson of Cerdic of Wessex, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle represents as the leader of the first group of Saxons to come to the land which later became Wessex.. The first record of a battle fought by Ceawlin is in 556, when he and his father, Cynric, fought the native Britons at "Beran byrg", or Bera's Stronghold..The first battle Ceawlin fought as king is dated by the Chronicle to 568, when he and Cutha fought with Æthelberht, the king of Kent.. The entry says "Here Ceawlin and Cutha fought against Aethelberht and drove him into Kent; and they killed 2 ealdormen, Oslaf and Cnebba, on Wibbandun..The annal for 571 reads: "Here Cuthwulf fought against the Britons at Bedcanford, and took 4 settlements: Limbury and Aylesbury, Benson and Eynsham; and in the same year he passed away..The annal for 577 reads "Here Cuthwine and Ceawlin fought against the Britons, and they killed 3 kings, Coinmail and Condidan and Farinmail, in the place which is called Dyrham, and took 3 cities: Gloucester and Cirencester and Bath...Ceawlin's last recorded victory is in 584.. The entry reads "Here Ceawlin and Cutha fought against the Britons at the place which is named Fethan leag, and Cutha was killed; and Ceawlin took many towns and countless war-loot, and in anger he turned back to his own [territory]...The phrase "in anger he turned back to his own" probably indicates that this annal is drawn from saga material, as perhaps are all of the early Wessex annals..About 731, Bede, a Northumbrian monk and chronicler, wrote a work called the Ecclesiastical History of the English People..Bede also makes it clear that Ceawlin was not a Christian—Bede mentions a later king, Æthelberht of Kent, as "the first to enter the kingdom of heaven"..Ceawlin lost the throne of Wessex in 592.. The annal for that year reads, in part: "Here there was great slaughter at Woden's Barrow, and Ceawlin was driven out." Woden's Barrow is a tumulus, now called Adam's Grave, at Alton Priors, Wiltshire...


Barbury Castle Aerial View..

Ceol (also known as Ceola or Ceolric) was King of Wessex from 592 to 597..He was the son of Cutha (or Cuthwulf), the son of Cynric of Wessex..According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, he began his reign in 591, but it was only in the following year that he drove out his uncle Ceawlin in a battle at Woden's Barrow in Wiltshire, thus denying the throne to the rightful heir, Ceawlin's son Cuthwine..Wright and Jackson found at Wroxeter a stone in a Sub-Roman context (dating to c. 460 – 475 AD) with the inscription CUNORIX MACUS MAQVI COLINE, which translates as "Cunorix ('Hound-king' = Cynric) son of Maqui-Coline ('Son-of-Holly'), both of which are regarded as Irish personal names..Ceol was the founding member of a sub-house of the House of Wessex which would rule Wessex from 591 – 645, 648 – 674 and from 676 – 685, comprising Ceol, Ceolwulf, Cynegils, Cenwalh, Seaxburh and Centwine. Coenwulf and Ceolwulf I of Mercia are also believed to be descendants of Ceol, meaning that the Ceolian line flourished for at least 3 centuries after its founder's darth, and possibly longer..Ceolwulf (died c. 611) was a King of Wessex..According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle he reigned from 597 to 611 and the Annals of St Neots also allot him 14 years..According to the Chronicle he was a powerful ruler who "continually fought and contended either against the English, or the Britons, or the Picts, or the Scots", but it is unlikely that he fought against the Picts or the Scots.. His only recorded battle was against the South Saxons in 607, probably for control of the Isle of Wight and south Hampshire, but he probably laid the foundations for West Saxon expansion against the British and Saxon peoples of the south and west..It is not certain whether his successor, Cynegils, was his son or the son of his brother Ceol...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sutton_Hoo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbury_Castle
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerdic_of_Wessex
http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_21.htm
https://forum.davidicke.com/showthre...=276508&page=4By 300 AD, the Roman Empire extended from Arabia to Britain.. But they wanted more.. More land.. More peoples loyal and subservient to Rome.. But no people so important as the powerful Sarmatians to the east..The Romans, impressed by their bravery And horsemanship, spared their lives..In exchange, these warriors were incorporated into the Roman military..But the home we seek resides not in some Distant land, it's in us, and in our actions on this day!.If this be our destiny, then so be it...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....6&postcount=52

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Old 23-02-2016, 01:58 AM   #2
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Lightbulb Cynegils Bones


St. Birinus at Dorchester Abbey..
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Cynegils was King of Wessex from c. 611 to c. 642. Cynegils is traditionally considered to have been King of Wessex, but the familiar kingdoms of the so-called Heptarchy had not yet formed from the patchwork of smaller kingdoms in his lifetime.. The later kingdom of Wessex was centred on the counties of Hampshire, Dorset, Somerset, and Wiltshire, but the evidence of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is that the kingdom of Cynegils was located on the upper River Thames, extending into northern Wiltshire and Somerset, southern Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire, and western Berkshire, with Dorchester-on-Thames as one of the major royal sites..This region, probably connected to the early tribal grouping known as the Gewisse, a term used by Bede for the West Saxons, lay on the frontier between the later kingdoms of Wessex and Mercia..In the 630s, Bishop Birinus established himself at Dorchester, and both Cynegils and Cwichelm are said to have been baptised with King Oswald of Northumbria as their godfather.. Another West Saxon king, named Cuthred, who died c. 661, appears at this time.. Oswald married a daughter of Cynegils at this time.. Her name is not recorded in early sources, but Reginald of Durham calls her Kyneburga (Cyneburg)..This mission appears to have made little long-term impact as Cynegils' son Cenwalh was not baptised until 646, according to the Chronicle, after having been driven from his kingdom by Penda..After Augustine of Canterbury performed initial conversions in England, Birinus, a Frank, came to the kingdoms of Wessex in 634,landing at the port of "Hamwic", now in the St. Mary's area of Southampton.. During Birinus's brief time at Hamwic, St. Mary's Church was founded..Birinus had been made bishop by Asterius in Genoa, and Pope Honorius I created the commission to convert the West Saxons...


Gregorian Chant in a Catholic Benedictine Seminary..

Birinus's original commission entailed preaching to parts of Britain where no missionary efforts had reached, and may have included instructions to reach the Mercians.. But he ultimately remained in the West Saxon kingdom (Wessex)..Birinus is said to have been very active in establishing churches in Wessex..Birinus' feast day is 3 December in the Roman Catholic Church, but some churches celebrate his feast on 5 December. In the Church of England his feast day falls on 4 September and has the status of a Commemoration..The date of Cynegils' darth is not certainly known.. Bede states only that he was followed by his son Cenwalh..As well as Cenwalh, and the daughter who married Oswald, Cynegils is said to have had a son named Cwichelm, who may or may not be the same person as the king associated with Cynegils..Bede states that Cenwalh was the son of the King Cynegils baptised by Bishop Birinus.. He was also the great-great grandson of Cerdic..It has been noted that the name Cenwalh may have had a British rather than Anglo-Saxon etymology..Cenwalh took refuge with the Christian king Anna of East Anglia, and was baptised while in exile although the date of his exile is uncertain. Bede says that it lasted 3 years, but does not give the dates..The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reports that he granted lands at Ashdown to a kinsman named Cuthred..None of the West Saxon dates give any clear evidence for the period of Cenwalh's exile, but since King Anna was killed by Penda in 654, and exiled from East Anglia by him in 651..Penda was killed at the Battle of Winwaed on 15 November 655..The new diocese of Winchester, in lands formerly belonging to the Jutes, thereafter confined to the Isle of Wight, lay in the heart of the future Wessex..Whether Cenwalh ruled alone in Wessex is uncertain.. Earlier kings appear to have shared rulership, and Cenberht, father of the future King Caedwalla, may have ruled together with Cenwalh rather than being merely a sub-king..No later kings of the West Saxons are known to be descended from Cenwalh, indeed no descendants of his are known..The Mercia kings Coenwulf and Ceolwulf, and their brother Cuthred, King of Kent, claimed descent from an otherwise unknown brother of Penda and Eowa called Coenwalh...


Mortuary chest in Winchester Cathedral that purports to contain Cynegils bones..

