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Old 09-11-2014, 07:55 PM   #81
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Lance Corporal Wayne John Edwards (c1966 – 13 January 1993) was a British soldier who served in the Royal Welch Fusiliers..He was the first British serviceman to be killed in Bosnia-Herzegovina..At the time of his death he was attached to the Cheshire Regiment as part of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) during Operation Grapple 1.. The following day Malcolm Rifkind, the defence secretary, announced that a Royal Navy task force would be sent to the Adriatic and that any future attacks on British troops could lead to the immediate deployment of artillery and strike aircraft to counter them.. This was the first carrier task force to leave British shores on a military operation since the Falklands War 11 years earlier..

Edwards was born in Cefn Mawr, near Wrexham, Wales, the son of Barbara and John Edwards.. His father was a former British soldier who had served in the Welsh Guards. Edwards joined the Army Cadet Force, a youth organisation with connections to the British Army, aged 13.. His stepfather, John Manley, said that Edwards was a popular figure locally, "who used to go out of his way to help others.. He would be walking along the lane here and see one of the neighbours struggling to lift something, and he would just jump over the hedge and lift it for them.. He was that type of lad..Edwards was promoted to Lance corporal in 1992.. After serving two tours of duty with the Army in Northern Ireland, where he had seen one friend killed and another wounded, Edwards deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina in November 1992, based in Vitez as the driver of a FV510 Warrior infantry fighting vehicle..The attachment arose when the Cheshires asked for volunteers from other regiments within their division, the Prince of Wales', to train as drivers..

Croatian crimes and massacre of Muslims in the village of Ahmici 23.4.93..

The British contingent of UNPROFOR had come under fire on many occasions since the advance party had arrived in October 1992.. Warrior patrols to Turbe, near Travnik, were repeatedly shelled, suffering light damage, and a 3-mile stretch north of Kladanj on the road to Tuzla was nicknamed "Bomb Alley" because of the regular attacks on UN convoys.. In the week leading up to Edwards' death, British forces came under attack on two occasions, first when a Serbian artillery barrage hit the Royal Engineers' headquarters at Tomislavgrad, followed by an ambush against a Danish UN relief convoy returning from Tuzla with an escort of British FV107 Scimitar armoured reconnaissance vehicles from the 9th/12th Royal Lancers, forcing the British to return fire with 30mm RARDEN cannons..Edwards' vehicle, commanded by Corporal Alan Furniss, was part of 5 Platoon which operated as the personal escort for Lieutenant Colonel Robert Stewart DSO, the CO of the Cheshires...

During the negotiations, the British received a request to escort an ambulance carrying 3 injured civilian women through the town and on to the nearest medical facility..2 Warriors were assigned to protect them, with one positioned at the front of the ambulance and one at the rear.. Edwards drove the lead Warrior which left the British base at Gornji Vakuf at 10.30am in the direction of the town centre.. Edwards drove with the hatch in the 'open' position for greater visibility. The rear Warrior was also transporting the Regimental Medical Officer, Major Tracy Clarke RAMC.. Approximately 12 minutes after leaving the base, as Edwards drove across a bridge, he was struck by a single shot in the head and his Warrior went out of control and mounted the pavement.. He was dragged from the vehicle and given first aid while Clarke ran from the rear vehicle to attend him.. More Warriors were called from the base and formed a defensive ring as Clarke attempted resuscitation but Edwards had died almost instantly..It is not known who fired the shot...

Lt. Col. Stewart demanded that the Croat and Muslim commanders open a murder enquiry and said: "This is cold-blooded murder and there will be a murder investigation.. Lance Corporal Edwards was a UN soldier, and we want the person responsible brought to trial."On 16 January 1993 Stewart managed to broker a temporary ceasefire in Gornji Vakuf so that a wreath could be laid at the spot where Edwards was killed.. At 2.00pm both sides paused hostilities while 4 Warriors drove to the bridge.. Accompanying the British troops at the ceremony were the commanders of the BiH and HVO units. Cpl. Furniss tied a wreath of yellow and red carnations and pine branches, spelling out the name 'Ed', to the bridge.. After a minute's silence the BiH and HVO commanders saluted and the British withdrew.. Hostilities recommenced minutes later...

