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Old 27-06-2014, 06:47 PM   #194
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Lightbulb Bhagavad-Gita: Chapter 2, Verse 23

Julius Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is among the persons who are often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for their role in the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons. The first atomic bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945, in the Trinity test in New Mexico; Oppenheimer remarked later that it brought to mind words from the BG: "Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds"..Oppenheimer was born in New York City on April 22, 1904, to Julius Oppenheimer, a wealthy Jewish textile importer who had immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1888, and Ella Friedman, a painter. In 1912 the family moved to an apartment on the 11th floor of 155 Riverside Drive, near West 88th Street, Manhattan, an area known for luxurious mansions and town houses.. Their art collection included works by Pablo Picasso and Édouard Vuillard, and at least 3 original paintings by Vincent van Gogh.. Robert had a younger brother, Frank, who also became a physicist..Oppenheimer Was initially schooled at Alcuin Preparatory School, and in 1911 entered the Ethical Culture Society School.. This had been founded by Felix Adler to Promote a form of ethical training based on the Ethical Culture movement, whose motto was "Deed before Creed"..

In addition to majoring in chemistry,he was also required by Harvard's rules to study history, literature, and philosophy or mathematics. He made up for his late start by taking 6 courses each term and was admitted to the undergraduate honor society Phi Beta Kappa.. In his first year he was admitted to graduate standing in physics on the basis of independent study, which meant he was not required to take the basic classes and could enroll instead in advanced ones.. A course on thermodynamics taught by Percy Bridgman attracted him to experimental physics. He graduated summa cum laude in 3 years..A tall, thin chain smoker, who often neglected to eat during periods of intense thought and concentration,Oppenheimer was marked by many of his friends as having self-destructive tendencies..A disturbing event occurred when he took a vacation from his studies in Cambridge to meet up with his friend Francis Fergusson in Paris. Fergusson noticed that Oppenheimer was not well and to help distract him from his depression told Oppenheimer that he (Fergusson) was to marry his girlfriend Frances Keeley.. Robert did not take the news well. He jumped on Fergusson and tried to strangle him.. Although Fergusson easily fended off the attack, the episode convinced him of Oppenheimer's deep psychological troubles.. Plagued throughout his life by periods of depression, Oppenheimer once told his brother, "I need Physics more than friends"..

He obtained his Doctor of Philosophy degree in March 1927 at age 23, supervised by Born..After the oral exam, James Franck, the professor administering, reportedly said, "I'm glad that's over.. He was on the point of questioning me.." Oppenheimer published more than a dozen papers at Göttingen, including many important contributions to the new field of quantum mechanics. He and Born published a famous paper on the Born–Oppenheimer approximation, which separates nuclear motion from electronic motion in the mathematical treatment of molecules, allowing nuclear motion to be neglected to simplify calculations.. It remains his most cited work...Oppenheimer was awarded a United States National Research Council fellowship to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in September 1927.. Bridgman also wanted him at Harvard, so a compromise was reached whereby he split his fellowship for the 1927–28 academic year between Harvard in 1927 and Caltech in 1928.. At Caltech he struck up a close friendship with Linus Pauling, and they planned to mount a joint attack on the nature of the chemical bond, a field in which Pauling was a pioneer, with Oppenheimer supplying the mathematics and Pauling interpreting the results.. Both the collaboration and their friendship were nipped in the bud when Pauling began to suspect Oppenheimer of becoming too close to his wife, Ava Helen Pauling.. Once, when Pauling was at work, Oppenheimer had arrived at their home and invited Ava Helen to join him on a tryst in Mexico, though she refused and reported the incident to her husband.. The invitation, and her apparent nonchalance about it, disquieted Pauling, and he ended his relationship with Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer later invited him to become head of the Chemistry Division of the Manhattan Project, but Pauling refused, saying he was a pacifist..In the autumn of 1928, Oppenheimer visited Paul Ehrenfest's institute at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands, where he impressed by giving lectures in Dutch, despite having little experience with the language. There he was given the nickname of Opje, later anglicized by his students as "Oppie".. From Leiden he continued on to the ETH in Zurich to work with Wolfgang Pauli on
quantum mechanics and the Continuous spectrum... could be interjected that just as in a burning house the occupants of the house are burned along with it..To annihilate this misconception the Supreme Lord K expains that never can the soul be cut by weapons, never can the soul be burned by fire, never can the soul be moistened by water and never can the soul be withered by air. Although only one use of the word na meaning never would have been sufficient to establish the premise of utter futility in trying to destroy the soul, it is used 4 times to strengthen the empasis insuring there is not even the slightest vestige of doubt...

Last edited by lightgiver; 27-06-2014 at 06:55 PM.
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