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Old 19-06-2014, 04:33 PM   #177
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The City of London is a city within London.. It constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond the City's borders.. The City is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of the London region, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county..The name "London" is now ordinarily used for a far wider area than just the City. "London" usually denotes the London region, which is also known as the Greater London administrative area,comprising 32 boroughs(including the City of Westminster), in addition to the City of London itself. This wider usage of "London" is documented as far back as the 16th century..The local authority for the City, namely the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It is also unusual in having responsibilities and ownerships beyond its boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London. The current Lord Mayor is Fiona Woolf..In British town planning law, such as the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987, many common types of land use are classified in "use classes". Change of use of land within a use class does not require planning permission; however, changing between use classes might require planning permission, but not if the use class is sui generis.. A secondary financial district exists outside of the City, at Canary Wharf, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the EasT...

The City has a resident population of about 7,000 (2011) but over 300,000 people commute to and work there, mainly in the financial services sector.. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City, especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which 2—Inner Temple and Middle Temple—fall within the City of London boundary..The history of the Inner Temple begins in the early years of the reign of Henry II (1154–1189), when the contingent of Knights Templar in London moved from the Old Temple in Holborn to a new location on the banks of the River Thames, stretching from Fleet Street to what is now Essex House..The old Temple eventually became the London palace of the Bishop of Lincoln, after the Reformation it became the home of the Earl of Southampton and the location is now named Southampton Buildings. The first group of lawyers came to live here during the 13th century, although as legal advisers to the Knights rather than as a society.. The Knights fell out of favour, and the order was dissolved in 1312, with the land seized by the king and granted to the Knights Hospitaller. The Hospitallers probably did not live on the property, but rather used it as a source of revenue through rent..During the 12th and 13th centuries, the law was taught in the City of London, primarily by the clergy. During the 13th century, two events happened which destroyed this form of legal education; first, a papal bull of 1207 that prohibited the clergy from teaching the common law, rather than canon law, and secondly, a decree by Henry III of England on 2 December 1234 that no institutes of legal education could exist in the City of London..The Hospitallers leased the land to the Inner Temple for £10 a year, with students coming from Thavie's Inn to study there..The Middle Temple is the western part of "The Temple", the headquarters of the Knights Templar until they were dissolved in 1312; the Temple Church still stands as a "peculiar" (extra-diocesan) church of the Inner and Middle Temples. There has never been an "Outer Temple", apart from a Victorian-era office block of that name: an order of 1337 mentions the "lane through the middle of the Court of the Temple", used by chancery Justices and Clarks on their way to Westminster, which became known as Middle Temple Lane and probably gave its name to the Inn... don't you make arrangements to take our hovercraft to Medieval World, Roman World and Westworld.. Contact us today, or see your travel agent.. Boy, have we got a vacation for you...

Last edited by lightgiver; 19-06-2014 at 04:34 PM.
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