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Old 11-08-2014, 05:06 PM   #84
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Lightbulb Flogging a Dead Horse

Qatar achieved full independence on 3 September 1971..Arab states were among the first to recognise Qatar, and the state promptly gained admittance to the United Nations and the Arab League. Qatar established diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, and Communist China in 1988.. The country was an early member of OPEC and a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Its policy and external relations are managed by its Ministry of Foreign Affairs..Qatar has become an influential player in Arab world. Qatar supported several rebel groups during the Arab Spring both financially and by asserting global influence through its expanding news group, Al Jazeera..Qatar's support for the Muslim Brotherhood and allied groups throughout the middle east, as well as positions taken by Al Jazeera have led to increasing tensions with other Gulf States. These came to a head during a March 2014 meeting of the Gulf Cooperation Council, after which the UAE, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain announced the recall of their ambassadors to Qatar..Some financial economists have interpreted the 2014 Saudi-Qatari rift as the tangible political sign of a growing economic rivalry between oil and natural gas producers, which could “have deep and long-lasting consequences” beyond the MENA area..The term MENA, for "Middle East and North Africa", is an acronym often used in academic, military planning, disaster relief, and business writing..In March 2014 Qatar made overtures to Oman in order to counteract the influence of Saudi Arabia on politics in the region..Israeli Foreign Affairs Minister Tzipi Livni met with the Qatari Emir at a UN conference.. In April 2008, she visited Qatar where she attended a conference and met the Emir, the Prime Minister and the Minister of Oil and Gas..During the Syrian civil war, Qatar, along with Saudi Arabia, Turkey and western states, vocally and materially supported the opposition with arms and funds against the government.. Qatar has been the biggest sponsor of opposition forces during the civil war..In 2010, the Emir became the first Arab leader to tour South Lebanon and view the various projects it funded following the 2006 Lebanon War.. He inaugurated an hospital in Bint Jbeil and a nearby mosque and church, while accompanied by Lebanon's President Michel Sleiman and Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri.. He also became the first international leader to visit the Gaza Strip..Qatar is also one of the few countries in which citizens do not have to pay any taxes..Adso, if I knew the answers to everything, I would be teaching theology in Paris...

Flagellants are practitioners of an extreme form of mortification of their own flesh by whipping it with various instruments..Flagellantism was a 13th and 14th centuries movement, consisting of radicals in the Catholic Church. It began as a militant pilgrimage and was later condemned by the Catholic Church as heretical. The followers were noted for including public flagellation in their rituals..Flagellation (from Latin flagellare, to whip) was quite a common practice amongst the more fervently religious. Various religions, like the cult of Isis in Egypt and the Dionysian cult of Greece, practiced their own forms of flagellation.. In ancient Rome, eunuch priests of the Phrygian goddess Cybele, the Galli, flogged themselves until they bled during the annual festival called Dies sanguinis (Day of Blood). Women were flogged during the Roman Lupercalia to ensure fertility..The movement did not have a central doctrine or overall leaders, but a popular passion for the movement occurred all over Europe in separate outbreaks. The first recorded incident was in Perugia in 1259, the year after severe crop damage and famine throughout Europe. It spread from there across Northern Italy and thence into Austria. Other incidents are recorded in 1296, 1333-34 (the Doves), notably at the time of the Black Death (1349), and 1399. The nature of the movement grew from a popular interest in religion combined with dissatisfaction with the Church's control..Perugia (Latin: Perusia) is the capital city of the region of Umbria in central Italy, crossed by the river Tiber..It means that the hunchback undoubtedly was once a heretic. Penitenziagite was a rallying cry of the dolcinites..Dolcinites? Who were they, master?.Those who believed in the poverty of Christ..So do we Franciscans..But they also declared that everyone must be poor, so they slaughtered the rich.. Ha! You see, Adso, the step between ecstatic vision and sinful frenzy is all too brief...