Seaxburh (died c. 674) was a Queen of Wessex.. She is also called Queen of the Gewisse, an early name for the tribe which ruled Wessex.. She is said to have ruled Wessex for about a year after the death of her husband, Cenwalh, in 672..She was succeeded in about 674 by Æscwine was a King of Wessex from about 674 to 676, but was probably not the only king in Wessex at the time..In 675, Æscwine defeated an invasion of Wessex led by the Mercian King Wulfhere at Biedanheafde, a location which has not been certainly identified..Æscwine was succeeded by Centwine of Wessex was King of Wessex from c. 676 to 685 or 686, although he was perhaps not the only king of the West Saxons at the time..Bede states that after the da'ath of King Cenwalh: "his under-rulers took upon them the kingdom of the people, and dividing it among themselves, held it ten years"..Chapter 40 of Eddius Stephanus's Life of Wilfrid records that Centwine was married to a sister of Queen Iurminburh, second wife of King Ecgfrith of Northumbria.. Her name is not reliably recorded, and the suggestion that she is to be identified with Dunna, Abbess of Withington, is broadly rejected.. Their daughter Bugga was certainly a nun when Aldhelm dedicated verses to her, and was probably an Abbess..Saint Edburga of Minster-in-Thanet (also known as Eadburh and Bugga) was a royal princess, the only daughter of King Centwine and Queen Engyth of Wessex in the 8th century of the Kent royal family and a saint..She became a Benedictine nun of The Minster-in-Thanet Abbey in 716.. She succeeded Mildrith as the abbess..Centwine is reported to have abdicated and become a monk.. Aldhelm writes that he "gave up riches and the reins of government and left his own kingdom in the name of Christ".. He was succeeded by Caedwalla.. The date of his death is unknown..The Rule of Saint Benedict is also used by a number of religious orders that began as reforms of the Benedictine tradition such as the Cistercians and Trappists although none of these groups are part of the Benedictine Confederation...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birinus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vespers
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynegils_of_Wessex
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....3&postcount=16Statement statement investigation department..Above the wall, far north, there is a Roman family in need of rescue..Won't ya take ma advice..They want to put I in confinement...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....2&postcount=30

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Old 23-02-2016, 02:55 AM   #3
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Lightbulb Ager Vaticanus


Cædwalla by Lambert Barnard..
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Cædwalla (c. 659 –20 April 689) was the King of Wessex from approximately 685 until he abdicated in 688.. His name is derived from the British Cadwallon..He was exiled from Wessex as a youth and during his exile gathered forces and attacked the South Saxons, killing their king, Æthelwealh, in what is now Sussex..After his accession Cædwalla returned to Sussex and won the territory again, and also conquered the Isle of Wight, engaging in genocide and extinguishing the ruling dynasty there and forcing the population of the island at sword point to renounce their pagan beliefs for Christianity.. He gained control of Surrey and the kingdom of Kent, and in 686 he installed his brother, Mul, as king of Kent.. Mul was burned in a Kentish revolt a year later, and Cædwalla returned, possibly ruling Kent directly for a period..Cædwalla was wounded during the conquest of the Isle of Wight, and perhaps for this reason he abdicated in 688 to travel to Rome for baptism.. He reached Rome in April 689, and was baptised by Pope Sergius I on the Saturday before Easter, dying 10 days later on 20 April 689.. He was succeeded by Ine..He was unable to retain the territorial gains of his predecessor, Cædwalla, who had brought much of southern England under his control and expanded West Saxon territory substantially.. By the end of Ine's reign, the kingdoms of Kent, Sussex, and Essex were no longer under West Saxon domination; however, Ine maintained control of what is now Hampshire, and consolidated and extended Wessex's territory in the western peninsula..Ine abdicated in 726 to go to Rome, leaving, in the words of the contemporary chronicler Bede, the kingdom to "younger men"..


Æthelwealh of Sussex..

Either Ine or Offa of Mercia is traditionally supposed to have founded the Schola Saxonum there, in what is today the Roman rione, or district, of Borgo..The Schola Saxonum took its name from the militias of Saxons who served in Rome, but it eventually developed into a hostelry for English visitors to the city..Borgo (I Borghi), is the 14th historic district (rione) of Rome, Italy..It lies on the west bank of the Tiber, within Municipio I, and it has a trapezoidal shape.. Its coat of arms shows a lion (after the name "Leonine City", which was also given to the district), lying in front of 3 mounts and a star.. Ine's successor was King Æthelheard; it is not known whether Æthelheard was related to Ine, though some later sources state that Æthelheard was Ine's brother-in-law..Æthelheard's succession to the throne was disputed by an ætheling, Oswald, and it may be that Mercian support for Æthelheard in the unsettled aftermath of Ine's abdication both helped establish Æthelheard as king and also brought him into the sphere of influence of Æthelbald, the king of Mercia..His brother Ingild, who died in 718, is given as ancestor of king Egbert of Wessex and the subsequent kings of England..


Se7en roads radiate from the Castle..

Cadwallon is a Welsh name, derived from the Brythonic *Katuwellaunos (Proto-Celtic *Katu-welnā-mnos), meaning "The One Who (-mnos) Leads (welnā-) in Battle (katu-)".. The same name belonged to the Catuvellauni ( KA-tu-well-OW-nee) tribe of modern Hertfordshire, one of the most powerful British tribes in the Late Iron Age who led the resistance against the Romans in 43 CE and possibly against Caesar in 55 and 54 BCE as well..Æthelwealh (fl. c. 660 – c. 685) (also written Aedilualch, Aethelwalch, Aþelwold, Æðelwold, Æþelwald, or Ethelwalch) was the first historical king of Sussex..His name means "noble foreigner"..According to tradition, Cædwalla invaded Sussex and was met by Æthelwealh at a point in the South Downs just southeast of Stoughton, close to the border with Hampshire, and it was here that Æthelwealh was defeated and slain..According to the same tradition, Æthelwealh lies buried in the southern barrow of the group that marks the spot..There is a tradition that Ine was a saint, and was the dedicatee of St Ina's Church in Llanina near New Quay, Wales.. However, a more likely dedicatee for this church is the 5th-century Welsh Saint Ina and a member of the royal house of Gwynedd...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borgo_(rione_of_Rome)
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....5&postcount=32It is clear that every civilization undergoes a process of historical change.. We can see that a civilization comes into existence, passes through a long experience, and eventually goes out of existence..This priesthood became a closed group, able to control enormous wealth and incomes, and concerned very largely with the study of the solar and astronomical periodicities on which there influence was originally based..Recently discovered archeological evidence sheds light on this...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=228

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Old 23-02-2016, 08:44 PM   #4
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Lightbulb Mul


Of U ciucciu miu HQ ..
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Mul (Old English: Mūl, literally "mule") (died 687) may have briefly ruled as King of Kent following its conquest by his brother, Caedwalla of Wessex, in 686.. Mul's father was Coenberht, making him a member of the House of Wessex (a descendant of Cynric.) The name Mul is very unusual and it has been postulated that it derives from the Latin mulus meaning mule, a word which is known to have entered the Old English vocabulary; presumably it was a nickname which became habitual..


Gravesite at St Augustine's Abbey in Canterbury of 4 Kentish kings.. Mul's is the one on the farthest right..

Cenred of Wessex was a member of the House of Wessex and a member of the direct male line from Cynric to Egbert.. It is possible that Cenred ruled alongside his son Ine for a period.. There is weak evidence for joint kingships, and stronger evidence of subkings reigning under a dominant ruler in Wessex, not long before his time..Centwine (died after 685) was King of Wessex from c. 676 to 685 or 686, although he was perhaps not the only king of the West Saxons at the time..An entry under 682 in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that "Centwine drove the Britons to the sea".. This is the only event recorded in his reign..Saint Cuthburh or Cuthburg (died circa 718) was the first Abbess of Wimborne Minster.. She was the sister of Ine, King of Wessex and was married to the Northumbrian king Aldfrith...

Cwenburh of Wimborne was an 8th-century Anglo-Saxon saint, a sister of King Ine of Wessex and of Saint Cuthburh.. It is possible that Cwenburh succeeded Cuthburh as abbess there after her sister's death..Aldfrith (Flann Fína mac Ossu; Latin: Aldfrid, Aldfridus; died 14 December 704 or 705) was king of Northumbria from 685 until his darth..He is described by early writers such as Bede, Alcuin and Stephen of Ripon as a man of great learning.. Some of his works and some letters written to him survive..His reign was relatively peaceful, marred only by disputes with Bishop Wilfrid, a major figure in the early Northumbrian church...Ine was King of Wessex from 688 to 726.. He was unable to retain the territorial gains of his predecessor, Cædwalla, who had brought much of southern England under his control and expanded West Saxon territory substantially...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mul_of_Kent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aldfrith_of_Northumbria
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Augustine%27s_Abbey
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....4&postcount=21You said your prayers last knight and this morning.. You're gonna' wear 'em out..To your virtues..and especially your vices, Sara..Oh?.I didn't know you were Catholic..You praying for me?..http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....9&postcount=31

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Old 23-02-2016, 10:23 PM   #5
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Arrow Penda of Mercia


Under the Double Eagle..

