View Single Post
Old 02-01-2013, 01:08 AM   #108
Senior Member
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Inactive
Posts: 36,483
Likes: 237 (190 Posts)
Lightbulb Child of Horus

Philip the Arab (Latin: Marcus Julius Philippus Augustus; Arabic: فيليب العربى c. 204 – 249), also known as Philip or Philippus Arabs, was Roman Emperor from 244 to 249. He came from Syria and rose to become a major figure in the Roman Empire. He achieved power after the death of Gordian III, quickly negotiating peace with the Sassanid Empire. During his reign, Rome celebrated its millennium..

Among early Christian writers, Philip had the reputation of being sympathetic to the Christian faith. It was even claimed that he converted to Christianity, becoming the first Christian emperor, but this is disputed. He supposedly tried to celebrate Easter with Christians in Antioch, but the bishop Babylas made him stand with the penitents. Philip and his wife received letters from Origen...

Origen or Origen Adamantius (184/185 – 253/254), was a scholar and theologian of early Christian interest in Alexandria, and one of the writers regarding the early Church. During the fifth and sixth centuries, his orthodoxy was questioned, largely because he believed in the pre-existence and transmigration of souls, and apokatastasis, or universal reconciliation, ideas which were discussed among some patristic writers but which were later rejected as heretical...Origen's Greek name ŌrigĂ©nēs (Ὠριγένης) probably means "child of Horus" (from Ὡρος, "Horus", and γένος, "born"). His nickname or cognomen Adamantius derives from Greek ἀδάμας, which means "man of adamant." He acquired it because of his severe ascetical practices (according to Eusebius he castrated himself based on a literal reading of Matthew 19:12 ["There are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven" (RSV)]).
Little is known about Philip's early life and political career. He was born in what is today Shahba, about 55 miles (89 km) southeast of Damascus, in the Trachonitis district, then in the Roman province of Arabia.Philip, who received the nickname "the Arab" because his family hailed from the Roman province of Arabia, was the son of a Julius Marinus, a local Roman citizen, possibly of some importance.Philip was overthrown and killed following a rebellion led by his successor Decius..Although Decius tried to come to terms with Philip, Philip's army met the usurper near modern Verona that summer. Decius won the battle and Philip was killed sometime in September 249, either in the fighting or assassinated by his own soldiers who were eager to please the new ruler. Philip's eleven-year-old son and heir may have been killed with his father and Priscus disappeared without a trace..

Last edited by lightgiver; 02-01-2013 at 01:19 AM.
lightgiver is offline   Reply With Quote