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Old 11-07-2014, 04:40 PM   #213
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Cool Galanthus

Galanthus (snowdrop; Greek gála "milk", ánthos "flower") is a small genus of about 20 species of bulbous herbaceous plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae.. Most flower in winter, before the vernal equinox (20 or 21 March in the Northern Hemisphere), but certain species flower in early spring and late autumn..Snowdrops are sometimes confused with their relatives, snowflakes, which are Leucojum and Acis species..

Notable species include..

Common snowdrop, Galanthus nivalis, grows to around 7–15 cm tall, flowering between January and April in the northern temperate zone (January–May in the wild).. Applanate vernation..

Crimean snowdrop, Galanthus plicatus, 30 cm tall, flowering January/March, white flowers, with broad leaves folded back at the edges (explicative vernation)..

Giant snowdrop, Galanthus elwesii, a native of the Levant, 23 cm tall, flowering January/February, with large flowers, the 3 inner segments of which often have a much larger and more conspicuous green blotch (or blotches) than the more common kinds; supervolute vernation..

Galanthus reginae-olgae, from Greece and Sicily, is quite similar in appearance to G. nivalis, but flowers in autumn before the leaves appear. The leaves, which appear in the spring, have a characteristic white stripe on their upper side; applanate vernation..

G. reginae-olgae subsp. vernalis, from Sicily, northern Greece and the south of former Yugoslavia, blooms at the end of the winter with developed young leaves and is thus easily confused with G. nivalis..

The term Levant, which appeared in English in 1497, originally meant the East in general or "Mediterranean lands east of Italy".. It is borrowed from the French levant 'rising', referring to the rising of the sun in the east, or the point where the sun rises.. The phrase is ultimately from the Latin word levare, meaning 'lift, raise'. Similar etymologies are found in Greek Ἀνατολή (Anatolē, cf. Anatolia), in Germanic Morgenland (which means, literally, "morning land"), in Italian (as in "Riviera di Levante", the portion of the Liguria coast east of Genoa), in the Hungarian Kelet, Spanish "Levante" and Catalan "Llevant" (the place of rising).. Most notably, "Orient" and its Latin source oriens meaning "east", is literally "rising", deriving from Latin orior "rise"..The short story The Snowdrop by Hans Christian Andersen follows the fate of a snowdrop
from a bulb striving towards the light to a picked flower placed in a book of poetry...

In 1995 Árpád Pusztai genetically modified potatoes with the GNA gene, which work he discussed on a radio interview in 1998 and published in the Lancet in 1999.. In 1998 said in an interview on a World in Action programme that his group had observed damage to the intestines and immune systems of rats fed the genetically modified potatoes.. He also said "If I had the choice I would certainly not eat it", and that "I find it's very unfair to use our fellow citizens as guinea pigs".. These remarks started the so-called Pusztai affair..Tony Blair's admission that genetically-modified foods are potentially damaging to human health and the environment has been welcomed by pressure groups..Greenpeace, which managed to halt a cargo ship of GM animal feed heading for Liverpool docks after boarding it , called for a ban on all similar imports in future.."Greenpeace has called on the Government to ban GM animal feed imports, which are legally suspect, and to stop all further GM field trials..Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology. New DNA may be inserted in the host genome by first isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using molecular cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence, or by synthesizing the DNA, and then inserting this construct into the host organism..Fears of “designer babies” and the long-running debate over couples using genetic information to preselect the traits of their offspring have been reignited by a recently awarded patent to direct-to-.consumer genetic test seller 23andMe.. spent all our summers by the seaside, and in the winter at home, by the fire, frost on the window, and snow.. Snow..I was always making snowmen..One winter, I made a really big snowman.. I got a scarf from him..and the world seemed to be held in a dream-like stillness...
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