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Old 01-11-2018, 04:50 PM   #26
st jimmy
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Join Date: May 2016
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Posts: 2,299
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Operation Keelhaul

Last Spring, I spoke to a woman born in Germany around 1937.
The most important thing she wanted to tell me is that she felt sorry for the horrible things done by Germany in the Second World War. “Knowing” about the massive starvation of Germany after the end of WW II, the Morgenthau plan, I found it strange that she was speaking so bad about the Nazis, but nothing on the atrocities done by the Allied “heroes”.
It even made me doubt that the information about the Morgenthau plan I posted could be exaggerated. She was very reluctant to talk about it, I had to bring up the topic some 5 times before she finally told how horrible the starvation was and that her sister died from malnutrition. She didn’t know that the Morgenthau plan, to starve Germany, had been designed before the end of WW II.

The Morgenthau plan isn’t known by many people, but Operation Keelhaul is even less familiar.
At the end of WW II, the Allied forces captured hundreds of thousands (or millions) of Cossacks and Yugoslavs that had been under the control of the German army, some of them were actually fighting at the side of the Nazis.

In February 1945, at the Yalta conference, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin agreed to hand over all “Russians” knowing very well that they would be brutally murdered or tortured in the notorious Gulags.
To carry out the repatriation order, American and British servicemen were lied to that nothing would happen to them once in the hand of Stalin. Many of the Cossacks rather died by their own hands to escape what would happen to them after being turned over to the Red Army.

Allied guards responsible for turning over their prisoners could see their corpses after they were turned over. They were shot behind warehouses. Many returned prisoners were tortured before being shot.
The remainder disappeared into the Gulags were they received the worst treatment of all the inmates.

For three decades the subject remained a closely guarded secret. Western eyewitnesses were forced to keep silent.
Alexander Solzhenitsyn in “The Gulag Archipelago”, published in 1973, first showed the West about Russians being turned over to Soviet Union.
This was followed by a number of books, including Nikolai Tolstoy’s “Victims of Yalta” that described what had happened in shocking detailed accounts:

For a longer story, book on Operation Keelhaul, you could try the following. Especially interesting is the history on how the deal was made.

British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden (later Lord Avon) did a lot of the negotiating with the Soviets. Britain was afraid that they would “be saddled with them permanently”; there were 3,750 Soviet prisoners in Britain at the time, because “they were consuming British food, which was scarce and rationed. British accommodation had been provided to house them and British soldiers to guard them”.
The Austrians were also anxious to get rid of the Cossacks, whose horses were now scattered about the valley by the thousand trampling gardens and consuming pasture. As their provisions ran out they had to steal to survive.
The British Foreign Office wrote:
This is purely a question for the Soviet authorities and does not concern His Majesty's Government. In due course all those with whom the Soviet authorities desire to deal must be handed over to them, and we are not concerned with the fact that they may be shot or otherwise more harshly dealt with than they might be under English law.
On October 17, Eden discussed this matter with Vyacheslav Molotov, and wrote:
Mr Molotov said that the Soviet Government particularly wished to learn as a matter of principle, on which they had so far received no indication of our views, whether His Majesty's Government agreed that all Soviet citizens without exception should be returned to the USSR as soon as possible.
He insisted that the problem was not merely one of shipping (earlier in the talk he had expressed gratitude at my assurance that it would prove possible to repatriate 11,000 persons in the immediate future) but of His Majesty's Government consenting to the repatriation to the USSR of all Soviet citizens, without reference to the wishes of the individuals concerned, who in some cases might not wish to return because they had collaborated with the Germans. The Soviet Government demanded this as their right.
On February 10, the matter was discussed between Stalin and Churchill at the Yusupov Villa:
The Prime Minister spoke of the embarrassment caused by the large number of Russian prisoners in the West. We had about 100,000 of them. 11,000 had already been transported home, and 7,000 more would leave this month. He wanted to know the Marshal's wishes about the rest. Marshal Stalin hoped they could be sent to Russia as quickly as possible … those who had agreed to fight for the Germans could be dealt with on their return to Russia.
Churchill and Eden must have known what Stalin meant when he said he would “deal with” them!

Commanding officers that were involved in repatriating the Soviets, were ordered to tell their men:
In accordance with an agreement made by the Allied governments, all Allied nationals are to be returned to their countries. This means that the Cossacks and Caucasians now in the Brigade area will be returned to Russia. Some of them will be willing to return—a considerable number of the Caucasians have already applied to do so —but on the whole it will be unpopular.
In order to save trouble within unit areas the officers are being separated from the others today. Men, women and children will be moved as fast as available trains and motor transport will allow. We have as yet no detailed instructions about their horses and other animals. Carts cannot be taken on the trains so they must be left behind.
The Soviets didn’t want to be returned because they knew they could be tortured and killed.
The men the Soviet authorities were most anxious to get their hands on were the followers of Audrey Andreyevich Vlasov, a Soviet general who defended Moscow and Leningrad during the first year of the war, but was captured by the Germans on 12 June 1942.
Vlasov later was convinced that all the sufferings of war, were caused by the Soviet system, and fought on the German side during the rest of the war.

Nicholas Bethell - The Last Secret, The delivery to Stalin of over two million Russians by Britain & the United States (1974): https://cezarsalahor.files.wordpress...ain-and-us.doc

See “the Big Three” mass murderers, planning the ongoing genocide in Yalta, February 1945.
Seated from left to right Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin; standing right behind Churchill is Anthony Eden, behind Stalin stands Vyacheslav Molotov (with the hat) and to his right stands Averell Harriman.
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