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Old 16-11-2014, 08:51 PM   #301
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Arrow Ziryab

Human perspiration is largely odorless until it is fermented by bacteria that thrive in hot, humid environments.. The human underarm is among the most consistently warm areas on the surface of the human body, and sweat glands provide moisture, which when excreted, has a vital cooling effect.. When adult armpits are washed with alkaline pH soap, the skin loses its acid mantle (pH 4.5 - 6), raising the skin pH and disrupting the skin barrier.. As many bacteria thrive in this elevated pH environment,this makes the skin susceptible to bacterial colonization..The bacteria feed on the sweat from the apocrine glands and on dead skin and hair cells, releasing trans-3-Methyl-2-hexenoic acid in their waste, which is the primary cause of body odour.. Underarm hair wicks the moisture away from the skin and aids in keeping the skin dry enough to prevent or diminish bacterial colonization. The hair is less susceptible to bacterial growth and therefore is ideal for preventing the bacterial odour..In the early 1960s, the first aerosol antiperspirant in the marketplace was Gillette's Right Guard, whose brand was later sold to Henkel in 2006.. Aerosols were popular because they let the user dispense a spray without coming in contact with the underarm area..After using a deodorant containing zirconium, the skin may develop an allergic, axillary granuloma response.. Antiperspirants with propylene glycol, when applied to the axillae, can cause irritation and may promote sensitization to other ingredients in the antiperspirant...

The Beatles - Blackbird (Subtitulado en Español) ..

One constituent of deodorant products which has given cause concern are parabens, a chemical additive.. Aluminium chlorohydrate and aluminium zirconium tetrachlorohydrate gly are the most frequent active ingredients in commercial antiperspirants..In the 9th century, Ziryab introduced under-arm deodorants in Al-Andalus.. In 1888, the first commercial deodorant, Mum, was developed and patented by a U.S. inventor in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whose name has been lost to history.. The small company was bought by Bristol-Myers in 1931 and in the late 1940s, marketing executive Edward Gelsthorpe decided to develop an applicator based on the newly invented ball-point pen.. In 1952, the company began marketing the product under the name Ban Roll-On.. The product was briefly withdrawn from the market in the U.S.. It is once again available at retailers in the U.S. under the brand Ban.. In the UK it is sold under the names Mum Solid and Mum Pump Spray.. Chattem acquired Ban deodorant brand in 1998 and subsequently sold it to Kao Corporation in 2000.."Stopette" gained its prominence as the first and long-time sponsor of the game show What's My Line?, and was later eclipsed by many other brands as the 1941 patent expired...

Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali Ibn Nafi‘ (789-857), أبو الحسن علي ابن نافع) was a muslim musician, singer, oud player, composer, poet and teacher, who lived and worked in Iraq, Northern Africa and during more than 30 years, in Andalus of the medieval Islamic period.. He was also known as a polymath, with knowledge in astronomy, geography, meteorology, botanics, cosmetics, culinary art and fashion. His nickname Ziryab comes possibly from a name of black singing bird in Arabic, he is also known as Pájaro Negro (blackbird) in Spanish..Ziryab is said to have improved the Oud (or Laúd) by adding a 5th pair of strings, and using an eagle's beak or quill instead of a wooden pick..According to the main source, Ibn Hayyan, Ziryab had 8 sons and two daughters..5 of the sons and both daughters became musicians of some prominence..He created a new type of deodorant to get rid of bad odours and also promoted morning and evening baths and emphasized the maintenance of personal hygiene.. Ziryab is thought to have invented an early toothpaste, which he popularized throughout Islamic Iberia..The exact ingredients of this toothpaste are not currently known, but it was reported to have been both "functional and pleasant to taste."...According to Al-Maqqari before the arrival of Ziryab, all the people of al-Andalus, in the Cordoban court, wore their long hair parted in the middle and hung down loose down to the shoulders, men and women; Ziryab had his hair cut with bangs down to his eyebrows and straight across his forehead, "new short hairstyles leaving the neck, ears and eyebrows free,".. He popularized shaving among men and set new haircut trends..Ziryab is alleged by some to have opened beauty parlors for women of the Cordoban elite.. Royalty used to wash their hair with rose water, but Ziryab introduced the use of salt and fragrant oils to improve the hair’s condition..He was an arbiter of culinary fashion and taste, who also "revolutionized the local cuisine" by introducing new fruit and vegetables such as asparagus, and by introducing the 3-course meal served on leathern tablecloths, insisting that meals should be served in 3 separate courses consisting of soup, the main course, and dessert..Ziryab revolutionized the court at Córdoba and made it the stylistic capital of its time.. Whether introducing new clothes, styles, foods, hygiene products, or music, Ziryab changed al-Andalusian culture forever... members can be seen executing activists in the streets in front of everyone.. They wear black fighter outfits - some look as if they haven't seen a shower in ages!..

Last edited by lightgiver; 16-11-2014 at 08:55 PM.
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