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Old 06-07-2014, 11:34 PM   #65
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After 713, when the Moors invaded Iberia, Silves became part of the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba under the Arabic name of Shilb (شلب). In the 10th century it was one of the most important towns of western Al-Andalus.. Silves became an independent taifa in 1027 under the rule of Ibn Mozaine and his son, who was dethroned in 1051 by al-Mu'tadid, the governor of Seville. al-Mu'tamid ibn 'Abbad, the son of al-Mu'tadid and a famous poet, ruled the taifa of Silves until 1091. After the Almoravid conquest the town became Almohad in 1156.. In 1189 King Sancho I of Portugal conquered the town with the aid of Northern European crusaders, but lost it again to the Almohads.. Periodic raiding expeditions were sent from Al-Andalus to ravage the Iberian Christian kingdoms, bringing back booty and slaves.. The governor of Córdoba attacked Silves in 1191, and took 3,000 Christian slaves.. Again under Muslim rule, the city would then prosper to the point of being called the Baghdad of the West..The town was finally taken from the last Muslim king Ibn Afan by Paio Peres Correia, Grand-Master of the Order of Santiago in 1242, after the Alentejo and most of the coast had already fallen in 1238. The great mosque was changed into Silves Cathedral (Sé Catedral).. Silves declined in importance thereafter and was eclipsed in the region by Faro during the colonial period. In 1491, the town was given to queen Leonora by King João..The town is situated on a hill above the Arade River. Silves Castle (Castelo dos Mouros, Moorish Castle) is located on the top of the hill. It occupies ca. 12,000m². Archaeological excavations have shown that the oldest buildings date back to the 8th century, the stratigraphy is almost 6m deep and contains Iron Age remains as well. The walls are made of red sandstone (grés de Silves) with a pisé-core and have been heavily restored in the 1940s. Protruding towers of albarra-type protect the Northern slope. After the Christian conquest, the castle served as the seat of the alcaide-mor (provincial governor) till the middle of the 16th century, afterwards the towers were used as a prison...The municipality is crossed by the Arade River, which was navigable in historical times and was key to the prosperity of the city of Silves.. The waters of the river form the dams of Arade and Funcho. The landscape of the municipality is generally hilly. To the south the municipality borders the Atlantic Ocean..Silves is built on top of one of the largest underground aquifers in the south of Portugal, The Querença-Silves Aquifer , and has many orange groves, a fruit introduced by the Moors..The municipality is Administered by 4 civil parishes...

Pêra is a Portuguese parish (freguesia) in the municipality of Silves..The village is 12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi) south east of Silves and is 261 kilometres (162 mi) south south east of Lisbon..The patron of the village is the Divine Holy Ghost.. Pêra main parish church was built in the 18th century and has a single nave and a simple apse.. The highlight of the church is the altarpiece with a pyramid-shaped throne in the Baroque style which is located at the end of the chancel. Also from the Baroque period are the side altarpiece, as well as those in the Chapels of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Our lady of the Rosary) and Sagrado Coracão de Jesus (Sacred Heart of Jesus).. Both these chapels have statues which date from the 18th century. The church also possesses interesting figurative tiles in the chancel which depict the 4 evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John..Master! I wasn't going to say anything! I told them nothing!.I am loyal to you, Mistress!..You will keep your promise when we get to London, won't you, Master? You will see that I get lives? Not human lives, but small ones.. With blood in them.. I'll be loyal to you, Mistress.. I'll be loyal.. Listen to them.. Children of the night.. What music they make..It reminds me of the broken battlements of my own castle in Transylvania..Oh, Lucy, you're so romantic!.. Laugh all you like.. I think she's fascinating..Oh, I suppose he's all right.. But give me someone a little more normal..Like John?..Yes, dear, like John..He's crazy!.They're all crazy.. They're all crazy except you and me.. Sometimes I have my doubts about you...,_Portugal'm quoting... history. It's written.. It's a fact, it's written..I've had so many names. Old names that Only the wind and the trees can pronounce.. I am the mountain, the forest and the earth. I am... I am a faun.. Your most humble servant, Your Highness.. It's a fact.. Yeah. You see, uh, Sicilians have, uh, black blood pumpin' through their hearts...

Last edited by lightgiver; 06-07-2014 at 11:36 PM.
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