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Old 21-01-2015, 08:27 PM   #121
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Arrow Vostok

Mirny and its Captain Mikhail Lazarev on a commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia...

X-Files: I Want To Believe Clip 'Discovery' ..

Vostok Station (Станция Восток, Stántsiya Vostók, "Station East" or "East Station") is a Russian (formerly Soviet) research station in inland Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica.. Founded by the Soviet Union in 1957, the station lies at the southern Pole of Cold, with the lowest reliably measured natural temperature on Earth of −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F; 184.0 K).. Research includes ice core drilling and magnetometry.. Vostok (Russian for "east") was named after Vostok, the lead ship of the First Russian Antarctic Expedition captained by Fabian von Bellingshausen..Vostok Research Station is about 1,300 km from the Geographic South Pole, at the center of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet and within the Australian Antarctic Territory.. As a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty System, Australia does not exercise sovereignty over the territory...

The Russian station Vostok, sits on the polar plateau..Thecoldest temperature ever recorded on earth was -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit at Vostok in 1983..

The drilling complex building stands close to Vostok Station at an elevation of 3488 m.. It was constructed in the summer season of 1983–1984.. Under the leadership of Professor Boris Kudryashov, ancient ice core samples were obtained.. The building has been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 88), following a proposal by Russia to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting..Vostok is the coldest place on Earth.In the 70s the Soviet Union drilled a set of cores 500–952 m deep.. These have been used to study the oxygen isotope composition of the ice, which showed that ice of the last glacial period was present below about 400 m depth.. Then 3 more holes were drilled: in 1984, Hole 3G reached a final depth of 2202 m; in 1990, Hole 4G reached a final depth of 2546 m; and in 93 Hole 5G reached a depth of 2755 m; after a brief closure, drilling continued during the winter of 95.. In 96 it was stopped at depth 3623 m, by the request of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research that expressed worries about possible contamination of Lake Vostok contains an environment sealed off below the ice for millions of years, in conditions which could resemble those of the hypothesized ice-covered ocean of Jupiter's moon Europa..

The lake has at least 22 cavities of liquid water, averaging 10 kilometers (6 mi) each..The lake water is estimated to have been sealed off under the thick ice sheet about 15 million years ago..In April 2005, German, Russian, and Japanese researchers found that the lake has tides..Depending on the position of the Sun and the Moon..Any confirmation of life in Lake Vostok could strengthen the prospect for the presence of life on icy moons..Russian and French scientists have been carrying out molecular DNA studies of on the water from Lake Vostok that was frozen in the borehole, by constructing numerous DNA libraries, which are collections of fragments of DNA that allow scientists to identify which species of bacteria may belong to.. Although the Vostok core reached a depth of 3623 m the usable climatic information does not extend down this far.. The very bottom of the core is ice refrozen from the waters of Lake Vostok and contains no climate information.. The usual data sources give proxy information down to a depth of 3310 m or 414,000 years... rare certain strain of Purity that has been lying dormant in a cave in Texas since the end of the last great Ice Age waiting to be unleashed upon this world?..
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