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Old 03-07-2015, 11:31 PM   #1
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Post Jesuits & knight of malta created hollywood


April 14, 2013

In 1920, Father Daniel J. Stack was appointed pastor. Like those who came before him, Father Stack was faced with the problem of accommodating a growing parish on a minimal budget. But unlike his predecessors, Fr. Stack had a new, deep-pocketed resource to tap into. By the time he arrived as pastor, Blessed Sacrament had become a popular location for movie studios. Parishioners were often used as extras and Father Stack himself was frequently used as a technical adviser to evaluate the religious accuracy of a scene. So central was Blessed Sacrament in the film community that the first professional organization for screen writers and actors – the precursor to the Writers’ and Screen Actors’ Guilds – was formed at the church.

As a result of this close community relationship, studios such as Universal, Keystone, Lasky, the Francis Ford Company and Christie Studios readily agreed to help Blessed Sacrament in any of its fundraising efforts. They provided actors and equipment free of charge for church sponsored events such as theatrical productions or festivals. The extra income earned went to general maintenance and towards a reserve that would one day help pay for a desperately needed new church school and rectory.


The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry censorship guidelines which governed the production of the vast majority of United States Motion Pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968. It was originally popularly known as the Hays Code, after its creator, Will H. Hays.

The Motion Pictures Producers and Distributors Association (MPPDA), which later became the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), adopted the code in 1930, began effectively enforcing it in 1934, and abandoned it in 1968, in favor of the subsequent MPAA film rating system.

The Production Code spelled out what was acceptable and what was unacceptable content for motion pictures produced for a public audience in the United States.


Ironically, Catholic bishops and lay people tended to be leery of federal censorship and favored the Hays approach of self-censorship; these included the outspoken Catholic layman Martin J. Quigley, publisher of Exhibitors Herald-World (a trade magazine for independent exhibitors). For several months in 1929, Martin Quigley, Joseph Breen, Father Daniel A. Lord S.J., Father FitzGeorge Dinneen S.J., and Father Wilfred Parsons (editor of Catholic publication America) discussed the desirability of a new and more stringent code of behavior for the movies. With the blessing of Cardinal George W. Mundelein of Chicago, Father Lord authored the code, which later became known as “The Production Code”, “The Code”, and “The Hays Code”. It was presented to Will Hays in 1930 who said, “My eyes nearly popped out when I read it. This was the very thing I had been looking for.”

Daniel Lord

Amadeo Pietro Giannini (May 6, 1870 – June 3, 1949), born in San Jose, California, was the Italian American founder of Bank of America.

Giannini and his bank helped nurture the motion picture and wine industries in California.

— The Vatican awards Knighthood in the Order of Malta to two San Franciscans, Transamerica Corporation President Amadeo Peter Giannini and American Trust Company President John S. Drum. The knighthood is the oldest and most distinguished decoration of laymen conferred by the Catholic Church.

The National Legion of Decency was an organization dedicated to identifying and combating objectionable content, from the point of view of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States, in motion pictures. For the first quarter-century or so of its existence, the legion wielded great power in the American motion picture industry.

The Legion was founded in 1933 by Archbishop of Cincinnati John T. McNicholas as the Catholic Legion of Decency (CLOD) in response to an address given by apostolic delegate Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani at the Catholic Charities Convention in New York City. Cicognani warned against the “massacre of innocence of youth” and urged a campaign for “the purification of the cinema.”

John McNicholas was born in Kiltimagh, County Mayo, the youngest of children of Patrick J. and Mary (née Mullany) McNicholas. In 1881, he and his family emigrated to the United States, where they settled in Chester, Pennsylvania. He received his early education at Immaculate Heart of Mary School in Chester, and then attended St. Joseph’s Preparatory College in Philadelphia.

Saint Joseph’s Preparatory School, founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1851, is a Catholic, urban, college preparatory school for young men. The school is operated by the Society of Jesus.

Last edited by aronia; 03-07-2015 at 11:48 PM.
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