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Old 15-06-2014, 01:02 PM   #181
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Lightbulb House of Cornaro


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The Cornaro, also known as Corner, are a patrician family in Venice, from which for centuries senior office-holders and Doges sprung..According to the chronicler John the Deacon, author of the Chronicon Venetum ("Chronicle of Venice"), written about AD 1000, the office of the Doge was first instituted in Venice about 700, replacing tribunes that had led the cluster of early settlements in the lagoon.. Whether or not the first doges were technically local representatives of the Emperor of Constantinople, the doge, like the emperor, held office for life and was similarly regarded as the ecclesiastical, the civil and the military leader, in a power structure termed caesaropapism..Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a class of patrician families whose members were the only people allowed to exercise many political functions. In the rise of European towns in the 10th and 11th centuries, the patriciate, a limited group of families with a special constitutional position, in Henri Pirenne's view, was the motive force. In 19th century central Europe, the term had become synonymous with the upper Bourgeoisie..The Modern French word bourgeois derived from the Old French burgeis (walled city), which derived from bourg (market town), from the Old Frankish burg (town); in other European languages, the etymologic derivations are the Middle English burgeis, the Middle Dutch burgher, the German Bürger, the Modern English burgess, and the Polish burżuazja, which occasionally is synonymous with the intelligentsia..Elena Lucrezia Cornaro Piscopia; 5 June 1646 – 26 July 1684) was a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, and one of the first women to receive a doctoral degree from a university..They had 8 palaces on the Grand Canal, Venice at different times, and commissioned many famous monuments and works of art, including Bernini's Ecstasy of St Theresa in the Cornaro Chapel of Santa Maria della Vittoria in Rome (1652). In Greece the island of Scarpanto was their fief from the early 14th century until the Ottoman conquest...

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The Grand Canal (Italian: Canal Grande, Venetian: Canałasso) is a canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city.Public transport is provided by water buses (Italian: vaporetti) and private water taxis, and many tourists explore the canal by gondola..At one end, the canal leads into the lagoon near the Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into Saint Mark Basin; in between, it makes a large reverse-S shape through the central districts (sestieri) of Venice. It is 3,800 m long, 30–90 m wide, with an average depth of 5 meters (16.5 ft)..The intelligentsia, from Latin: intellegentia (Polish: inteligencja, Russian: интеллигенция,) is a social class of people engaged in complex mental labour aimed at disseminating culture. This therefore might include everyone from artists to school teachers. Intelligentsia is the subject of active polemics concerning its own role in the development of modern society not always positive historically, often contributing to higher degree of progress, but also to its backward movement..The term mass intelligentsia describes the 20th century expansion of tertiary education to a saturation never seen before in history, and the resulting increase in moneyed adults curious about subjects, scientific, philosophic and Humanitarian, beyond their own square on the chessboard...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligentsia
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...1&postcount=55The churches belong to G, but he doesn't seem to care about them..One of the things I love about Venice, is that it's so safe for me to walk..Your Bishop makes me feel strange...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=186

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Old 17-06-2014, 04:33 AM   #182
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Arrow Roman Wilderness Of Pain


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In Neo-Freudian psychology, the Electra complex, as proposed by Carl Gustav Jung, is a girl’s psychosexual competition with her mother for possession of her father. In the course of her psychosexual development, the complex is the girl's phallic stage; formation of a discrete sexual identity, a boy's analogous experience is the Oedipus complex..The Electra complex occurs in the 3rd - phallic stage (ages 3–6) — of 5 psychosexual development stages: (i) the Oral, (ii) the Anal, (iii) the Phallic, (iv) the Latent, and (v) the Genital — in which the source libido pleasure is in a different erogenous zone of the infant’s body..In classical psychoanalytic theory, the child's identification with the same-sex parent is the successful resolution of the Electra complex and of the Oedipus complex;his and her key psychological experience to developing a mature sexual role and identity. Sigmund Freud instead proposed that girls and boys resolved their complexes differently — she via penis envy, he via castration anxiety; and that unsuccessful resolutions might lead to neurosis and homosexuality.. Hence, women and men who are fixated in the Electra and Oedipal stages of their psychosexual development might be considered "father-fixated" and "mother-fixated" as revealed when the Mate (sexual partner) resembles the Father or the Mother...

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Fiction affords people the opportunity to identify with the protagonists of fantastic stories depicting what might be if they could act upon their desires. Often, in aid to promoting social conformity, the myth, story, stage play, or film presents a story meant to frighten people from acting upon and pursuing their desires.. In the course of infantile socialization, fairy tales fulfil said function; boys and girls identify with the hero and heroine in the course of their adventures. Often, the travails of hero and heroine are caused by an (evil) stepmother who is envious of him, her, or both, and will obstruct their fulfilling of desire.. Girls, especially in the three-to-six year age range, can especially identify with a heroine for whom the love of a prince charming will sate her penis envy. Moreover, stories such as Cinderella have two maternal figures, the stepmother (society) and the fairy godmother; stepmother represents the girl's feelings towards mother; the fairy godmother teaches the girl that her (step) mother loves her, thus, to have mother’s love, the girl must emulate the good Cinderella, not the wicked stepsisters...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Dacre
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...3&postcount=36I'm hungry, Mother.. I'm hungry..Now Rolly, you've just had your dinner..But I am, just the same. I'm so hungry I could eat a whole ElephanT NellY..That witch.. That devil woman.. She wants our puppies.. That's all she's after..Don't worry, Perdy. They're on to her.. Nothing's going to happen to our puppies...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...6&postcount=65

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Old 19-06-2014, 05:32 PM   #183
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Vatican City State (Stato della Città del Vaticano; , is a sovereign city-state whose territory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of around 840..This makes Vatican City the smallest internationally recognized independent state in the world by both area and population..Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state, ruled by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of various national origins. It is the sovereign territory of the Holy See (Sancta Sedes) and the location of the Pope's official residence, referred to as the Apostolic Palace.. The Popes have generally resided in the area that in 1929 became Vatican City since the return from Avignon in 1377, but have also at times resided in the Quirinal Palace in Rome and elsewhere..The territory includes St. Peter's Square, distinguished from the territory of Italy only by a white line along the limit of the square, where it touches Piazza Pio XII. St. Peter's Square is reached through the Via della Conciliazione which runs from close to the Tiber River to St. Peter's. This grand approach was constructed by Benito Mussolini after the conclusion of the Lateran Treaty..Castel Gandolfo and the named basilicas are patrolled internally by police agents of Vatican City State and not by Italian police. According to the Lateran Treaty (Art. 3) St. Peter's Square, up to but not including the steps leading to the basilica, is normally patrolled by the Italian police..There are no passport controls for visitors entering Vatican City from the surrounding Italian territory. There is free public access to Saint Peter's Square and Basilica and, on the occasion of papal general audiences, to the hall in which they are held. For these audiences and for major ceremonies in Saint Peter's Basilica and Square, tickets free of charge must be obtained beforehand. The Vatican Museums, incorporating the Sistine Chapel, usually charge an entrance fee. There is no general public access to the gardens, but guided tours for small groups can be arranged to the gardens and excavations under the basilica..The gardens date back to medieval times when orchards and vineyards extended to the north of the Papal Apostolic Palace. In 1279 Pope Nicholas III (Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1277–1280) moved his residence back to the Vatican from the Lateran Palace and enclosed this area with walls..He planted an orchard (pomerium), a lawn (pratellum) and a garden (viridarium)..The gardens cover approximately 23 hectares (57 acres) which is most of the Vatican Hill. The highest point is 60 metres (200 ft) above mean sea level. Stone walls bound the area in the North, South and West..The name "Vatican" was already in use in the time of the Roman Republic for a marshy area on the west bank of the Tiber across from the city of Rome. Under the Roman Empire, many villas were constructed there, after Agrippina the Elder (14 BC – 18 October AD 33) drained the area and laid out her gardens in the early 1st century AD. In AD 40, her son, Emperor Caligula (31 August AD 12–24 January AD 41; r. 37–41) built in her gardens a circus for charioteers (AD 40) that was later completed by Nero, the Circus Gaii et Neronis, usually called, simply, the Circus of Nero..Olympus Mons is partially surrounded by a region of distinctive grooved or corrugated terrain known as the Olympus Mons aureole...


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In the taxonomical structure "Genus → species", a species is described as sui generis if its genus was created to classify it (i.e., its uniqueness at the time of classification merited the creation of a new genus, the sole member of which was initially the sui generis species). A species that is the sole extant member of its genus (e.g. the Homo genus) is not necessarily sui generis: extinction may have eliminated other species of that genus..The motto "Sui Generis" has been adopted by the Akitsiraq Law School because it is a sui generis (aboriginal) title in all of Canadian aboriginal law institutes by dint of its title being Inuktitut, the Aboriginal language of the Inuit in the far north of Canada. More importantly, in aboriginal professional legal education, the work of Aboriginal people to define and create contemporary aboriginal education is a thing of its own kind having sui generis admissions and sui generis curriculum..In local government, a sui generis entity is one which does not fit with the general scheme of local governance of a country. For example in England, the City of London and the Isles of Scilly are the 2 sui generis localities, as their forms of local government are both (for historical or geographical reasons) very different from those of elsewhere in the country. Therefore the The City of London and the Isles of Scilly are said to be sui generis authorities, pre-dating recent reforms of local government. The Joint Council of Municipalities of Croatia is a sui generis council of municipalities to Croatians because it formed after international agreement and therefore has no similar example in the rest of the country. The legal status of the Holy See has been described as a sui generis entity possessing an international personality..In military, ad hoc units are created during unpredictable situations, when the cooperation between different units is needed for fast action..The name "Vatican" predates Christianity and comes from the Latin Mons Vaticanus, meaning Vatican Mount..Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus) is a large shield volcano on the planet Mars. By one measure, it has a height of nearly 22 km (14 mi).. This makes it the second tallest mountain in the Solar System, behind the central peak of Rheasilvia, an impact crater on the proto-planet Vesta, which stands slightly taller.. Olympus Mons stands almost three times as tall as Mount Everest's height above sea level.. Olympus Mons is the youngest of the large Volcanoes on Mars, having formed during Mars's Amazonian Period...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vatican_City
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=177Oh, yeah. Bloody Ell.. I'm sweating in here.. Roasting.. Boiling.. Baking.. Sweltering.. It's like a Sauna.. Furnace.. You can fry an egg on my stomach.. Ohh, who wouldn't lap this up- It's ridiculous.. Tremendous.. Fantastic.. Fan-dabby-Dozy-tastic...You're on 2 per cent, 2 and a half, maybe even 3..I love you, G.. You're lovable.. Big lovable bloke.. Loveable lump.. Loveable lemmy.. Gal Dove, party boy.. Big oaf... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=736

