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Old 27-12-2014, 07:44 PM   #28
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Question Who Spei'S on the Spie'S

The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence and security organisation responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance to the British government and armed forces.. Based in "The Doughnut", in the suburbs of Cheltenham, it operates under the formal direction of the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) alongside the Security Service (MI5), the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and Defence Intelligence (DI).. GCHQ is the responsibility of the UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, but it is not a part of the Foreign Office and its Director ranks as a Permanent Secretary..During the First World War, the United Kingdom's Army and Navy had separate signals intelligence agencies, MI1b and NID25 (initially known as Room 40) respectively.. In 1919, the Cabinet's Secret Service Committee, chaired by Lord Curzon, recommended that a peace-time codebreaking agency should be created, a task given to the then-Director of Naval Intelligence, Hugh Sinclair..During the Second World War, GC&CS was based largely at Bletchley Park in present-day Milton Keynes working on, most famously, the German Enigma machine and Lorenz ciphers, but also a large number of other systems...

An outstation in the Far East, the Far East Combined Bureau was set up in Hong Kong in 1935, and moved to Singapore in 1939. Subsequently with the Japanese advance down the Malay Peninsula, the Army and RAF codebreakers went to the Wireless Experimental Centre in Delhi, India.. The Navy codebreakers in FECB went to Colombo, Ceylon, then to Kilindini, near Mombasa, Kenya..GC&CS was renamed the "Government Communications Headquarters" in June 1946..GCHQ was at first based in Eastcote, but in 51 moved to the outskirts of Cheltenham, setting up two sites there – Oakley and Benhall. GCHQ had a very low profile in the media until 1983 when the trial of Geoffrey Prime, a KGB mole within GCHQ, created considerable media interest..Since the days of the Second World War, US and British intelligence have shared information.. For the GCHQ this means that it shares information with, and gets information from, the National Security Agency (NSA) in the United States..Early in the 70s, the concept for public key encryption was developed and proven by James H. Ellis, a GCHQ staff member since 52, who lacked the necessary number theory expertise necessary to build a workable system. Subsequently a feasible implementation scheme via an asymmetric key algorithm was invented by another staff member Clifford Cocks, a mathematics graduate...

In 84, GCHQ was the centre of a political row when the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher prohibited its employees from belonging to a trade union. It was claimed that joining a union would be in conflict with national security.. A number of mass national one-day strikes were held to protest this decision, seen as a first step to wider bans on trade unions. Appeals to British Courts and European Commission of Human Rights were unsuccessful... The government offered a sum of money to each employee who agreed to give up their union membership..The Intelligence Services Act 94 placed the activities of the intelligence agencies on a legal footing for the first time, defining their purpose, and the British Parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee was given a remit to examine the expenditure, administration and policy of the 3 intelligence agencies..In 93, in the wake of the "Squidgygate" affair, GCHQ denied "intercepting, recording or disclosing" the telephone calls of the British Royal family..In late 93 civil servant Michael Quinlan advised a deep review of the work of GCHQ following the conclusion of his "Review of Intelligence Requirements and Resources", which had imposed a 3% cut on the agency..The J Division of GCHQ, which had collected SIGINT on Russia, disappeared as result of the cuts.. The cuts had been mostly reversed by 2000 in the wake of threats from violent non-state actors, and risks from increased terrorism, organised crime and illegal access to nuclear, chemical and biological weapons...

Operations at GCHQ’s Chum Hom Kwok listening station in Hong Kong ended in 94.. GCHQ's Hong Kong operations were extremely important to their relationship with the NSA, who contributed investment and equipment to the station. In anticipation of the transfer of Hong Kong to the Chinese government in 97, the Hong Kong stations operations were moved to Geraldton in Australia..Operations that utilised GCHQ's intelligence-gathering capabilities in the 90s included the monitoring of communications of Iraqi soldiers in the Gulf War, of dissident republican terrorists and the Real IRA, of the various factions involved in the Yugoslav Wars, and of the criminal Kenneth Noye.. In the mid 90s GCHQ began to assist in the investigation of cybercrime..At the end of 2003, GCHQ moved to a new circular HQ (popularly known as "The Doughnut"): at the time, it was the second-largest public-sector building project in Europe, with an estimated cost of £337 million.. The new building, which was designed by Gensler and constructed by Carillion, is the base for all of GCHQ's Cheltenham operations..GCHQ gains its intelligence by monitoring a wide variety of communications and other electronic signals.. For this, a number of stations have been established in the UK and overseas..As revealed by Edward Snowden in The Guardian, GCHQ spied on foreign politicians visiting the 2009 G-20 London Summit by eavesdropping phonecalls, emails and monitoring their computers, and in some cases even ongoing after the summit via keyloggers that had been installed during the summit.. Some of the information gained has been passed on to British politicians...

According to Edward Snowden, GCHQ has two principal umbrella programs for collecting communications:

"Mastering the Internet" (MTI) for internet traffic, which is extracted from fiber-optic cables and can be searched by using the Tempora computer system..

"Global Telecoms Exploitation" (GTE) for telephone traffic..

GCHQ also has had access to the US internet monitoring programme PRISM since at least June 2010.. PRISM is said to give the National Security Agency and FBI easy access to the systems of nine of the world's top internet companies, including Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Apple, Yahoo, and Skype..Since the 2013 global surveillance disclosures, large US technology companies have improved security and become less co-operative with foreign intelligence agencies, including those of the UK, generally requiring a US court order before disclosing data..CESG (originally Communications-Electronics Security Group) is the group within GCHQ which provides assistance to government departments on their own communications security: CESG is the UK National Technical Authority for information assurance, including cryptography...The Joint Technical Language Service (JTLS) was established in 55,drawing on members of the small MOD technical language team and others, initially to provide standard English translations for organisational expressions in any foreign language..GCHQ operates in partnership with equivalent agencies worldwide in a number of bi-lateral and multi-lateral relationships..Interception of communications operations are authorised under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000. Warrants authorising such
interception can only be issued by a Secretary of State... a rabbit to pull out of your hat, Percy?. You've got that Britain-can-make-it look about you.. Very intimidating. Nothing I have done can be one half as bad as the thoughts in your head..I think you and Percy between you are contriving to keep me off the streets.. As I said, you may foook me but you still have to call me "Sir" in the morning...

Last edited by lightgiver; 27-12-2014 at 07:47 PM.
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