Battle of the Winwaed, Worcester Cathedral..
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Penda (died 15 November 655) was a 7th-century King of Mercia, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom in what is today the English Midlands.. A pagan at a time when Christianity was taking hold in many of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, Penda took over the Severn Valley in 628 following the Battle of Cirencester before participating in the defeat of the powerful Northumbrian king Edwin at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633..9 years later, he defeated and killed Edwin's eventual successor, Oswald, at the Battle of Maserfield; from this point he was probably the most powerful of the Anglo-Saxon rulers of the time, laying the foundations for the Mercian supremacy over the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.. He repeatedly defeated the East Angles and drove Cenwalh the king of Wessex into exile for 3 years.. He continued to wage war against the Bernicians of Northumbria..13 years after Maserfield, he suffered a crushing defeat by Oswald's successor and brother Oswiu, and was killed at the Battle of the Winwaed in the course of a final campaign against the Bernicians..Although the battle is said to be the most important between the early northern and southern divisions of the Anglo-Saxons in Britain, few details are available..The etymology of the name Penda is unknown..Writing in the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon emphasised the idea that Penda was suffering the same fate as he had inflicted on others..In summarising Penda, he wrote the following: He was himself a great fighting king of the kind most honoured in Germanic saga..


Lindisfarne ~ Meet Me On The Corner ..

Peada (died 656), a son of Penda, was briefly King of southern Mercia after his father's daath in November 655 until his own darth in the spring of the next year..653 Peada was made king of the Middle Angles by his father..Bede, describing Peada as "an excellent youth, and most worthy of the title and person of a king", wrote that he sought to marry Alchflaed, the daughter of King Oswiu of Northumbria; Oswiu, however, made this conditional upon Peada's baptism and conversion to Christianity, along with the Middle Angles (Peada was, at this time, still a pagan, like his father).. Bede says that Peada eagerly accepted conversion..Peada was subsequently baptized by Finan of Lindisfarne, and this was followed by a campaign to convert Peada's people.. According to Bede, Oswiu allowed Peada to rule the southern part of Mercia; southern Mercia consisted of 5,000 families, Bede reports, while northern Mercia was populated by 7,000 families, and the 2 were divided by the River Trent..According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Peada helped found the monastery at Peterborough..He was a great friend of God, and all people loved him, and he was very nobly born in the world and powerful.. He is now much more powerful with Christ..However, the Chronicle continues, "Peada ruled no length of time, because he was betrayed by his own queen at Eastertide"; Bede also reports that Peada was "very wickedly killed" through his wife's treachery "during the very time of celebrating Easter" in 656..The Holy Island of Lindisfarne is a tidal island off the northeast coast of England.. It is also known just as Holy Island..Lindisfarne Castle is a 16th-century castle located on Holy Island, near Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, England..The island is accessible from the mainland at low tide by means of a causeway..


Grave of a Mercian Regiment veteran..

Penda was a son of Pybba of Mercia and said to be an Icling, with a lineage purportedly extending back to Wōden..The Iclingas (also Iclings or House of Icel) were a dynasty of Kings of Mercia during the 7th and 8th centuries, named for Icel (also Icil), great-grandson of Offa of Angel, a legendary or semi-legendary migration age figure who was in turn considered a descendant of Woden..The Iclingas reached the height of their power under Offa of Mercia (r. 757–796), who achieved hegemony over the other Anglo-Saxon states, and proclaimed himself "King of the English", but the dynasty lost control of Mercia soon after his da'at..Offa was a Christian king who came into conflict with the Church, particularly with Jaenberht, the Archbishop of Canterbury was a medieval monk, and later the abbot, of St Augustine's Abbey..Offa had a dispute with the Bishop of Worcester, which was settled at the Council of Brentford in 781..Many surviving coins from Offa's reign carry elegant depictions of him, and the artistic quality of these images exceeds that of the contemporary Frankish coinage..In the first half of the 8th century, the dominant Anglo-Saxon ruler was King Æthelbald of Mercia, who by 731 had become the overlord of all the provinces south of the River Humber..Other than his father, Alweo, little of Æthelbald's immediate family is known, although in the witness list of two charters a leading ealdorman named Heardberht is recorded as his brother.. With the exception of the short reign of Beornrad, who succeeded Æthelbald for less than a year, Mercia was ruled for eighty years by two of the most powerful Anglo-Saxon kings, Æthelbald and Offa..

Ecgfrith was king of Mercia from 29 July to December 796. He was the son of Offa, the greatest king of Mercia, and Cynethryth.. In 787, Ecgfrith had been consecrated king, the first known consecration of an English king, probably arranged by Offa in imitation of the consecration of Charlemagne's sons by the pope in 781..Coenwulf (Cenwulf, Kenulf, or Kenwulph) was King of Mercia from December 796 until his dath in 821.. He was a descendant of abrother of King Penda, who had ruled Mercia in the middle of the 7th century.. He succeeded Ecgfrith, the son of Offa; Ecgfrith only reigned for 5 months, and Coenwulf ascended to the throne in the same year that Offa died..Ceolwulf I was King of Mercia, East Anglia and Kent, from 821 to 823.. He was the brother of Cœnwulf, his predecessor, and was deposed by Beornwulf..The fortress of Degannwy (in Gwynedd) is destroyed by the Saxons and they took the kingdom of Powys into their own control"..Beornwulf (died 826) was King of Mercia (now the Midlands of England) from 823 to 826.. His short reign saw the collapse of Mercia's supremacy over the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.. Beornwulf deposed Ceolwulf I in 823..A Kentish charter shows that Beornwulf still had authority in Kent on 27 March 826 – S1267, issued on that date, is said to be in the 3rd year of Beornwulf's reign.. Coins minted during Beornwulf's reign are very rare, with only around 25 examples known to exist..The name Iclinga survives as "Hickling" and several similar spellings..These long reigns were unusual at this early date; during the same period 11 kings reigned in Northumbria, many of whom died Vio lent Darths...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iclingas
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penda_of_Mercia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercian_Regiment
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....2&postcount=21My lords, my ladies, and everybody else here not sitting on a cushion!..You have been measured under a sword that swung above their heads..Sharp-edged and hanging by a subtle thread...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...0&postcount=27

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Old 25-02-2016, 12:39 AM   #6
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Lightbulb Creoda


Imaginary depiction
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ElVis PresLey in "King Creole" ..



Creoda may have been the first king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia, ruling toward the end of the 6th century..Although he is mentioned in a pedigree found in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Creoda is not given the title of king. His existence is disputed by some scholars. Barbara Yorke wrote: "Although it is possible that some kind of regnal list could be the source of the information (the Worcester lists begin with Penda), these entries could be nothing more than intelligent guesswork based on names derived from Bede and the genealogy of Æthelred, while the dates seem to be influenced by an entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the darth of a West Saxon Creoda..The surviving sources allow us to say with confidence little more than that the kingdom of Mercia was in existence by the end of the sixth century."..Successor Pybba (570–606/615) was an early King of Mercia.. He was the son of Creoda and father of Penda and Eowa..Pybba also is said to have had a daughter.. Though unnamed, she was possibly the first wife of Cenwalh, King of Wessex..Cearl was an early king of Mercia who ruled until about 626. ancestry unknown..He is not included in the Mercian royal genealogy; Henry of Huntingdon in the 12th century placed him as ruling after Pybba, saying that he was not Pybba's son but was his kinsman..It has been suggested that Cearl's kinship suffered a catastrophe between the time of the Battle of Chester c.616 and the appearance of his successor, Penda, son of Pybba.. Indeed, it is possible that Cearl may have been involved in that conflict, which may have effectively ended his overkingship of Mercia until the rise of Penda..Creoda is recorded by the Mercian pedigree in the Anglian collection as having been the son of Cynewald and the great-grandson of Icel, the eponymous ancestor of his family, the Iclingas...


Stained glass window in St John's Chester..

Æthelred was King of Mercia from 675.. Son of Penda of Mercia and came to the throne in 675, when his brother, Wulfhere of Mercia, died.. Within a year of his accession he invaded Kent, where his armies destroyed the city of Rochester.. In 679 he defeated his brother-in-law, Ecgfrith of Northumbria, at the Battle of the Trent:a major setback for the Northumbrians, and effectively ended their military involvement in English affairs south of the Humber.. It also impermanently returned the kingdom of Lindsey to Mercia's possession..However, Æthelred was unable to re-establish his predecessors' domination of southern Britain..He was known as a pious and devout Christian king, and he made many grants of land to the church.. It was during his reign that Theodore, the Archbishop of Canterbury, reorganized the church's diocesan structure, creating several new sees in Mercia and Northumbria.. Æthelred befriended Bishop Wilfrid of York.. Æthelred's wife, Osthryth, was a daughter of King Oswiu, one of the dominant 7th-century Northumbrian kings. Osthryth was murdered in unknown circumstances in 697, and in 704 Æthelred abdicated, leaving the throne to Wulfhere's son Coenred.. Æthelred became a monk at Bardney, a monastery which he had founded with his wife, and was buried there...