Last edited by lightgiver; 19-06-2014 at 05:33 PM.
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Old 20-06-2014, 05:33 PM   #184
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The bear on the coat of arms of Portein, Switzerland has a clearly visible red phallus, in accordance with the long-held tradition...Portein (Romansh: Purtagn) was a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn and Tartar merged into the municipality of Cazis..The Canton of Graubünden or Grisons is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. The canton shares borders with the cantons of Ticino, Uri, Glarus and St. Gallen and international borders with Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. The name Graubünden translates as the "Grey Leagues," referring to the canton's origin in 3 local alliances, the League of G's House, the Grey League, and the League of 10 Jurisdictions. Graubünden is also home to 3 of Switzerland's ethnic groups and the subsequent languages of Swiss German, Italian and Romanshish kebab are all native to the state. It is also the only canton where the Romansh language is still spoken..Graubünden is by far Switzerland's largest canton at 7,105.2 square km (2,743.3 sq mi).. Only about a 3rd of this is commonly regarded as productive land of which forests cover about a 5th of the total area..Graubünden is the only canton of Switzerland with three official languages: German in the northwest (68%), Romansh in the Engadin and around Disentis/Mustér (15%), and Italian in the Italian Graubünden (10%) with the remaining 7% speaking another language..The canton is known as a region with a high density of medieval castles (and ruins) for example in the Domleschg area.. Close by lyes the church of Zillis, where 1130/40 a famous romanesque illustrated ceiling was added which is now treated as national heritage. Three World Heritage Sites are located in the canton: the Benedictine Convent of Saint John, the Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona and the Rhaetian Railway in the Albula and Bernina Landscapes..The Graubünden are known for a dried-beef delicacy called Bündnerfleisch and for a nut and honey bee on the bonetti pye known as Bündner Nusstorte.. Another specialty, predominantly made in the western part of Grison, are Capuns, hearty dumplings with pieces of meat wrapped in chard leaves...


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Zillis-Reischen was created in 1875 with the union of the previously independent municipalities of Reischen and Zillis.. Zillis was first mentioned in the first half of the 9th Century as Ciranes.. Reischen was first mentioned in 1219 as de Rexeno..The municipality site was certainly inhabited even earlier, as a Roman settlement and graves from the 6th or 7th century indicate. A treasure trove of 10th Century coins that were found near the village indicate that there was trade over the Viamala pass by this time..The first church in Zillis dates from about the 5th Century.. The 3-apse church is from the 8th Century, and around 840 the parish church of St. Martin was first mentioned. In 940 King Otto I gave the Zillis Church to the Bishop of Chur..This gift did not include the church's property ,4 large farms in Schams and Rheinwald..In 1473 the Viamala road over the Alps opened, which increased traffic on the Splügen and San Bernardino passes.. The villages flourished with this increased trade. In 1530-35 Zillis and Reischen converted during the Protestant Reformation..The S. Martegn/St Martin's Church, the Cave under Hasenstein (a Roman cult site) and the Wildener- and Premoli-Bridges are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance..The Bernina railway is a single-track 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge railway line forming part of the Rhaetian Railway (RhB). It links the spa resort of St. Moritz, in the Canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, with the town of Tirano, in the Province of Sondrio, Italy, via the Bernina Pass. Reaching a height of 2,253 metres (7,392 ft) above sea level, it is the highest railway crossing in Europe and the third highest railway in Switzerland. It also ranks as the highest adhesion railway of the continent, and – with inclines of up to 7% – as one of the steepest adhesion railways in the world..In winter, an old 1913 steam rotary snowplow is regularly in service, but also two electrical rotary snowplows from 1968 and also 2 modern engines from 2010 are used as well.. Their operation is also a tourist attraction that draws in railway enthusiasts from all over the world, especially for the steam one.. The 2 Gem 4/4 assure the shunt of the rotary snowplow..In connection with the danger of avalanches on the Bernina Railway, the Rhaetian Railway has developed an unusual procedure for the removal of these high alpine hazards. In late winter, when the risk of avalanche is greatest, artillery is fired at the points of origin of avalanches, to bring some control to their occurrence..Remember’, Freud urged, ‘that our dreams aim at being the fulfilments of wishes and that the wish to be a man is found so frequently, consciously or unconsciously, in women. Nor will anyone with a knowledge of anatomy be bewildered by the fact that it is possible for women to realize this wish through the same sensations as men. Women possess as part of their genitals a small organ similar to the male one; and this small organ, the clitoris, actually plays the same part in childhood and during the years before sexual intercourse as the large organ in men.’..For comparative purposes, it might be appropriate here to briefly list the symbolic representations of the female genitalia. ‘The complicated topography of the female genital parts’, observed Freud, ‘makes one understand how it is that they are often represented as landscapes, with rocks, woods and water, while the imposing mechanism of the male sexual apparatus explains why all kinds of complicated machinery which is hard to describe serve as symbols for it.’ The female genitals could also be represented by ‘all such objects as share their characteristic of enclosing a hollow space which can take something into itself’..Women possess as part of their genitals a small organ similar to the male one; and this small organ, the clitoris, actually plays the same part in childhood and during the years before sexual intercourse as the large organ in men..The most basic phallic symbols in dreams were those resembling the organ in shape: sticks, umbrellas, posts, trees. Another kind of phallic symbol was provided by objects that could penetrate or injure: knives, daggers, or spears. Firearms belonged to both sets because of their shape and because they could injure. Other symbols of the phallus were provided by ‘objects from which water flows’ (taps, fountains, watering-cans) or by ‘objects which are capable of being lengthened’, which Freud exemplified with hanging lamps and extensible pencils..Symbols that were, according to Freud, unquestionably phallic but could not be easily classified into a group were hats, overcoats, neckties (‘which hang down and are not worn by women’), cloaks, reptiles, fishes, ‘and above all the famous symbol of the snake’. Woods and bushes, predictably enough, symbolized pubic hair in both sexes, by slight extension, churches and chapels all fell under this category..The breasts were commonly symbolized in dreams and ‘these like the larger hemispheres of the female body, are represented by apples, peaches and fruit in general’.. Flowers, however, always indicated the female genitals and often the idea of virginity; so did gardens..(Keys opening locked rooms,Were definitely male)..In today's society, a car is considered by some as a phallic symbol...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallus
http://www.answers.com/topic/phallic-symbol-1
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=601Now now, Mr. Peterson, we aren't going to start up all that silliness again, are we!..Oh spare me the Oliver Twist routine, Charlie love.. You need to build your audience...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1367

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Old 25-06-2014, 04:05 PM   #185
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Arrow Allegory of Orphans




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An aquila, or eagle, was a prominent symbol used in ancient Rome, especially as the standard of a Roman legion. A legionary known as an aquilifer, or eagle-bearer, carried this standard. Each legion carried one eagle..The eagle was extremely important to the Roman military, beyond merely being a symbol of a legion. A lost standard was considered an extremely grave occurrence, and the Roman military often went to great lengths to both protect a standard and to recover it if lost; for example, see the aftermath of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, where the Romans spent decades attempting to recover the lost standards of 3 legions...The signa militaria were the Roman military ensigns or standards. The most ancient standard employed by the Romans is said to have been a handful (manipulus) of straw fixed to the top of a spear or pole. Hence the company of soldiers belonging to it was called a maniple. The bundle of hay or fern was soon succeeded by the figures of animals, of which Pliny the Elder (H.N. x.16) enumerates 5: the eagle, the wolf, the ox with the man's head, the horse, and the boar.. In the 2nd consulship of Gaius Marius (104 BC) the 4 quadrupeds were laid aside as standards, the eagle (Aquila) alone being retained. It was made of silver, or bronze, with outstretched wings, but was probably of a relatively small size, since a standard-bearer (signifer) under Julius Caesar is said in circumstances of danger to have wrenched the eagle from its staff and concealed it in the folds of his girdle..Under the later emperors the eagle was carried, as it had been for many centuries, with the legion, a legion being on that account sometimes called aquila (Hirt. Bell. Hisp. 30). Each cohort had for its own ensign the serpent or dragon, which was woven on a square piece of cloth textilis anguis, elevated on a gilt staff, to which a cross-bar was adapted for the purpose, and Carried by the Draconarius...

