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Old 25-11-2013, 12:08 AM   #97
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Lightbulb August 31

1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty.
1142 - With the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah, The Great Peacemaker, the Iroquois tribes establish the Confederation of the Haudenosaunee.
1218 – Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil.
1310 - German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia
1422 - Henry VI, becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
1535 - Pope Paul II deposed & excommunicated King Henry VIII
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle Scotland
1864 – During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta, Georgia.
1886 – An earthquake kills 100 in Charleston, South Carolina.
1888 – Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper's confirmed victims.
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
1897 - General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum + Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph) - The Berbers (Berber: ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⴻⵏ) are the ethnic group indigenous to North Africa west of the Nile Valley. They are distributed from the Atlantic Ocean to the Siwa Oasis in Egypt, and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Niger River...
1907 - Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet..
1914 - 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)- General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris..

1939 – Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on the Gleiwitz radio station, creating an excuse to attack Poland the following day thus starting World War II in Europe.
1941 - 23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton)...
1954 - Census Bureau forms - Hurricane Carol (1st major named storm) hits New England
1955 - 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill
1961 - Amsterdam National Ballet forms

1968 - Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon & Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them on the cover - 12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran
1978 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - 16 yr old Tracy Austin defeats 14 yr old Andrea Jaeger at US Open
1980 – Flood in Ibadan after 12 hours of heavy downpour killed over 300 people and properties worth million destroyed.
1983 - Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz
1985 - Night Stalker suspect that terrorized S California captured in East LA
1990 - East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems
1991 - Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1993 - HMS Mercury closes after 52 years in commission..

1994 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.
1996 – Saddam Hussein's troops seized Irbil after the Kurdish Masoud Barzani appealed for help to defeat his Kurdish rival PUK.
1997 - Don Mattingly's #23 is retired by NY Yankees...

1940 – Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
1986 - Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82
1986 - Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die
1987 – Thai Airways Flight 365 crashes into the ocean near Ko Phuket, Thailand, killing all 83 aboard.
1989 - Aeromexico DC-9 collides over LA, 82 die (15 on the ground)...
When "The Adventure of the Cardboard Box" was removed from publication, Conan Doyle removed a passage from it that showed Holmes "mind reading" Watson to "The Adventure of the Resident Patient".. (The text of the moved passage runs from "Our blinds were half-drawn, and Holmes lay curled upon the sofa" to "I should not have intruded it upon your attention had you not shown some incredulity the other day.") This passage reveals Dr. Watson to be an avid admirer of Henry Ward Beecher, whose portrait he keeps at his home..Born in Litchfield, Connecticut, Henry was the 8th of 13 children born to Lyman Beecher, a Presbyterian preacher from Boston...

Birthday - 12 - Caligula,(Gaius Caesar), 3rd Roman emperor (37-41 AD)..August 31 is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.. There are 122 days remaining until the end of the year..161 – Commodus, Roman emperor (d. 192) \1928 – Jaime Sin, Filipino cardinal (d. 2005) / 1939 – J.I. Allison, American drummer and songwriter (The Crickets)/1945 – Bob Welch, American singer and guitarist (Fleetwood Mac and Paris) (d. 2012)\1949 – Richard Gere, American actor, singer, producer & Buddhist /1970 – Queen Rania of Jordan – Amy Stein, American photographer..Holmes' eloquent speech at the end of the episode questions the very nature of humanity. He asks toward what end mortals pursue "this circle of misery, violence, and fear", concluding that "it must have a purpose, or else our universe has no meaning, which is unthinkable. But what purpose? That, is humanity's great problem, to which reason so far, has no answer."

Last edited by lightgiver; 25-11-2013 at 12:16 AM.
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