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Old 04-08-2015, 10:09 PM   #74
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Lightbulb Space Mongrel

Spacedogs Veterok and Ugoljok..

Enemy of the State Intro/Credits..
The first dozen or more Corona satellites and their launches were cloaked with disinformation as being part of a space technology development program called the Discoverer program.. The first test launches for the Corona/Discoverer were carried out early in 1959.. The capsule of Discoverer 2 might have been recovered by the Soviets, after landing on Spitsbergen Island.. The first Corona launch containing a camera was carried out in June 1959 with the cover name Discoverer 4.. This was a 750 kilogram satellite launched by a Thor-Agena rocket...

Corona image of The Pentagon, 25 Sep 1967..

The return capsule of the Discoverer 13 mission, which launched August 10, 1960, was successfully recovered the next day.. This was the first time that any object had been recovered successfully from orbit.. After the mission of Discoverer 14, launched on August 18, 1960, its film bucket was successfully retrieved two days later by a C-119 Flying Boxcar transport plane..This was the first successful return of photographic film from orbit.. In comparison, Sputnik 5 was launched into orbit on August 19, 1960, one day after the launch of Discoverer 14.. Sputnik 5 was a biosatellite that took into orbit the two Soviet space dogs, Belka and Strelka, and then safely returned them to the Earth..During the 1950s and 1960s the USSR used dogs for sub-orbital and orbital space flights to determine whether human spaceflight was feasible.. In this period, the Soviet Union launched missions with passenger slots for at least 57 dogs..Stray dogs, rather than animals accustomed to living in a house, were chosen because the scientists felt they would be able to tolerate the rigours and extreme stresses of space flight better than other dogs...

Belka (Белка, literally, "Squirrel" or, alternately, "Whitey") and Strelka (Стрелка, "Arrow") spent a day in space aboard Korabl-Sputnik 2 (Sputnik 5) on 19 August 1960 before safely returning to Earth..Pchyolka (Пчёлка, "Little Bee") and Mushka (Мушка, "Little Fly") spent a day in orbit on 1 December 1960 on board Korabl-Sputnik-3 (Sputnik 6) with "other animals", plants and insects..Chernushka (Чернушка, "Blackie") made one orbit on board Korabl-Sputnik-4 (Sputnik 9) on 9 March 1961 with a cosmonaut dummy (whom Soviet officials nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich), mice and a guinea pig..Veterok (Ветерок, "Light Breeze") and Ugolyok (Уголёк, "Coal") were launched on 22 February 1966 on board Cosmos 110, and spent 22 days in orbit before landing on 16 March.. This spaceflight of record-breaking duration was not surpassed by humans until Soyuz 11 in June 1971 and still stands as the longest space flight by dogs...

Nine of the KH-4A and KH-4B missions included ELINT subsatellites, which were launched into a higher orbitThe Corona program was officially classified top secret until 1992.. Then, on February 22, 1995, the photos taken by the Corona satellites, and also by two contemporary programs (Argon and KH-6 Lanyard) were declassified under an Executive Order signed by President Bill Clinton..The further review by photo experts of the "obsolete broad-area film-return systems other than Corona" mandated by President Clinton's order led to the declassification in 2002 of the photos from the KH-7 and the KH-9 low-resolution cameras..The declassified imagery has since been used by a team of scientists from the Australian National University to locate and explore ancient habitation sites, pottery factories, megalithic tombs, and Palaeolithic archaeological remains in northern Syria..Similarly, scientists at Harvard have used the imagery to identify prehistoric traveling routes in Mesopotamia... know, this used to be a helluva good country.. I can't understand what's gone wrong with it.. I mean, it's real hard to be free when you are bought and sold in the marketplace...

Last edited by lightgiver; 04-08-2015 at 10:41 PM.
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