View Single Post
Old 27-12-2015, 11:55 PM   #12
Senior Member
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Inactive
Posts: 36,483
Likes: 237 (190 Posts)
Lightbulb Pearl of Wales

Saint Catherine Born c. 287..
Criccieth is a town and community on Cardigan Bay, in the Eifionydd area of Gwynedd in Wales..Noted for its fairs, held on 23 May and 29 June every year, when large numbers of people visit the fairground and the market which spreads through many of the streets of the town..Famous people associated with the town include the British prime minister, David Lloyd George, who grew up in the nearby village of Llanystumdwy, and poet William George..Religion has been an important part of Criccieth's life since early days, around 1300..Criccieth hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1975 and in 2003 was granted Fairtrade Town status..The earliest recorded form of the place name Criccieth in Welsh is found in Brut y Tywysogion where reference is made to the imprisonment of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn in the 'castle of Cruceith' ..cricc From Proto-Germanic *krukjō ‎(“crutch, staff”), from Proto-Indo-European *grewg- ‎(“wrinkle, bend”), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- ‎(“to turn, bend”)..Certain Cie'th Stones only activate after certain requirements are met..The area around Criccieth was settled during the Bronze Age, and a chambered tomb, Cae Dyni, survives on the coast to the east of the town; it consists of se7en upright stones, and there are 13 cup marks, arranged in several groups..Primary education is provided by Ysgol Treferthyr on Lôn Bach, which has 130 pupils...


There are a number of theories as to the meaning, but the most popular is that it comes from Crug Caeth: caeth may mean 'prisoner' and thus the name could mean prisoner's rock, a reference to the imprisonment of one of Llywelyn ab Iorwerth's sons in the castle by his brother..In later medieval times the settlement was also known as Treferthyr (martyr's town), probably a reference to Saint Catherine, after whom the parish church is named..Evidence from other sites on the Llŷn Peninsula suggests that the area was colonised by a wave of Celtic settlers, who explored the Irish Sea, probably around the 4th century BC..Although it is thought that Criccieth Castle was built around 1230 by Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, who had controlled the area since 1202, the first record of the building was in 1239, when the administrative centre of Eifionydd was moved from Dolbenmaen..Dafydd was half English and feared that his pure Welsh half-brother would be able to gather support to overthrow him.. Gruffydd was held prisoner in Criccieth Castle, until he was handed over to Henry III of England in 1241, and moved to the Tower of London..Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Llywelyn's younger brother, attacked the English forces at Hawarden in 1282, setting off a widespread rebellion throughout Wales; Edward responded with a further invasion of Gwynedd, during which Llywelyn was killed on the battlefield at Cilmeri..With the final defeat of Gwynedd, Edward set about consolidating his rule in Wales.. Madog ap Llywelyn led a national revolt against English rule.. Criccieth was besieged for several months over the winter; 41 residents sought refuge within its walls..Henry had already declared Owain Glyndŵr, a descendant of the Princes of Powys, a traitor, and on 16 September 1400 Owain launched a revolt..Although the garrison at Criccieth Castle had been reinforced, a French fleet in the Irish Sea stopped supplies getting through, and the castle fell in the spring of 1404...

Criccieth became a borough under a charter granted by Edward I in 1284, and was the capital of Cantraf Eifionydd...Salem Methodist Chapel was built on Salem Terrace..It is now a chapel of rest..Disaster struck Criccieth in October 1927; a great storm in the Irish Sea stopped the tidal flow, causing a double high tide.. High seas and strong on-shore winds destroyed houses at Abermarchnad, the pressure of the waves punching holes through the back walls; the houses subsequently had to be demolished and the occupants rehoused..Carmela is brought to tears when she sees Jusepe de Ribera's Mystical Marriage of Saint Catherine of Alexandria..The origin of the name is obscure..Catherine was then scourged and imprisoned, during which time over 200 people came to see her..Upon the failure of Maxentius to make Catherine yield by way of torture, he tried to win the wise princess over by proposing marriage..She refused, declaring that her spouse was Jesus Christ, to whom she had consecrated her virginity.. The furious emperor condemned Catherine to darth on a spiked breaking wheel, but, at her touch, it shattered..Maxentius finally had her beheaded.. Katerini ( Κατερίνη]) is a town in Central Macedonia, Greece, the capital of Pieria regional unit.. It lies on the Pierian plain, between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaikos Gulf, at an altitude of 14 m... a moment they sat in silence..The river flowed gently on; the sun still dappled the lower branches of the willows and flecked the water with points of light..The Arabs say that "the fate of every man is bound about his brow," and mine is written here, for all who can, to read, maybe this is the Teacher's Edition...

Last edited by lightgiver; 28-12-2015 at 12:36 AM.
lightgiver is offline   Reply With Quote