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Old 24-04-2015, 01:55 PM   #1
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Arrow Military Industrial Complex

President Eisenhower Speech...
The military–industrial complex, or military–industrial–congressional complex, comprises the policy and monetary relationships which exist between legislators, national armed forces, and the arms industry that supports them.. These relationships include political contributions, political approval for military spending, lobbying to support bureaucracies, and oversight of the industry.. It is a type of iron triangle..The term is sometimes used more broadly to include the entire network of contracts and flows of money and resources among individuals as well as corporations and institutions of the defense contractors, The Pentagon, the Congress and executive branch..Whilst the term originated in the 1960s and has been applied since, the concept of co-ordination between government, the military, and the arms industry largely finds its roots since the private sector began providing weaponry to government-run forces.. The relationship between government and the defense industry can include political contracts placed for weapons, general bureaucratic oversight and organized lobbying on the part of the defense companies for the maintenance of their interests...

The grave of an unknown British airborne soldier at Arnhem..

Grosvenor Square is a large garden square in the exclusive Mayfair district of London, England..During the Second World War, Dwight D.Eisenhower established a military headquarters at 20 Grosvenor Square, and during this time the square was nicknamed "Eisenhower Platz"..US Navy used the building as its HQ for United States Naval Forces Europe..It is the centrepiece of the Mayfair property of the Duke of Westminster, and takes its name from their surname, "Grosvenor"...

For centuries, many governments owned and operated their own arms manufacturing companies-such as naval yards and arsenals..Governments also legislated to maintain state monopolies. As limited liability companies attracted capital to develop technology, governments saw the need to develop relationships with companies who could supply weaponry.. By the late 19th century the new complexity of modern warfare required large subsets of industry to be devoted to the research and development of rapidly maturing technologies.. Rifled, automatic firearms, artillery and gunboats, and later, mechanized armour, aircraft and missiles required specialized knowledge and technology to build.. For this reason, governments increasingly began to integrate private firms into the war effort by contracting out weapons production to them.. It was this relationship that marked the creation of the military–industrial complex..The first modern military–industrial complexes arose in Britain, France and Germany in the 1880s and 1890s as part of the increasing need to defend their respective empires both on the ground and at sea.. The naval rivalry between Britain and Germany, and the French desire for revenge against the German Empire for the defeat of the Franco-Prussian war, was significant in the inception, growth and development of these MICs. Arguably, the existence of these three nations' respective MICs may have helped to fuel their military tensions...

After WWI, most countries did not demobilize; instead there was a shift toward faster integration of technology into military usage and strengthening relationships between the military and private companies in Britain, France and Germany. In the newly formed USSR, military production was controlled entirely by the state.. The period after the war also saw the emergence of MICs in both Japan and the United States.. During the rearmament period in the late 1930s in Europe, military spending doubled..The economic effect of World War II was profound, as military spending shot up and new methods of taxation and spending were adopted.. The war also saw the first massive military research programs, notably the Allied project to create nuclear weapons..The end of the war saw the emergence of Cold War rivalry which involved a constant arms race between the two new superpowers, the USA and USSR.. The low-intensity, but constant threat of conflict created an atmosphere where there was a constant perception of the need for sustained military procurement... Brotherhood cannot be wiped out because it is not an organization in the ordinary sense.. Nothing holds it together except an idea which is indestructible.. You will never have anything to sustain you, except the idea..War, it will be seen, not only accomplishes the necessary destruction, but accomplishes it in a psychologically acceptable way...
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