Go Back   David Icke's Official Forums > Main Forums > The Paranormal & Mysteries

Reply
 
Thread Tools
Old 14-01-2011, 04:31 PM   #41
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Encantado
Dolphin-man of the Amazon River



It’s festival time on the Amazon River; the handsome young stranger in the spotless white linen suit glides through the noise and music of the party with liquid grace. The girls can’t take their eyes off him, but he seems to have eyes for one girl only. They dance the night away, and sometime shortly before midnight they slip from the festivities for a walk along the river. Neither the girl nor the mysterious young man is ever seen again. The next morning, a pair of shoes and a discarded party dress will be found on the riverbank. The old folks will turn to each other and whisper: “Encantado.”

The encantado -- Portuguese for “enchanted ones” -- are river-dwelling spirits who can take either human form or the form of a boto, the bizarre long-beaked freshwater dolphins of the Amazon. In human form they are pale-skinned and graceful, dressed usually in bright clothes in an old-fashioned style. Their transformation is never fully complete, however: an encantado will always have a bald spot on the top of its head where its dolphin blowhole remains. For this reason, the encantado always keeps his head covered, usually with a broad-brimmed straw hat. The encantado is better at assuming its dolphin form, though strange boto with flippers ending in human hands have been reported.

The encantado are curious about human society, and they are particularly fond of festivals and parties where they can enjoy music and dancing. It is not unheard-of for an enchanted one to dwell on land long-term, making a living as a musician. This fascination with people shows its dark side when a lovestruck encantado abducts a human girl back to its home in the underwater city called the Encante. Most of these girls never return from this mystic place, and those that somehow escape their abductors are never quite right in the head. Many return pregnant; this happens often enough that it’s common in some areas for any child whose father is unknown to be called a “child of the boto.”




The encantado have great powers of hypnosis and suggestion, and will place victims under their spell before taking them away. It is of critical importance to keep the victim away from the river, using restraints if necessary; they will be drawn to the water, pulled irresistibly by the power of the encantado. To break the spell, a medicine man or wise woman must cast a magical powder -- a mixture of manioc flour and dried crushed chile peppers works well -- over the water where the encantado is known to appear. This powder will usually break the spell and drive the creature away, and any gifts it may have given the victim, such as jewelry or fine clothes, will revert to their true forms: rotting leaves and other river trash.

http://monsterguide.blogspot.com/200...zon-river.html



Encantado is a word in Portuguese roughly translating as "enchanted one", and is also a commonly used greeting in Spanish meaning "enchanted", as in "enchanted to meet you". The Brazilian term is used for creatures who come from a paradisiacal underwater realm called the Encante. It may refer to spirit beings or shapeshifting snakes, but most often it designates dolphins with the ability to turn into humans. Although belief in them is starting to wane, there are still plenty of South Americans who believe in their existence ardently, and claim to have seen and interacted with them, or even that they are related to them. They share the most of the same themes and features as the fairies of European folklore.

Most commonly, the stories involve a type of freshwater dolphin which lives in the Amazon River called the Boto. It is larger and more primitive-looking than the other type of Amazon dolphin, the Tucuxi. The stories also involve snakes, whose kinds can vary from the common type to coral snakes.


There are three elements that best characterize encantados: superior musical ability, their seductiveness and love of sex (often resulting in illegitimate children), and their attraction to parties. Despite the fact that the Encante where they come from is supposed to be a utopia full of wealth and without pain or death, the encantados crave the pleasures and hardships of the human world.


Transformation into human form seems to be rare, and usually occurs at night. The encantado will often be seen running from a festa, despite protests from the others for it to stay, and can be seen by pursuers as it hurries to the river and reverts back to dolphin form. When it is under human form, it wears a hat to hide its prominent forehead, that does not disappear with the shapeshift.

Besides the ability to shapeshift into human form, encantados frequently wield other magical abilities, such as the power to control storms, "enchant" or haunt humans into doing their will or becoming encantados themselves, and inflict illness, insanity, and even death. Shamans and holy men are often needed to intervene and ameliorate the situation, but sometimes the spell is so great that it can not be completely cured.


Folklore

Kidnapping is also a common theme in such folklore. Encantados are said to be fond of abducting humans they fall in love with, children born of their illicit love affairs, or just anyone near the river who can keep them company, and taking them back to the Encante. The fear of this is so great for many people who live across the Amazon rivers area that many of them, children and adults alike, are terrified of going near the water in certain hours like 6 PM or basically alone. Some who have encountered encantados out in canoes have been said to have gone insane, although the creatures seem to have done little more than follow their boats and nudge them from time to time.


__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 15-01-2011, 05:12 AM   #42
sh3lly
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2010
Posts: 3,004
Likes: 1 (1 Post)
Default

Salamander, the fire elemental.

(I'm a fire sign. Leo.)

Quote:
Of all the traits ascribed to salamanders, the ones relating to fire have stood out most prominently in salamander lore. This connection probably originates from a behavior common to many species of salamander: hibernating in and under rotting logs. When wood was brought indoors and put on the fire, the creatures "mysteriously" appeared from the flames. The 16th-century Italian artist Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571) famously recalled witnessing just such an appearance as a child in his autobiography. According to some writers, the milky substance that a salamander exudes when frightened and which makes its skin very moist gave rise to the idea that the salamander could withstand any heat and even put out fires.

