Thread: Tankh
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Old 22-11-2015, 09:03 PM   #4
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Splatter mask..
The development of tanks in World War I was a response to the stalemate that trench warfare had created on the Western Front..In Great Britain, an initial vehicle, nicknamed Little Willie, was constructed at William Foster & Co.,during August and September 1915..The prototype of a new design that would become the Mark I tank was demonstrated to the British Army on February 2, 1916..The French fielded their first tanks in April 1917 and went on to produce more tanks than all the other combatants combined..Whilst the Allies manufactured several thousand tanks during the War, Germany deployed only 20 of her own..The first tanks were mechanically unreliable.. There were problems that caused considerable attrition rates during combat deployment and transit..The conceptual roots of the tank go back to ancient times, with siege engines which were able to provide protection for troops moving up against stone walls or other fortifications...

Swinton (now Colonel) with Benjamin Holt..

From 1904 to 1909, David Roberts, the engineer and managing director of Hornsby & Sons of Grantham, built a series of tractors using his patented 'chain-track' which were put through their paces by the British Army, a (small) section of which wanted to evaluate artillery tractors..An engineer in the Austro-Hungarian Army, Lieutenant Gunther Burstyn, inspired by Holt tractors, designed a tracked armoured vehicle in 1911 carrying a light gun in a rotating turret..In 1912, A South Australian, Lancelot De Mole, submitted a proposal to the British War Office for a "chain-rail vehicle which could be easily steered and carry heavy loads over rough ground and trenches"..Before World War I, motorized vehicles were still relatively uncommon, and their use on the battlefield was initially limited, especially of heavier vehicles..


On August 23, 1914, the French Colonel Jean Baptiste Eugène Estienne, later a major proponent of tanks, declared: Messieurs, la victoire appartiendra dans cette guerre à celui des deux belligérants qui parviendra le premier à placer un canon de 75 sur une voiture capable de se mouvoir en tout terrain..The adoption of caterpillar tracks offered a new solution to the problem..It is sometimes mistakenly stated that after completion the tanks were shipped to France in large wooden crates..For secrecy and in order to not arouse any curiosity, the crates and the tanks themselves were then each labelled with a destination in Russian, "With Care to Petrograd"..The first fifty had been delivered to France on 30 August...

Many feel that because the British Commander Field Marshal Douglas Haig was himself a horse cavalryman, his command failed to appreciate the value of tanks..In 1919, Major General Sir Louis Jackson said: "The tank was a freak.. The circumstances which called it into existence were exceptional and not likely to recur. If they do, they can be dealt with by other means"..Army enthusiasm and haste would have its immediate drawbacks however.. As a result of the involvement of inexperienced army officers ordered to devise a new tank.. industrial initiative also led to swift advances..French production at first lagged behind the British..The first battle in which tanks made a great impact was the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. British Colonel J.F.C. Fuller, chief of staff of the Tank Corps, was responsible for the tanks' role in the battle..The German General Staff did not have enthusiasm for the tanks, but allowed the development of anti-tank weapons..The first tank-versus-tank battles took place 24 April 1918.. It was an unexpected engagement between 3 German 7Vs and 3 British Mk IVs at Villers-Bretonneux..As a military planner and later journalist, Fuller continued to develop his doctrine of using tanks supported by infantry to break through enemy lines to attack communications in the rear..Finally, in a preview of later developments, the British developed the Whippet..The Soviets, incorrectly assuming that the name of the engine was "Taylor" instead of "Tylor" called the tank the Tyeilor.. A few (perhaps 6) were exported to Japan, where they remained in service until around 1930.After the war, Whippets were sent to Ireland during the Anglo-Irish War as part of the British forces there, serving with 17th Battalion, Royal Tank Corps..A347 Firefly, The Royal Museum of the Army, Brussels..
Before World War I, the financial and business structure of the United States was dominated by two conglomerates: Standard Oil, or the Rockefeller enterprise, and the Morgan complex of industries — finance and transportation companies. Rockefeller and Morgan trust alliances dominated not only Wall Street but, through interlocking directorships, almost the entire economic fabric of the United States..

In August 1914 Europe went to war.. Under international law neutral countries (and the United States was neutral until April 1917) could not raise loans for belligerent countries.. This was a question of law as well as morality..Introduced alongside the standard duty uniform jumpsuit, a skirt or "skant"-style uniform was also available to Starfleet officers as early as 2364..It was worn by both genders - though men tended to wear the shorter boots - until it was phazed out of service in late 2365...

When the Morgan house floated war loans for Britain and France in 1915, J.P. Morgan argued that these were not war loans at all but merely a means of facilitating international trade. Such a distinction had indeed been elaborately made by President Wilson in October 1914; he explained that the sale of bonds in the U.S. for foreign governments was in effect a loan of savings to belligerent governments and did not finance a war.. On the other hand, acceptance of Treasury notes or other evidence of debt in payment for articles was only a means of facilitating trade and not of financing a war effort.. troops have advanced no further than an asthmatic ant with some heavy shopping..What, dig a hole in the garden, fill it with water, and get your gamekeeper to shoot at us all day?..
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