Thread: Eva Braun
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Old 21-01-2013, 02:23 PM   #29
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Arrow Führerbunker

The Führerbunker (English: "Leader's bunker"Coordinates 52.5125°N 13.3815°E) was an air-raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany. It was part of a subterranean bunker complex which was constructed in two major phases, one part in 1936 and the other in 1943. It was the last of the Führer Headquarters (Führerhauptquartiere) to be used by Adolf Hitler..Hitler took up residence in the Führerbunker on 16 January 1945 and it became the centre of the Nazi regime until the last week of World War II. Hitler married Eva Braun here during the last week of April 1945, shortly before they committed suicide...The Führerbunker was located about 8.5 metres (28 ft) beneath the garden of the old Reich Chancellery building at Wilhelmstraße 77, about 120 metres (390 ft) north of the new Reich Chancellery building, which had the address Voßstraße 6. The Vorbunker was located beneath the large reception hall behind the old Reich Chancellery, which was connected to the new Reich Chancellery. The Führerbunker was located 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) lower than the Vorbunker and to the west-southwest of it..

Hitler moved into the Führerbunker permanently on 16 January 1945. He was joined by his senior staff, Martin Bormann, and later, Eva Braun and Joseph Goebbels with Magda and their six children, who took residence in the upper Vorbunker. Two or three dozen support, medical, and administrative staff were also sheltered there. These included Hitler's secretaries, a nurse named Erna Flegel, and telephonist, Rochus Misch..The bunker was crowded and oppressive, and air raids were occurring daily. Hitler stayed mostly on the lower level of the Führerbunker, where it was quieter, and he could sleep. Conferences took place for much of the night, often until 05:00..Since it was near the Berlin Wall, the site was undeveloped and neglected until after reunification...

After the war, Soviet forces tried to destroy the bunker but their attempts met with minimal success. During the Cold War, the site was a no-man’s land on the East German controlled side of the Berlin Wall. Parts of the bunker were further destroyed and filled with rubble in the 1980s and 1990s when the government began constructing the apartment buildings that now dominate the area..
After midnight on 29 April, Hitler married Eva Braun in a small civil ceremony in a map room within the Führerbunker. Thereafter, Hitler then took secretary Traudl Junge to another room and dictated his last will and testament. At approximately 04:00, Hans Krebs, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Goebbels, and Bormann witnessed and signed the documents. Hitler then retired to bed...

The last will was a short document signed on 29 April at 04:00.

It acknowledged his marriage—but does not name Eva Braun—and that they choose death over disgrace of deposition or capitulation; and that their bodies were to be cremated.
His art collection is left to "a gallery in my home town of Linz on Donau".
Objects of "sentimental value or necessary for the maintenance of a modest simple life" went to his relatives and his "faithful co-workers" such as secretary Mrs. Winter.
Whatever else of value he possessed went to the National Socialist German Workers Party.
Martin Bormann was nominated as the will's executor.

The will was witnessed by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, Martin Bormann and Colonel Nicholaus von Below...
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