Early commentators in Europe often grouped "crawling things" (reptiles or reptilia in Latin) together, and thus creatures in this group, which typically included salamanders (Latin salamandrae), dragons (Latin dracones or serpentes), and basilisks (Latin basilisci), were often associated together, as in Conrad Lycosthenes' Prodigiorum ac ostentorum chronicon of 1557.

The salamander is mentioned in the Talmud (Hagiga 27a) as a creature that is a product of fire, and anyone who is smeared with its blood will be immune to harm from fire. Rashi (1040–1105), the primary commentator on the Talmud, describes the salamander as one which is produced by burning a fire in the same place for seven years. According to Sahih Bukhari (810–870), Muhammad said that salamanders are "mischief-doers" and "should be killed".

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) wrote the following on the salamander: "This has no digestive organs, and gets no food but from the fire, in which it constantly renews its scaly skin. The salamander, which renews its scaly skin in the fire,—for virtue." Later, Paracelsus (1493–1541) suggested that the salamander was the elemental of fire, which has had substantial influence on the role of salamanders in the occult.















Quote:
The salamanders are the spirit of fire. Without these beings, fire cannot exist. You cannot light a match without a salamander's being present. There are many families of salamanders, differing in size, appearance, and dignity. Some people have seen them as small balls of light, but most commonly they are perceived as being lizard-like in shape and about a foot or more in length.

The salamanders are considered the strongest and most powerful of all the elementals. Their ruler is a magnificent flaming being called Djin. Those who have seen him say that he is terrible, yet awe-inspiring in appearance.

Salamanders have the ability to extend their size or diminish it, as needed. If you ever need to light a campfire in the wilderness, call to the salamanders and they will help you.

It has also been said that salamanders (and the other elemental beings) can be mischievous at times. For example, a fiery temper and inharmonious conditions in a person's home can cause these beings to make trouble. They are like children in that they don't fully understand the results of their actions. They are greatly affected, as are all nature spirits, by human humankind's thinking.
http://www.crystalinks.com/nature_spirits.html

Quote:
Some neat bits about elemental Salamanders:

* They rule the element of fire
* They hail from the direction South
* It's typically agreed they take on a lizard-like form
* They are fabled to have taught ancient man how to create and use fire
* The elemental concept of, and the term salamander was coined by Paracelsus, a highly respected physician of the 16th century.

The fire elementals Salamander is no real relation to the amphibious salamander. Although, amphibian salamanders do live in moist logs and villagers of days gone by observed throwing logs on a fire caused salamanders to scurry out from the logs. Ergo, some of our more naive ancestors figured fire as the birth-giver of the salamander (rather than running to save their sweet little skins) and here we find a lore-connection to our fire elemental salamander.

The lore continues to weave in and out of collective imagination as we learn elemental Salamanders were attributed for the presence of coronas or points of discharge. Commonly known as St. Elmo's Fire, salamanders were thought to produce electric fields of energy, and sometimes great glowing orbs of fire.

Other ancient accounts tell of fire elementals living in volcanos. Dormant volcano's indicate contented, slumbering salamanders. When erupting, the salamanders' wrath has been incurred, and their lava tongues come to lick up everything in their path.

The Element Encyclopedia of Magical Creatures cites the salamander to be a poisonous beast of mythology.

Far from poisonous, my minds eye sees elemental Salamanders as high-spirited, cantankerous beasties. Being a fire sign (Sagittarius), I can relate to that :-).

If we can imagine fire as having a personality, we can start to pick up clues about what Salamanders are really like. Here are a few symbolic attributes of fire that might help in the identification process:

* Wild
* Bold
* Sultry
* Feisty
* Lively
* Energizing
* Impetuous
* Passionate
* Consuming
* Enlightening
* Illuminating
* Commanding

In this light, the symbolic meaning of the salamander as a personification of the fire element takes on a new energetic tone.
http://www.whats-your-sign.com/fire-...lamanders.html
__________________
Humanity is mind-controlled and only slightly more conscious than your average zombie. - David Icke
Not only do I not know what's going on, I wouldn't know what to do about it if I did. - George Carlin
sh3lly is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 15-01-2011, 09:34 AM   #43
211200
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2010
Location: Through the Looking Glass
Posts: 2,101
Likes: 206 (115 Posts)
Default

Thank you for sharing Sh3lly ~ I too am a Leo (Fire Sign)

__________________
I guess our freedoms will only be free once we are free of this tyranny.
211200 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 15-01-2011, 03:50 PM   #44
sh3lly
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2010
Posts: 3,004
Likes: 1 (1 Post)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by 211200 View Post
Thank you for sharing Sh3lly ~ I too am a Leo (Fire Sign)

I remember. We have the same birthday!
__________________
Humanity is mind-controlled and only slightly more conscious than your average zombie. - David Icke
Not only do I not know what's going on, I wouldn't know what to do about it if I did. - George Carlin
sh3lly is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 15-01-2011, 05:28 PM   #45
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by sh3lly View Post
I remember. We have the same birthday!
Omigawd, we must be triplets because you and I have the same birthday
__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 15-01-2011, 05:30 PM   #46
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Great post as always, Sh3lly From a lioness to another <3
__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 16-01-2011, 12:31 PM   #47
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

The nagumwasuck are fairy creatures known in the foklore of the Passamaquoddy indian tribe.