Eowa was a son of the Mercian king Pybba and a brother of the Mercian king Penda, of which he is thought to have been a co-ruler, as the King of Northern Mercia, as he is said to have been co-ruler with his brother Penda in the Historia Brittonum, which was written in the 8th century, two hundred years after his life..Historia Brittonum, Chapter 65: "[Penda] fought the battle of Cocboy, in which fell Eawa, son of Pybba, his brother, king of the Mercians, and Oswald, king of the North-men, and he gained the victory by diabolical agency."..Annales Cambriae, 644: "The battle of Cogfry in which Oswald king of the Northmen and Eawa king of the Mercians fell "..It was in the battle of Maserfield that Oswald of Northumbria was defeated and killed by the Mercians under Penda..Thingfrith was the father of King Offa.. He was the son of a certain "Eanwulf" and was descended from King Penda of Mercia's brother, Eowa of Mercia..Thingfrith was possibly married to a Marcellina (latinised), an Angle noblewoman..The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the lineage of two Mercian kin's of Eowa's blood, Æthelbald and Offa..Offa was King of Mercia, a kingdom of Anglo-Saxon England, from 757 until his death in July 796.. The son of Thingfrith and a descendant of Eowa, Offa came to the throne after a period of civil war following the assassination of Æthelbald..Beornred (Old English: Beornraed) was King of Mercia in 757.. Beornred ascended the throne following the murder of King Æthelbald, however, he was defeated by Offa and forced to flee the country..There is very little information about him and mentions about him are commonly brief...

Coenwulf was King of Mercia from December 796..descendant of a brother of King Penda, who had ruled Mercia in the middle of the 7th century..He succeeded Ecgfrith, the son of Offa; Ecgfrith reigned for 5 months, Coenwulf ascended to the throne in the same year that Offa died..Ceolwulf I was King of Mercia, East Anglia and Kent, from 821 to 823.. He was the brother of Cœnwulf, his predecessor, and was deposed by Beornwulf..Ceolwulf had ruled Kent directly – in his two charters, he is styled as ‘king of the Mercians and of the men of Kent'.. Beornwulf would place a kinsman, Baldred, on the Kentish throne..Beornwulfs short reign saw the collapse of Mercia's supremacy over the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy..(Greek ἑπτά hepta, "se7en" and ἄρχω arkho, "to rule")..attributed to the English historian Henry of Huntingdon in the 12th century and was first used in his Historia Anglorum...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creoda_of_Mercia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelred_of_Mercia
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....5&postcount=66And in the book, and what he was saying, what he was saying to a lost generation of phoney people..I'll tip her well if she doesn't talk..The human mind is an incredible thing it can do anything...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=628

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Old 25-02-2016, 02:47 AM   #7
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Lightbulb The Mrs Merton Show



Boy George & Vinnie Jones..
Quote:
Sigeberht ( 'Magnificent Victory') was the King of Wessex from 756 to 757..Sigeberht succeeded his distant relative Cuthred, but was then accused of acting unjustly..He was removed from power by a council of nobles, but given control of Hampshire..There, he was accused of murder, driven out and ultimately killed.. It is possible that this happened under the influence of Æthelbald of Mercia.. His brother Cyneheard was also driven out, but returned in 786 to kill Sigeberht's successor Cynewulf...


Biblical Illustrated Old English Hexateuch (11th century), portraying Pharaoh in session at the King's Head..

Cynewulf ( "kin wolf") was the King of Wessex from 757..Cynewulf became king after his predecessor, Sigeberht, was deposed.. He may have come to power under the influence of Æthelbald of Mercia, since he was recorded as a witness to a charter of Æthelbald shortly thereafter. It was not long before Æthelbald was assassinated, however, and Mercia fell into a brief period of disorder as rival claimants to its throne fought. Cynewulf took the opportunity to assert the independence of Wessex: about 758, he took Berkshire from the Mercians.. Cynewulf was also often at war with the Welsh..In 786 Cynewulf was surprised and killed, with all his Thegns present, at Merantune by Cyneheard the Atheling, brother of the deposed Sigeberht.. Some historians have speculated that the relation of this in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle may be an application of a traditional story and not accurate in its details..The murder of Cynewulf is placed by modern historians, including the Rev G. H. Godwin, at Marten, a hamlet in the county of Wiltshire.. It has also been considered to have taken place at Merton in Surrey...


Now, Mr Bubble and Squeak, you may enlighten me..

Cyneheard the Atheling was the brother of Sigeberht, briefly King of Wessex.. Sigeberht was deposed in 757 with the agreement of the Witan.. Cynewulf of Wessex succeeded as King..In 786 Cynewulf "wished to drive out" Cyneheard.. Cynewulf went, thinly attended, to a lady at 'Merantune'.. Cyneheard with his men surrounded Cynewulf, who fought bravely and wounded Cyneheard before himself being slain.. The following events, described in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, are a classic of warrior loyalty and it has been suggested that they may be a traditional story rather than a strictly accurate report."The atheling immediately offered Cynewulf's men life and rewards; which none of them would accept, but continued fighting together against him, till they all lay dead, except one British hostage, and he was severely wounded.. To which they answered, that no relative could be dearer to them than their lord, and that they would never follow his murderer.. Then they besought their relatives to depart from him, safe and sound..Ætheling was an Old English term (æþeling) used in Anglo-Saxon England to designate princes of the royal dynasty who were eligible for the kingship..It was usually rendered in Latin as clito..

The Witenagemot was an assembly of the ruling class whose primary function was to advise the king and whose membership was composed of important noblemen in England, both ecclesiastic and secular..The Wizengamot serves as the wizard high court of law..Present on the ecclesiastical side were archbishops, bishops, and abbots, and occasionally also abbesses and priests; on the secular side ealdormen (or eorls in the latter centuries) and thegns.. Members of the royal family were also present, and the king presided over the entire body..The Wizengamot is made up of around 50 members..Though in general the witan were recognized as the king's closest advisors and policy-makers, various witan also operated in other capacities; there are mentions of þeodwitan, 'people's witan', Angolcynnes witan, 'England's witan', and an Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of York, Wulfstan II, wrote that "it is incumbent on bishops, that venerable witan always travel with them, and dwell with them, at least of the priesthood; and that they may consult with them ..and who may be their counsellors at every time"..Witenagemots are known to have met in at least 116 locations, including Amesbury, Calne, Cheddar, Gloucester, London and Winchester.. The meeting places were often on royal estates, but some were convened in the open at prominent rocks, hills, meadows and famous trees..It is generally accepted that the English witenagemot had its origins in ancient Germanic assemblies summoned to witness royal grants of land...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Witenagemot
http://www.nyt.co.uk/athertonhistory.htm
http://harrypotter.wikia.com/wiki/Wizengamot
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynehe..._%C3%86theling
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=530The Darth Eaters can't all be pure-blood, there aren't enough pure-blood wizards left, I expect most of them are half-bloods pretending..Once again, you show all the sensitivity of a blunt axe...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...postcount=1486

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Old 25-02-2016, 07:27 PM   #8
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Lightbulb Edwin of Northumbria


Edwin Starr war..
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Edwin (Old English: Ēadwine; c. 586 – 12 October 632/633),known as Eadwine or Æduinus, was the King of Deira and Bernicia – which later became known as Northumbria – from about 616 until his darth.. He converted to Christianity and was baptised in 627; after he fell at the Battle of Hatfield Chase, he was venerated as a saint..Edwin was the son of Ælle king of Deira and seems to have had (at least) two siblings.. His sister Acha was married to Æthelfrith, king of neighbouring Bernicia.. An otherwise unknown sibling fathered Hereric, who in turn fathered Abbess Hilda of Whitby and Hereswith, wife to Æthelric, the brother of king Anna of East Anglia..Edwin's renown comes largely from his treatment at some length by Bede, writing from an uncompromisingly English and Christian perspective, and rests on his belated conversion to Christianity..Perhaps the most significant legacies of Edwin's reign lay in his failures: the rise of Penda and of Mercia, and the return from Irish exile of the sons of Æthelfrith, which tied the kingdom of Northumbria into the Irish sea world for generations..


Depiction at St Mary, Sledmere, Yorkshire..

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reported that on Ælle's daath a certain "Æthelric" assumed power..Æthelric (dath c. 604?) was supposedly a King of Deira (c. 589/599–c. 604).. He is thought to have succeeded Ælla of Deira, but his existence is historically obscure..Eoppa was a member of the direct male line from Cynric to Egbert, within the House of Wessex family tree, although he never ruled..He would have been born at the start of the 8th century and his daat date is unknown..Æthelburh of Kent (born 605) was an early Anglo-Saxon queen consort of Northumbria, the second wife of King Edwin..In The Dinner Party the character Æthelburg is actually a combination of Æthelburg of Wessex and Æthelburg of Kent also known as Tate or Tata...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_of_Northumbria
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelburh_of_Kent
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....5&postcount=76My princess isn't interested in fellows, Father..Your "princess" has got fellows enough in here..And fellas running loose in there will do a girl more damage than a barracks full of drunk dragoons..Well, if it's one of that lot that's fit for her, Father, maybe you'll point him out!..Will you tell me something, man to man?.What's it like, really - front line?.. http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=302

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Old 25-02-2016, 08:18 PM   #9
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Arrow The Angel


Rendsburg Coat of arms..