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The Eagle and Child is a pub in St Giles', Oxford, England which is owned by St. John's College, Oxford. The pub had been part of an endowment belonging to University College since the 17th century. It has associations with the Inklings writers' group which included J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis.A small, narrow building, the pub reputedly served as the lodgings of the Chancellor of the Exchequer during the English Civil War (1642–49), when Oxford was the Royalist capital.. The landmark served as a pay house for the Royalist army, and pony auctions were held in the rear courtyard. These claims are inconsistent with the earliest date usually given for construction of the pub, 1650, and the fact that the pub lies outside the city walls may also give some cause for doubt..The first record of the pub's name is from 1684, and is said to derive from the crest of the Earl of Derby. The image is said to refer to a story of a noble-born baby having been found in an eagle's nest..The pub's long-standing nickname is the Bird and Baby, although other variants such as the "Fowl and Foetus" have been used..The pub had been part of an endowment belonging to University College since the 17th century. The college placed it on the market for £1.2 million in December 2003, saying that it needed to rebalance its property portfolio. It was bought by the nearby St John's College, which also owns the Lamb and Flag pub opposite..The membership of the Inklings changed over the years, Tolkien, for example, drifted away from the meetings in the late 1950s.. But Lewis, who had lived around Oxford since 1921, was a central figure until his death in 1963.. The Eagle and Child was modernised in 1962, with the pub being extended to the rear. The Rabbit Room's former privacy was inevitably destroyed leading to the group's reluctant change of allegiance to the Lamb & Flag at the other side of St Giles...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/thaiboxing/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Eagle_and_Child
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...50&postcount=5I thought you'd feel that way, Gary.. You were the only one who could've got to that blood.. We'll do you last..Fire's got the temperature up all over the camp.. Won't last long though..That was one of those things out there trying to imitate him, Garry. C'mon..I know what you mean, Blair.. Trust's a tough thing to come by these days.. Tell you what - why don't you just trust in the L..You guys gonna listen to Garry- You gonna let him give the orders-I mean, he could BE one of those THINGS!..Childs, Mac wants the flamethrower!..You see, what we're talkin' about here is an organism that imitates other life-forms, and it imitates 'em perfectly...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...1&postcount=25

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Old 25-06-2014, 06:00 PM   #186
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Cool Boiling Pompeii X=Plosion



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The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ASH and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD..Researchers believe that the town was founded in the seventh or sixth century BC by the Osci or Oscans and was captured by the Romans in 80 BC. By the time of its destruction, 160 years later, its population was probably approximately 20,000, and the city had a complex water system, an amphitheatre, gymnasium and a port..Pompeii in Latin is a second declension plural (Pompeiī, -ōrum). According to Theodor Kraus, "The root of the word Pompeii would appear to be the Oscan word for the number 5, pompe, which suggests that either the community consisted of 5 hamlets or, perhaps, it was settled by a family group (gens Pompeia)"...In the 5th century BC, the Samnites conquered it (and all the other towns of Campania); the new rulers imposed their architecture and enlarged the town. After the Samnite Wars (4th century BC), Pompeii was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining, however, linguistic and administrative autonomy. In the 4th century BC, it was fortified. Pompeii remained faithful to Rome during the 2nd Punic War...At the time of the eruption, the town may have had some 20,000 inhabitants, and was located in an area in which Romans had their holiday villas. William Abbott explains, "At the time of the eruption, Pompeii had reached its high point in society as many Romans frequently visited Pompeii on vacations." It is the only ancient town of which the whole topographic structure is known precisely as it was, with no later modifications or additions.. Due to the difficult terrain, it was not distributed on a regular plan as most Roman towns were, but its streets are straight and laid out in a grid in the Roman tradition.. They are laid with polygonal stones, and have houses and shops on both sides of the street.. It followed its decumanus and its cardo, centered on the forum...

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In 2002, another discovery at the mouth of the Sarno River near Sarno revealed that the port also was populated and that people lived in palafittes, within a system of channels that suggested a likeness to Venice to some scientists...By the 1st century AD, Pompeii was one of a number of towns located near the base of the volcano, Mount Vesuvius. The area had a substantial population which grew prosperous from the region's renowned agricultural fertility. Many of Pompeii's neighboring communities, most famously Herculaneum, also suffered damage or destruction during the 79 eruption. The eruption occurred on August 24, just one day after Vulcanalia, the festival of the Roman god of fire, including that from volcanoes..A multidisciplinary volcanological and bio-anthropological study of the eruption products and victims, merged with numerical simulations and experiments, indicate that at Vesuvius and surrounding towns heat was the main cause of death of people, previously believed to have died by ASH suffocation.. The results of the study, published in 2010, show that exposure to at least 250 °C (482 °F) hot surges at a distance of 10 kilometres (6 miles) from the vent was sufficient to cause instant death,EVEn if people were sheltered within buildings..The people and buildings of Pompeii were covered in up to 12 different layers of tephra, in total 25 meters deep, which rained down for about 6 hours. Pliny the Younger provided a first-hand account of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius from his position across the Bay of Naples at Misenum, in a version which was written 25 years after the event. His uncle, Pliny the Elder, with whom he had a close relationship, died while attempting to rescue stranded victims. As Admiral of the fleet, Pliny the Elder had ordered the ships of the Imperial Navy stationed at Misenum to cross the bay to assist evacuation attempts. Volcanologists have recognised the importance of Pliny the Younger's account of the eruption by calling similar events "Plinian"..The inhabitants of Pompeii had long been used to minor quaking (indeed, the writer Pliny the Younger wrote that earth tremors "were not particularly alarming because they are frequent in Campania"), but on 5 February 62, there was a severe earthquake which did considerable damage around the bay and particularly to Pompeii.. It is believed that the earthquake would have registered between about 5 and 6 on the current Richter scale..After thick layers of ash covered the 2 towns, they were abandoned and eventually their names and locations were forgotten...

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The video is from a May 14, 1967 broadcast of the BBC program The Look of the Week.. Pink Floyd hadn’t released an album yet. Only two nights earlier the band had staged its attention-getting “Games for May” concert at the Queen Elizabeth Hall. In the TV broadcast, Pink Floyd plays its early favorite “Astronomy Domine” before Waters and Barrett sit down for a rather tense interview with the classically trained musician and critic Hans Keller. It’s amusing to watch Keller’s face as he expresses his extreme irritation at the band’s loud, strange music..My verdict is that its a little bit of a regression to childhood,” he says with a grimace“.. But after all, why not?.”Keller was born into a wealthy and culturally well-connected Jewish family in Vienna, and as a boy was taught by the same Oskar Adler who had, decades earlier, been Arnold Schoenberg's boyhood friend and first teacher. He also came to know the composer and performer Franz Schmidt, but was never a formal pupil. In 1938, the Anschluss forced Keller to flee to London (where he had relatives), and in the years that followed, he became a prominent and influential figure in the UK's musical and music-critical life. Initially active as a violinist and violist, he soon found his niche as a highly prolific and provocative writer on music as well as an influential teacher, lecturer, broadcaster and coach..Piotr (or Pjotr) Zak is the name of a fictional Polish composer whose alleged composition Mobile for Tape and Percussion was broadcast twice on the BBC 3rd Programme on 5 June 1961 in a performance supposedly played by "Claude Tessier" and "Anton Schmidt".. One other thing: I think it rips through your clothes when it takes you over..Windows found some shredded long johns, but the nametag was missing. They could be anybody's. Nobody... nobody trusts anybody now...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pompeii
http://www.openculture.com/2013/09/p...rett-1967.html
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...6&postcount=74I'm gonna hide this tape when I'm finished. If none of us make it, at least there'll be some kind of Racord.. The storm's been hitting us hard now for 48 hours.. We still have nothing to go on... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=150

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Old 03-07-2014, 08:27 PM   #187
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Arrow Asphalt Jungle



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They walked along dusty country roads passing donkeys pulling gaily painted carts.. The land was filled with pink flowers, orange orchards, groves of almond and olive trees, all blooming. That had been one of the surprises.. Michael had expected a barren land because of the legendary poverty of Sicilians. And yet he had found it a land of gushing plenty, carpeted with flowers scented by lemon blossoms. It was so beautiful that he wondered how its people could bear to leave it. How terrible man had been to his fellow man could be measured by the great exodus from what seemed to be a Garden of Eden..He had planned to walk to the coastal village of Mazara, and then take a bus back to Corleone in the evening, and so tire himself out and be able to sleep.. The 2 shepherds wore rucksacks filled with bread and cheese they could eat on the way. They carried their luparas quite openly as if out for a day’s hunting..It was a most beautiful morning. Michael felt as he had felt when as a child he had gone out early on a summer day to play ball. Then each day had been freshly washed, freshly painted. And so it was now.. Sicily was carpeted is gaudy flowers, the scent of orange and lemon blossoms so heavy that even with his facial injury which pressed on the sinuses, he could smell it..The smashing on the left site of his face had completely healed but the bone had formed improperly and the pressure on his sinuses made his left eye hurt. It also made his nose run continually, he filled up handkerchiefs with mucus and often blew his nose out onto the ground as the local peasants did,a habit that had disgusted him when he was a boy and had seen old Italians, disdaining handkerchiefs as English foppery, blow out their noses in the asphalt gutters..His face too felt “heavy.” Dr. Taza had told him that this was due to the pressure on his sinuses caused by the badly healed fracture. Dr. Taza called it an eggshell fracture of the zygoma; that if it had been treated before the bones knitted, it could have been easily remedied by a minor surgical procedure using an instrument like a spoon to push out the bone to its proper shape..Now, however, said the dootor, he would have to check into a Palermo hospital and undergo a major procedure called maxillo-facial surgery where the bone would be broken again. That was enough for Michael. He refused. And yet more than the pain, more than the nose dripping, he was bothered by the feeling of heaviness in his face..He never reached the coast that day.. After going about 15 miles he and his shepherds stopped in the cool green watery shade of an orange grove to eat lunch and drink their wine.. Fabrizzio was chattering about how he would someday get to America.. After drinking and eating they lolled in the shade and Fabrizzio unbuttoned his shirt and contracted his stomach muscles to make the tattoo come alive.. The naked couple on his chest writhed in a lover’s agony and the dagger thrust by the husband quivered in their transfixed flesh.. It amused them. It was while this was going on that Michael was hit with what the Sicilians call “the thunderbolt”...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tattoo
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=186The Civil Strategy provides the narrative of how Jiang Ziya came to dictate the Six Secret Teachings to King Wen, and elaborates on how the state must be organized in order to provide a logistical base for any future military expansion. "Moral, effective government is the basis for survival and the foundation for warfare. The state must thrive economically while limiting expenditures, foster appropriate values and behaviour among the populace, implement rewards and punishments, employ the worthy, and refrain from disturbing and harming the people".. This strategy teaches commanders never to delight in small advantages, or that is all they will achieve. It teaches that the greatest gains result from benevolence and helping others achieve their aspirations for a better world...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1377