Nagumwasuck are sad faced little people, 7" tall, and unspeakably ugly with twisted faces. Very thin and conservative in dress (generally dressing in softened bark cloth), the Nagumwasuck have little hair, large pointed noses, and deep-set eyes. They are rarely seen, since their ugly appearance makes them very self-conscious. So whenever there is a human about they quickly dodge out of sight.

These spirits though ugly, are very helpful and create good luck in all of the tribe's activities.

The Nagumwasuck are the guardian spirits of the Passamaquoddy Indians of the Northeast and used to live a lifestyle much like that tribe's traditional one. While their territory once spread from Nova Scotia through Maine, the Nagumwasuck have suffered from the fall of the native Indian customs and beliefs. It is why the few that are said to remain are sad most time, living on their reservations and attempting to maintain the Nagumwasuck blessing of at least better fortune over the tribe. Mostly they enjoy engaging in nostalgia for the long ago old times with tribal elders.

http://www.monstropedia.org/index.php?title=Nagumwasuck

__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 16-01-2011, 12:43 PM   #48
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Hawaii is said to be populated by a tiny magical race of beings called the Menehunes. They were believed to have actually been the first inhabitants of Hawaii. All the beautiful trees and plants of Hawaii were said to have been planted by the Menehunes. They are very jolly little creatures and take pleasure in doing good things that help the people and islands of Hawaii. The native peoples of Hawaii were said to have been fed and nurtured, when they first arrived there from Tahiti, by these little people. The native people of Hawaii say that the Menehunes have taught them many things. These little people use seagulls to fly around the island of Hawaii. They ride around on their backs. The next time you see a seagull he may have a Menehune on his back! See if his feathers are ruffled. The Menehunes wear tiny horns around their necks. They use these to call the seagulls if there is ever any trouble. There are many stories and descriptions of these little people and their adventures.

One belief is that the Menehunes are very shy and do most of their good deeds during the night when they can't be seen. They also will only allow very special people to see them. A Menehune must give you a special juice which will allow you to see him or her. Either this or you must be a descendant of these little people and have some of their blood to be able to see them. However, many people have been said to have heard the hum of their voices.

They are also said to be protectors of Hawaii and its inhabitants. A long time ago a huge wave was coming towards Hawaii and the King of the Menehunes saw it and began to blow on his horn. The Menehunes came running from all over the island and formed a line by holding hands. The Menehunes are powerful little magical creatures and this terrified the wave so he broke up and became the Kaneohe Bay.

The people of Hawaii don't have to worry about sharks either because the Menehunes protect them from these ferocious creatures. The Menehunes patrol the islands on the backs of seagulls looking for sharks. When a shark gets too close to the islands a Menehune who spots him will blow his little horn and Menehunes from all over the islands will get into their tiny canoes and paddle out to where the shark is. They will beat him with their paddles until he takes off. Most creatures know better than to challenge the powers of the magical little Menehunes.

http://faerymists.tripod.com/fytales/hawaii.htm



__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3

Last edited by mountain; 16-01-2011 at 12:45 PM.
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 16-01-2011, 12:58 PM   #49
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Xana


The xana is a character found in Asturian mythology. Always female, she is a fairy nymph of extraordinary beauty believed to live in fountains, rivers, waterfalls or forested regions with pure water. She is usually described as small or slender with long blonde or light brown hair (most often curly), which she tends to with gold or silver combs woven from sun or moonbeams. The origin of the Asturian word xana is unclear, though some scholars see it as a derivation from the Latin name for the goddess Diana. References to where the mythological xanas lived are still common in Asturian toponyms.



Besides exchanging other women's children for their own, the xanas promise treasures and can be disenchanted. Some xanas also attack people and steal their food. They live in fountains and caves[1].

A xana can be a beneficial spirit, offering love water[clarification needed] to travelers and rewards of gold or silver to those found worthy through some undefined judgment. Their hypnotic voices can be heard during spring and summer nights. Those who have a pure soul and hear the song will be filled with a sense of peace and love. Those whose souls are not pure will feel they are being suffocated and may be driven insane.

Xanas are usually depicted in one of two ways. In one, they appear as young Nordic girls, very beautiful, with long blonde hair. This image is usually associated with xanas who possess a treasure or those under a spell. In contrast, in tales in which the xanas steal children and enter homes to bite or steal, the xanas are small, thin and dark-colored[2].



Xaninos

Xanas have children, which are called xaninos, but because they cannot take care of them—xanas cannot produce milk to feed their babies—they usually take a human baby from his cradle and put their own fairy child in instead (see changelings). The human mother realizes this change when the baby grows up in just a few months. In order to unmask the xanín, one must put some pots and egg shells near the fire, and, if the baby is a changeling, he will exclaim, "I was born one hundred years ago, and since then I have not seen so many egg shells near the fire!"


