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Old 16-04-2016, 09:03 PM   #297
lightgiver
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Join Date: Apr 2008
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Arrow In old days men had the rack


Now they have the Press..
Quote:
In current use the term is applied to the press, with the earliest use in this sense described by Thomas Carlyle in his book On Heroes and Hero Worship: "Burke said there were 3 Estates in Parliament; but, in the Reporters' Gallery yonder, there sat a Fourth Estate more important far than they all..In Burke's 1787 coining he would have been making reference to the traditional 3 estates of Parliament: The Lords Spiritual, the Lords Temporal and the Commons..


Italian: Il quarto stato, Spanish: El Cuarto Estado..

In his novel The Fourth Estate Jeffrey Archer wrote "In May 1789, Louis XVI summoned to Versailles a full meeting of the 'Estates General'.. The First Estate consisted of three hundred clergy. The Second Estate, 3 hundred nobles..The Third Estate, six hundred commoners".. The book is a fictionalization from episodes in the lives of two real-life Press Barons: Robert Maxwell and Rupert Murdoch...


Sockpuppets may be created during an online poll to submit multiple votes in favor of the puppeteer..A related usage is the creation of multiple identities, each supporting the puppeteer's views in an argument, attempting to position the puppeteer as representing majority opinion and sideline opposition voices...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_Estate
https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...4&postcount=82He's taking home 30 grand a year, and we can just about afford 10 days in Eastbourne and a second-hand car..Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow..Creeps in this petty pace from day to day..Gracious my lord, I should report that which I say I saw, But know not how to do ’t..I'll run home now, get into my negligee and wait by the window...https://forum.davidicke.com/showpost...&postcount=296

Last edited by lightgiver; 16-04-2016 at 09:22 PM.
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