The town priest..
Quote:
In the narrative of Saxo, Uffi is said to have been dumb or silent during his early years.. His aged and blind father, King Wermund believed him to be a simpleton and in order to preserve his son's position as king had him marry the daughter of Freawine (a neighbouring warlord/king) so that Freawine would assist Uffi when he became king.. However, the plans did not come to pass, as Freawine was killed by a marauding Viking warlord (a Swede called Atisl).. Wermund subsequently raised Freawine's sons Ket and Wig as his own..The two would eventually cause great dishonour to the Angles when they ambushed Atisl in a forest as he walked alone and slew him.. The surrounding peoples began to mock the Angles, accusing them of cowardice and dishonour..Uffi's combat took place at Rendsburg on an island in the Eider River at Fifeldore/Monster-Gate, and Uffi succeeded in killing both his opponents..Rendsburg ( Rendsborg) is a town on the River Eider and the Kiel Canal in the central part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany..The German Army's Air Defence School and the Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz are both located in Rendsburg..Other sights include the Town hall, 16th century-Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church), 1286-Jewish Museum Rendsburg is twinned with:Lancaster, UK, since 1950-Haapsalu, Estonia-Rathenow, Germany, since 1989-Ledyard, Connecticut, since 2013..


Wermund runs to embrace his victorious son..

The Vitae duorum Offarum "The lives of the two Offas" is a literary history written in the mid-13th century, apparently by the St Albans monk Matthew Paris.; however, the most recent editor and translator of the work rejects this attribution and argues for an earlier date, in the late twelfth century..In the Gesta Danorum ("Deeds of the Danes")..Frowin was the father-in-law of Offa of Angel (presented as a prince and later king of Denmark), whose father king Wermund liked both Frowin and his sons Ket and Wig also appears in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as the son of Freawine (Frowin) and father of Gewis, eponymous ancestor of the kingdom of Wessex and their kings, but this is thought to be a late manipulation, inserting these heroes into a pedigree borrowed from a rival royal house, in which the Bernician eponym Bernic was replaced by the Wessex Gewis..Gesta Danorum is a patriotic work of Danish history, by the 12th century author Saxo Grammaticus ("Saxo the Literate", literally "the Grammarian")..He lived in a period of warfare and Danish expansion, led by Archbishop Absalon and the Valdemars..

Eadgils of the Myrgings is a king of the Myrgings a clan of Saxon origin who is mentioned on lines 93-96 in the Anglo-Saxon poem Widsith..He would have lived in the 5th century and is mentioned as the lord of the scop himself in the poem..They appear to have been the neighbours of the Angles and Offa of Angel, who was involved in a war against them..Widsith lists two kings of the Myrgings, a branch of theirs known as the With-Myrgings survived and later migrated to Britain along with the Angles in the 5th and 6th centuries..Saxo tells of Dan the first king of Denmark who had a brother named Angul who gave his name to the Angles..Widsith spake, he unlocked his treasure of words..He who among men had travelled most in the world, through peoples and nations; he had often in the hall earned valuable treasures.,He was one of the Myrgings of noble blood..Widsith boasts "with heathens and heroes and with the Hundingas..I was with the Israelites and with the Assyrians, with the Hebrews and the Indians and with the Egyptians"...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Offa_of_Angel
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....56&postcount=1Quite a beautiful place, really, isn't it?. Almost like a world on its own.. I shall miss it when I'm gone..Oh, it will grow on you..Elections? In this place?.Of course-we make our choice every 5 years..Every citizen has a choice..Naturally..Humour is the very essence of a democratic society and confidences are the core of our business...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....30&postcount=6

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Old 25-02-2016, 08:55 PM   #10
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Lightbulb Saxo cognomine Longus


Saxo, sketching by the Danish-Norwegian illustrator..
Quote:
Saxo Grammaticus (c. 1150 – c. 1220) also known as Saxo cognomine Longus was a Danish historian, theologian and author, thought to have been a clerk or secretary to Absalon, Archbishop of Lund, foremost advisor to Valdemar I of Denmark.. He is the author of the first full history of Denmark..The Jutland Chronicle gives evidence that Saxo was born in Zealand (Danish: Sjælland).. It is unlikely he was born before 1150 and it is supposed that his da'at could have occurred around 1220.. His name Saxo was a common name in medieval Denmark. The name Grammaticus ("the learned") was first given to him in the Jutland Chronicle and the Sjælland Chronicle makes reference to Saxo cognomine Longus ("the tall")..He lived in a period of warfare and Danish expansion, led by Archbishop Absalon and the Valdemars..The Danes were also being threatened by the Wends who were making raids across the border and by sea..Valdemar I had also just won a civil war and later Valdemar II led an expedition across the Elbe to invade Holstein..


Wends wedding 1931 in Spreewald..

In the Middle Ages the term "Wends" often referred to Western Slavs living within the Holy Roman Empire, though not always.. Mieszko I, the first historical ruler of Poland, also appeared as "Dagome, King of the Wends" (Old Norse: Vindakonungr).. The name has also survived in Finnic languages (Finnish: Venäjä, Estonian: Vene, Karelian: Veneä) denoting Russia..The Wendish Crusade (German: Wendenkreuzzug) was a military campaign in 1147, one of the Northern Crusades within the Holy Roman Empire and directed against the Polabian Slavs (or "Wends")..The Ottonian dynasty supported eastward expansion of the Holy Roman Empire towards Wendish (West Slavic) lands during the 10th century.. The campaigns of King Henry the Fowler and Emperor Otto the Great led to the introduction of burgwards to protect German conquests in the lands of the Sorbs are a Western Slavic people of Central Europe living predominantly in Lusatia, a region on the territory of Germany and Poland..They are predominantly Roman Catholics and Lutherans..The Texas Wends are a group of people descended from a congregation of approximately 588 Sorbian/Wendish people under the leadership and pastoral care of John Kilian (Sorbian: Jan Kilian, German: Johann Killian) who emigrated from Lusatia (part of Germany) to Texas in 1854..Converging at Hamburg, they traveled to Hull, where they were expecting to begin their voyage across the sea..

Both arguments, for a secular or religious Saxo, would confirm that he was well educated, as clergy he would have received training in Latin and sons of great men were often sent to Paris.. Saxo comes from a warrior family and writes that he is himself committed to being a soldier.. He tells us that he follows "the ancient right of hereditary service," and that his father and grandfather "were recognized frequenters of your renowned sire's (Valdemar I) war camp"..Saxo's education and ability supports the idea that he was educated outside of Denmark.. Some suggest the title "Grammaticus" refers not to his education but rather his elaborate Latin style..The legacy of Saxo Grammaticus is the sixteen book heroic history of the Danes called Gesta Danorum..Saxo also may have owed much to Plato, Cicero and also to more contemporary writers like Geoffrey of Monmouth..Saxo's history of the Danes was compiled from sources that are of questionable historical value..Gesta Danorum is also one of the oldest known written documents about the history of Estonia and Latvia on the invitation of Archbishop Absalon was a key figure in the Danish policies of territorial expansion in the Baltic Sea, Europeanization in close relationship with the Holy See, and reform in the relation between the Church and the public..Zealand, also Sealand (Danish: Sjælland;, is the largest (7,031 km2) and most populated island in Denmark..Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is located partly on the eastern shore of Zealand..The original manuscripts of the work are lost, except for four fragments...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorbs
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wends
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saxo_Grammaticus
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....91&postcount=3Is he in for treatment?..Not yet..Pity... interesting subject..I should like to know his breaking point..Well, you could make that your life's ambition..There are methods we haven't used yeti...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=626

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Old 09-03-2016, 12:45 AM   #11
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Lightbulb Lonesome Mary


Coin of Beorhtric..

"Holda, the good protectress" (1882) by Friedrich Wilhelm Heine..
Quote:
Frau Holda's festival is in the middle of winter, the time when humans retreat indoors from the cold.. It may be of significance that the Twelve Days of Christmas were originally the Zwölften ("the Twelve"), which like the same period in the Celtic calendar were an intercalary period during which the dead were thought to roam abroad..Holda's connection to the spirit world through the magic of spinning and weaving has associated her with witchcraft in Catholic German folklore.. She was considered to ride with witches on distaffs, which closely resemble the brooms that witches are thought to ride.. Likewise, Holda was often identified with Diana in old church documents..


St Marys Parish Church..