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Old 04-07-2014, 06:50 PM   #188
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Lightbulb Sancta Romana Ecclesia



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The College of Cardinals is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church..A function of the college is to advise the Pope about church matters when he summons them to an ordinary consistory..It also convenes on the death or resignation of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor.. The college has no ruling power except during the sede vacante (papal vacancy) period, and even then its powers are extremely limited by the terms of the current law, which is laid down in the Apostolic constitution Universi Dominici Gregis and the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State..Historically, cardinals were the clergy of the city of Rome, serving the Bishop of Rome as the Pope, who had clerical duties in parishes of the city. The College has its origins in the events surrounding the crowning of Henry IV as King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor at the age of 6, after the unexpected death of Henry III in 1056. Until this moment secular authorities had significant influence over who was to be appointed Pope, and the Holy Roman Emperor in particular had the special ability to appoint him.. This was significant as the aims and views of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Church did not always coincide. Members of what was to become known as the Gregorian Reform took advantage of the new King and his lack of power, and in 1059 declared that the election of the Pope was an affair only for the Church.. This was part of a larger power struggle, which became known as the Investiture Controversy, as the Church attempted to gain more control over their clergy, and in doing so gain more influence in the lands and governments they were appointed to.. Theological implications aside, its creation represented a significant shift in the Balance of power in the Early Medieval world.. From the beginning of the 12th century, the College of Cardinals started to meet as such, when the Cardinal Bishops, cardinal priests, and cardinal deacons ceased acting as separate groups..

The Church cites Acts 6 as the formation of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Specifically, the seven assistants, Stephen, Philip, Nicanor, Timon, Nicholas, Parmenas, and Prochorus, selected by the Apostles to relieve them of the more mundane tasks of the Church so that they might concentrate more on prayer, contemplation, and preaching. As early as the 3rd century, these assistants were defined as critical supporters of the papacy, and by the fourth century, the title of Cardinal was applied to these consultors of the Pope..The word cardinal itself is derived from the Latin Carda, translated as "hinge".. The cardinals were believed to facilitate a relationship between the theological and governmental roles of the hierarchy of the Church as a sort of pivot; on them hung the relationship between Christ and His Church on Earth, headed by the pope. This definition of helper has not changed over the years, and popes have not ceased to depend on the College for advice on doctrine and government..By the end of the 1300s, the practice of solely Italian cardinals had ceased. Between the 1300s and 1600s, there was much struggle for the College between the cardinals of the day and the reigning popes. The most effective way for a pope to increase his power was to increase the number of cardinals, promoting those who had nominated him. Those cardinals in power saw these actions as an attempt to weaken their influence.. In 1517, Pope Leo X added another 31 cardinals, bringing the total to 65 so that he could have a supportive majority among the cardinalate. Paul IV brought the total to 70.. Pius IV raised an additional 6.. By the papacy of Sixtus V, the number was set at se7enty, divided among 14 cardinal-deacons50 cardinal-priests, and six cardinal-bishops..As of 1 January 2014, the College had 199 members, 106 of whom were young enough to participate in a conclave.. The group's size has historically been limited by popes, ecumenical councils, and even the College itself.. From 1099 to 1986, the total number of cardinals appointed was approximately 2900 (excluding possible undocumented 12th-Century Cardinals, Cardinals appointed during the Western Schism by pontiffs now considered to be antipopes, and subject to some other sources of Uncertainty),
nearly half of whom were created after 1655...

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The Delivery of the Keys, or Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Pietro Perugino, executed in 1481-1482 and located in the Sistine Chapel, Rome..The commission of the work originated in 1480, when Perugino was decorating a chapel in the Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Sixtus IV was pleased by his work, and decided to commission him also the decoration of the new Chapel he had built in the Vatican Palace. Due to the size of the work, Perugino was later joined by a group of painters from Florence, including Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and others..The octagonal temple of Jerusalem and its porches that dominates the central axis must have had behind it a project created by an architect, but Perugino's treatment is like the rendering of a wooden model, painted with exactitude. The building with its arches serves as a backdrop in front of which the action unfolds. Perugino has made a significant contribution in rendering the landscape.. The sense of an infinite world that stretches across the horizon is stronger than in almost any other work of his contemporaries, and the feathery trees against the cloud-filled sky with the bluish-gray hills in the distance represent a solution that later painters would find instructive, especially Raphael..The building in the center is similar to that painted by Perugino's pupil Pinturicchio in his Stories of St. Bernardino in the Bufalini Chapel of Santa Maria in Marriage OF the Virgin by Perugino himself...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/College_of_Cardinals
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sac..._and_the_Cross
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=126650&page=4Ride the King's highway, baby Weird scenes inside the gold mine.. Ride the highway west, baby..Ride The snake, ride The snake..To the lake, the ancient lake, baby..The snake is long, se7en miles..Ride the snake...he's old, and his skin is cold..The killer Awoke before dawn, he put his boots on.. He took a face from the ancient Gallery... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1727

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Old 05-07-2014, 07:55 PM   #189
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Lightbulb House of Visconti




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Visconti is the family name of 2 important Italian noble dynasties of the Middle Ages.. There are 2 distinct Visconti families: The first one (chronologically) in the Republic of Pisa in the mid twelfth century who achieved prominence first in Pisa, then in Sardinia where they became rulers of Gallura. The second rose to power in Milan, where they ruled from 1277 to 1447 and where several collateral branches still exist. The renowned director Luchino Visconti is a scion of the family...The Visconti of Gallura used a cock as their symbol (Gallura meaning 'land of cocks'),whereas the later Visconti of Milan used a biscione (a great serpent) swallowing a Saracen, or, according to another version, on the contrary giving life to a child. This symbol is still closely connected with Milan..Any link between the 2 families in Pisa-Gallura and Milan has yet to be proven..Viscounts are known for their shiny foil wrappers which have different colours depending on the biscuit inside—mint biscuits are contained within a green foil wrapper and orange flavoured biscuits are contained within an orange wrapper.. The wrapper also has the word Viscount printed on it...

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The effective founder of the Visconti of Milan, Ottone, wrested control of the city from the rival Della Torre family in 1277..The family loved to claim legendary versions about its origins (fancy genealogies were en vogue at the time), while established facts reflect quite sober and almost humble beginnings. The branch of the Visconti family that came to rule Milan was originally entrusted with the lordship of Massino (nowadays Massino Visconti), a village above Lago Maggiore, which they controlled from the twelfth century..It is said that the Milanese Visconti had their origins in a family of capitanei (cfr. the modern surname Cattaneo) whom ArchBishop Landulf of Milan (978–998) had granted certain feudal holdings known as caput plebis (at the head, likely in geographical and not hierarchical sense, of the pieve, an ecclesiastical lesser subdivision).. A document from the year 1157 says the Visconti were holders of the captaincy of Marliano (today Mariano Comense); late chronicler Galvano Fiamma confirms this version. Decades before that, before 1070, they had gained the title of viscount to be later inherited down the male line (Biscaro, ASL, "I maggiori dei Visconti di Milano"). The family dispersed into several branches, some of which were entrusted fiefs far off from the Lombard metropolis; the one which gave the Medieval lords of Milan is said to be descended from Umberto (d. in the first half of the 12th century)..The Visconti ruled Milan until the early Renaissance, first as Lords, then, from 1395, with the mighty Gian Galeazzo who endeavored to unify Northern Italy and Tuscany, as Dukes. Visconti rule in Milan ended with the death of Filippo Maria Visconti in 1447..He was succeeded by a short-lived republic and then by his son-in-law Francesco I Sforza, who established the reign of the House of Sforza....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Visconti
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=256103&page=3I remember we had one of these in my father's house. The aperture through which the sand runs is so tiny that... that first it seems as if the level in the upper glass never changes. To our eyes it appears that the sand runs out only... only at the end... and until it does, it's not worth thinking about... 'til the last moment... when there's no more time left to think about it..You know sometimes I think that artists are rather like hunters aiming in the dark. They don't know what their target is, and they don't know if they've hit it. But you can't expect life to illuminate the target and steady your aim.. The creation of beauty and purity is a spiritual act...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=151467&page=9

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Old 12-07-2014, 06:27 PM   #190
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Lightbulb Children of G


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Emilio Sandoz is in the process of healing from his experiences on Rakhat, detailed in The Sparrow. He is exposed to Father Vincenzo Giuliani's organized crime "family," the Camorra. At a christening celebration, he meets Celestina, aged four, and her mother Gina, a divorcee with whom Emilio begins to fall in love. Emilio is released from the priesthood.. He trains the 2nd Jesuit expedition to Rakhat, composed of Sean Fein, Danny Iron Horse, and John Candotti, in the K'San (Jana'ata) and Ruanja (Runa) languages. He himself refuses to go.. Gina is about to go on vacation, after which Emilio plans to marry her...Unfortunately, while Gina is on vacation, Emilio is beaten and kidnapped by Carlo, Gina's ex-husband and Celestina's father. Emilio is kept in a constantly drugged state on the Giordano Bruno, Carlo's ship.. They are actually working for the Jesuits and the Vatican, who want Sandoz to return to Rakhat. It is extremely important that the Jesuits put right (as much as possible) what they destroyed on Rakhat; the massacre of the first landing party, and the violent revolution of the Runa serving class that followed, have caused a rift between the Society of Jesus and the rest of the Roman Catholic Church. In fact, the Jesuit order has all but vanished completely..The word cosca (pl. cosche in Italian and coschi in Sicilian) is a Sicilian word which refers to any plant – such as the artichoke or the thistle – whose spiny closely folded leaves symbolize the tightness of relationships between members of the Mafia.. In the English language this is best described as a clan...

