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Old 16-06-2014, 10:15 PM   #32
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Lightbulb ClivE

Manis was the trained orangutan that played Clyde,Clint Eastwood's orangutan sidekick from the 1978 box office hit Every Which Way But Loose. Its 1980 sequel, Any Which Way You Can (1980), did not feature Manis, as he had grown too much between productions. The orangutan that played Clyde in the second film died of a cerebral hemorrhage shortly after the movie wrapped..Manis returned to working with his trainers' act in Las Vegas..Manis Friedman (full name: Menachem Manis HaKohen Friedman; born 1946) is a Chabad Lubavitch Hassid..Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1946, Friedman immigrated with his family to the United States in 1951.. He received his rabbinic ordination at the Rabbinical College of Canada in 1969..According to "Visions of Caliban: On Chimpanzees and People" by famed primatologist Jane Goodall and Dale Peterson, the original "Clyde" was trained with a can of mace and a pipe wrapped in newspaper. He was viciously beaten the day before filming started to make him more docile. Near the end of filming the sequel "Any Which Way You Can," the orangutan was caught stealing doughnuts on the set,brought back to the Training facility and beaten for 20 minutes with a 3 1/2 -foot ax handle...

The founding of an oldest skull which estimates around 40,000 years ago on Niah Caves in Sarawak, it has been identified as the earliest evidence for human settlement in Malaysian Borneo...Malaysia is a country in South East Asia whose strategic sea-lane position brought trade and foreign influences that fundamentally influenced its history. Hindu and Buddhist cultures imported from India dominated early Malaysian history. They reached their peak in the Sumatran-based Srivijaya civilisation, whose influence extended through Sumatra, Java, the Malay Peninsula and much of Borneo from the 7th to the 14th centuries...

Although Muslims had passed through Malaysia as early as the 10th century, it was not until the 14th and 15th centuries that Islam first established itself on the Malay Peninsula. The adoption of Islam by the 15th century saw the rise of number sultanates, the most prominent of which was the Melaka (Malacca). Islamic culture has had a profound influence on the Malay people, but has also been influenced by them. The Portuguese were the first European colonial powers to establish themselves in Malaysia, capturing Malacca in 1511, followed by the Dutch. However, it was the British, who after initially establishing bases at Jesselton, Kuching, Penang, and Singapore, ultimately secured their hegemony across the territory that is now Malaysia. The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 defined the boundaries between British Malaya and the Netherlands East Indies (which became Indonesia). A fourth phase of foreign influence was immigration of Chinese and Indian workers to meet the needs of the colonial economy created by the British in the
Malay Peninsula and Borneo..

In 1944 the British drew up plans for a Malayan Union, which would turn the Federated and Unfederated Malay States, plus Penang and Malacca (but not Singapore), into a single Crown colony, with a view towards independence. The Bornean territories and Singapore were left out as it was thought this would make union more difficult to achieve.. There was however strong opposition from the Malays, who opposed the weakening of the Malay rulers and the granting of citizenship to the ethnic Chinese and other minorities.. The British had decided on equality between races as they perceived the Chinese and Indians as more loyal to the British during the war than the Malays.. The Sultans, who had initially supported it, backed down and placed themselves at the head of the resistance... no fear, little one... I am here to protect thee..Excuse me, El. Presidente. When you're ready to Leaf, your car's right Over There...

Last edited by lightgiver; 16-06-2014 at 10:26 PM.
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