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Old 18-05-2014, 12:41 AM   #412
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The Disasters of War (Spanish: Los Desastres de la Guerra) are a series of 82 prints created between 1810 and 1820 by the Spanish painter and printmaker Francisco Goya (1746–1828). Although Goya did not make known his intention when creating the plates, art historians view them as a visual protest against the violence of the 1808 Dos de Mayo Uprising, the subsequent Peninsular War of 1808–14 and the setbacks to the liberal cause following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1814..Plates 1 to 47 consist mainly of realistic depictions of the horrors of the war fought against the French. Most portray the aftermath of battle; they include mutilated torsos and limbs mounted on trees, like "fragments of marble sculpture".. Both French and Spanish troops tortured and mutilated captives; evidence of such acts is minutely detailed across a number of Goya's plates.. Civilian death is also captured in detail. Spanish women were commonly victims of assault and rape.. Civilians often followed armies to battle scenes. If their side won, women and children would search the battlefield for their husbands, fathers and sons. If they lost, they fled in fear of being raped or murdered.. In plate 9, No quieren (They do not want to), an elderly woman is shown wielding a knife in defence of a young girl who is being assaulted by a soldier...The group begins with Tristes premoniciones de lo que ha de acontecer (Gloomy premonitions of what must come to pass), in which a man kneels in the darkness with outstretched arms. The following plates describe combat with the French, who—according to art critic Vivien Raynor—are depicted "rather like Cossacks, bayoneting civilians", while Spanish civilians are shown "poleaxing the French"..Plates 31 to 39 focus on atrocities, and were produced on the same batch of plates as the famine group..Posttraumatic stress disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder in the DSM iV; the characteristic symptoms are not present before exposure to the violently traumatic event. In the typical case, the individual with PTSD persistently avoids all thoughts and emotions, and discussion of the stressor event and may experience amnesia for it. However, the event is commonly relived by the individual through intrusive, recurrent recollections, flashbacks, and nightmares..PTSD is believed to be caused by the experience of a wide range of traumatic events and, in particular if the trauma is X-Treme, Can occur in persons with no predisposing conditions...
An X-change is a type of retail store found on United States military installations worldwide. Originally akin to trading posts, they now resemble contemporary department stores or strip malls..Exchanges are known as a Base Exchange (BX) in the U.S. Air Force, whereas they are referred to as a Post Exchange (PX) in the U.S. Army, Navy Exchange (NEX) in the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps Exchange (MCX) in the U.S. Marine Corps, and as a Coast Guard Exchange (CGX) in the U.S. Coast Guard..Over the next few years, every exchange operated by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES) will be rebranded simply as an Exchange (X) to simplify differentiation between the similar sounding BX and PX names..Exchanges on U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force installations are operated by the Army and Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES), while those on Navy bases are operated by the Navy Exchange Service Command (NEXCOM), and those on U.S. Marine Corps installations are part of Marine Corps Community Services (MCCS), which also runs the rest of Marine MWR operations. The Coast Guard Exchange (CGX) operates a handful of stores on U.S.Coast Guard installations.. EX-changes on joint installations are generally served by the exchanges already operating upon the joining of the existing installations, though some smaller exchanges may close when they can no longer benefit the installation...Overseas exchanges also sell to authorized personnel new US Specification Vehicles made by Ford and Chrysler Harley-Davidson motorcycles. Until 2006 General Motors-made vehicles were also sold, but have since then been discontinued..

Base Exchanges sell con-sumer goods and services to authorized patrons such as Active Duty, Reserve, National Guard, Retired Members of the U.S. Uniformed Services and their dependents. Honorably Discharged Veterans certified 100% disabled by the Veterans Administration, Recipients of the Medal of Honor, Military Transition Personnel, U.S. Civilian DoD Employees when stationed outside the U.S, Contract Surgeons, Red Cross Personnel who are U.S. citizens, assigned outside the U.S. with the Military Service. Authority to use these facilities is normally determined by presentation of the U.S. Uniformed Services Privilege and Identification Card, either when entering the store or when paying for goods and services..On 2 March 2011, members of the 48th Security Forces Squadron were involved in a shooting at Frankfurt Airport in Germany.. The members were on a bus bound for Ramstein AB in Germany when they were attacked by a lone gunman...On 22 March 2011, F15-E 91-0304 crash-landed and was destroyed in eastern Libya after reportedly suffering from a mechanical failure. Both crewmen ejected and were safely recovered..On 7 January 2014 a Pave Hawk from the base crashed while on a low-level training exercise with another helicopter, into the Cley Marshes near Cley next the Sea on the nearby North Norfolk coast.. All 4 occupants died in the crash..A near nuclear accident occurred on 27 July 1956 – when a B-47 bomber crashed into a storage igloo at Lakenheath containing 3 MK-6 nuclear weapons while on a routine training mission. Although the bombs involved in the accident did not have their fissile cores installed, each of them carried about 8,000 pounds of high explosives as part of their trigger mechanism. The crash and ensuing fire did not ignite the high explosives and no denotation occurred. The damaged weapons and components were later returned to the Atomic Energy Commission. The B-47 involved in the accident, which killed 4 crewmen, was part of the 307th Bombardment Wing...

AAFES and NEX have also established smaller field exchanges to provide military personnel with comforts and everyday items while deployed, even in combat zones such as Iraq and Afghanistan. NEX also operates small exchanges, known as "ship's stores," onboard seagoing vessels. They are managed and operated by sailors in the Ship's Serviceman rating..Most profits earned by the exchange services, after paying operating expenses, are used to support community activities aimed at improving morale among service members and their families..Ship's servicemen manage and operate shipboard retail and service activities using microcomputers. This includes ship's stores, vending machines and video games, barber shops, laundry and dry cleaning plants, and tailor shops. The 26-day SH training school is conducted at Meridian, Mississippi..In this regard Navy Supply Rating, it can be considered relatable to the Army's 92 series of MOS... did our first work together, worked our way out of the street. Things were good, we made the most of it. During Prohibition, we ran molasses into Canada... made a fortune, your father, too. As much as anyone, I loved him and trusted him. Later on he had an idea to build a city out of a desert stop-over for GI's on the way to the West Coast..Yeah. Your 2 friends have been taking advances..Would you like a free one.. All right, I'm coming out.. Any man I see out there...

Last edited by lightgiver; 18-05-2014 at 12:58 AM.
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