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Old 23-04-2015, 07:33 PM   #646
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Arrow Wounded Knee

Song of Fire ..
The Wounded Knee Massacre (officially Battle of Wounded Knee) occurred on December 29, 1890,near Wounded Knee Creek ( Čhaŋkpé Ópi Wakpála) on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of South Dakota. On the day before, a detachment of the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment commanded by Major Samuel M. Whitside intercepted Spotted Elk's band of Miniconjou Lakota and 38 Hunkpapa Lakota near Porcupine Butte and escorted them 5 miles westward (8 km) to Wounded Knee Creek, where they made camp..The remainder of the 7th Cavalry Regiment arrived, led by Colonel James W. Forsyth and surrounded the encampment supported by 4 Hotchkiss mountain guns..By the time it was over, more than 200 men, women, and children of the Lakota had been killed and 51 were wounded (4 men, 47 women and children, some of whom died later); some estimates placed the number of dead at 300.. Twenty-five soldiers also died, and 39 were wounded (6 of the wounded would later die)..At least twenty soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor..In 2001, the National Congress of American Indians passed two resolutions condemning the awards and called on the U.S. government to rescind them.. The site of the battlefield has been designated a National Historic Landmark...

Mass grave for the Lakota hat Wounded Knee ..

In the years leading up to the conflict, the U.S. government had continued to seize Lakota lands.. The once large bison herds (an indigenous peoples' Great Plains staple) had been hunted to near-extinction by European settlers.. Treaty promises to protect reservation lands from encroachment by settlers and gold miners were not implemented as agreed.. As a result, there was unrest on the reservations.. It was during this time that news spread among the reservations of a Paiute prophet named Wovoka, founder of the Ghost Dance religion.. He had a vision that the Christian Messiah, Jesus Christ, had returned to earth in the form of a Native American..American settlers were alarmed by the sight of the many Great Basin and Plains tribes performing the Ghost Dance, worried that it might be a prelude to armed attack.. Among them was the US Indian Agent at the Standing Rock Agency where Chief Sitting Bull lived.. US officials decided to take some of the chiefs into custody in order to quell what they called the "Messiah Craze"... thing they'll be breeding us like cattle for food.. You've gotta tell them..You've gotta tell them!.I promise, Tiger..I promise.. I'll tell the Exchange...
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