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Old 14-09-2014, 01:55 PM   #4
lightgiver
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Question Just what is officer material


Quote:
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. Commissioned officers derive authority directly from a sovereign power and, as such, hold a commission charging them with the duties and responsibilities of a specific office or position. Commissioned officers are typically the only persons, in an armed forces environment, able to act as the commanding officer (according to the most technical definition of the word) of a military unit.. A superior officer is an officer with a higher rank than another officer, who is a subordinate officer relative to the superior..

Commissioned officers generally receive training as leadership and management generalists, in addition to training relating to their specific military occupational specialty or function in the military. Many advanced militaries require university degrees as a prerequisite for commissioning, even from the enlisted ranks. Others, including the Australian Defence Force, the British Armed Forces, Nepal Army, the Pakistani Armed Forces, the Swiss Army, the Singapore Armed Forces, the Israel Defense Forces, the Swedish Armed Forces, and the New Zealand Defence Force, are different in not requiring a university degree for commissioning, although a significant number of officers in these countries are graduates. In the Israel Defense Forces, a university degree is a requirement for an officer to advance to the rank of lieutenant colonel. The IDF often sponsors the studies for its majors, while aircrew and naval officers obtain academic degrees as a part of their training programs..



Most officers in the Armed Forces of the United States are typically commissioned through one of three major commissioning programs:

Service Academy (USMA, USNA, USAFA, USCGA, USMMA)
Reserve Officer Training Corps (Army ROTC, NROTC, AFROTC)
Officer Candidate School (Army OCS, Navy OCS, Marine OCS, Coast Guard OCS) or Officer Training School (Air Force OTS)

A smaller number of officers may be commissioned via other programs, such as the Marine Corps Platoon Leaders Class (PLC) during summers while attending college, or the Navy's since discontinued Aviation Officer Candidate School (AOCS) program, which also included the embedded Aviation Reserve Office Candidate (AVROC) and Naval Aviation Cadet (NAVCAD) programs. Others may attend pre-commissioning or post-commissioning officer indoctrination programs for officers in the medical/dental specialities, lawyers slated as JAG officers and military chaplains..

A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is an enlisted member of the armed forces holding a position of some degree of authority who has (usually) obtained it by advancement from within the non-commissioned ranks. Non-commissioned officers usually receive some leadership training, but their function is to serve as supervisors within their area of trade speciality and, at lower NCO grades, they are not generally considered management specialists. Senior non-commissioned officers serve as advisors and leaders from the duty section level to the highest levels of the armed forces establishment. The duties of an NCO can vary greatly in scope, so that an NCO in one country may hold almost no authority, while others such as the United States and the United Kingdom consider their NCOs to be "the backbone of the military" due to carrying out the orders of those officers appointed over them...

Officers in nearly every country of the world are segregated from the enlisted soldiers in many facets of military life. Facilities accommodating needs such as messing (i.e., mess hall or mess deck versus officers mess or wardroom), billeting/berthing, domiciles, and general recreation facilities (officer clubs versus NCO Clubs and CPO Clubs versus enlisted clubs) are separated between officers and enlisted personnel. This class system, historically correlated to socioeconomic status, is focused on discouraging fraternization and encouraging professional and ethical relations between officers and enlisted military personnel..

Officers do not routinely perform physical labour; they typically supervise enlisted personnel, either directly or via non-commissioned officers. Commissioned officers will and do perform physical labor when operationally required to do so, e.g., in combat. However, it would be very unusual for an officer to perform physical labor in garrison, at home station or in homeport...
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8359547.stm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-commissioned_officer
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...8&postcount=21Not all the obstacles that can trip you up are on this base..In every class, there's always one joker who thinks that he's smarter than me.. In this class, that happens to be you... http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...4&postcount=30
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