Tales involving xanas

The stories about xanas can be divided into four broad categories. First, stories in which the xana has a child. In these stories, the xana switches her baby for that of another woman. Second, stories of xanas who suffer spells. In these stories, an act performed according to a secret norm can disenchant them. Third, xanas who possess treasures and riches. The xana may have acquired the riches accidentally, or through donation or theft; sometimes the human character of the tale obtains the treasure, but most of the times he does not. Finally, stories about xanas who are malicious. The most important tales of this category are those in which the xana enters a home through a keyhole; those in which the xana takes and enchants someone; those in which the xana transforms into animals; and those in which the xana provides a magic belt.[3].


Xanas in Literature

Cuban writer Daína Chaviano uses the xana motif in her acclaimed novel The Island of Eternal Love. When one of the characters encounters a xana while she is combing her hair, the dialogue between them will mark a crucial twist in the plot.

__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 16-01-2011, 09:15 PM   #50
metacomet
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Posts: 6,865
Likes: 23 (14 Posts)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by mountain View Post
Hawaii is said to be populated by a tiny magical race of beings called the Menehunes. They were believed to have actually been the first inhabitants of Hawaii. All the beautiful trees and plants of Hawaii were said to have been planted by the Menehunes.

...

These little people use seagulls to fly around the island of Hawaii. They ride around on their backs. The next time you see a seagull he may have a Menehune on his back!


That is so awesome!

I've never heard of these ones.
metacomet is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 16-01-2011, 10:13 PM   #51
211200
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2010
Location: Through the Looking Glass
Posts: 2,101
Likes: 206 (115 Posts)
Default



A mermaid is a mythological aquatic creature with a female human head and torso and the tail of a fish. Mermaids have a broad representation in folklore, literature, and popular culture.




The word is a compound of mere, the Old English word for "sea", and maid, a woman. The male equivalent is a merman.
Much like sirens, mermaids sometimes sing to people and gods and enchant them, distracting them from their work and causing them to walk off the deck or run their ships aground. Other stories depict them squeezing the life out of drowning men while attempting to rescue them. They are also said to carry humans down to their underwater kingdoms. In Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Mermaid, it is said that they forget that humans cannot breathe underwater, while others say they drown men out of spite.[citation needed]
The sirens of Greek mythology are sometimes portrayed in later folklore as mermaid-like; in fact, some languages use the same word for both bird and fish creatures, such as the Maltese word 'sirena'. Other related types of mythical or legendary creatures are water fairies (e.g., various water nymphs) and selkies, animals that can transform themselves from seals to humans.


__________________
I guess our freedoms will only be free once we are free of this tyranny.
211200 is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 17-01-2011, 09:11 PM   #52
nuka
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jul 2010
Posts: 1,575
Likes: 5 (4 Posts)
Default

Crystal links has a lot of info on mythology from various beasts to greek gods. I spent a whole afternoon reading the folk lore on this page a while back. here is the site http://www.crystalinks.com/directory.html
nuka is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 17-01-2011, 09:22 PM   #53
martg
Inactive
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 8,041
Likes: 7 (5 Posts)
Default

great thread mountain
martg is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 20-01-2011, 08:29 PM   #54
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by nuka View Post
Crystal links has a lot of info on mythology from various beasts to greek gods. I spent a whole afternoon reading the folk lore on this page a while back. here is the site http://www.crystalinks.com/directory.html
Thank you for the link I shall be taking a peek soon as I can <3
__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 20-01-2011, 08:29 PM   #55
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by martg View Post
great thread mountain
Thank you Please post some stuff!
__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 20-01-2011, 08:44 PM   #56
martg
Inactive
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 8,041
Likes: 7 (5 Posts)
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by mountain View Post
Thank you Please post some stuff!
I have to admit I don't really have anything interesting to add.
my sister has an interesting book on Anglo-Saxon/English mythology, next time I see her I will ask to borrow it, then maybe I can add something.
martg is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 20-01-2011, 11:45 PM   #57
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default



PEGASOS (or Pegasus) was an immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus. Pegasos was tamed by Bellerophon, a Korinthian hero, who rode him into battle against the fire-breathing Khimaira. Later, after the hero attempted to fly to heaven, the gods caused the horse to buck, throwing him back down to earth. Pegasos continued to wing its way to heaven where it took a place in the stables of Zeus.

The horse was also placed amongst the stars as a constellation, whose rising marked the arrival of the warmer weather of spring and seasonal rainstorms. As such he was often named thunderbolt-bearer of Zeus. In the constellation myths, Pegasos ("Springing Forth") may have represented the blooming of spring whilst Khimaira ("Frosty Air" ?) (perhaps winter-rising Capricorn) was the cold chill of winter.

