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Old 04-07-2014, 06:50 PM   #188
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Lightbulb Sancta Romana Ecclesia

The College of Cardinals is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church..A function of the college is to advise the Pope about church matters when he summons them to an ordinary consistory..It also convenes on the death or resignation of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor.. The college has no ruling power except during the sede vacante (papal vacancy) period, and even then its powers are extremely limited by the terms of the current law, which is laid down in the Apostolic constitution Universi Dominici Gregis and the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State..Historically, cardinals were the clergy of the city of Rome, serving the Bishop of Rome as the Pope, who had clerical duties in parishes of the city. The College has its origins in the events surrounding the crowning of Henry IV as King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor at the age of 6, after the unexpected death of Henry III in 1056. Until this moment secular authorities had significant influence over who was to be appointed Pope, and the Holy Roman Emperor in particular had the special ability to appoint him.. This was significant as the aims and views of the Holy Roman Emperor and the Church did not always coincide. Members of what was to become known as the Gregorian Reform took advantage of the new King and his lack of power, and in 1059 declared that the election of the Pope was an affair only for the Church.. This was part of a larger power struggle, which became known as the Investiture Controversy, as the Church attempted to gain more control over their clergy, and in doing so gain more influence in the lands and governments they were appointed to.. Theological implications aside, its creation represented a significant shift in the Balance of power in the Early Medieval world.. From the beginning of the 12th century, the College of Cardinals started to meet as such, when the Cardinal Bishops, cardinal priests, and cardinal deacons ceased acting as separate groups..

The Church cites Acts 6 as the formation of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Specifically, the seven assistants, Stephen, Philip, Nicanor, Timon, Nicholas, Parmenas, and Prochorus, selected by the Apostles to relieve them of the more mundane tasks of the Church so that they might concentrate more on prayer, contemplation, and preaching. As early as the 3rd century, these assistants were defined as critical supporters of the papacy, and by the fourth century, the title of Cardinal was applied to these consultors of the Pope..The word cardinal itself is derived from the Latin Carda, translated as "hinge".. The cardinals were believed to facilitate a relationship between the theological and governmental roles of the hierarchy of the Church as a sort of pivot; on them hung the relationship between Christ and His Church on Earth, headed by the pope. This definition of helper has not changed over the years, and popes have not ceased to depend on the College for advice on doctrine and government..By the end of the 1300s, the practice of solely Italian cardinals had ceased. Between the 1300s and 1600s, there was much struggle for the College between the cardinals of the day and the reigning popes. The most effective way for a pope to increase his power was to increase the number of cardinals, promoting those who had nominated him. Those cardinals in power saw these actions as an attempt to weaken their influence.. In 1517, Pope Leo X added another 31 cardinals, bringing the total to 65 so that he could have a supportive majority among the cardinalate. Paul IV brought the total to 70.. Pius IV raised an additional 6.. By the papacy of Sixtus V, the number was set at se7enty, divided among 14 cardinal-deacons50 cardinal-priests, and six cardinal-bishops..As of 1 January 2014, the College had 199 members, 106 of whom were young enough to participate in a conclave.. The group's size has historically been limited by popes, ecumenical councils, and even the College itself.. From 1099 to 1986, the total number of cardinals appointed was approximately 2900 (excluding possible undocumented 12th-Century Cardinals, Cardinals appointed during the Western Schism by pontiffs now considered to be antipopes, and subject to some other sources of Uncertainty),
nearly half of whom were created after 1655...

The Delivery of the Keys, or Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Pietro Perugino, executed in 1481-1482 and located in the Sistine Chapel, Rome..The commission of the work originated in 1480, when Perugino was decorating a chapel in the Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Pope Sixtus IV was pleased by his work, and decided to commission him also the decoration of the new Chapel he had built in the Vatican Palace. Due to the size of the work, Perugino was later joined by a group of painters from Florence, including Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and others..The octagonal temple of Jerusalem and its porches that dominates the central axis must have had behind it a project created by an architect, but Perugino's treatment is like the rendering of a wooden model, painted with exactitude. The building with its arches serves as a backdrop in front of which the action unfolds. Perugino has made a significant contribution in rendering the landscape.. The sense of an infinite world that stretches across the horizon is stronger than in almost any other work of his contemporaries, and the feathery trees against the cloud-filled sky with the bluish-gray hills in the distance represent a solution that later painters would find instructive, especially Raphael..The building in the center is similar to that painted by Perugino's pupil Pinturicchio in his Stories of St. Bernardino in the Bufalini Chapel of Santa Maria in Marriage OF the Virgin by Perugino himself... the King's highway, baby Weird scenes inside the gold mine.. Ride the highway west, baby..Ride The snake, ride The snake..To the lake, the ancient lake, baby..The snake is long, se7en miles..Ride the snake...he's old, and his skin is cold..The killer Awoke before dawn, he put his boots on.. He took a face from the ancient Gallery...

Last edited by lightgiver; 04-07-2014 at 06:55 PM.
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