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Old 25-10-2018, 03:10 PM   #23
st jimmy
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Hitler’s Pope

Eugenio Pacelli was born in Rome in 1876, into a family of church lawyers who served the Vatican. His grandfather had been a legal adviser to Pope Pius IX.

Aged 41, Pacelli as an archbishop was dispatched to Munich as papal nuncio (or ambassador), to make a deal that would give the Vatican complete control over the German Catholic church.
Pacelli spent 13 years in Germany, where he formed a close relationship with Ludwig Kaas of the Zentrum Party; he was also a Roman Catholic priest. Pacelli helped Kaas to become the chairman of Zentrum.

In the elections of September 1930, the Nazi party enjoyed its first great success. Since then Hitler was trying to make a treaty with the Vatican similar to that struck with Mussolini.
In August 1931, German chancellor Heinrich Brüning visited Pacelli in the Vatican. Pacelli lectured Brüning on how he should make a deal with the Nazis to help achieve a Reich Concordat favourable to the Vatican.

In January 1937, 3 German cardinals and 2 bishops arrived at the Vatican to protest over Nazi persecution of the Catholic Church. Pius XI at last decided to issue a letter addressed to all the Catholic faithful of the world where he denounced the Nazis “Mit Brennender Sorge” (With deep anxiety).
In the summer of 1938, Pius XI was planning another letter against Nazi practices “Humani Generis Unitas” (The Unity of the Human Race).

Just when Pius XI was planning to withdraw the papal nuncio from Berlin because it “conflicts with our honour”, on 10 February 1939 he died aged 81. On March 2, Pacelli (aged 63) was elected Pope (Pius XII) by the College of Cardinals.
Pius XII maintained a “normal” diplomatic relation with the Nazi regime. The following month, Pacelli instructed the Berlin nuncio, Archbishop Cesare Orsenigo, to host a gala in honour of Hitler’s 50th birthday. A birthday greeting from the bishops of Germany to the Führer would become an annual tradition until the end of World War II.

In the summer of 1941, following Hitler’s invasion of Yugoslavia, the Catholic, Fascist state of Croatia was formed. The Croat Fascist separatists, Ustashe, under the leadership of Ante Pavelic embarked on a campaign of enforced conversions, deportations, and mass extermination targeting a population of 2.2 million Serb Orthodox Christians and a smaller number of Jews and Gypsies.
Italian writer Carlo Falconi described, for example, that in April a band of Ustashe had rounded up 331 Serbs in Otocac. The victims were forced to dig their own graves before being hacked to death with axes. It is estimated that 487,000 Orthodox Serbs, 27,000 Gypsies and 30,000 Jews (from a total of 45,000) were massacred.

There was a close relationship between the Ustashe regime and the Catholic bishops. Pope Pius XII (Pacelli) knew what was happening but didn’t utter a single word of protest. To add injury to insult, he regularly extended warm wishes to the Ustashe: https://www.vanityfair.com/style/199...ius-xii-199910
(archived here: http://archive.is/NPSWl)
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Last edited by st jimmy; 25-10-2018 at 03:13 PM.
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