PARENTS
[1.1] POSEIDON & MEDOUSA (Hesiod Theogony 278, Apollodorus 2.32 & 2.42, Hyginus Fabulae 151 & Astronomica 2.18, Ovid Metamorphoses 4.781 & 6.119)
[1.2] MEDOUSA (Pindar Olympian Ode, Nonnus Dionysiaca 24.270)
ENCYCLOPEDIA

PE′GASUS (Pêgasos). The famous winged horse, whose origin is thus related. When Perseus struck off the head of Medusa, with whom Poseidon had had intercourse in the form of a horse or a bird, there sprang forth from her Chrysaor and the horse Pegasus. The latter obtained the name Pegasus because he was believed to have made his appearance near the sources (pêgai) of Oceanus. Pegasus rose up to the seats of the immortals, and afterwards lived in the palace of Zeus, for whom he carried thunder and lightning (IIes. Theog. 281, &c.; Apollod. ii. 3. § 2, 4. § 2 ; Schol. ad Aristoph. Pac. 722; comp. Ov. Met. iv. 781, &c. vi. 119). According to this view, which is apparently the most ancient, Pegasus was the thundering horse of Zeus; but later writers describe him as the horse of Eos (Schol. ad Hom. Il. vi. 155; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 17), and place him among the stars as the heavenly horse (Arat. Phaen. 205, &c.; Hygin. Poet. Astr. ii. 18 Ov. Fast. iii. 457, &c.).

Pegasus also acts a prominent part in the fight of Bellerophon against the Chimaera (Hes. Theog. 325; Apollod. ii. 3. § 2). After Bellerophon had tried and suffered much to obtain possession of Pegasus for his fight against the Chimaera, he consuited the soothsayer Polyidus at Corinth. The latter advised him to spend a night in the temple of Athena, and, as Bellerophon was sleeping, the goddess appeared to him in a dream, commanding him to sacrifice to Poseidon, and gave him a golden bridle. When he awoke he found the bridle, offered the sacrifice, and caught Pegasus, who was drinking at the well Peirene (Pind. Ol. xiii. 90, &c. with the Schol.; Strab. viii. p. 379). According to some Athena herself tamed and bridled Pegasus, and surrendered him to Bellerophon (Paus. ii. 4. § 1), or Bellerophon received Pegasus from his own father Poseidon (Schol. ad Hom. Il. vi. 155). After he had conquered the Chimaera (Pindar says that he also conquered the Amazons and the Solymi, Ol. xiii. 125), he endeavoured to rise up to heaven with his winged horse, but fell down upon the earth, either from fear or from giddiness, or being thrown off by Pegasus, who was rendered furious by a gad-fly which Zeus had sent. But Pegasus continued his flight (Hygin. Poet. Astr. ii. 18 ; Pind. Isthm. vii. 6; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 17; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 636). Whether Hesiod considered Pegasus as a winged horse, cannot be inferred with certainty from the word apoptamenose; but Pindar, Euripides, and the other later writers, expressly mention his wings.

Pegasus lastly was also regarded as the horse of the Muses, and in this capacity he is more celebrated in modern times than he ever was in antiquity ; for with the ancients he had no connection with the Muses, except that by his hoof he called forth the inspiring well Hippocrene. The story about this well runs as follows. When the nine Muses engaged in a contest with the nine daughters of Pierus on Mount Helicon, all became darkness when the daughters of Pierus began to sing ; whereas during the song of the Muses, heaven, the sea, and all the rivers stood still to listen, and Helicon rose heavenward with delight, until Pegasus, on the advice of Poseidon, stopped its rising by kicking it with his hoof (Anton. Lib. 9); and from this kick there arose Hippocrene, the inspiring well of the Muses, on Mount Helicon, which, for this reason, Persius (Prol. 1) calls fons caballinus (Ov. Met. v. 256). Others again relate that Pegasus caused the well to gush forth because he was thirsty; and in other parts of Greece also similar wells were believed to have been called forth by Pegasus, such as Hippocrene, at Troezene, and Peirene, near Corinth (Paus. ii. 31. § 12; Stat. Theb iv. 60). Pegasus is often seen represented in ancient works of art and on coins along with Athena and Bellerophon.

Source: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
THE BIRTH OF PEGASUS

Hesiod, Theogony 280 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"But when Perseus had cut off the head of Medousa there sprang from her blood stout-hearted Khrysaor and the horse Pegasos so named from the pegai (springs) of Okeanos, where he was born."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 42 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"When he [Perseus] saw Medousa, he beheaded her. As soon as her head was severed there leaped from her body the winged horse Pegasos and Khrysaor, the father of Geryon. The father of these two was Poseidon."

Lycophron, Alexandra 840 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) :
"The harvester [Perseus] who delivered of her [Medousa’s] pains in birth of horse [Pegasos] and man [Khrysaor] the stony-eyed weasel whose children sprang from her neck.”

Strabo, Geography 8. 6. 20 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Pegasos, a winged horse which sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medousa when her head was cut off."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 151 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"From Medusa, daughter of Gorgon, and Neptunus [Poseidon], were born Chrysaor and horse Pegasus."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 4. 786 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"While deep sleep held fast Medusa and her snakes, he [Perseus] severed her head clean from her neck; and from their mother's blood swift-flying Pegasus and his brother [Khrysaor] sprang . . . he [Medousa], it's said, was violated in Minerva's [Athena’s] shrine by the Rector Pelagi (Lord of the Sea) [Poseidon]."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 6. 119 ff :
"As a bird [Poseidon mated with] the snake-haired mother of the flying steed [i.e. Medousa mother of Pegasos]."