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The Camorra is an Italian Mafia-type crime syndicate, or secret society, that originated in the region of Campania and its capital Naples. It is one of the oldest and largest criminal organizations in Italy, dating back to the 18th century. Unlike the pyramidal structure of the Sicilian Mafia, the Camorra's organizational structure is more horizontal than vertical. Consequently, individual Camorra clans act independently of each other, and are more prone to feuding among themselves..One of the Camorra’s strategies to gain social prestige is political patronage. The familial clans became the preferred interlocutors of local politicians and public officials, because of their grip on the community. In turn, the clan bosses use their political sway to assist and protect their clients against the local authorities. Despite the Camorra's origins, the organization presently has important ramifications in other Italian regions, such as Lombardy, Piedmont, Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna..The first official use of the word dates from 1735, when a royal decree authorised the establishment of eight gambling houses in Naples..Compared to the Sicilian Cosa Nostra's pyramidal structure, the Camorra has more of a 'horizontal' than a 'vertical' structure..In the 1970s and 1980s Raffaele Cutolo made an attempt to unify the Camorra families in the manner of the Sicilian Mafia, by forming the New Organized Camorra (Nuova Camorra Organizzata or NCO), but this proved unsuccessful. Drive-by shootings by camorristi often result in casualties among the local population, but such episodes are often difficult to investigate because of widespread omertà (code of silence).. According to a report from Confesercenti, the 2nd-largest Italian Trade Organization, published on October 22, 2007 in the Corriere della Sera, the Camorra control the milk and fish industries, the coffee trade, and over 2,500 bakeries In the city just across the road...

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Beyond the orange grove lay the green ribboned fields of a baronial estate. Down the road from the grove was a villa so Roman it looked as if it had been dug up from the ruins of Pompeii. It was a little palace with a huge marble portico and fluted Grecian columns and through those columns came a bevy of village girls flanked by two stout matrons clad in black. They were from the village and had obviously fulfilled their ancient duty to the local baron by cleaning his villa and otherwise preparing it for his winter sojourn. Now they were going into the fields to pick the flowers with which they would fill the rooms. They were gathering the pink sulla, purple wisteria, mixing them with orange and lemon blossoms. The girls, not seeing the men resting in the orange grove, came closer and closer..They were dressed in cheap gaily printed frocks that clung to their bodies. They were still in their teens but with the full womanliness sun-drenched flesh ripened into so quickly. Three or four of them started chasing one girl, chasing her toward the grove. The girl being chased held a bunch of huge purple grapes in her left hand and with her right hand was picking grapes off the cluster and throwing them at her pursuers. She had a crown of ringleted hair as purple-black as the grapes and her body seemed to be bursting out of its skin..Just short of the grove she poised, startled, her eyes having caught the alien colour of the men’s shirts. She stood there up on her toes poised like a deer to run. She was very close now, close enough for the men to see every feature of her face..She was all ovals— oval-shaped eyes, the bones of her face, the contour of her brow. Her skin was an exquisite dark creaminess and her eyes, enormous, dark violet or brown but dark with long heavy lashes shadowed her lovely face. Her mouth was rich without being gross, sweet without being weak and dyed dark red with the juice of the grapes.. She was so incredibly lovely that Fabrizzio murmured, “Jesus Christ, take my soul, I’m dying,” as a joke, but the words came out a little too hoarsely. As if she had heard him, the girl came down off her toes and whirled away from them and. fled back to her pursuers. Her haunches moved like an animal’s beneath the tight print of her dress; as pagan and as innocently lustful.. When she reached her friends she whirled around again and her face was like a dark hollow against the field of bright flowers.. She extended an arm, the hand full of Grapes pointed toward the grove.. The girls fled laughing, with the black-clad, stout matrons scolding them on...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Doria_Russell
http://www.theguardian.com/world/201...s-italy-naples
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...4&postcount=38Dear G.. I've heard that you will give 200 dollars for my head.. I am at the village at the border.. Send 3 men...I'm not leaving my house..Alex, if you stay they're gonna kill you.. And then I'm gonna have to to go around and kill all the guys who killed you.. That's a lot of killing..What do you find funny, Steven? That's no proper table manners... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=735

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Old 13-07-2014, 02:10 AM   #191
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Lightbulb Aemilia



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The gens Aemilia, originally written Aimilia, was one of the most ancient patrician houses at Rome. The family was said to have originated in the reign of Numa Pompilius, the 2nd King of Rome, and its members held the highest offices of the state, from the early decades of the Republic to imperial times.. The Aemilii were probably one of the gentes maiores, the most important of the patrician families. Their name was associated with 2 major roads (the Via Aemilia and the Via Aemilia Scauri), an administrative region of Italy, and the Basilica Aemilia at Rome..The oldest stirps of the Aemilii used Mamercus and its diminutive, Mamercinus as cognomina. This family flourished from the earliest period to the time of the Samnite Wars. Several other major branches, including the Papi, Barbulae, Paulli, and Lepidi, date from this period, and may have been descended from the Mamercini. The Aemilii Paulli vanished with the death of Lucius Aemilius Paullus, the conqueror of Macedonia, in 160 BC. His sons, though grown, were adopted into the families of the Fabii Maximi and the Cornelii Scipiones..The family of the Aemilii Lepidi came to prominence at the beginning of the 3rd century BC, and from then to imperial times was one of the most distinguished in the state.. In the first century BC they revived several old names, including the praenomina Mamercus and Paullus, and the cognomina Paullus and Regillus.. The Aemilii Scauri flourished from the beginning of the second century BC to the beginning of the first century AD.. The cognomina Buca and Regillus apparently belonged to short-lived families.. Other surnames are found in imperial times..Several stories were told of the foundation of the Aemilii.. The most familiar was that their ancestor, Mamercus, was the son of Numa Pompilius, who was also claimed as an ancestor of the gentes Pompilia, Pomponia, Calpurnia, and Pinaria. A variation of this account stated that Mamercus was the son of Pythagoras, who was sometimes said to have taught Numa.. However, as Livy observed, this was not possible, as Pythagoras was not born until more than a century after Numa's death, and was still living in the early days Of the Republic...

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Emily is a feminine name derived from the Roman feminine name Aemilia.. The Latin name Aemilia in turn may derive from the Latin word aemulus (or from the same root as aemulus), meaning "rival", but this may be a folk etymology..Emily has been a hugely popular name in the English-speaking world, ranking among the most popular names in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand.. It held the position for over a decade as the most common name given to girls in the US but fell to 6th place in 2009.. In 2013 it was the 6th most popular name for girls in Australia..Amelia is a female given name. It is a variant of Amalia, derived from the Germanic word amal meaning work', 'industrious' and 'fertile'.. The variant form Amelie is derived from the French equivalent, Amélie. Diminutive forms include Amy, Lia, Mia, Emma, Milly and Mel..Etymologists believe that the name Amelia/Amalia is unrelated to the Latin gens name Aemilia, which was translated into English as Emily.. Equivalents of Aemilia/Emily in romance languages do sound similar to Amelia (e.g. Italian Emilia) but have a different origin from this Germanic name..Saint Amalberga of Maubeuge (also Amalburga, Amalia, or Amelia of Lobbes or Binche) was a Lotharingian saint who lived in the 7th century. She is said to have been the sister or niece of Pippin of Landen and would have married Count Witger, Duke of Lotharingia. In her biography she is presented as the mother of five saints: Emebert, Reineldis, Pharaildis, Ermelindis and Gudula. Amalberga joined the monastic community at Maubeuge Abbey after the birth of her youngest daughter Gudula..Her feast is celebrated on July 10. The translation of her relics from Lobbes to Binche (event of the 15th century) is celebrated on June 10..Amalberga of Maubeuge is not to be confused with the virgin Amalberga of Temse (venerated in Ghent, Temse and Munsterbilzen) who died in 722, and whose feast day is July 10 or October 27..."Emily also Has literary associations, including Emily Dickinson, evoking images of a woman who is both beautiful and smart"..
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emily
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=442Like turning water into wine..The ancient male symbol was the blade, it's a basic phallus.. It's still used today on military uniforms..A woman without love wilts like a flower without sun..Lady Di! Lady Di! Renoir!.. Thank you..For bringing me here.. For letting him choose you, Sir Robert.. Meanwhile, at the Sacré Coeur, the nuns are practising their backhand..Bravo! Vive la France!.Ten out of ten!..These are hard times for dreamers...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...postcount=1747

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Old 14-07-2014, 09:37 PM   #192
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Lightbulb House of Sforza


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Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan.. They acquired the dukedom and Duchy of Milan from the previously ruling Visconti family in the mid-15th century, and lost it to the Spanish Habsburgs about a century later..Rising from rural nobility, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics, similar to the Medici in Florence. Under their rule the city-state flourished and expanded..Muzio Attendolo (1369–1424), called Sforza (from sforzare, to exert or force), founded the dynasty. A condottiero from Romagna, he served the Angevin kings of Naples and became the most successful dynast of the condottieri..His son Francesco I Sforza ruled Milan, having acquired the title of Duke of Milan (1450-1466) after the extinction of the Visconti family in 1447...

