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Old 14-04-2014, 03:27 AM   #49
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Arrow Impaler

Vlad was born in Sighișoara, Transylvania, Kingdom of Hungary (today part of Romania), in the winter of 1431 to Vlad II Dracul, future voivode of Wallachia..his father was the son of the celebrated Voivode Mircea the Elder. His mother is unknown, though at the time his father is believed to have been married to Princess Cneajna of Moldavia (eldest daughter of Alexander "the Good", Prince of Moldavia and aunt to Stephen the Great of Moldavia) and also to have kept a number of mistresses.. He had two older half-brothers, Mircea II and Vlad Călugărul, and a younger brother, Radu III the Handsome..In the year of his birth, Vlad's father, known under the nickname Dracul, had traveled to Nuremberg where he had been vested into the Order of the Dragon...
In October 2011, Prince Charles publicly claimed that he is a descendant of Vlad the Impaler. The claim accompanied his announcement of a pledge to help conserve the forested areas of Transylvania.. Radu Florescu documented on page 193 of his book, "Dracula: Prince of Many Faces" that the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I granted Ladislas Dracula and his brother John recognition as Dracula's direct descendants. Based on their documentation, the Emperor granted them letters patent (a patent of nobility) on January 20, 1535, in which their descent is described and also specific mention is made in the patent of "the ancient insignia of Ladislas's family" as being the same as that of the Bathory family—a gules (red) sword covering three wolf teeth...
At the end of the 8th century the establishment of the Khazar Khaganate north of the Caucasus Mountains created an obstacle in the path of nomadic people moving westward..In the following period, the local population of the Carpathian–Danubian area profited from the peaceful political climate and a unitary material culture, called "Dridu", that developed in the region.. Finds from the Dridu settlements, such as coulters and sickles, confirm the role of agriculture in their economy..The 11th-century settlements in Transylvania are characterized by small huts with ceramic assemblages marked by clay cauldrons.. one of the major incentives for the growth of Transylvanian towns was the trade with Wallachia and Moldavia.. For instance, Braşov was granted a staple right in 1369 with respect to the trade in cloth from Poland or Germany...According to a royal decree of 1428, Louis I had also ordered that only Catholics be granted land in the Sebeş district of Timiş county.. As a result of official pressure, many Romanian noblemen converted to Catholicism...

According to a charter issued by Béla IV of Hungary for the Knights Hospitallers in 1247, at that time at least 4 polities existed in the area to the south of the Carpathians..2 of them, the cnezats of John and Farcaş were granted to the knights, but the lands ruled by Litovoi and Seneslau were left "to the Olati" ("Romanians") "just as they have owned it".. In the 1270s, Litovoi extended his territory and stopped paying tribute to the king, but his army was defeated by the royal forces, and he was killed in the battle... Later on, all the important monasteries and boyars owned Gipsy slaves...Nevertheless, the contemporary Thomas Tuscus's reference to the Romanians' conflict with the Ruthenians in 1277 suggests that Romanian political entities existed in northern Moldavia at that time..

Alexander I Aldea (1431–1436) was the first Romanian ruler to be forced to render military service to the Ottomans..2 decades later, Vlad III the Impaler (1448, 1456–1462, 1476), notorious as the model for the Dracula legend, turned against the Ottoman Empire.. He carried out a series of attacks across the Danube in the winter of 1461–1462..The response was a massive invasion led by Mehmed II who drove Vlad III from the throne and replaced him with his brother, Radu III the Fair (1462–1475).. Due to the frequent military operations, the Wallachian Plain was heavily depopulated after the end of the 14th century.. On the other hand, Wallachia received a steady flow of immigrants, mostly from the Balkans...
The spear probably originated in Africa sometime during the evolution of the genus Homo... It was an important part of the Nubian and ancient Egyptian military ..The most common kind of spear used in Africa is the assegai, which is usually thrown.The Zulu people of eastern South Africa would become known for their particular skill with shortened thrusting spears called iklwa... These spears were designed for close combat and often were wielded in conjunction with a large oval shield. Advanced skills in close combat allowed the Zulu military to conquer much of southeast Africa..The spear is the main weapon of the warriors of Homer's Iliad. The use of both a single thrusting spear and 2 throwing spears are mentioned..From the late 2nd century BC, all legionaries were equipped with the pilum which continued to be the standard legionary spear until the end of the 2nd century AD... and evil, there never is one without the other..Looking at the cake is like looking at the future, until you've tasted it what do you really know? And then, of course, it's too late...

Last edited by lightgiver; 14-04-2014 at 03:31 AM.
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