Ovid, Fasti 3. 449 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Men believe it [Pegasos] sprang with its blood-spattered mane from the butchered Medusa’s pregnant neck. As it glided above the clouds and beneath the stars, the sky was its earth and wings were its feet."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. 13 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"As Medousa was slain [by Perseus], the neck was delivered of its twin birth, the Horse [Pegasos] and the Boy [Khrysaor] with the golden sword."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 24. 270 ff :
"[Perseus] shore off the snaky swathe of one Medousa, while her womb was still burdened and swollen with young, still in foal of Pegasos; what good if the sickle played the part of childbirth Eileithyia, and reaped the neck of the pregnant Gorgon, firstfruits of a horsebreeding neck?"



Pegasus at the spring, Apulian red-figure vase
C4th B.C., Tampa Museum of Art


PEGASUS & THE SPRING OF HIPPOCRENE

The Hippokrene was the spring of the Mousai (goddess Muses) on Mount Helikon in Boiotia. It was said to have burst forth beneath the hoof of the winged horse Pegasos.

Aratus, Phaenomena 206 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) :
"The huge [constellation] Horse (Hippos) . . . He [Pegasos] it was, men say, that brought down from lofty Helikon the bright water of bounteous Hippokrene. For not yet on Helikon’s summit trickled the fountain’s springs, but the Horse smote it and straightway the gushing water was shed abroad at the stamp of his forefoot, and herdsmen were the first to call that stream the fountain of the Horse. From the rock the water wells and never shalt thou see it far from the men of Thespiai; but the Horse himself circles in the heaven of Zeus and is there for thee to behold."

Strabo, Geography 8. 6. 20 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"The same horse [Pegasos], it is said, caused Hippu-krene (Horse Fountain) to spring up on Helikon when he struck with his hoof the rock that lay below that mountain."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 31. 3 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Ascending about twenty stades from this grove [of the Mousai on Mt Helikon, Boiotia] is what is called the Hippokrene (Horse’s Fountain). It was made, they say, by the horse of Bellerophon striking the ground with this hoof."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 31. 9 :
"Among the means of cleansing [by ritual purification] which they say they [the people of Troizenos, Argos] used to cleanse Orestes was water from Hippokrene (Horse’s Fountain**; for the Troinzenians too have a fountain called the Horse’s, and the legend about it does not differ from the one which prevails in Boiotia. For they, too, say that the earth sent up the water when the horse Pegasos struck the ground with his hoof, and that Bellerophontes came to Troizen to ask Pittheus to give him Aithra to wife."

Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 9 (trans. Celoria) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"When the Mousai (Muses) sang, heaven, the stars, the sea and rivers stood still, while Mount Helikon, beguiled by the pleasure of it all, swelled skyward till, by the will of Poseidon, Pegasos checked it by striking the summit with his hoof."

Callistratus, Descriptions 7 (trans. Fairbanks) (Greek rhetorician C4th A.D.) :
"On Helikon--the spot is a shaded precinct sacred to the Mousai (Muses)--near the torrent of the river Olmeios and the violet-dark spring of Pegasos, there stood the [statues of the] Mousai."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 18 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Pegasus, offspring of Neptunus [Poseidon] and the Gorgon Medusa, who on Helicon, a mountain of Boeotia, opened up a spring by striking the rock with his hoof. From him the spring is called Hippocrene."

Ovid, Fasti 3. 449 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"It [Pegasos] had only just protested its strange bridling [by Bellerophon], when its light hoof dug Aonia’s spring [the Hippokrene of Mt Helikon]."

Ovid, Metamorphoses 5. 254 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Helicon, the Musae’s mountain home. Alighting there she [Athena] stopped and thus addressed the learned sisters [the Mousai] : `there has reached my ears a tale of a new fountain that burst forth beneath the hooves of flying Medusaeus [Pegasos]. That is my journey‘s purpose, my desire to see the miracle. I saw that horse brought into being from his mother‘s blood. Uranie replied : `Whatever cause may bring you to our home, you find our hearts most welcoming. The tale indeed is true; the author of the spring is Pegasus.’ She led Pallas [Athena] to the sacred spring. The waters issuing from his hoof‘s hard stroke long held her wondering eyes; then she gazed round at the green bowers of the ancient woods, the caves and grottoes and the spangled lawns with all their countless flowers."

Propertius, Elegies 3. 3 (trans. Goold) (Roman elegy C1st B.C.) :
"I dreamed that lying in the soft shade of Helicon, where flows the fountain of Bellerophon’s horse [Pegasos], I possessed the power to proclaim my lyre’s accompaniment Alba’s kings and their deeds."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 44. 6 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"A fountain [Hippokrene] bubbled on the spot where the horse’s [Pegasos’] wet hoof scratched the surface of the ground and made a hollow for the water which took its name from him."


PEGASUS & BELLEROPHON

Hesiod, Theogony 325 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"But Khimaira was killed by Pegasos and gallant Bellerophon."

Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 7 (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"And when he [Bellerophon] began to roam, his father [Poseidon] gave him Pegasos who would bear him most swiftly on his wings, and flew unwearying everywhere over the earth, for like the gales he would course along. With him Bellerophon caught and slew the fire-breathing Khimaira."

