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Old 05-12-2014, 05:05 PM   #130
lightgiver
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Organ transplantation in China has taken place since the 1960s, and is one of the largest organ transplant programmes in the world, peaking at over 13,000 transplants a year in 2004.. China is also involved in innovative transplant surgery such as face transplantation including bone..Globally, pioneering experimental studies in the surgical technique of human organ transplantation were made in the early 1900s by the French surgeon Alexis Carrel, and successful transplants starting spreading worldwide after the Second World War.. China herself began organ transplantation in the 1960s, which grew to an annual peak of over 13,000 transplants in 2004;and, despite some deaths from infection and hepatitis, the transplant programme has been successful in saving many lives.. Though the number of transplants fell to under 11,000 annually by 2005, China still has one of the largest transplant programmes in the world..China explores innovative surgery, such as the world's first flesh and bone face transplant, performed by Professor Guo Shuzhong.. Organ donation, however, has met resistance, and involuntary organ donation is illegal under Chinese law, as it is against Chinese tradition and culture, which attach symbolic life affirming importance to the kidney and heart..The Chinese authorities have not denied the practice of taking organs from executed prisoners, and have taken steps to address international concerns regarding both the State's reliance on executed prisoners for organ donation and the illegal trading of these organs which in 2005 they acknowledged had occurred..The first successful penis transplant procedure was performed in September 2006, at a military hospital in Guangzhou. The patient, a 44-year-old male, had sustained the loss of most of his penis in an accident.. The transplanted penis came from a brain-dead 22-year-old male.. Although successful, the patient and his wife suffered psychological trauma as a result of the procedure, and had the surgery reversed 15 days later..The first living related renal transplant was performed in China in 1972; the first allogeneic bone marrow transplantation was successfully executed in an acute leukaemia patient.. The first recorded clinical liver transplant from a living donor in China took place in 1995, se7en years after the world's first was performed in Sao Paulo, Brazil..Professor Guo Shuzhong conducted a series of face transplant experiments in Xijing hospital, leading in April 2006 to the world's first face transplant that included bone.. The donor had been declared brain-dead before the operation..The first successful brain-death organ donation soon followed...



In 2006, claims of harvesting of organs from live practitioners of the Falun Gong spiritual movement at a research hospital led to an investigative report being compiled by former Canadian politician, David Kilgour, and human rights lawyer David Matas..The findings of their investigation were controversial as the conclusions were based on direct and circumstantial evidence, The report outlines extraordinarily short wait times for organs in China—one to two weeks for a liver compared with 32.5 months in Canada (median wait for 2003) as an incriminating factor.Investigations, including by dissident Harry Wu, and the U.S. State Department, failed to find evidence to support the allegations, though Kirk C. Allison, Associate Director of the Program in Human Rights and Medicine in the University of Minnesota, (2006) and Tom Treasure of Guy's Hospital, London (2007), considered the report "plausible from a medical standpoint" based on the numerical gap in the number of transplants and the short waiting times in China compared with other countries..The modern qigong movement emerged in the early 1950s, when Communist cadres embraced the techniques as a way to improve health.. The new term was constructed to avoid association with religious practices, which were prone to being labeled as "feudal superstition" and persecuted during the Maoist era..The wait times for organ transplants for organ recipients in China are much lower than elsewhere in the world, and there is evidence that the execution of prisoners for their organs is "timed for the convenience of the waiting recipient." Organ tourists to China report receiving kidney transplants within days of arriving in China..



Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (literally means "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a Chinese spiritual discipline for mind and body..Although the practice initially enjoyed considerable support from Chinese officialdom, by the mid- to late-1990s, the Communist Party and public security organizations increasingly viewed Falun Gong as a potential threat due to its size, independence from the state, and spiritual teachings.. China is not alone in encountering donation difficulties; demand outstrips supply in most countries. The world-wide shortage has encouraged some countries—such as India—to trade in human organs..Development of an immunosuppressant drug, cyclosporine A, made transplants a more viable option for patients..By way of comparison, the median waiting time for an organ transplantation in Australia is 6 months to 4 years, in Canada, it is 6 years as of 2011.. In UK it is 3 years..Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organ_t...ation_in_China
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-30324440
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showt...=262349&page=3As your mother tells you, and my mother certainly told me, it is important, she always used to say, Always to try new things..Your job is to craft my doom.. So I am not sure how well I should wish you but I'm sure we'll have a lot of fun.. Tata, H...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=505

Last edited by lightgiver; 05-12-2014 at 05:06 PM.
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