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Bianca Maria Visconti's numerous descendants include Caterina Sforza, Marie de Medici, King Louis XIV of France, King Charles II of England, Diana, Princess of Wales, and Princess Michael of Kent...Born near Settimo Pavese, Bianca Maria was the illegitimate daughter of Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan and last of the Visconti rulers, and Agnese del Maino, the only person the shy, secluded Filippo ever loved. Agnese was the daughter of Ambrogio del Maino, a Milanese nobleman and ducal questore. Agnese served as Lady-in-Waiting to Filippo's wife, Beatrice di Tenda. The couple had a second daughter, called Caterina Maria or Lucia Maria, also born in Settimo in 1426, but she died shortly after her birth..Bianca's paternal grandparents were Gian Galeazzo Visconti and Caterina Visconti..When she was six months old, Bianca Maria and her mother were sent to a castle in Abbiate, where a rich residence had been established for the two of them. The Duke spent much of his time in Abbiategrasso, where he was impressed by Bianca Maria's strong character..Bianca Maria spent her childhood and adolescence in Abbiategrasso, where she received a humanist education. The Ducal library contained a wide variety of works: Latin classics, narrative texts in Provençal and French, scientific and didactical works, as well as texts in Italian and volgare, mainly by Tuscan authors. Both Bianca and her father were passionate hunters and lovers of horses..In 1430, at the age of six, Bianca Maria was betrothed to the condottiero Francesco I Sforza, a man twenty-four years older than she was. In that year the condotta (contract) between Milan and Sforza came to an end, and the betrothal was a move to keep the powerful general tied with Milan. It has also been suggested that Visconti enticed Sforza with the promise of appointing him as legitimate heir to the duchy. Sforza probably also accepted because of the rich dowry, which included territories in the areas of Cremona, Castellazzo and Bosco Frugarolo. The contract was signed on February 23, 1432, in the castle of Porta Giovia, the Visconti residence in Milan. Bianca Maria's official spokesperson was her godfather, Andrea Visconti, general of the Humiliates order. The presence of Bianca Maria and her mother at the ceremony is not certain; according to some sources, she visited Milan for the first time when she was already of marrying age..Against the advice of all her counsellors, Bianca Maria decided to take part in Galeazzo's marriage on 9 May 1468. At the end of the feasts she accompanied her daughter Ippolita to Serravalle, whence she set off to Cremona. However, when midway, in Melegnano, she fell ill. A high fever obliged her to stay in bed until August, but she kept up an intense correspondence. At the beginning of October, her condition worsened further. She died on 28 October of that year, after having recommended her younger children, Elisabetta and Ottaviano, to their brother Galeazzo. She was buried in the Duomo of Milan, next to her husband. The funeral oration, commissioned by Galeazzo, was written by the humanist Francesco Filelfo..There is a tradition that the "Visconti di Madrone" Tarot cards, one of the oldest decks in existence, was commissioned by her father in 1441 as a wedding present to Bianca Maria and Francesco. On account of this, she is sometimes referred to as"Lady Tarot"...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bianca_Maria_Visconti
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=121Tell me Clarice, would you ever say to me "Stop.. If you loved me, you'd stop"?. Not in a thousand years.. "Not in a 1'000 years"..That's my girl...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=530
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Old 15-07-2014, 08:15 PM   #193
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Antonio Canova 1 November 1757 – 13 October 1822) was an Italian sculptor from the Republic of Venice who became famous for his marble sculptures that delicately rendered nude flesh. The epitome of the neoclassical style, his work marked a return to classical refinement after the theatrical excesses of Baroque sculpture. Among Canova's English pupils were sculptors Sir Richard Westmacott and John Gibson..Antonio Canova was born in Possagno, a village of the Republic of Venice situated amid the recesses of the hills of Asolo, where these form the last undulations of the Venetian Alps, as they subside into the plains of Treviso.. At 3 years of age Canova was deprived of both parents, his father dying and his mother remarrying. Their loss, however, was compensated by the tender solicitude and care of his paternal grandfather and grandmother, the latter of whom lived to experience in her turn the kindest personal attention from her grandson, who, when he had the means, gave her an asylum in his house at Rome..The kindness of some monks supplied him with his first workshop, which was the vacant cell of a monastery. Here for nearly four years he labored with the greatest perseverance and industry. He was also regular in his attendance at the academy, where he carried off several prizes. But he relied far more on the study and imitation of nature. A large portion of his time was also devoted to anatomy, which science was regarded by him as the secret of the art..After 5 years of incessant labor, he completed another cenotaph, to the memory of Clement XIII, which raised his fame still higher. Works now came rapidly from his chisel. Amongst these is Psyche, with a butterfly, which is placed on the left hand, and held by the wings with the right. This figure, which is intended as a personification of man's immaterial part, is considered as in almost every respect the most faultless and classical of Canova's works. In two different groups, and with opposite expression, the sculptor has represented Cupid with his bride; in the one they are standing, in the other recumbent.Numerous works were produced in the years 1795–1797, of which several were repetitions of previous productions. One was the celebrated group representing the Parting of Venus and Adonis. This famous production was sent to Naples. The French Revolution was now extending its shocks over Italy; and Canova sought obscurity and repose in his native Possagno. Thither he retired in 1798, and there he continued for about a year, principally employed in painting, of which art also he had some knowledge...

Events in the political world having come to a temporary lull, he returned to Rome; but his health being impaired from arduous application, he took a journey through a part of Germany, in company with his friend Prince Rezzonico. He returned from his travels much improved, and again commenced his labors with vigour and enthusiasm..During the period which intervened between commencing operations at Possagno and his death, he executed or finished some of his most striking works. Amongst these were the group Mars and Venus, the colossal figure of Pius VI, the Pietà, the St John, the recumbent Magdalen. The last performance which issued from his hand was a colossal bust of his friend, the Count Cicognara..Among Canova's heroic compositions, his Perseus with the Head of Medusa appeared soon after his return from Germany. The moment of representation is when the hero, flushed with conquest, displays the head of the "snaky Gorgon", whilst the right hand grasps a sword of singular device. By a public decree, this fine work was placed in one of the stanze of the Vatican hitherto reserved for the most precious works of antiquity.In 1802, at the personal request of Napoleon, Canova returned to Paris to model a bust of the first consul.. The artist was entertained with munificence, and various honors were conferred upon him.. The statue (photo, left), which is colossal and entitled Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker, was not finished till four years after. On the fall of the great emperor, Louis XVIII presented this statue to the British government, by whom it was afterwards given to the Duke of Wellington. It is now in Apsley House, Hyde Park corner, London..The Dancing Nymphs maintain a character similar to that of the Hebe. The Three Graces and the Venus are more elevated. The Awakened Nymph is another notable work. The mother of Napoleon, his consort Maria Louise (as Concord), to model whom the author made a further journey to Paris in 1810, the princess Esterhazy and the muse Polymnia (Elisa Bonaparte) take their place in this class, as do the
ideal heads, comprising Corinna, Sappho, Laura, Beatrice and Helen of Troy...

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Thug Behram or Buhram (ca 1765–1840), also known as Buhram Jemedar and the 'King of the Thugs', was a leader of the Thuggee cult active in Oudh in northern central India during the late 18th and early 19th century, that is often cited as one of the world's most prolific serial killers. He may have been involved in up to 931 murders by strangulation between 1790–1840 performed with a ceremonial cloth (or rumal, which in Hindi means handkerchief), used by his cult.. Behram was executed in 1840 by hanging..Behram used his cummerbund as a rumal to execute his killings, with a large medallion sewn into it.. With practiced skill he could cast the rumal so as to cause the medallion to land at the adam's-apple of his victims, adding pressure to the throat when he strangled them.. Today the sinister Canova medallion, reputed to have been used in at least 65 murders, along with an aged hand-written document of 1831 supporting Behram's son Ali's continuance at an Indigo factory (Correspondence from the Quarter Master General’s office regarding the Indigo Factory in the Sepoy Lines at Vellore) are preserved in a private museum..
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Canova
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of...rs_before_1900
http://unexplained-mysteries.tumblr....nova-medallion
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...7&postcount=52As your mother tells you, and my mother certainly told me, it is important, she always used to say, always to try new things..Your profile at the border stations has 5 features on the clock 4.35.. I'll trade you... "Trade"?..Stop now and I'll tell you what they are.. Why don't you push him in?..Probably all 3, though I wouldn't want to predict in what order...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=684

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Old 15-07-2014, 08:40 PM   #194
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Originally Posted by lightgiver View Post
Perhaps the Eagle and Child theme is rooted in an Ancient Greek myth - the kidnapping and raping of the young Ganymede.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ganymede_%28mythology%29



So it sounds like reference to what the Greeks called paiderastía, or more recently catamite. Homosexuality and pedophilia - all in one.
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Old 16-07-2014, 04:45 PM   #195
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The DeCavalcante crime family is an organized crime family that operates in Elizabeth, New Jersey and surrounding areas in the state and is part of the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the American Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). Despite operating on the other side of the Hudson River from the Five Families of New York, it maintains strong relations with many of them as well as with the Philadelphia crime family and the Patriarca crime family of New England. Its illicit activities include construction, building and cement violations; drug trafficking; extortion; fencing; fraud; illegal gambling; hijacking; labor racketeering; loansharking; money laundering; murder; and pier thefts.. The DeCavalcantes are, in part, the inspiration for the fictional DiMeo crime family of HBO's dramatic series The Sopranos.. The DeCavalcante family was the subject of the CNBC program Mob Money, which aired on June 23, 2010...

Although not recognized as an autonomous crime family until the regime of Simone DeCavalcante, there were several bosses in North Jersey during the Prohibition era controlling transportation of alcohol and whiskey into New York City. In Newark, New Jersey, there was the Newark family headed by Gaspare D'Amico, the Reina family's Jersey crew controlled by Gaetano "Tom" Reina, the Masseria family's New Jersey faction and the Elizabeth family headed by Stefano Badami. In Newark, D'Amico controlled illegal gambling and bootlegging operations throughout the early 1920. In 1935, Vincenzo Troia a former associate of Salvatore Maranzano conspired to take over the Newark family and he was murdered.. Two years later in 1937, D'Amico fled the United States after a failed assassination attempt on his life order by Joseph Profaci.. The Commission decided to divide up his territory among the Five Families and Badami's Elizabeth family..Stefano "Steve" Badami, became the boss Elizabeth-Newark family however, his reign proved to be very disruptive, as members of the Newark and the Elizabeth factions began fighting for total control of New Jersey. As Badami kept controlling the crew up towards the 1950s, he was suddenly murdered in 1955, in what appears to have been another power struggle between the two factions. Badami's underboss and fellow mobster, Filippo Amari stepped up to run the illegal operations..Filippo "Phil" Amari, a mobster recognized by US law enforcement to be heavily involved with labour racketeering, loansharking, extortion and narcotics activities in Newark and New York City, was now considered the new head of the New Jersey organization. His reign proved to be very short, as there were multiple factions operating underneath who all conspired to take over. While still in charge, he relocated to Sicily and was replaced by Nicholas "Nick" Delmore, who with underbosses of Elizabeth and Newark, Frank Majuri and Louis "Fat Lou" LaRasso attended the infamous 1957 Apalachin Convention to represent the small New Jersey crime family..