Lady St. Mary is a church of Anglo-Saxon origin in the town of Wareham, Dorset in England.. The church is notable as the possible burial place of King Beorhtric, and for the discovery of 5 stones with Brittonic inscriptions..A notable feature is the unique hexagonal lead font dating to around 1200..In 1678 the rectory was annexed to that of Holy Trinity, Wareham, and the first rector of both parishes was John Jones..The Anglo-Saxon nave was demolished in 1842..The only 2 West Saxon coins to have survived from Beorhtric's reign were produced at this time, suggesting that he had established a new mint.. One of these coins was found in 1854, two miles outside of Andover..The town is on the River Anton..Andover is twinned with the towns of Redon in France,Goch in Germany, and Andover, Massachusetts in the US..Its name is recorded in Anglo-Saxon in 955 AD as Andeferas, and is thought to be of Celtic origin: compare Welsh onn dwfr = "ash(tree) water"..Andover's first mention in history is in 950 when King Edred is recorded as having built a royal hunting lodge there.. In 962 King Edgar called a meeting of the Saxon 'parliament' (the Witenagemot) at his hunting lodge near Andover..The town was ravaged by 2 serious fires, one in 1141 and another in 1435..As well as the Church of St Mary the town had a priory and a hospital run by monks, dedicated to St John the Baptist, and also a lepers hostel to St Mary Magdalene..Postcode district SP10, SP11..The town's largest employer is the MOD..During the Second World War the RAF Staff College was the HQ of RAF Maintenance Command, and gained a unique place in British history, as the first British military helicopter unit..Eoppa was a member of the direct male line from Cynric to Egbert, within the House of Wessex family tree, although he never ruled..

As early as the beginning of the 11th century she appears to have been known as the leader of women and female nocturnal spirits, which "in common parlance are called Hulden from Holda".. These women would leave their houses in spirit, going "out through closed doors in the silence of the night, leaving their sleeping husbands behind".. They would travel vast distances through the sky, to great feasts, or to battles amongst the clouds.. During the Christmas period in the alpine regions of Germany, Austria and northern Switzerland, wild masked processions are still held in a number of towns, impersonating Holda, Perchta or related beings, and the wild hunt..Grimm based his theory of Holda on what he took to be the earliest references to her: an 11th-century interpolation to the Canon Episcopi by Burchard of Worms..There were early challenges to connecting this figure with a pagan goddess, since her earliest definite appearance links her with the Virgin Mary, commonly called "Queen of Heaven": an early-13th-century text listing superstitions states that "In the knight of Christ's Nativity they set the table for the Queen of Heaven, whom the people call Frau Holda, that she might help them"..The word Krampus originates from the Old High German word for claw (Krampen)..Originally, the word Perchten referred to the female masks representing the entourage of an ancient goddess, Frau Perchta, or Pehta Baba as it is known in Slovenia.. Some claim a connection to the Nordic goddess Freyja, though this is uncertain...Traditionally, the masks were displayed in processions (Perchtenlauf)..The costume consists of a brown wooden mask and brown or white sheep's skin.. In recent times Krampus and Perchten have increasingly been displayed in a single event, leading to a loss of distinction of the 2..Perchten are associated with midwinter and the embodiment of fate and the souls of the dead.. The name originates from the Old High German word peraht ("brilliant" or "bright")..A number of large ski-resorts have turned the tradition into a tourist attraction drawing large crowds every winter..In Val Camonica, Italy. During an annual town festival someone dresses up as the creature and is "captured" and brought to the town..Ealhmund was King of Kent in 784.. He is reputed to be the father of King Egbert..He is not known to have struck any coins, and the only contemporary evidence of him is an abstract of a charter dated 784, in which Ealhmund granted land to the Abbot of Reculver..General consensus among historians is this is the same Ealhmund found in 2 pedigrees in the Winchester (Parker) Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons...
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-35744566
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mother_Hulda
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andover,_Hampshire
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beorhtric_of_Wessex
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....6&postcount=12How did we loose all the good that was given us?.. Let it slip away..Scattered careless..We're living in a world that's blowing itself to hell as fast as everybody can arrange the...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....0&postcount=14

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Old 19-03-2016, 11:28 PM   #12
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Arrow Egbert of Wessex


Genealogical Chronicle..
Quote:
Historians do not agree on Egbert's ancestry.. The earliest version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Parker Chronicle, begins with a genealogical preface tracing the ancestry of Egbert's son Æthelwulf back through Egbert, Ealhmund (of Kent), and the otherwise unknown Eoppa and Eafa to Ingild, brother of King Ine of Wessex, who abdicated the throne in 726.. It continues back to Cerdic, founder of the House of Wessex.. Egbert's descent from Ingild was accepted by Frank Stenton, but not the earlier genealogy back to Cerdic..Heather Edwards in her Online Dictionary of National Biography article on Egbert argues that he was of Kentish origin, and that the West Saxon descent may have been manufactured during his reign to give him legitimacy,whereas Rory Naismith considered a Kentish origin unlikely, and that it is bert was born of good West Saxon royal stock"...
http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=egbert
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egbert_of_Wessex
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....49&postcount=3The higher you go in the hierarchy the more this genetic obsession prevails..When you follow these bloodlines back into history, you find that they have always interbred with themselves...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=393
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Old 20-03-2016, 12:40 AM   #13
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Arrow Tribe of Blood


Iris..
Quote:
The earliest fleur de lis was found on an Assyrian bas-relief and dates back to 3000BC..The Greeks and Romans associated it with royalty and imprinted it on their coins..We now propose to deduce a very original and a very elaborate genealogy, or descent, of the famous arms of France, the Fleurs-de-Lis, 'Lucifera', Lisses, Luces, 'Lucies', Bees, Scarabs, Scara-bees, or Imperial 'Bees' of Charlemagne, and of Napoleon the First and Napoleon the Third, from a very extraordinary and (we will, in the fullest assurance, add) the most unexpected point of view.. The real beginning of these inexpressibly sublime arms (or this 'badge'), although in itself, and apart from its purpose, it is the most refined, but mysteriously grand, in the world, contradictory as it may seem, is also the most ignoble.. It has been the crux of the antiquaries and of the heralds for centuries!. We would rather be excused the mentioning of the peculiar item which has thus been held up to the highest honour (heraldically) throughout the world.. It will be sufficient to say that mystically, in its theological Gnostic allusion, it is the grandest device and most stupendous hint that armory ever saw; and those who are qualified to apprehend our hidden meaning will perhaps read correctly and perceive our end by the time that they have terminated this strange section of our history of Rosicrucianism-for to it it refers particularly..


Joanni..

Flavius Josephus, the 1st century writer and historian, did offer a comment on this Genesis reference to the interbreeding between "gods" and human women:

"...for many angels of God accompanied with women and begat sons that proved unjust, and despisers of all that was good, on account of the confidence they had in their own strength; for the tradition is, that these men did what resembled the acts of those whom the Grecians call giants"..

The term, angel, which simply means messenger, became associated with these non-human entities that interbred with humans..The Sumerian tablets go much further than Genesis in explaining this interbreeding..They describe how the Anunnaki systematically set out to create a slave race, later called Homo sapiens, to serve their agenda and how they began this quest, amid much trial and error, using what we call today test-tube methods..This is described in the tablets, and they tell of how the sperm of Anunnaki males was used to fertilize human eggs before they were transplanted to Anunnaki females to be birthed..All this appears to have first happened hundreds of thousands of years ago, but has continued ever since on various scales..The Sumerian tablets tell of how the original breeding programme was headed by the chief scientist of the Anunnaki, called Enki, or "Lord of the Earth" (Ki = Earth), and their expert in medicine, Ninkharsag, also known as Ninti ("Lady Life") Mesopotamian depictions portray her holding a horseshoe-shaped tool used at that time to cut the umbilical cord..Another name later given to her was Mammi, from which came mama and mother.. Mama or ma as a term for mother can be found in various languages all over the world.. Ninkharsag would later be symbolized in part by the stream of mother goddess deities with names like Queen Semiramis, Isis, Barati, Artemis, Diana, and the biblical Mary+Children of The Matrix - 05...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel
http://www.heraldica.org/topics/fdl.htm
http://www.sacred-texts.com/sro/rrm/rrm12.htm
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=554The maypole is a phallos..The ribbons depending from the discus, or ring, through which the maypole pierces, should be of the se7en prismatic colours..Somehow man had to establish communications with the source of the world’s fertility, and thereafter maintain a right relationship with it.. Over the course of time he built up a body of experiential knowledge of rituals that he or his representatives could perform, or words to recite, which were reckoned to have the greatest influence on this fertility deity...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....postcount=1727

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Old 22-03-2016, 10:03 PM   #14
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Lightbulb Æthelwulf


Vikings - King Ecbert's Speech..
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Æthelwulf (Old English for "Noble Wolf") was King of Wessex from 839 to 858..In 825 his father, King Egbert, defeated King Beornwulf of Mercia, ending a long Mercian dominance over Anglo-Saxon England south of the Humber.. Egbert sent Æthelwulf with an army to Kent, where he expelled the Mercian sub-king and was appointed sub-king.. After 830 Egbert maintained good relations with Mercia, and this was continued by Æthelwulf when he became king in 839, the first son to succeed his father as West Saxon king since 641..The Humber is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England.. It is formed at Trent Falls, Faxfleet, by the confluence of the tidal rivers Ouse and Trent.. When the world sea level was lower during the Ice Ages, the Humber had a long freshwater course across what was then the dry bed of the North Sea..The Humber currently forms the boundary between the East Riding of Yorkshire, to the north and North and North East Lincolnshire, to the south..The estuary's only modern crossing is the Humber Bridge, which was once the longest single-span suspension bridge in the world..Now it is the se7enth longest..