Pindar, Olympian Ode 13. 63 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"[Bellerophon] once strove in vain beside Peirene's spring, and suffered much, seeking to yoke the snake-haired Gorgo's offspring, Pegasos. Till Pallas [Athena], goddess maid, brought him the bridle and golden headband, and behold a dream was truth. `Sleep not, Aiolid king,' said she, `but take this charm of steeds, and offer the Horse-Tamer, your sire, a snow-white bull, and show to him this bridle.' Such words, as he lay slumbering in the dark, it seemed the maiden of the shadowy aegis spoke unto him, and he leapt to his feet and seized the magic bit, that lay beside him on the ground; and went with joy to find the prophet of his country's people the son of Korianos. And he made known to him the whole issue of this strange matter--how that he had lain the whole night through upon the goddess' altar, as the seer had foretold him, and how the child of Zeus whose sword is lightning, in her own hands brought him the golden charm that tames the savage spirit. And the prophet bade him obey at once the magic vision, and to Poseidon, the earth-holder, to sacrifice the strong-limbed bull. Then too that he should build an altar with all speed to Athene, queen of steeds. Yet the gods' power can lightly bring to pass such things as will deny both the sworn word and all the hopes of men. Thus with all zeal mighty Bellerophon seized the winged steed, setting between his jaws the soothing charm, and mounting him, in his bronze panoply played him in sport, to try his pace. And once, with him, he smote the Amazons, from the chill bosom of the lonely air, that archered host of women-kind; and felled Khimaira breathing fire, and slew the Solymoi. His fate--'twere best unspoken. But Pegasos dwells in the ancient stalls of Zeus upon Olympos."

Pindar, Isthmian Ode 7. 44 ff :
"Pegasos winged high threw down to earth his lord Bellerophon, who thought to reach the abodes of heaven, and share the company of Zeus. Sweets gained unrightly await an end most bitter."

Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 32 (trans. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Bellerophon mounted Pegasos, his winged horse born of Medousa and Poseidon, and flying into the air brought down the Khimaira with his bow and arrows."

Strabo, Geography 8. 6. 20 (trans. Jones) (Greek geographer C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Peirene [a spring of the city of Korinthos] was wont to rise over the surface and flow down the sides of the mountain. And here, they say, Pegasos, a winged horse which sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medousa when her head was cut off, was caught while drinking by Bellerophon. And the same horse, it is said, caused Hippu-krene (Horse Fountain) to spring up on Helikon when he struck with his hoof the rock that lay below that mountain."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 1. 9 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"Among the reliefs on the base of the statue of Poseidon [at his main sanctuary on the Isthmos of Korinthos] are the sons of Tyndareus, because these too are saviours of ships and of sea-faring men. The other offerings are images of Calm and of Sea, a horse like a whale from the breast onward, Ino and Bellerophontes, and the horse Pegasos."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 3. 5 :
"The Korinthians have baths in many parts of the city . . . The most famous of them is near the Poseidon. It was made by the Spartan Eurykles, who beautified it with various kinds of stone, especially the one quarried at Krokeai in Lakonia. On the left of the entrance stands a Poseidon, and after him Artemis hunting. Throughout the city are many wells, for the Korinthians have a copious supply of flowing water . . . but the most noteworthy is the one by the side of the image of Artemis. Over it is a Bellerophontes, and the water flows through the hoof of the horse Pegasos."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 4. 1 :
"Athena, they say. Was the divinity who gave most help to Bellerophontes, and she delivered to him Pegasos, having herself broken in and bridled him."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. 31. 9 :
"They [the people of Troizenos in Argolis], too, say that the earth sent up the water when the horse Pegasos struck the ground with his hoof, and that Bellerophontes came to Troizen to ask Pittheus to give him Aithra to wife."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae 57 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Iobates was reluctant to kill the hero [Bellerophon], but sent him to kill the Chimaera [Khimaira], a three-formed creature said to breathe forth fire. Likewise : forepart lion, rearpart snake, middle she-goat. This he slew, riding on Pegasus, and he is said to have fallen in the Aleian plains and to have dislocated his hip."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 18 :
"[Proetus] knowing that he [Bellerophon] had the horse Pegasus, sent him to the father of Antia (some call her Sthenoboea), for him to defend his daughter’s chastity and send the youth against the Chimera, which at that time was laying waste with flames the country of the Lycians. Bellerophon was victor, and escaped, but after the creation of the spring, as he was attempting to fly to heaven, and had almost reached it, he became terrified looking down at the earth, and fell off and was killed. But the horse is said to have flown up and to have been put among the constellations by Jove [Zeus]."

Ovid, Fasti 3. 449 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"[Pegasos] had only just protested its strange bridling [by Bellerophon], when its light hoof dug Aonia’s spring [the Hippokrene of Mt Helikon]."

Apuleius, The Golden Ass 8. 16 ff (trans. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) :
"I reflected that it was panic more than anything which had induced the celebrated Pegasus to take to the air, and that the tradition that he had wings was justified because he leapt upward as high as heaven in his fear of being bitten by the fire-breathing Chimaera."

