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Old 28-06-2014, 04:11 PM   #5
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Arrow Conflict of Resources

No oil and you dont get to work in you Vehicull - out of sight out of mind CIVILIAN..but you don't really care do you..Are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting..There is both anecdotal and statistical evidence that belligerent accessibility to precious commodities can prolong conflicts (a "resource curse").. The most prominent contemporary example is the eastern provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where various armies, rebel groups, and outside actors have profited while contributing to violence and exploitation during wars in the region..The extraction and sale of blood diamonds, also known as "conflict diamonds", is a better-known phenomenon which occurs under virtually identical conditions.Columbite-tantalite (or coltan, the colloquial African term) is the metal ore from which the element tantalum is extracted. Tantalum is used primarily for the production of capacitors, particularly for applications requiring high performance, a small compact format and high reliability, ranging widely from hearing aids and pacemakers, to airbags, GPS, ignition systems and anti-lock braking systems in automobiles, through to laptop computers, mobile phones, video game consoles, video cameras and digital cameras.. In its carbide form, tantalum possesses significant hardness and wear resistance properties. As a result, it is used in jet engine/turbine blades, drill bits, end mills and other tools..Wolframite is an important source of the element tungsten. Tungsten is a very dense metal and is frequently used for this property, such as in fishing weights, dart tips and golf club heads...Gold is used in jewelry, electronics, and dental products. It is also present in some chemical compounds used in certain semiconductor manufacturing processes...As of 2010, the conflict resource fueling the world's deadliest war is gold in the Congo.. Gold bars are less traceable than diamonds, and gold is abundant in the Kivu conflict region. In any case, no jewellery industry standard exists for verifying gold origination, as it does for diamonds (though jeweler's total outlay on gold is 4 times that on diamonds).. Other conflict minerals being illicitly exported from the Congo include cobalt, tungsten, cassiterite, and coltan (which provides the tantalum for mobile phones, and is also said to be directly sustaining the conflict)..Estimates on the number of casualties during the invasion in Iraq 2003 vary widely.. Estimates on civilian casualties are more variable than those for military personnel. According to Iraq Body Count, a group that relies on press reports, NGO-based reports and official figures to measure civilian casualties, approximately 7,500 civilians were killed during the invasion phase.. The Project on Defense Alternatives study estimated that 3,200–4,300 civilians died during the invasion...

As an international coalition assembled in anticipation of an invasion of Iraqi-occupied Kuwait, the Iraqi regime decided to destroy as much of Kuwait's oil reserves and infrastructure as possible before withdrawing from that country. As early as December, 1990, Iraqi forces placed explosive charges on Kuwaiti oil wells. The wells were systematically sabotaged beginning on January 16, 1991, when the allies commenced air strikes against Iraqi targets. On February 8, satellite images detected the first smoke from burning oil wells. The number of oil fires peaked between February 22 and 24, when the allied ground offensive began..According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's report to Congress, "the retreating Iraqi army set fire to or damaged over 700 oil wells, storage tanks, refineries, and facilities in Kuwait." Estimates placed the number of oil well fires from 605 to 732. A further 34 wells had been destroyed by heavy coalition bombing in January..The Kuwait Petroleum Company's estimate as of September, 1991 indicated that there had been 610 fires, out of a total of 749 facilities damaged or on fire. These fires constituted approximately 50% of the total number of oil well fires in the history of the petroleum industry, and damaged or destroyed approximately 85% of the wells in every major Kuwaiti oil field..Concerted efforts to bring the fires and other damage under control began in April, 1991. During the uncontrolled burning phase from February to April, various sources estimated that the burning wellheads burnt through between 4 and 6 million barrels of crude oil, and between seventy and one hundred million cubic meters of natural gas per day.. Se7en months later, 441 facilities had been brought under control, while 308 remained uncontrolled.. The last well was capped on November 6, 1991. The total amount of oil burned is generally EStimated at about one billion barrels... know it was you, Fredo.. You broke my heart. You broke my heart!.I saw a strange thing today. Somme rebels were being arrested.. One of them pulled the pin on a grenade. He took himself and the captain of the command with him.. Now, soldiers are paid to fight; the rebels aren't..You'll have to speak up. I can't ear you..

Last edited by lightgiver; 28-06-2014 at 04:15 PM.
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