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Old 05-02-2015, 03:51 PM   #334
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Arrow Abdullah I of Jordan

Order of Umayyad..

King Abdullah outside the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem, 29 May 1948..
Abdullah I bin al-Hussein, King of Jordan (عبد الله الأول بن الحسين‎, Abd Allāh ibn al-Husayn, February 1882 – 20 July 1951) born in Mecca, Hejaz, Ottoman Empire (in modern-day Saudi Arabia) was the second of 3 sons of Hussein bin Ali, Sharif and Emir of Mecca and his first wife Abdiyya bint Abdullah (d. 1886).. He was educated in Constantinople and Hejaz.. From 1909 to 1914, Abdullah sat in the Ottoman legislature, as deputy for Mecca, but allied with Britain during World War I.. Between 1916 to 1918, working with the British guerrilla leader T. E. Lawrence, he played a key role as architect and planner of the Great Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule, leading guerrilla raids on garrisons.. He was the ruler of Transjordan and its successor state, Jordan, from 1921 to 1951—first as Emir under a British Mandate from 1921 to 1946, then as King of an independent nation from 1946 until his assassination...

On 20 July 1951, Abdullah, while visiting Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, was shot dead by a Palestinian from the Husseini clan.. On 16 July, Riad Bey Al Solh, a former Prime Minister of Lebanon, had been assassinated in Amman, where rumours were circulating that Lebanon and Jordan were discussing a joint separate peace with Israel.. The assassin passed through apparently heavy security. Abdullah was in Jerusalem to give a eulogy at the funeral and for a prearranged meeting with Reuven Shiloah and Moshe Sasson.. Abdullah was shot while attending Friday prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque in the company of his grandson, Prince Hussein.. The Palestinian gunman, motivated by fears that the old king would make a separate peace with Israel, fired 3 fatal bullets into the King's head and chest.. Abdullah's grandson, Prince Hussein, was at his side and was hit too. A medal that had been pinned to Hussein's chest at his grandfather's insistence deflected the bullet and saved his life..Once Hussein became king, the assassination of Abdullah was said to have influenced Hussein not to enter peace talks with Israel in the aftermath of the 6-Day War in order to avoid a similar fate...

The assassin was a 21-year-old tailor's apprentice, Mustafa Ashi, who according to Alec Kirkbride, the British Resident in Amman, was a "former terrorist", Zakariyya Ukah a livestock dealer and butcher.. Ten conspirators were accused of plotting the assassination and were brought to trial in Amman. The prosecution named Colonel Abdullah el-Tell, ex-Military Governor of Jerusalem, and Musa Abdullah Husseini as the chief plotters of "the most dastardly crime Jordan ever witnessed.".. The Jordanian prosecutor asserted that Col. el-Tell, who had been living in Cairo since January 1950, had given instructions that the killer, made to act alone, be slain at once thereafter to shield the instigators of the crime..Jerusalem sources added that Col. el-Tell had been in close contact with the former Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin al-Husayni, and his adherents in Arab Palestine. el-Tell and Husseini, and 3 co-conspirators from Jerusalem were sentenced to death..On 6 September 1951, Musa Ali Husseini, 'Abid and Zakariyya Ukah, and Abd-el-Qadir Farhat were executed by hanging..

Abdullah was succeeded by his son Talal;however, since Talal was mentally ill, Talal's son Prince Hussein became the effective ruler as King Hussein at the age of se7enteen.. In 67, el-Tell received a full pardon from King Hussein..Abdullah had married 3 times..In 1904, Abdullah married his first wife Musbah bint Nasser (1884 – 15 March 1961) at Stinia Palace, İstinye, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire.. She was a daughter of Emir Nasser Pasha and his wife Dilber Khanum.. They had 3 children-In 1913, Abdullah married his second wife Suzdil Khanum (d. 16 August 1968), at Istanbul, Turkey..They had 2 children-In 1949, Abdullah married his third wife Nahda bint Uman, a lady from Sudan, in Amman..They had 1 child ..Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel to the west..Make a sound in the east, then strike in the west... do this you must create an expectation in the enemy mine through the use of a feint..The idea here is to get the eminem to focus his forces in a location, and then attack elsewhere...

Last edited by lightgiver; 05-02-2015 at 03:55 PM.
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