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Old 03-06-2014, 10:12 PM   #228
lightgiver
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Lightbulb 2 Holy M's



Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the 2 Holy Mosques, (Arabic: فهد بن عبد العزيز السعود‎ Fahd ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd) (16 March 1921 – 1 August 2005) was the King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005..Fahd bin Abdulaziz was born in Riyadh in 1921.. He is the 8th son of Ibn Saud.. His mother was Hassa Al Sudairi and he was the eldest member of the Sudairi Se7en..Fahd's education took place at the Princes' School in Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saud specifically for the education of members of the House of Saud.. He received education for 4 years as a result of his mother's urging.. While at the Princes' School, Fahd studied under tutors including Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Khayat.. Then he went on to receive education at the Religious Knowledge Institute in Mecca..Fahd was a supporter of the United Nations. He supported foreign aid and gave 5.5% of Saudi Arabia's national income through various funds especially the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund for International Development. He also gave aid to foreign groups such as the Bosnian Muslims in the Yugoslav Wars, as well as the Nicaraguan Contras, providing "a million dollars per month from May to December 1984"..

King Fahd was also a strong supporter of the Palestinian cause and an opponent of the State of Israel.. Fahd was staunch ally of the United States, and once said "After Allah, we can count on the United States"..Fearing that the 1979 Revolution in Iran could lead to similar Islamic upheaval in Saudi Arabia, Fahd spent considerable sums, after ascending the throne in 1982, to support Saddam Hussein's Iraq in its war with Iran.. He also changed his royal title to "Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques", and took steps to support the conservative Saudi religious establishment, including spending millions of dollars on religious education, further distancing himself from his inconvenient past..In 1990, Iraqi forces under Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, placing the Iraqi army (then the largest in the Middle East) on the Saudi-Kuwaiti border. King Fahd agreed to host American-led coalition troops in his Kingdom, and later allowed American troops to be based there.. This decision brought him considerable criticism and opposition from many Saudi citizens, who objected to the presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil; this was a casus belli against the Saudi royal family prominently cited by Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda. His decision was also objected to by his full brothers or the Sudairi Se7en..King Fahd was a heavy smoker, overweight for much of his adult life, and in his sixties began to suffer from arthritis and severe diabetes.. He suffered a debilitating stroke on 29 November 1995 and became noticeably frail, and decided to delegate the running of the Kingdom to Crown Prince Abdullah on 2 January 1996..On 21 February, King Fahd resumed official duties..King Fahd was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh on 27 May 2005 for unspecified medical tests.. An official (who insisted on anonymity) told the Associated Press unofficially that the king had died at 7:30 EDT on 1 August 2005. King Fahd was 84.. Official statement was announced on state television at 10:00 am by then information minister Iyad Madani..King Fahd was buried in the last thawb (traditional Arab robe) he wore. Fahd’s body was carried to Imam Turki bin Abdullah Mosque, and funeral prayers were held at around 3:30pm local time (12:30 GMT) on 2 August.. The prayers for the late monarch were led by the Kingdom’s grand mufti, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al Sheikh..(Arabic: عبد العزيز بن عبد الله بن محمد بن عبد اللطيف آل الشيخ‎) (born 1941) is a Muslim scholar and the current Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia.. As Grand Mufti, he is the head of the Permanent Committee for
Islamic Research and Issuing Fatwas...


Quote:
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: فيصل بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود‎ Fayṣal ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd; April 1906 – 25 March 1975) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. As king, he is credited with rescuing the country's finances and implementing a policy of modernization and reform, while his main foreign policy themes were pan-Islamism, anti-Communism, and pro-Palestinian nationalism.. He successfully stabilized the kingdom's bureaucracy and his reign had significant popularity among Saudis.. In 1975, he was assassinated by his nephew Faisal bin Musaid..The Sudairi Se7en (Arabic: السديريون السبعة‎, as-Sudayriyyūn as-Sabʿah), also spelled Sudairy or Sudayri, is the commonly used name for a powerful alliance of se7en full brothers within the House of Saud.. They are also sometimes referred to as the Sudairi Clan (Arabic: عائلة السديري‎ ʿĀʾilat as-Sudayrī) or the Sudairi faction. After King Fahd's death, the group was sometimes called the Sudairi 6..In the early 20th century, King Abdulaziz rapidly expanded his power base in Nejd to establish the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, and became its first King. As part of this process of expansion, he married women from powerful Nejdi and other Arabian families to cement his control over all parts of his new domain. It is believed he married as many as 22 women as a result.. One of these marriages was to Hassa bint Ahmad Al Sudairi, a member of the Al Sudairis, a powerful clan in Nejd, where the Wahhabi ideology emerged nearly 300 years ago...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Fahd
http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=126The trick, William P, is not minding that it hurts.. I killed 2 people.. One was... yesterday? He was just a boy and I led him into quicksand.. The other was... well, before Aqaba.. I had to Xecute him with my pistol, and there was something about it that I didn't like..What is it, Major Lawrence, that attracts you personally to the desert..the most shameless X-hibitionist since Barnum & Bailey & It's clean..apart form burning oil wells - dead camel seletons -scorpions - dung beetles-giant lizards etc etc .. There may be honour among thieves, but there's none in ploiticians..what dya reckon G...http://www.davidicke.com/forum/showp...&postcount=193

Last edited by lightgiver; 03-06-2014 at 10:22 PM.
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