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Old 01-08-2014, 07:01 PM   #33
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Bloody Sunday —sometimes called the Bogside Massacre—was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Londonderry, Northern Ireland, in which 26 civil rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army.. Thirteen males, se7en of whom were teenagers, died immediately or soon after, while the death of another man four-and-a-half months later was attributed to the injuries he received on that day..Two protesters were also injured when they were run down by army vehicles.. The incident occurred during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march; the soldiers involved were members of the First Battalion of the Parachute Regiment (1 Para)..The people planned on marching to the Guildhall, but because of army barricades designed to reroute the march, the protesters redirected it to Free Derry Corner. A group of teenagers broke off from the march and persisted in pushing the barricade and marching on the Guildhall. They attacked the British army barricade with stones. At this point, a water cannon, tear gas and rubber bullets were used to disperse the rioters. Such confrontations between soldiers and youths were common, and observers reported that the rioting was not intense. Two civilians, Damien Donaghy and John Johnston, were shot and wounded on William Street by soldiers, who claimed that the former was carrying a black cylindrical object..At a certain point, reports of an IRA sniper operating in the area were allegedly given to the Army command centre. At 4:07 pm Brigade gave the British Parachute Regiment permission to go into the Bogside.. The order to fire live rounds was given, and one young man was shot and killed when he ran down Chamberlain Street away from the advancing troops. This first fatality, Jackie Duddy, was among a crowd who were running away. He was running alongside a priest, Father Edward Daly, when he was shot in the back.. Eventually the order was given to mobilise the troops in an arrest operation, chasing the tail of the main group of marchers to the edge of the field by Free Derry Corner..Despite a cease-fire order from the army HQ, over 100 rounds were fired directly into the fleeing crowds by troops under the command of Major Ted Loden.. Twelve more were killed, many of them as they attempted to aid the fallen.. Fourteen others were wounded, 12 by shots from the soldiers and two knocked down by armoured personnel carriers...

Although there were many IRA men—both Official and Provisional—present at the protest, it is claimed they were all unarmed, apparently because it was anticipated that the paratroopers would attempt to "draw them out".. March organiser and MP Ivan Cooper had been promised beforehand that no armed IRA men would be near the march. One paratrooper who gave evidence at the Tribunal testified that they were told by an officer to expect a gunfight and "We want some kills".. In the event, one man was witnessed by Father Edward Daly and others haphazardly firing a revolver in the direction of the paratroopers. Later identified as a member of the Official IRA, this man was also photographed in the act of drawing his weapon, but was apparently not seen or targeted by the soldiers.. Various other claims have been made to the Saville Inquiry about gunmen on the day...

The O'Develins claimed a common descent from Develin ( Dobhuilen or "Raging Valour", an Irish noble of the royal blood of Aileach who flourished in or about the 8th century AD and was 8th in descent from Owen, the founder of the clan)..Following the events of Bloody Sunday Bernadette Devlin, an Independent Socialist nationalist MP from Northern Ireland, expressed anger at what she perceived as government attempts to stifle accounts being reported about the day. Having witnessed the events firsthand, she was later infuriated that she was consistently denied the chance to speak in Parliament about the day, although parliamentary convention decreed that any MP witnessing an incident under discussion would be granted an opportunity to speak about it in the House.. Devlin punched Reginald Maudling, the Secretary of State for the Home Department in the Conservative government, when he made a statement to Parliament on the events of Bloody Sunday stating that the British Army had fired only in self-defence.. She was temporarily suspended from Parliament as a result of the incident.. Nonetheless, six months after Bloody Sunday, Lieutenant Colonel Derek Wilford who was directly in charge of 1 Para, the soldiers who went into the Bogside, was awarded the Order of the British Empire by the Queen, while other soldiers were equally decorated with honors for their part on the day..In January 1997, the United Kingdom television station Channel 4 carried a news report that suggested that members of the Royal Anglian Regiment had also opened fire on the protesters and could have been responsible for three of the fourteen deaths..Evidence given by Martin McGuinness, a senior member of Sinn Féin and now the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, to the inquiry stated that he was second-in-command of the Derry City brigade of the Provisional IRA and was present at the march. He did not answer questions about where he had been staying because he said it would compromise the safety of the individuals involved..A claim was made at the Saville Inquiry that McGuinness was responsible for supplying detonators for nail bombs on Bloody Sunday. Paddy Ward claimed he was the leader of the Fianna Éireann, the youth wing of the IRA in January 1972. He claimed that McGuinness, the 2IC of the IRA in the city at the time, and another anonymous IRA member gave him bomb parts on the morning of 30 January, the
date planned for the civil rights march...

January 1 - "Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 690 perfs-Designed by architect Herbert J. Krapp, the developer, real estate mogul Alexander Pincus originally named it the "Alvin Theatre" as an amalgam of the names of producers ALex Aarons and VINton Freedley -Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations- China performs nuclear test - KDSD TV channel 16 in Aberdeen, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting/2 - "Rothschilds" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 505 perfs – Pierre Hotel Robbery: Six men rob the safety deposit boxes of The Pierre Hotel in New York City for at least $4 million\3-MGM's 1951 Show Boat is presented on television by NBC for the first time/4-Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge at the Old Bailey in London\7 - An Iberian Airlines passenger plane crashes into a 250-meter peak on the island of Ibiza; 104 are killed-Howard Hughes speaks by telephone to denounce Clifford Irving's supposed biography of him/9 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor– The National Union of Mineworkers held a strike ballot in which 58.8% voted in favour.. Coal miners begin a strike which lasts for se7en weeks\10 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returns to Bangladesh from Pakistan/14 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark succeeds her father, King Frederick IX, on the throne of Denmark\20 - President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces that Pakistan will immediately begin a nuclear weapons program-Unemployment exceeded 1,000,000 for the first time since the 1930s/21- A New Delhi bootlegger sells wood alcohol to a wedding party; 100 die\22 - 22nd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 112-110 at LA/24 – Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle\26 - Yugoslavian air stewardess Vesna Vulović is the only survivor when her plane crashes in Czechoslovakia. She survives after falling 10,160 meters (33,330 feet) in the tail section of the aircraft-Aboriginal Tent Embassy is set up on the lawn of Parliament House in Canberra/30 - Pakistan withdraws from the Commonwealth of Nations\31 - US launches HEOS A-2 for interplanetary observations – King Birendra succeeds his father as King of Nepal-Nepal's stability was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001.. much suffering and fear, and how many harmful things are in existence?.If all arises from clinging to the "I",What should I do with this great demon?..
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