The movement spread across Northern Italy, up to 10,000 strong groups processing in Modena, Bologna, Reggio and Parma although certain city authorities refused the Flagellant processions entry. However enthusiasm for the movement diminished as suddenly as it arose. When they preached that mere participation in their processions cleaned sins, the Pope banned the movement in January 1261. As the movement lost momentum in Italy, it crossed into Austria and then Germany where the same pattern occurred..The peak of the activity was during the Black Death, then called the Great Death, which began around 1347. Spontaneously Flagellant groups arose across Northern and Central Europe in 1349, except in England.. They established their camps in fields near towns and held their rituals twice a day.. The ritual began with the reading of a letter, claimed to have been delivered by an angel and justifying the Flagellants' activities..Rulers like Catherine de' Medici and France's King Henry III supported Flagellants but Henry IV banned them. Flagellant orders like Hermanos Penitentes (Spanish 'Penitential Brothers') also appeared in colonial Spanish America, even against the specific orders of Church authorities..Members of the modern Church of Body Modification believe that by enduring pain they make a connection to their spirit. Some indigenous cultures' shamans believe that endurance of pain or denial of appetites serves to increase spiritual power..For a monk, it does present certain problems.. Well, of course I don't have the benefit of your experience, but I find it difficult to convince myself that God would have introduced such a foul being into creation without endowing her with *some* virtures.. Hmm?.. How peaceful life would be without love, Adso,
how safe, how tranquil, and how dull...

A group of people engaged in a modern secular ritual called pulling..In some contexts, modern practices of body modification and plastic surgery overlap with mortification. Often, secular people will undergo painful experiences in order to become more self-aware, to take control of their bodies or "own" them more fully, to bond with a group that is spiritual in its aims, or to overcome the body's limitations in ways that do not refer to any higher power. Many times these rites are intended to empower the participant, rather than humble them..It just occurred to me... I've traveled halfway around the world, at great expense, simply to kill a different kind of bird...

Flogging is a form of punishment used under Islamic Sharia law.. It is the prescribed punishment (hadd) for offences including fornication, alcohol use and slander and is also widely favoured as a discretionary punishment (ta'zir) for many offences, such as violating gender interaction laws. Punishment is normally carried out in public. However, some scholars maintain that this goes against the teachings of Islam.. In Islam, lashes for punishment for women are often performed with the Qu'ran under one arm to minimise the swing and as a reminder of the source of legislation.. They are not supposed to leave permanent scars, and when the number of lashes is high, are frequently done in batches to minimise risk of harm..The Mourning of Muharram, Remembrance of Muharram, or Muharram Observances, is a set of rituals associated with Shia Islam, which takes place in Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. Many of the events associated with the ritual take place in congregation halls known as Hussainia..In Lucknow, India, the Muharram processions and rituals are known as Azadari. The processions, including the Chup Tazia, have been observed since the sixteenth century or earlier, when Lucknow was capital of the state of Awadh..In the 20th century, beginning in 1906, Azadari became a focus of communal tension in Lucknow. In 1977, after riots broke out for the fourth time since 1968, the government of Uttar Pradesh banned the Azadari processions. Shia leaders protested the ban, and many Shia Muslims courted arrest by defying the ban each year..In 1997 a hunger strike was launched to protest the Azadari ban. In April three Shia youths committed self-immolation and died. A noted Shia scholar called for a peace march on 18 April 1997 that reportedly drew more than 200,000 Shias..Late in the year, after months of arrests and clashes between police and protesters, the government granted limited permission for Shias in Lucknow to hold Azadari processions..Shia Muslims in Malir, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan flagellated themselves during the Moharram procession to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, grandson of Muhammad..Zanjir (Chain) used for 'Zanjir matam'Zanjeer (from Persian زنجیر, "metal chain").. (7 January 1992 - 16 November 2000) was a Labrador Retriever who served as a detection dog with the Mumbai Police..You want to escape, you brave Anglais? Mean, bad Indian out there! Cut off everything! Zip! Zip! Zip!.Lucky for you, chief like angry.. You yell, make strong.. Until winter comes!.. Well, then, could he not have killed the translator?..No. No, fat bishops and wealthy priests were more to the taste of the dolcinites, hardly a specialist of Aristotle... opened it, we came..It's just a puzzle box!.Oh no, it is a means to summon us..Who are you? the further regions of experience.. Demons to some, angels to others...

Last edited by lightgiver; 11-08-2014 at 05:16 PM.
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