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Old 09-07-2014, 11:33 AM   #371
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Swayambhunath ( sometimes romanized Swoyambhunath) is an ancient religious complex atop a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city.. It is also known as the Monkey Temple as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple..The Tibetan name for the site means 'Sublime Trees' , for the many varieties of trees found on the hill.. However, Shing.kun may be a corruption of the local Nepal Bhasa name for the complex, Singgu, meaning 'self-sprung'.. For the Buddhist Newars in whose mythological history and origin myth as well as day-to-day religious practice, Swayambhunath occupies a central position, it is probably the most sacred among Buddhist pilgrimage sites.. For Tibetans and followers of Tibetan Buddhism, it is second only to Boudhanath..According to Swayambhu Purana, the entire valley was once filled with an enormous lake, out of which grew a lotus. The valley came to be known as Swayambhu, meaning "Self-Created." The name comes from an eternal self-existent flame (svyaṃbhu) over which a sūpa was later built..Swayambhunath is also known as the Monkey Temple as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple. They are holy because Manjushree, the bodhisattva of wisdom and learning was raising the hill which the Swayambhunath Temple stands on.. He was supposed to leave his hair short but he made it grow long and head lice grew. It is said that the head lice transformed into these monkeys..The Bodhisattva Manjusri had a vision of the lotus at Swayambhu and traveled there to worship it.. Seeing that the valley can be good settlement and to make the site more accessible to human pilgrims, Manjusree cut a gorge at Chovar.. The water drained out of the lake, leaving the valley in which Kathmandu now lies. The lotus was transformed into a hill and the flower become the Swayambhunath stupa...

The stupa consists of a dome at the base, above which is a cubical structure painted with eyes of Buddha looking in all 4 directions.. There are pentagonal Toran present above each of the four sides with statues engraved in them. Behind and above the torana there are 13 tears.. Above all the tiers there is a small space above which the Gajur is present. The stupa has many artifacts inside it..The dome at the base represents the entire world. When a person awakes (represented by eyes of wisdom and compassion) from the bonds of the world, the person reaches the state of enlightenment. The 13 pinnacles on the top symbolize that sentient beings have to go through the 13 stages of spiritual realizations to reach enlightenment or Buddhahood..There is a large pair of eyes on each of the 4 sides of the main stupa which represent Wisdom and Compassion. Above each pair of eyes is another eye, the 3rd eye.. It is said that when Buddha preaches, cosmic rays emanate from the 3rd eye which act as messages to heavenly beings, so that those interested can come down to earth to listen to the Buddha.. The hellish beings and beings below the human realm cannot come to earth to listen to the Buddha's teaching, however, the cosmic rays relieve their suffering when B Preaches..There are carvings of the Panch Buddhas (5 Buddhas) on each of the 4 sides of stupa.. There are also statues of the Buddhas at the base of the stupas. Panch Buddhas are Buddha in metaphorical sense in Tantrayana.. They are Vairochana (occupies the center and is the master of the temple), Akshobhya (faces the east and represents the cosmic element of consciousness), Ratna Sambhava (faces the south and represents the cosmic element of sensation), Amitabha (He represents cosmic element of Sanjna (name) and always faces the West) and Amoghsiddhi (He represents the cosmic element of conformation and faces the north)..Each morning before dawn hundreds of Buddhist (Vajrayana) and Hindu pilgrims ascend the 365 steps from eastern side that lead up the hill, passing the gilded Vajra (Tibetan: Dorje) and 2 lions guarding the entrance, and begin a series of Clockwise Circumambulations... me about the Golden Child..Every thousand generations, a perfect child is born, a Golden Child..He has come to rescue us..Rescue us from what?.. From ourselves..I always thought Buddha was a fella!.She's over 3'000 years old..How do you Manage something like that..Ah...

Last edited by lightgiver; 09-07-2014 at 11:40 AM.
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