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Old 02-11-2017, 09:11 PM   #9
the apprentice
Join Date: Jan 2010
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Originally Posted by iamawaveofthesea View Post
The first land grab: fuedal colonisation

''After the ice retreated, groupings of people spread across Scotland and settled by the coast and on fertile land occupying territory which was governed by no central authority. Each tribe regulated its own affairs and, where conflict arose, combined together to assert their power. Scotland developed into a tribal society with a variety of ethnic groups, including the Gaels and the Picts, which eventually coalesced into a recognisable Scottish kingdom by the twelfth century. In the north were the Norse, in the west the Scots from Ireland, on the east some Saxon colonists and in Galloway the Picts. In the south of Scotland too were peasant proprietors, descendants of the Roman soldiers who, having retired from the army were given 4 acres of land in freehold. Feudalism was an unknown concept.

Many centuries later, the Berlin Conference of 1884-85 formalised colonial rule in Africa and its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, laid the ground rules for the conquest of that continent. The Principle of Effectivity established that European powers could only hold colonies if they possessed them. This required an active process of settlement, treaties and legal authority to be established in the lands held.

The process was little different from that which established the central authority of the Scottish state over the land of Scotland and which, over the course of many centuries, developed into the concept of landed power and the authority with which this book is concerned. Just as in 1889, when Queen Victoria granted a charter to Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company to administer the territory from the Limpopo to lake Tanganyika, so the monarchs of Scotland drafted and granted feudal charters to the nobility in Scotland to administer the large territories across the country'' The PHNL p9

King David I imposed an alien feudal tenure system on Scotland which had been imported by incomers from Normandy, Flanders and England after the invasion of England by William the Conqueror.

The King granted charters to knights and conferred titles onto them and in return they administered areas of land and paid homage to the crown. Royal forests were created where only those approved by the crown could hunt and baronial forests were also created for barons.

''These developments were not only based on Anglo-Norman structures, they were populated by immigrants from the Anglo-Norman world. The burghs were run by an immigrant merchant class and the new class of landowner almost entirely foreign. Feudalisation was thus, in essence, a form of colonialisation. Land which had been owned by native aristocracy under pre-feudal arrangements was now held by charter written in Latin which granted extensive privileges over the territory in return for money and military dues to the crown. The benificiaries were the new foreign nobility including Robert de Brus...' p10

'The first land grab in Scotland was thus a process of colonialisation whereby the native nobility was co-opted into the fuedal system. It was the process of feudalisation that marked the beginning of the evolution of landownership we know today.' p11
Here is how the Norman bloodline first arrived and worked their way into Ireland.
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