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Old 29-01-2015, 03:18 PM   #331
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Lightbulb Crisis of Islam

What Went Wrong?: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response is a book by Bernard Lewis released in January 2002, shortly after the September 11 terrorist attack, but written shortly before.. The nucleus of this book appeared as an article published in The Atlantic Monthly in January 2002..The book's thesis is that throughout recent history, specifically beginning with the failure of the second Ottoman siege of Vienna in 1683, the Islamic world has failed to modernize or to keep pace with the Western world in a variety of respects, and that this failure has been seen by many within the Islamic world as having allowed Western powers to acquire a disastrous position of dominance over those regions..According to the author, the Islamic world is locked in an internal struggle over how best to address and ultimately solve the problems endemic to many of its societies: namely, widespread poverty, extreme economic inequality, the prevalence of government by despotic rulers, and the inability to keep pace with emerging economies.. The crisis concerns the choice the Islamic world faces between two diametrically opposed solutions...

The Glasgow effect refers to the unexplained poor health and low life expectancy of Glaswegians compared to the rest of the United Kingdom and Europe..Various hypotheses have been proposed to account for the effect, including vitamin D deficiency, cold winters, higher levels of poverty than the figures suggest, high levels of stress, and a culture of alienation and pessimism ..The Chief Medical Officer for Scotland, Dr Harry Burns, has referred to research suggesting that chronically activated stress responses – especially in children – affect the structure of parts of the frontal lobes of the brain, and that these determine the physical reaction to stress, which could result in chronic ill health.. The ability to attain good health, he suggests, depends in part on whether people feel in control of their lives, and whether they see their environments as threatening or supportive..Then the head-tefillin is placed on the ...middle of the head just above the forehead

Their 1991 Inquirer series America: What Went Wrong?. was named by the New York University department of journalism as 51st on its list of the 100 best pieces of journalism of the 20th century..Rewritten as a book it became a No. 1 New York Times bestseller.. It is one of se7en books Barlett and Steele have published, 5 of which were written while at the The Inquirer..Barlett was raised in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.. After attending Pennsylvania State University, he served 3 years as a special agent with the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps until 1956, when he began his journalistic career as a reporter for the Reading (Pennsylvania) Times..The real truth of the matter is,as you and I know, that a financial element in the large centers own the government's..We have come to be one of the worst ruled, one of the most completely controlled and dominated Governments in the civilized world no longer a Government by free opinion, no longer a Government by conviction and the vote of the majority, but a Government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men...

Bernard Lewis was born to middle-class Jewish parents in Stoke Newington, London. He became interested in languages and history while preparing for his bar mitzvah..Lewis graduated in 1936 from the School of Oriental Studies (now SOAS, School of Oriental and African Studies) at the University of London with a B.A. in history with special reference to the Near and Middle East; and earned his Ph.D. 3 years later, also from SOAS, specializing in the history of Islam..During the Second World War, Lewis served in the British Army in the Royal Armoured Corps and as a Corporal in the Intelligence Corps in 1940–41, before being seconded to the Foreign Office. After the war, he returned to SOAS, and in 1949, at the age of 33, he was appointed to the new chair in Near and Middle Eastern History..Lewis has been a naturalized citizen of the United States since 1982. He married Ruth Hélène Oppenhejm in 47 with whom he had a daughter and a son before the marriage was dissolved in 74..Lewis' influence extends beyond academia to the general public. He is a pioneer of the social and economic history of the Middle East and is famous for his extensive research of the Ottoman archives.. He began his research career with the study of medieval Arab, especially Syrian, history..Further, he suggested that as early as the 11th century Islamic societies were decaying, primarily the byproduct of internal problems like "cultural arrogance," which was a barrier to creative borrowing, rather than external pressures like the Crusades..A harsh critic of the Soviet Union, Lewis continues the liberal tradition in Islamic historical studies.. Although his early Marxist views had a bearing on his first book The Origins of Ismailism, Lewis subsequently discarded Marxism. His later works are a reaction against the left-wing current of Third-worldism, which came to be a significant current in Middle Eastern studies..He is an Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Turkish Studies, an honor which is given "on the basis of generally recognized scholarly distinction and... long and devoted service to the field of Turkish Studies"..He writes of jihad as a distinct "religious obligation", but suggests that "it is a pity" that people engaging in terrorist activities are not more aware of their own religion..The Jews of Islam provides a comprehensive overview of the history and the state of the Jews living in the Islamic world, (as contrasted to the Jews of Christendom).. The first chapter, Islam and Other Religions, however, is broader in scope, and explains how Islamic society view the Other..British University of Pennsylvania psychology Professor Adrian Raine, in an article for The Economist noted the glorification of "ned" culture in the Scottish media, and suggested that Glasgow may have a higher concentration of psychopaths than other cities in Europe.. This would consequently result in more instances of depression among its citizens... modern theory of the perpetuation of debt has drenched the earth with blood, and crushed its inhabitants under burdens ever accumulating...
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