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Old 03-07-2014, 07:13 PM   #36
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Special forces have played an important role throughout the history of warfare whenever the aim has been to achieve disruption by "hit and run" and sabotage, rather than more traditional conventional army combat. Other significant roles lay in reconnaissance, providing essential intelligence from close to or among the enemy, and increasingly in combating irregular forces, their infrastructure and activities..Chinese strategist Jiang Ziya, in his 6 Secret Teachings, describes recruiting talented and highly motivated men for serving in specialized elite units with such functions as commanding heights and making rapid long-distance advances..Hamilcar Barca in Sicily (249 BC) had specialized troops trained to launch several offensives per day. In the late Roman or early Byzantine period, Roman fleets used small, fast camouflaged ships crewed by selected men for scouting and commando missions. Similarly, Muslim forces also had several naval special operations units, including one which used camouflaged ships to gather intelligence and launch raids, and another which consisted of soldiers who could pass for Crusaders who would use ruses to board enemy ships and then capture and destroy them.. In Japan, Ninjas were used for reconnaissance, espionage and as assassins, bodyguards or fortress guards, or otherwise fought alongside more conventional soldiers.. During the Napoleonic wars, rifle and sapper units were formed who held more specialised roles in reconnaissance and skirmishing and were not committed to the formal battle lines..

The Six Secret Teachings (Chinese: 六韬; traditional Chinese: 六韜; pinyin: Liù Tāo), is a treatise on civil and military strategy traditionally attributed to Lü Shang (aka Jiang Ziya), a top general of King Wen of Zhou, founder of the Zhou dynasty, at around the 11th century BC.. Modern historians nominally date its final composition to the Warring States period (c.475-221 BC), but some scholars believe that it preserves at least vestiges of ancient Qi political and military thought. Because it is written from the perspective of a statesman attempting to overthrow the ruling Shang dynasty, it is the only one of the Se7en Military Classics explicitly written from a revolutionary perspective..The Dog Strategy: The Dog Strategy discusses a number of diverse topics, miscellaneous to the other sections.. The most important sections "expound on detailed principles for appropriately employing the three component forces – chariots, infantry, and cavalry – in a wide variety of concrete tactical situations," and discusses the comparative battlefield effectiveness of these 3 forces.. It discusses a variety of "deficiencies and weaknesses in the enemy that can and should be exploited immediately with a determined attack".. It discusses several other, general issues: "the identification and selection of highly motivated, physically talented individuals for elite infantry units and for the cavalry and chariots; and methods for training the soldiers".. This strategy teaches never to attack an enemy when his morale is high, and to time a concentrated attack when the moment is right... War Challenge explains how to understand the economy of warfare and how success requires winning decisive engagements quickly. This section advises that successful military campaigns require limiting the cost of competition and conflict..Energy/Directing explains the use of creativity and timing in building an army's momentum..Use of Spies Intelligence focuses on the importance of developing good information sources, and specifies the 5 types of intelligence sources and how to best manage each of them..Leopard Strategy: "The Leopard Secret Teaching emphasizes tactical solutions for particularly difficult types of terrain, such as forests, mountains, ravines and defiles, lakes and rivers, deep valleys, and other constricted locations...

Last edited by lightgiver; 03-07-2014 at 07:18 PM.
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