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Old 07-06-2014, 09:23 PM   #184
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Lightbulb G Expedition to Tibet

In July 1937 the team suffered a setback when Japan invaded Manchuria in China, ruining Schäfer’s plans to use the Yangtze River to reach Tibet. Schäfer flew to London to seek permission to travel through India, but was turned down by the British government who feared an imminent war with Germany..Another problem in the preparations for the Tibetan expedition occurred during a duck hunting accident on November 9, 1937 when Schäfer, his wife of 4 months, and 2 servants were in a rowboat.. A sudden wave caused Schäfer to drop his gun which broke in 2 and discharged, mortally wounding his wife. Despite subsequent emotional problems, Schäfer was back to work on the expedition in 8 weeks..The 1938-1939 German Expedition to Tibet was a May 1938 – August 1939 G scientific expedition led by G Zoologist and SS officer Ernst Schäfer..In Geheimnis Tibet, Schäfer himself states that the primary objective for the expedition was the creation of a complete scientific record of Tibet, through a synthesis of geology, botany, zoology, and ethnology, referred to in the German science of the day as "holism"..Reacting to Dr Isrun Engelhardt’s conclusions that the Schäfer Expedition was "purely scientific" and her claim that the historical context of Germany in the 1930s makes the expedition's goals appear as somehow sinister,British writer Peter Hale observes that "while the idea of ‘Nazi botany’ or ‘Nazi ornithology’ is probably absurd, other sciences are not so innocent – and Schäfer’s small expedition represented a cross-section of German science in the 1930s." To Hale, this has considerable significance as "under the Third Reich anthropology and medicine were cold-bloodedly exploited to support and enact a murderous creed"..According to Christopher Hale, as Ernst Schäfer was demanding more than 60'000 Reichsmarks for his expedition and the coffers of the SS were depleted at the time, he was forced to raise the funds himself..According to researcher Isrun Engelhardt, the expedition was not funded by the Ahnenerbe.. Ernst Schäfer raised the funds by himself, 80% of which came from Public Relations and Advertising Council of German Industry (Werberat der deutschen Wirtschaft) as well as large German business enterprises, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation) and Brooke Dolan II. Himmler's friends circle sponsored only the flight Back to Germany...
According to the US Forces, the expedition's funding was provided by various public and private contributors, with the return flight to Germany paid for by the SS. The cost of equipping the expedition was RM 65,000, and the expedition itself cost another RM 65,000, excluding the flight back, which was financed by the SS..

Werberat der Deutschen Wirtschaft (Propaganda Council for German Economy) - RM 40.000

I.G. Farbenindustrie (through Filchner, Tibet explorer) - RM 35,000
Illustrierter and Voelkischer Beobachter - RM 40,000 (Eher Publishing House, later claimed sponsorship of the expedition.)

Reichsforschungsdienst (Reich Research Service) - RM 6,000
Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft (German Research Society) - RM 10,000
Hecker, head of Ilseder Huette - RM 2,000

Phoenix Rubber Works, Harburg (plant owned by Schaefer's father) - RM 3,000-Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia - $1,000-
Varying amounts from several smaller firms and associations...

During the trip to Tibet’s highlands, Beger began making facial casts of local people, including his personal servant, a Nepalese Sherpa named Passang. During the first casting, paste got into one of Passang’s nostrils and he panicked, tearing at the mask. Schäfer threatened the employment of the porters who had seen the incident, if they told anyone. However, most of the Tibetans had a much more friendly and light-hearted attitude, and a solid amount of photographic and film footage remains of smiling and laughing Tibetans undergoing facial and skull feature measurements..In March 1939, the expedition left Lhasa, heading for Gyantse and escorted by a Tibetan official. After exploring the ruins of the ancient deserted capital city of Jalung Phodrang, they reached Shigatse, the city of the panchen lamas, in April. They received a warm welcome from the locals, with thousands coming out to greet them.. In a 1946 "Final Interrogation Report by American Intelligence", Schäfer claims to have met "the pro-German regent of Shigatse" (the 9th Panchen Lama had died in 1937 and the 10th was not to arrive before 1951). In May, the expedition returned to Gyantse where negotiations were held with local British officials about the trip back to India and transport of the expeditions’s gear and collections..The G's collected anything they could: thousands of artifacts, a huge number of plants and animals, including live specimens.. They sent back specimens of 3 breeds of Tibetan dogs, rare feline species, wolves, badgers, foxes, animal and bird skins..Schäfer kept meticulous notes on the religious and cultural customs of the Tibetans, from their various colorful Buddhist festivals to Tibetan attitudes towards marriage, rape, menstruation, childbirth, homosexuality and masturbation.. In his account of Tibetan homosexuality he describes the various positions taken by older lamas with younger boys and then goes on to explain how homosexuality played an important role in the higher politics of Tibet.. There are pages of careful observation of Himalayan people engaged in a variety of intimate acts..Heinrich Harrer, an expert alpinist, was a member of the SS Alpine unit. The unit practised on the Eiger mountain in Switzerland in 1938. When the group returned to Germany, Hitler met with them..In May 1939, Harrer was selected by the German Himalayan Foundation to take part in a new expedition to the Nanga Parbat, one of the highest Indian mountains, under the leadership of Peter Aufschnaiter. Their goal was to discover new ways to make the ascent of the North-western face. In August 1939, their mission accomplished, the team left for Karachi, where a vessel was supposed to have recovered them..The Japanese expedition to Tibet was an intelligence mission undertaken by Jinzō Nomoto (野本 甚蔵 Nomoto Jinzō) in Tibet in 1939..During the 1930s the Imperial Intelligence Services was interested in knowing in depth about Tibet and Xinjiang. In the Kantogun headquarters a series of undercover operations were organized and Jinzō Nomoto and others were sent on such missions.. By coincidence Germany also sent expeditions to the same areas at around the same time... H.. Please sign the divorce papers and send them to my lawyer.. Horst and I intend to be married as soon as the divorce is finalized.. As for your letter, yes, your son Rolf was born while you were climbing the mountain. He is now 2 years old and calls Horst papa.. When he is old enough I'll tell him his real father was lost in the Himalyeas.. It seems the kindest thing to say since you never wanted the child anyway.. Needless to say I have to intentions resolving our differences as you suggested.. They were resolved the moment you left Austria..Oh, by the way, I heard the Japanese have retreated all the way back to Shanghai...

Last edited by lightgiver; 07-06-2014 at 09:27 PM.
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