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Old 12-05-2014, 09:10 PM   #184
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The phonautograph, patented by Léon Scott in 1857, used a vibrating diaphragm and stylus to graphically record sound waves as tracings on sheets of paper, purely for visual analysis and without any idea of playing them back. These tracings can now be scanned and digitally converted into audible sound.. Phonautograms of singing and speech made by Scott in 1860 were played back as sound for the first time in 2008.. Along with a tuning fork tone and unintelligible snippets recorded as early as 1857, these are the earliest known recordings of sound..In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph. Unlike the phonautograph, it was capable of both recording and reproducing sound. Despite the similarity of name, there is no documentary evidence that Edison's phonograph was based on Scott's phonautograph..Both the records and the machine were adequate only for use as a toy or curiosity.. In the United States in 1894, under the Berliner Gramophone trademark, Berliner started marketing records with somewhat more substantial entertainment value, along with somewhat more substantial gramophones to play them.. Berliner's records had poor sound quality compared to wax cylinders, but his manufacturing associate Eldridge R. Johnson eventually improved them..In 1901, 10-inch disc records were introduced, followed in 1903 by 12-inch records.. These could play for more than 3 and 4 minutes respectively, while contemporary cylinders could only play for about 2 minutes.. In an attempt to head off the disc advantage, Edison introduced the Amberol cylinder in 1909, with a maximum playing time of 41⁄2 minutes (at 160 rpm), which in turn were superseded by Blue Amberol Records, which had a playing surface made of celluloid, a plastic, which was far less fragile..As early as 1894, Emile Berliner's United States Gramophone Company was selling single-sided 7-inch discs with an advertised standard speed of "about 70 rpm"..One standard audio recording handbook describes speed regulators or "governors" as being part of a wave of improvement introduced rapidly after 1897. A picture of a hand-cranked 1898 Berliner Gramophone shows a governor..Much of Edisons Education came from reading R.G. Parker's School of Natural Philosophy and The Cooper Union..His first phonograph recorded on tinfoil around a grooved cylinder..The tinfoil was wrapped around a grooved metal cylinder and a sound-vibrated stylus indented the tinfoil while the cylinder was rotated. The recording could be played back immediately...

Enochian magic is a system of ceremonial magic based on the invocation and commanding of various spirits. It is based on the 16th-century writings of Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelley, who claimed that their information, including the revealed Enochian language, was delivered to them directly by various angels.. Dee's journals contained the Enochian script, and the tables of correspondences that accompany it. Dee and Kelley believed their visions gave them access to secrets contained within the apocryphal Book of Enoch..The raw material for the Enochian magical system was "dictated" through a series of Angelic communications which lasted from 1582-1589. Dee and Kelley claimed they received these instructions from angels. While Kelly conducted the psychic operations known as scrying, Dee kept meticulous written records of everything that occurred.. Kelly would look deeply into a crystal "shewstone" and describe aloud whatever he saw..The 2 pillars of modern Enochian Magick, as outlined in Liber Chanokh are the Elemental Watchtowers (including the Tablet of Union) and the "World" of the 30 Aethyrs.. The Aethyrs are the "heavens" or Aires of the system. Starting with the 30th Aethyr and working to the first, the magician explores only as far as his level of initiation will permit..The angels of the 4 Quarters are symbolized by the Elemental "Watchtowers" 4 large magickal word-square Tables ( "Great Table of the Earth")..Enochian angels are drawn from the Watchtowers of the Great Table... on, pal. If you start laughing, I'm gonna cry, and I'll never get through this.. I'm sorry I wasn't there for you, but I am now. Hey, Sculley, I am baring my soul here..The least you can do is pay attention!..It's now 5 after the hour of 6:00 A.M. in the big monster city.. Temperature's a balmy 65 degrees...

Last edited by lightgiver; 12-05-2014 at 09:27 PM.
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