Æthelwulf early 14th century-Genealogical Roll of the Kings of England..

The Vikings were not a major threat to Wessex during Æthelwulf's reign.. In 843 he was defeated in a battle against the Vikings at Carhampton in Somerset, but achieved a major victory at the Battle of Aclea in 851..In 853 he joined a successful Mercian expedition to Wales to restore the traditional Mercian hegemony, and in the same year his daughter Æthelswith married King Burgred of Mercia..In 855 Æthelwulf went on pilgrimage to Rome..Æthelwulf spent a year in Rome, and on his way back he married Judith, the daughter of the West Frankish King Charles the Bald..When Æthelwulf returned to England, Æthelbald refused to surrender the West Saxon throne, and Æthelwulf agreed to divide the kingdom, taking the east and leaving the west in Æthelbald's hands.. On Æthelwulf's darth in 858 he left Wessex to Æthelbald and Kent to Æthelberht, but Æthelbald's da'at only two years later led to the re-unification of the kingdom..

Æthelwulf (or Athelwolfus or Aethelwulf) was a medieval Bishop of Elmham..Æthelwulf was consecrated before 781 and died sometime after that year..Æthelwulf was an Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Selsey..Æthelwulf was present at the synod of London in 811 and the synod of Chelsea in 816..Æthelwulf of Berkshire (before 825 – 4 January, 871) was a Saxon Ealdorman who, having mustered a force of 1400 men against an army of Danes, won the 31 December 870 Battle of Englefield on behalf of the then kingdom of Wessex..Saint Adulf (Adolph, Adolf, Athwulf, Æthelwulf or Æðelwulf) (died c. 680 AD) was an Anglo-Saxon saint..Athulf (Æthulf or Æthelwulf; died after 1013) was a medieval Bishop of Hereford..Successor Æthelstan..Æthelstan was consecrated between 1013 and 1016..Before his darth, he had been blind for 13 years..Successor Leofgar (or Leosgar; died c. 1026) was a medieval Bishop of Lichfield, consecrated after 1017..He was appointed by Cnut, the king of England, and nothing is known of why he was chosen or of his background..
http://vikings.wikia.com/wiki/Aethelwulf
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelwulf
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....4&postcount=24It is a story that not only makes sense of the past, but opens your eyes to the staggering scale of manipulation today and the ancient background and ancestry of those involved..So what has happened to their knowledge for thousands of years and what happened to their bloodlines?.Once you allow a hole in your dyke, the flood begins to pour through...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=228

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Old 23-03-2016, 11:39 PM   #15
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Lightbulb Beeding Lodge


Ethelwulf's tombstone..
Quote:
Steyning is a small rural town and civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England.. It is located at the north end of the River Adur gap in the South Downs, 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Shoreham-by-Sea..The smaller villages of Bramber and Upper Beeding constitute, with Steyning, a built-up area at this crossing-point of the river..Bramber was the caput of a large feudal barony held from the 11th to 14th centuries by the Braose family which was noted for its impact on the medieval history of the southern Welsh Marches..The Rape of Bramber is one of the rapes, the traditional sub-divisions unique to the historic county of Sussex in England..Upper Beeding is on the northern edge of the South Downs National Park which was created in 2010.. The South Downs Way and Monarch's Way long-distance footpaths run through the parish; the area is popular with walkers, cyclists and equestrians..The village boasts two pubs: The Rising Sun and The Kings Head..A third pub, The Bridge Inn, closed down in 2009..The South Lodge Hotel in Lower Beeding was the venue for the 2009 G20 Summit meeting of finance ministers..As is common in such cases, the ecclesiastical parish retains the original name (hence it is the parish of Beeding, and the parish church is Beeding Church)..In physics and technology, breeding refers to the way in which certain materials can be treated in a breeder reactor to become fissile material..A breeder reactor is a nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it consumes..In nuclear engineering, fissile material is material capable of sustaining a nuclear fission chain reaction..


Tombstone Head Canoe..

Steyning has existed since Anglo-Saxon times..Legend has it that St. Cuthman built a church, at one time dedicated to him, later to St Andrew, and now jointly to St Andrew and St Cuthman, where he stopped after carrying his mother in a wheelbarrow..Several of the signs that can be seen on entering Steyning bear an image of his feat..Ethelwulf of Wessex, was originally buried in that church, before being transferred to Winchester - a Saxon grave slab (possibly his) remains in the church porch..Winchester developed from the Roman town of Venta Belgarum, which in turn developed from an Iron Age oppidum..The name Venta is Brittonic, meaning 'town' or 'meeting-place'..The forum-basilica appears to have included a temple to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva along with an accompanying Jupiter Column..Oppidum is a Latin word meaning the main settlement in any administrative area of ancient Rome..Caesar named 28 oppida..The main features of the oppida are the walls and gates, the spacious layout, and usually a commanding view of the surrounding area..Typically oppida in Bohemia and Bavaria were much larger than those found in the north and west of France..Caesar pointed out that each tribe of Gaul would have several oppida but that they were not all of equal importance, perhaps implying some form of settlement hierarchy..In conquered lands, the Romans used the infrastructure of the oppida to administer the empire, and many became full Roman towns..This often involved a change of location from the hilltop into the plain..


High Street, Steyning town centre..

The G-20 London Summit is the second meeting of the G-20 heads of state in discussion of financial markets and the world economy, which was held in London on 2 April 2009 at the ExCeL Exhibition Centre..The policing tactics at the event raised some controversy, particularly over the darth of Ian Tomlinson..It was revealed in June 2013 that GCHQ, the intelligence agency of the British government, had intercepted phone calls and monitored computers used by foreign delegates at the summit.. Their actions were sanctioned by the British government and intelligence was passed to British government ministers..Leaders of the member countries began to prepare for the London Summit months before the effective date, notably with 2 official meetings dedicated to that preparation, one held in Berlin, Germany, and another in Horsham, Sussex UK..The meeting was organised at the initiative of German Chancellor, Angela Merkel..Although the majority of the protests and protesters were peaceful, the threat of violence and criminal damage were used by police as a reason to detain, or "kettle", protesters as part of Operation Glencoe..Breeding back is a form of artificial selection by the deliberate selective breeding of domestic animals, in an attempt to achieve an animal breed with a phenotype that resembles a wildtype ancestor, usually one that is extinct...
http://steyningpc.gov.uk/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steyning
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...6&postcount=27You remember the first rule of retirement, George?.No moonlighting, no fooling with loose ends, no private enterprise, ever..It's simply a question of whether your Service wants the product...https://forum.davidicke.com/showthre...100219&page=73
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Old 24-03-2016, 01:16 AM   #16
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Arrow Noble Barbarian


Osburh..
Quote:
Osburga was the first wife of King Æthelwulf of Wessex..described her as "a most religious woman, noble in character and noble by birth"..She is not named as witness to any charters, nor is her darth reported in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle..So far as is known, she was the mother of all Æthelwulf's children, his 5 sons..This exhibits the interest of high status ninth-century women in books, and their role in educating their children..Osburh was the daughter of Oslac, King Æthelwulf's pincerna (butler), an important figure in the royal court and household.. Oslac is described as a descendant of King Cerdic's Jutish nephews, Stuf and Wihtgar, who conquered the Isle of Wight.. and, by this, is also ascribed Geatish/Gothic ancestry..Osburh was an Anglo-Saxon saint who rested at Coventry Cathedral..Although there is some tradition holding her to be an early 11th-century abbess of Coventry Abbey, it is suspected that her cult predates the Viking Age..As the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records the devastation of neighbouring Warwickshire in 1016, Cnut's attack on a monastery at Coventry is possible..She is mentioned the 13th-century Scandinavian Ribe Martyrology, which gives 21 January as her feast-day, her head was enclosed with copper and gold..Church of the Most Holy Sacrament and St Osburg is a Roman Catholic Parish church in Coventry, West Midlands..On 14 November 1940, parts of the city was bombed during an air raid..


Vikings: Judith is Tortured..

