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Old 07-01-2016, 06:03 PM   #385
lightgiver
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Join Date: Apr 2008
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Lightbulb Rappel à l′intelligent, avis à l′indifférent


Portrait of Abd el-Kader (1864)..
Quote:
Abdelkader was born September 6 near the town of Mascara in 1808, to a family of religious aristocracy.. His father, Muhieddine (or "Muhyi al-Din") al-Hasani, was a muqaddam in a religious institution affiliated with the Qadiriyya Sufi order of Islam and claimed descendance from Muhammad, through the Idrisids.. Abdelkader was thus a sharif, and entitled to add the honorary patronymic al-Hasani ("descendant of al-Hasan") to his name..The name "Abdelkader" is sometimes transliterated as "ʿAbd al-Qādir", "Abd al-Kader", "Abdul Kader" or other variants, and he is often referred to as simply the Emir Abdelkader (since El Djezairi just means "the Algerian")..He is also often given the titles "prince", and shaykh "sheik"..


Abdelkader saving Christians during the Druze/Christian strife of 1860...

In 1825, he set out on the Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, with his father..He also traveled to Damascus and Baghdad..In 1830, Algeria was invaded by France; French colonial domination over Algeria eventually supplanted domination by the Ottoman Empire and the Koulouglis..When the French Africa Army reached Oran in January 1831, Abdelkader's father was asked to lead a harassment campaign against them; Muhieddine called for a jihad and he and his son were among those involved in early attacks below the walls of the city..On his way back to Algeria, he was impressed by the reforms carried out by Muhammad Ali in Egypt.. He returned to his homeland a few months before the arrival of the French..


The Prince CharMing Show...

In July 1860, conflict between the Druze and Maronites of Mount Lebanon spread to Damascus, and local Druze attacked the Christian quarter, killing over 3,000 people.. Abdelkader had previously warned the French consul as well as the Council of Damascus that violence was imminent; when it finally broke out, he skeltered large numbers of Christians, including the heads of several foreign consulates as well as religious groups such as the Sisters of Mercy, in the safety of his house.. His eldest sons were sent into the streets to offer any Christians under threat shelter under his protection, and Abdelkader himself was said by many survivors to have played an instrumental part in saving them..Yes, but there's just something about him.. Something around the eyes, I don't know, reminds me of..

Exactly where the word “mascara” comes from is unclear, but it is most frequently thought to be based from the Spanish word máscara meaning ‘mask’ or ‘stain’ and the Italian word maschera meaning ‘mask’..Latin treatises sometimes used the word mascara when referring to witches..The use of mascara may help to mimic neoteny, a youthful or child-like appearance which is believed to be correlated to beauty in women..Aesthetic adornment is a cultural universal and mascara can be documented in ancient Egypt..Waxes usually found in mascara are paraffin wax, carnauba wax, and beeswax..Awards-Legion of Honour (Grand Cross)-Order of Pius IX-First Class of the Order of the Medjidie-Order of the Redeemer (Grand Cross)..Abraham Lincoln sent him a pair of inlaid pistols (now on display in the Algiers museum) & Great Britain a gold-inlaid shotgun..In June 1864, Abdelkader became a Freemason...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mascara
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdelkader_El_Djezairi
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-35249612
http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....&postcount=105Why Ed does this mean we're not friends anymore?. You know Ed, if I thought you weren't my friend..I just don't think I could bear it!..My dear, you've set your gaze upon the quintessential frontier type...http://forum.davidicke.com/showpost....postcount=1473

Last edited by lightgiver; 07-01-2016 at 11:33 PM.
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