The official criminal organization began with Simone DeCavalcante, a diplomatic, 'old school' Don, known as "Sam the Plumber" and "The Count". He was born in 1913 and was a mobster involved in illegal gambling, murder and racketeering for most of his life. He died of a heart attack at the age of 84..Between 1964, when he rose to power, and 1969, when he was incarcerated, he doubled the number of made-men within his family. He owned "Kenilworth Heating and Air Conditioning", in Kenilworth, New Jersey, as a legal front and source of taxable income and for which he gained the nickname "Sam the Plumber". Sam DeCavalcante also claimed to be of Italian royal lineage and another nickname he bore was "The Count".. He gained much respect because he won a coveted place on the infamous 'Commission', a governing body for the U.S. Mafia, which included the Five Families of New York and the Chicago Outfit of the Midwest.. Mob representatives of Miami were also included..The downfall of the DeCavalcante family was precipitated in 1998 when an associate named Ralph Guarino became an FBI informant in an effort to avoid a long prison sentence in connection with taking part with 2 others in a heist of $1.6 million from the World Trade Center..In 2001, 20 mobsters were charged with racketeering, se7en murders, 14 murder conspiracies, attempted murder, extortion in the
construction industry and stock fraud...

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The Peraino family financed and produced the most profitable pornographic film of all time — Deep Throat, starring the first porn star ever, Linda Lovelace. Louis produced the movie and his father Anthony loaned him the initial $22,500 in production costs. The Perainos used a unique procedure by leasing the theatres and employees for all proceeds.. To ensure compliance, they sent their own employees or associates known as "checkers" to run the movie houses..

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Joseph "Joe" Miranda (born 1925) is an American mobster and member of the New Jersey-based DeCavalcante crime family. A longtime "soldier" to Simone "Sam the Plumber" DeCavalcante and later boss Giovanni Riggi, he became acting underboss for Girolamo "Jimmy" Palermo following the imprisonment of many high-ranking members in 2003..As the crime family's most senior member, earning him the sobriquet "the Old Man", Miranda was the defacto head of the DeCavalcantes for three years until stepping down in favor of Francesco Guarraci in late-2006. He and Guarraci are presently the 2 top men, as boss and underboss respectively, in the criminal organization..Simone Rizzo "Sam" DeCavalcante(1912 – February 7, 1997), known as "Sam the Plumber", was a member of the New Jersey Mafia. Claiming descent from the Italian royal family, DeCavalcante was nicknamed "The Count".. The Kefauver hearings later named his crime family the DeCavalcante crime family since he was the boss of the family current to those hearings..From 1961 to 1965, DeCavalcante was the subject of a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) investigation known as the "Goodfella Tapes". This investigation confirmed claims by informant Joe Valachi, provided crucial information on La Cosa Nostra, and revealed the existence of the Mafia Commission. However, since no court order was issued for the wire tap, none of tapes could be used to indict DeCavalcante.. In 1969, after compiling almost 2,300 transcript pages of taped conversations, the FBI released them to the public..In 1980, DeCavalcante retired as boss and passed control of the family to Giovanni "John the Eagle" Riggi. DeCavalcante retired to Miami Beach, Florida, and he starting planning to build a legitimate resort casino in South Florida.. However, the casino project died when Florida voters rejected legalized gambling..While officially "retired", many suspected that DeCavalcante was still involved with the crime family, providing advice to Riggi through his son Simone Junior..On February 7, 1997 DeCavalcante died of natural causes due to age, in Miami Florida. He is buried at Greenwood Cemetery in Trenton, New Jersey...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DeCavalcante_crime_family
http://www.theguardian.com/media/200...g.dailyexpress
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...4&postcount=14Hey, Joe, tell these guys the story about the pussy being insured..What is it?.Tell these guys how you stumbled on this whole thing.. Tell them the story.. Come on...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...6&postcount=31

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Old 08-08-2014, 09:41 PM   #196
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Arrow Mad Sam


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Sam "Mad Sam" (aged 63) DeStefano (September 13, 1909 − April 14, 1973) was an Italian-American gangster who became one of the Chicago Outfit's most notorious loan sharks and sociopathic killers. Chicago-based Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agents, such as William F. Roemer, Jr., considered DeStefano to be the worst torture-murderer in the history of the United States.. The Outfit used the mentally unstable and sadistic DeStefano for the torture-murders of Leo Foreman and Arthur Adler, the murder of DeStefano's younger brother, Michael DeStefano, Outfit enforcer and fellow loan shark William "Action" Jackson and many others. However, due to DeStefano's deranged mental state, the Outfit never let him become a made man...

Samuel DeStefano, Jr. was born in Streator, Illinois, into the Italian-American family of Samuel DeStefano, Sr., and Rosalie DeStefano (née Brasco), both of whom had been born in Italy and had immigrated to the United States in 1903. Destefano, Sr., was a laborer and, later on in life, a grocer and real estate salesman before dying of natural causes, in 1942, at age 77. Rosalie was a housewife, who throughout her life was supported by the contributions of her children. She died in October 1960. In all, the DeStefanos had six children, four sons and two daughters. Not long after his birth, Sam DeStefano and his family moved to Herrin, Illinois, where his father worked in the local coal mine. After the labour-related turmoil surrounding the Herrin Massacre, the DeStefano family moved north to Chicago's Little Italy.. At least one Outfit insider, Charles Crimaldi, claimed DeStefano was a Devil Worshipper...



In January 1950, DeStefano bought a new car, which police later spotted him driving around in with a sign on it that said "This is a lemon". To make sure everyone would notice it he also festooned the car with grapefruits. DeStefano's reason for this was because he thought he had bought a bad car and wanted the world to know it..FBI Agent William F. Roemer wrote that he would go to DeStefano's house to question him about mob business and on a few occasions, DeStefano would walk down the stairs in his pajamas, exposing himself. Often DeStefano's wife would serve the agents coffee and the agents would comment that the coffee had a unique taste to it. Sam would claim the coffee was made from special Italian coffee beans that his wife brewed. Months later Roemer found out that DeStefano had been urinating in the coffee before it was served to the agents. Roemer wrote he could never drink coffee again in his life..On April 14, 1973, it was presumed, that DeStefano was to have met with his brother, Mario Anthony DeStefano, and associate, Tony Spilotro in the garage of his West Side, Austin neighborhood home, in the 1600 block of North Sayre Avenue. Before the meeting began, Spilotro allegedly entered the lot and shot DeStefano twice with a shotgun, hitting him in the chest and tearing his left arm off at the elbow, instantly killing him.. The murderer was never brought to trial..The Herrin Massacre took place in June 1922 in Herrin, Illinois. Following an early morning gunfire attack on non-union miners going to work on June 21, three union miners (Jordie Henderson, Joseph Pitkewicius and one other) were killed in a confrontation after the striking union members marched on the mine. The next day, union miners killed 19 of fifty strikebreakers and mine guards, many of them in brutal ways. A twentieth victim from the non-union group would later be murdered,
bringing the death total to 23...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_DeStefano
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=255I want you to show right now how much you love G!. I want you to show as your tithe! I want you to open up your hearts! And open up your wallets! And open up your purses! And give it up! Praise the Lord! Somebody's been talking about me, talking about I've been riding around in a Cadillac!. If you love me, and you wanna give to me, then I should be in a Rolls Royce!.. Listen.. What do you do around here in the summertime?... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=861

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Old 08-08-2014, 10:33 PM   #197
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Lightbulb Crassus



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Marcus Licinius Crassus (Latin: M·LICINIVS·P·F·P·N·CRASSVS;c. 115 BC – 53 BC) was a Roman general and politician who played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Amassing an enormous fortune during his life, Crassus is considered the wealthiest man in Roman history, and among the richest men in all history..Crassus began his public career as a military commander under Lucius Cornelius Sulla during his civil war. Following Sulla's assumption of the dictatorship, Crassus amassed an enormous fortune through real estate speculation. Crassus rose to political prominence following his victory over the slave revolt led by Spartacus, sharing the Consulship with his rival Pompey the Great...

Marcus Licinius Crassus' next concern was to rebuild the fortunes of his family, which had been confiscated during the Marian-Cinnan proscriptions. According to Plutarch's "Life of Crassus", Crassus made most of his fortune through "rapine and fire". Sulla's proscriptions, in which the property of his victims was cheaply auctioned off, found one of the greatest acquirers of this type of property in Crassus: indeed, Sulla was especially supportive of this because he wished to spread around the blame as much as possible, among those unscrupulous to be glad to do so..

Some of Crassus' wealth was acquired conventionally, through traffic in slaves, production from silver mines, and speculative real estate purchases. Crassus tended to specialize in deals involving proscribed citizens and especially and notoriously purchasing during fires or structural collapse of buildings. When buildings were burning, Crassus and his purposely-trained crew would show up, and Crassus would offer to purchase the presumably doomed property and perhaps neighboring endangered properties from their owners for speculatively low sums; if the purchase offer was accepted, Crassus would then use his army of some 500 slaves which he purchased due to their knowledge of architecture and building to put the fire out, sometimes before too much damage had been done: otherwise Crassus would use his crews to rebuild. If his purchase offers were not accepted, then Crassus would not engage in firefighting. Crassus's slaves employed the Roman method of firefighting—destroying the burning building to curtail the spread of the flames.. Similar methods were used by Crassus in the common event of the collapse of the large Roman buildings known as insulae, which were notorious for their poor construction and unsafe conditions. Crassus was happy to cheaply construct new insulae using his slave labour force, in place of the old insulae which had collapsed and/or burned; however, he was known for his raising of rents rather than for his erection of improved residential structures.