Oppian, Cynegetica 1. 225 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd A.D.) :
"To Horses beyond all mortal creatures cunning Nature has given a subtle mind and heart . . . A horse [Pegasos] carried above the clouds him [Bellerophon] that slew the Khimaira."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 11. 142 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Quickwing Pegasos threw Bellerophontes and sent him headlong down from the sky, although he was of the seed of Earthshaker [Poseidon] and the horse himself shared the kindred blood of Poseidon."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 28. 167 ff :
"Pegasos flying high in the air as swift in his course as the wandering wind, threw Bellerophontes."


PEGASUS THE CONSTELLATION & HORSE OF ZEUS

Hesiod, Theogony 280 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :
"Pegasos, soaring, left the earth, the mother of sheep flocks, and came to the immortals, and there he lives in the household of Zeus, and carries the thunder and lightning for Zeus of the counsels."

Pindar, Olympian Ode 13. 92 ff (trans. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) :
"Pegasos dwells in the ancient stalls of Zeus upon Olympos."

Plato, Phaedrus 246 (trans. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) :
"A pair of winged horses and a charioteer. Now the winged horses and the charioteers of the gods are all of them noble and of noble descent . . . Zeus, the mighty lord, holding the reins of a winged chariot, leads the way in heaven, ordering all and taking care of all; and there follows him the array of gods and demigods, marshalled in eleven bands [the twelve Olympians]."

Aratus, Phaenomena 206 ff (trans. Mair) (Greek astronomical poem C3rd B.C.) :
"The huge [constellation] Horse (Hippos) [is Pegasos] . . . the Horse himself circles in the heaven of Zeus and is there for thee to behold."

Pseudo-Hyginus, Astronomica 2. 18 (trans. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) :
"Constellation Horse. This sign Aratus and many others have called Pegasus, offspring of Neptunus [Poseidon] and the Gorgon Medusa . . . As he [Bellerophon] was attempting to fly to heaven, and had almost reached it, he became terrified looking down at the earth, and fell off and was killed. But the horse [Pegasos] is said to have flown up and to have been put among the constellations by Jove [Zeus]."

Ovid, Fasti 3. 449 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.) :
"Now when stars spangle the deep blue heavens, look up: you’ll see the neck of the Gorgonian horse [the constellation Pegasos]. Men believe it sprang with its blood-spattered mane from the butchered Medusa’s pregnant neck. As it glided above the clouds and beneath the stars, the sky was its earth and wings were its feet. It had only just protested its strange bridling [by Bellerophon], when its light hoof dug Aonia’s spring [the Hippokrene of Mt Helikon]. Now it enjoys the sky, which it wings sought before, and gleams resplendent with five stars and ten."

Nonnus, Dionysiaca 37. 265 ff (trans. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
"Pegasos flying on high quickly cut the air on his long wings."



THE PEGASI HORSES

Pegasoi or winged horses (hippoi pteretoi) occur in ancient art drawing the chariots of various gods included Helios the sun and Selene the moon. The hero Pelops was also given a chariot drawn by winged horses by the god Poseidon. A species of winged horse also occurs in Greek legend. The animals were said to be native to the mysterious southern land of Aithiopia. See Pegasoi Aithiopikoi for more information.

Plato, Critias (trans. Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) :
"Here [in the temple of Poseidon on the mythical island of Atlantis] was the [statue of the] god himself standing in a chariot--the charioteer of six winged horses [Pegasoi]."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 17. 7 (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) :
"[Amongst the scenes depicted on the chest of Kypselos dedicated at Olympia :] Oinomaos is chasing Pelops, who is holding Hippodameia. Each of them has two horses, but those of Pelops have wings."

Pausanias, Description of Greece 5. 19. 8 :
"[Amongst the scenes depicted on the chest of Kypselos dedicated at Olympia :] Next come two-horse chariots with women standing in them. The horses have golden wings, and a man is giving armour to one of the women. I conjecture that this scene refers to the death of Patroklos; the women in the chariots, I take it, are Nereides, and Thetis is receiving the armour from Hephaistos."

http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HipposPegasos.html



Clash of the Titans 2010


__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 21-01-2011, 12:29 AM   #58
mountain
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 7,493
Likes: 19 (9 Posts)
Default

Final Fantasy VII Gongaga Village ..





Final Fantasy VII City of Midgar ..





Final Fantasy X Besaid Village ..





Final Fantasy IX Black Mage Village ..

__________________
<3 ~ Peace & Love ~ <3
mountain is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 21-01-2011, 02:10 AM   #59
sh3lly
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Feb 2010
Posts: 3,004
Likes: 1 (1 Post)
Default

I always loved the winged horse and unicorn stuff... I will try to find something to post when my daughter goes to bed.
__________________
Humanity is mind-controlled and only slightly more conscious than your average zombie. - David Icke
Not only do I not know what's going on, I wouldn't know what to do about it if I did. - George Carlin
sh3lly is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 29-01-2011, 01:02 AM   #60
pixie_shhh
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2010
Posts: 377
Likes: 0 (0 Posts)
Default

Here is a Disinformation video on the subject

__________________
Meaning isnt in things - it's between them
pixie_shhh is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Bookmarks

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On

Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 12:55 AM.


Shoutbox provided by vBShout (Lite) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2019 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.