In 855 King Æthelwulf of Wessex made a pilgrimage to Rome, and on his way back in 856 he stayed at the court of the West Frankish king, Charles the Bald..In July Æthelwulf became engaged to Charles's daughter, Judith, who was no more than 14, while Æthelwulf was about 50 years old, and on 1 October 856 they were married at Verberie in northern France..In Wessex it was not customary for kings' wives to be queens, but Charles insisted that his daughter be crowned queen, during Æthelwulf's absence there may have been a plot hatched to prevent the king's return..It is probable that Æthelbald was involved in such a plot because of his father's marriage to Judith..King Æthelbald of Wessex or Ethelbald (Æþelbald) was the 2nd of the 5 sons of King Æthelwulf of Wessex and Osburh..He witnessed his father's charters as a kings' son in the 840s, and in 850 he received the rank of Ealdorman...When Æthelwulf became King of the West Saxons on the darth of his father, Egbert, he appointed Æthelstan to rule over Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex ..Æthelstan died in 851 or shortly after..To avoid a civil war, Æthelwulf allowed Æthelbald to continue to rule Wessex itself (or the western part of Wessex) while he took Kent and the other eastern parts of the kingdom..Judith had no children by Æthelwulf, who died on 13 January 858..Judith's charisma as a Carolingian princess was so great that rather than lose the prestige of the connection Æthelbald then married her, in spite of strong clerical opposition, as marriage to a widowed stepmother was considered incestuous..Little is known of his reign and only one charter survives, witnessed by king Æthelbald, king Æthelbert and Judith, suggesting that he was on good terms with his brother..Æthelbald died at Sherborne in Dorset on 20 December 860..


Æthelbald early 14th century..

Judith sold her properties in Wessex and returned to France..Presumably, Charles may have intended to arrange another marriage for his daughter.. However, around Christmas 861, Judith eloped with Baldwin, later Count of Flanders.. The two were likely married at the monastery of Senlis at this time..After Baldwin and Judith had evaded his attempts to capture them, Charles had his bishops excommunicate the couple..Judith and Baldwin responded by traveling to Rome to plead their case with Pope Nicholas I..Their plea was successful and Charles was forced to accept..The marriage took place on 13 December 862 in Auxerre..Baldwin developed himself as a very faithful and stout supporter of Charles and played an important role in the continuing wars against the Vikings..He is named in 877 as one of those willing to support the emperor's son, Louis the Stammerer..During his life, Baldwin expanded his territory into one of the major principalities of Western Francia..The greatest Carolingian monarch was Charlemagne, who was crowned Emperor by Pope Leo III at Rome in 800...
http://vikings.wikia.com/wiki/Judith
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judith..._of_Holofernes
http://thefreelancehistorywriter.com...een-of-wessex/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelbald_of_Wessex
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...6&postcount=10The name Judith יְהוּדִית, "Praised" or "Jewess" is the feminine form of Judah..It's an insane world, but in it there's one sanity, the loyalty of old friends..They need only a driver who is worthy of them...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=186

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Old 03-04-2016, 08:33 PM   #17
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Arrow Feast of Feasts


Statue of Æthelberht..

Are we having a communion problem?..
Quote:
Æthelberht ( Æthelbert, Aethelbert, or Ethelbert c. 560 – 24 February 616) was King of Kent from about 589 until his darth..The eighth-century monk Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, lists him as the third king to hold imperium over other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms..In the late ninth century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle he is referred to as a bretwalda, or "Britain-ruler"..He was the first English king to convert to Christianity..His feast day was originally 24 February, but was changed to 25 February..Monkeys are generally considered to be intelligent, particularly Old World monkeys..


Æthelberht 14th century ..

Like his father and brother he was also crowned at Kingston upon Thames..The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle describes Æthelberht's reign as one of good harmony and lasting peace..Though this was true of internal affairs, the Vikings remained a great threat, unsuccessfully storming Winchester and ravaging eastern Kent..A charter issued in the first year of Æthelberht's reign reflects an extraordinary new kind of assembly: it was the first charter of a West Saxon king to include a full complement both of West Saxon and of Kentish witnesses..Æthelberht ("magnificent noble") was the King of Kent from 858 and of Wessex from 860 until his darth in 865..A group of monkeys are sometimes referred to as a tribe or a troop...
http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_4.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelberht_of_Kent
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...48&postcount=4Cancel my subscription to the Resurrection..They learned that society was their enemy and so when they sought redress for their wrongs they went to the rebel underground, the Mafia, cemented its power by originating the law of silence, the omerta..Send my credentials to the House of Detention, so I don't think that I have to explain myself to you...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=205

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Old 12-05-2016, 12:04 AM   #18
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Lightbulb Dynastic Ties


The cathedral is dedicated to St Chad and Saint Mary..
Quote:
Æthelred I (Old English: Æþelræd, sometimes rendered as Ethelred, "noble counsel"; c. 847 – 871) was King of Wessex from 865 to 871.. He was the fourth son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex.. He succeeded his brother, Æthelberht , as King of Wessex and Kent in 865..In the same year as Æthelred's succession as king, a great Viking army arrived in England, under the leadership of Halfdan Ragnarsson and Ivar the Boneless, within 5 years they had destroyed two of the principal English kingdoms, Northumbria and East Anglia.. In 868 Æthelred's brother-in-law, Burgred king of Mercia, appealed to him for help against the Vikings..In about 867, Æthelred effectively established a common currency between Wessex and Mercia by adopting the Mercian type of lunette penny, and coins minted exclusively at London and Canterbury then circulated in the two kingdoms..In 870 the Vikings turned their attention to Wessex, and on 4 January 871 at the Battle of Reading, Æthelred suffered a heavy defeat..Although he was able to re-form his army in time to win a victory at the Battle of Ashdown, he suffered further defeats on 22 January at Basing, and 22 March at Meretun..Æthelred died shortly after Easter (23 April) 871, and is buried at Wimborne Minster in Dorset..Æthelred's wife was probably called Wulfthryth..A charter of 868 refers to Wulfthryth regina (queen)..


Hannibal Escapes Part 2..

The Viking form of execution known as the spreadeagle, or bloodeagle, whereby the victim was pinned face down on the ground and his ribs separated from his spine..The ribs were then forced outwards, forming a pair of wings..
http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_5.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%86thelred_of_Wessex
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=173The Second World War was incredibly productive for the Illuminati agenda of global control..Do me a favour, will you?..Next time you have one of these things, keep it an all-British operation...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=304

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Old 24-05-2016, 10:44 PM   #19
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Arrow Sus scrofa domesticus


Animal Farm trailer
Quote:
There is some confusion about the origin of the Wessex Saddleback.. Some sources state that it began as a cross of "the black breed of the New Forest" and "the Old English Sheeted breed", spreading through Hampshire and the Isle of Purbeck in the 18th century.. However others simply say that the breed is "of unknown origin"..The breed has been claimed to be one of the few British pig breeds to have been little affected by crossing with "Neapolitan" pigs of Far Eastern origin, and if this is true, it is perhaps one of those closest to the landrace pigs which foraged in woods throughout Britain for many centuries, the Wessex Saddleback was traditionally used as a "baconer" and grown out for bacon and hams..


A Wessex Saddleback at the Sydney Royal Easter Show..

In Homer's Ancient Greek epic The Odyssey, Circe magickally transforms the hero's ship's crew into pigs..In ancient Egypt, pigs were associated with Set, the rival to the sun god Horus..In ancient Greece, a sow was an appropriate sacrifice to Demeter and had been her favorite animal since archaic times.. Initiates at the Eleusinian Mysteries began by sacrificing a pig.. Pig were also sacrificed to Aphrodite..In Christianity the book of Mark, in an event referred to as the exorcism of the Gerasene demoniac Jesus casts the demons Legion possessing a swine herder from Gerasene; into 2000 of the swine herders pigs..Do not cast your pearls before swine" is a phrase of Biblical origin which instructs one not to share something of value with those who will not recognize its value...
http://www.britishpigs.org.uk/breed_bs.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex_Saddleback
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...5&postcount=41We pigs are brainworkers..The whole management and organisation of this farm depend on us..The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which..Now, comrades, what is the nature of this life of ours?. Let us face it: our lives are miserable, laborious, and short..Their lives now, they reasoned, were hungry and laborious; was it not right and just that a better world should exist somewhere else ?..https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=208

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Old 27-05-2016, 09:45 PM   #20
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Lightbulb Time Team


Theme Tune ..
Quote:
Wessex Archaeology is a registered charity with stated aims: "to promote the advancement of the education of the public in the subjects of culture, arts, heritage and science through the pursuit of archaeology"..Phil Harding of archaeological TV programme Time Team works for Wessex Archaeology...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex_Archaeology
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/t...ical-show.html
http://www.archaeology.co.uk/article...phenomenon.htm
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=211We hid out in the wilderness down by a river in the grove of Cotton Woods..There's always an outside chance you can learn something..Try to keep an open mind to understand the viewpoints of others... https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=466
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