Crassus was kinsman to Licinia, a Vestal Virgin, whose valuable property he coveted. Plutarch says: "And yet when he was further on in years, he was accused of criminal intimacy with Licinia, one of the vestal virgins and Licinia was formally prosecuted by a certain Plotius. Now Licinia was the owner of a pleasant villa in the suburbs which Crassus wished to get at a low price, and it was for this reason that he was forever hovering about the woman and paying his court to her, until he fell under the abominable suspicion. And in a way it was his avarice that absolved him from the charge of corrupting the vestal, and he was acquitted by the judges. But he did not let Licinia go until he had acquired her property...

Crassus received Syria as his province, which promised to be an inexhaustible source of wealth. It would have been had he not also sought military glory and crossed the Euphrates in an attempt to conquer Parthia. Crassus attacked Parthia not only because of its great source of riches, but because of a desire to match the military victories of his two major rivals, Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar. His legions were defeated at Carrhae (modern Harran in Turkey) in 53 BC by a numerically inferior Parthian force. Crassus' legions were mainly infantry men and were not prepared for the type of swift, cavalry-and-arrow attack that the Parthian troops were particularly adept at. The Parthians would get within shooting range, rain a barrage of arrows down upon Crassus's troops, turn, fall back, and charge forth with another attack in the same vein. They were even able to shoot as well backwards as they could forwards, increasing the deadliness of their onslaught.. Crassus refused his quaestor Gaius Cassius Longinus's plans to reconstitute the Roman battle line, and remained in the testudo formation thinking that the Parthians would eventually run out of arrows..Subsequently Crassus' men, being near mutiny, demanded he parley with the Parthians, who had offered to meet with him. Crassus, despondent at the death of his son Publius in the battle, finally agreed to meet the Parthian general; however, when Crassus mounted a horse to ride to the Parthian camp for a peace negotiation, his junior officer Octavius suspected a Parthian trap and grabbed Crassus' horse by the bridle, instigating a sudden fight with the Parthians that left the Roman party dead, including Crassus..The account given in Plutarch's biography of Crassus also mentions that, during the feasting and revelry in the wedding ceremony of Artavazd's sister to the Parthian king Orodes II's son and heir Pacorus in Artashat, Crassus' head was brought to Orodes II..Both kings were enjoying a performance of Euripides' Greek tragedy The Bacchae and a certain actor of the royal court, named Jason of Tralles, took the head and sang the following verses (also from the Bacchae)..

We bring from the mountain
A tendril fresh-cut to the palace
A wonderful prey..




Also according to Plutarch, a final mockery was made ridiculing the memory of Crassus, by dressing up a Roman prisoner, Caius Paccianus, who resembled him in appearance in women's clothing, calling him "Crassus" and "Imperator", and leading him in a spectacular show of a final, mock "triumphal procession", putting to ridiculous use the traditional symbols of Roman triumph and authority...The Bacchae is concerned with two opposite sides of man’s natures: There is the rational and civilized side, which is represented by the character of Pentheus, the king of Thebes, and then there is the instinctive side, which is represented by Dionysus. This side is sensual without analysis, it feels a connection between man and beast, and it is a potential source of divinity and spiritual power.. In Euripides’ plays the gods represent various human qualities, allowing the audience to grapple with considerations of the human condition. The Bacchae seems to be saying that it is perilous to deny or ignore the human desire for Dionysian experience; those who are open to the experience will find spiritual power, and those who suppress or repress the desire in themselves or others will transform it into a destructive force..Dionysus; Greek: Διόνυσος, Dionysos) was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness and religious ecstasy in Greek mythology. His name, thought to be a theonym in Linear B tablets as di-wo-nu-so (KH Gq 5 inscription), shows that he may have been worshipped as early as c. 1500–1100 BC by Mycenean Greeks; other traces of the Dionysian-type cult have been found in ancient Minoan Crete..His origins are uncertain, and his cults took many forms; some are described by ancient sources as Thracian, others as Greek.. In some cults, he arrives from the east, as an Asiatic foreigner; in others, from Ethiopia in the South. He is a god of epiphany, "the god that comes", and his "foreignness" as an arriving outsider-god may be inherent and essential to his cults..At Delphi the Theophania (Θεοφάνια) or Theophanies was an annual festival in spring celebrating the return of Apollo from his winter quarters in Hyperborea. The culmination of the festival was a display of an image of the gods, usually hidden in the sanctuary, to worshippers. Later Roman mystery religions often included similar brief displays of images to excited worshippers..He was also known as Bacchus (Greek: Βάκχος, Bakkhos), the name adopted by the Romans and the frenzy he induces, bakkheia.. His thyrsus is sometimes wound with ivy and dripping with honey. It is a beneficent wand but also a weapon, and can be used to destroy those who oppose his cult and the freedoms he represents.. His cult is also a "cult of the souls"; his maenads feed the dead through blood-offerings, and he acts as a divine
communicant between the living and the dead...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Licinius_Crassus
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=172Look around you.. You'll see women of all sizes.. 500 sesterces deposit on Varinia.. Since he hasn't Paid, this gives me first call over Crassus..We have visitors.. Tremendous visitors!. Two simply enormous Roman lords on the hill..How easily impressed you are, Ramon. Just 'cause they're Romans, I suppose they're enormous.. Tell them to wait for me when they arrive..Master, you don't understand!.How enormous do these Roman lords get?..One of them is Marcus Licinius Crassus..What? Wait a minute. Crassus here? Varinia, my red toga with the acorns.. And some chairs in the atrium.. Second-best wine..No, the best, but small goblets... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=865

Last edited by lightgiver; 08-08-2014 at 10:48 PM.
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Old 30-08-2014, 01:47 PM   #198
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Arrow Diocletian


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Diocletian (Latin: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus, Greek Διοκλητιανός) (245–311) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus. After the deaths of Carus and his son Numerian on campaign in Persia, Diocletian was proclaimed emperor.. The title was also claimed by Carus' other surviving son, Carinus, but Diocletian defeated him in the Battle of the Margus. Diocletian's reign stabilized the empire and marks the end of the Crisis of the Third Century. He appointed fellow officer Maximian as augustus, co-emperor, in 286...

Not all of Diocletian's plans were successful: the Edict on Maximum Prices (301), his attempt to curb inflation via price controls, was counterproductive and quickly ignored. Although effective while he ruled, Diocletian's tetrarchic system collapsed after his abdication under the competing dynastic claims of Maxentius and Constantine, sons of Maximian and Constantius respectively. The Diocletianic Persecution (303–11), the empire's last, largest, and bloodiest official persecution of Christianity, did not destroy the empire's Christian community; indeed, after 324 Christianity became the empire's preferred religion under its first Christian emperor, Constantine.. Constantine would claim to have the same close relationship with the Christian God as Diocletian claimed to have with Jupiter.. Most importantly, Diocletian's tax system and administrative reforms lasted, with some modifications, until the advent of the Muslims in the 630s..The combination of state autocracy and state religion was instilled in much of Europe, particularly in the lands which adopted Orthodox Christianity...



In spite of his failures, Diocletian's reforms fundamentally changed the structure of Roman imperial government and helped stabilize the empire economically and militarily, enabling the empire to remain essentially intact for another hundred years despite being near the brink of collapse in Diocletian's youth. Weakened by illness, Diocletian left the imperial office on 1 May 305, and became the first Roman emperor to voluntarily abdicate the position (John VI retired to a monastery in the 14th century). He lived out his retirement in his palace on the Dalmatian coast, tending to his vegetable gardens. His palace eventually became the core of the modern-day city of Split..

At Carnuntum people begged Diocletian to return to the throne, to resolve the conflicts that had arisen through Constantine's rise to power and Maxentius' usurpation.. Diocletian's reply: "If you could show the cabbage that I planted with my own hands to your emperor, he definitely wouldn't dare suggest that I replace the peace and happiness of this place with the storms of a never-satisfied greed"..He lived on for three more years, spending his days in his palace gardens. He saw his tetrarchic system fail, torn by the selfish ambitions of his successors. He heard of Maximian's third claim to the throne, his forced suicide, his damnatio memoriae. In his own palace, statues and portraits of his former companion emperor were torn down and destroyed.. Deep in despair and illness, Diocletian may have committed suicide.. He died on 3 December 311..Spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings, Split's greater area includes the neighboring seaside towns as well. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is a link to numerous Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diocletian
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...3&postcount=51I am always killing boars, but the other man enjoys the meat..How often is it the interest of four or 5 ministers to combine together to deceive their sovereign!...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=210

Last edited by lightgiver; 30-08-2014 at 01:53 PM.
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Old 19-09-2014, 07:44 PM   #200
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Arrow Take Back Your Mind

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The whole construct. I'd been taught by Irish Jesuits, who are very clever. They made up multiple layers of rationality for the whole Catholic structure. The nice thing about Catholicism, however, is that it teaches you what to believe. So when you throw it over, you know exactly what you're throwing over. You can say, "I /don't/ believe in the Father Almighty," and continue right through the Apostles' Creed, the Confiteor, and the rest of it, tossing out one tenet at a time. I believe in God, but not in the "Catholic God," who is vengeful. There's the whole business about guilt, "impure thoughts," going to hell if you don't do what the church commands. One way this was solved for me, intellectually if not emotionally, was by reading the "Grand Inquisitor" chapter of Dostoevsky's /The Brothers Karamazov/in which Christ comes back to Earth. The Grand Inquisitor tells him, "When we saw those miracles in the street, we knew you were back. But this time we're not giving you any publicity. We're keeping you in this cell. We know how to run these people now." That just knocked the church right out of me, and by the time I was finished with Caltech, medical school, and psychoanalysis, that belief system was pretty well cleaned out of me...

In 1934, Lilly read Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. Reading about the pharmacological control methods of the Huxley's dystopia and the links between physical chemical processes of the brain and subjective experiences of the mind helped inspire Lilly to give up his study of physics and pursue biology, eventually focusing on neurophysiology...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_C._Lilly
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=281618&page=2
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