His funeral was held at St. John's Church, Rhosymedre, Wales on 25 January 1993.. In May 1993 Edwards' mother attended the parade at the Cheshires' home base in Germany where medals for service were awarded.. She was presented with her son's United Nations Medal by Lt. Col. Stewart. In November 2010, Edwards' sister was presented with the Elizabeth Cross, awarded to the next of kin of members of the Armed Forces killed in action after the Second World War..Lt. Col.. Stewart said in a statement read to the hearing that he believed the murderer would never be caught, and that "Since the incident I have been to a number of meetings of the local commanders of the Muslim and Croatian armies to try and negotiate peace in Gornji Vakuf. During those meetings I have told both sides that the British Army will be treating L/Cpl Edwards' death as murder." John Hughes, the South Clwyd coroner said: "This is a terribly tragic case of a young man of 26 who went to serve Queen and country in a peacekeeping capacity, not to fight. He had gone to serve the United Nations in a country torn apart by civil war and has met an untimely death"...

" When told he would be deploying with UNPROFOR "he was apprehensive, but looking forward to it. He said:'It's my job and I've got to do it, so let's get on with it..' That was him, you know?"...The tune was used by Ralph Vaughan Williams as the basis of the second movement of his organ composition "Three Preludes on Welsh Hymn Tunes"..This is probably best known as an orchestral arrangement by Arnold Foster published in 1938..On 1 October 2011, as a tribute to him and the other peacekeepers that lost their lives during the conflict, the mayor of Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje renamed the bridge where Edwards was killed to "Lance Corporal Wayne Edwards Bridge." The official ceremony was attended by Edwards' sister Kimberley, the British ambassador Nigel Casey, Defence Attache Lt.Col. Stephen Croft and Col. Robert Stewart..Edwards' death prompted the Armed Forces Financial Advisory Services to relaunch its 'Forces Safeguard' life insurance policy for members of the Armed Forces on active service.

Dianthus caryophyllus, carnation or clove pink, is a species of Dianthus. It is probably native to the Mediterranean region but its exact range is unknown due to extensive cultivation for the last 2,000 years..Colombia is the largest carnation producer in the world..Pink carnationshave the most symbolic and historical significance. According to a Christian legend, carnations first appeared on Earth as Jesus carried the Cross..The Virgin Mary shed tears at Jesus' plight, and carnations sprang up from where her tears fell..Thus the pink carnation became the symbol of a mother's undying love..At the University of Oxford, carnations are traditionally worn to all examinations; white for the first exam, pink for exams in between, and red for the last exam..Some scholars believe that the name "carnation" comes from "coronation" or "corone" (flower garlands), as it was one of the flowers used in Greek ceremonial crowns.. Others think the name stems from the Latin "caro" (genitive "carnis") (flesh), which refers to the original colour of the flower, or incarnatio (incarnation), which refers to the incarnation of God made flesh...

On 10 January 1993, just before the outbreak of hostilities in Gornji Vakuf, the Croat Defence Council (HVO) commander Luka Šekerija, sent a "Military – Top Secret" request to Colonel Tihomir Blaškić and Dario Kordić (later convicted by ICTY of war crimes and crimes against humanity, i.e. ethnic cleansing) for rounds of mortar shells available at the ammunition factory in Vitez.. Fighting then broke out in Gornji Vakuf on 11 January 1993, sparked by a bomb which had been placed by Croats in a Bosniak-owned hotel that had been used as a military headquarters. A general outbreak of fighting followed and there was heavy shelling of the town that night by Croat artillery..During cease-fire negotiations at the Britbat HQ in Gornji Vakuf, colonel Andrić, representing the HVO, demanded that the Bosnian Muslim forces lay down their arms and accept HVO control of the town, threatening that if they did not agree he would flatten Gornji Vakuf to the ground..The HVO demands were not accepted by the ARBiH and the attack continued, followed by massacres of Bosnian Muslim civilians in the neighbouring villages of Bistrica, Uzričje, Duša, Ždrimci and Hrasnica.. Although the Croats often cited it as a major reason for the attack on Gornji Vakuf, the commander of the British Britbat company claimed that he and his soldiers did not seen any Muslim Mujahideen in Gornji Vakuf.. The shelling campaign and the attacks during the war resulted in hundreds of injured and deaths,mostly Bosnian Muslim civilians... is known that nations that border each other become enemies while nations separated by distance and obstacles make better allies.. When you are the strongest in one field, your greatest threat is from the second strongest in your field, not the strongest from another field...

Last edited by lightgiver; 10-11-2014 at 12:15 AM.
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