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Old 10-08-2012, 07:49 PM   #17
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Arrow Operant Conditioning Directive

Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) is a form of learning in which an individual's behaviour is modified by its consequences; the behaviour may change in form, frequency, or strength. Operant conditioning is distinguished from classical conditioning (or respondent conditioning) in that operant conditioning deals with the modification of "voluntary behaviour" or operant behaviour. Operant behaviour operates on the environment and is maintained by its consequences, while classical conditioning deals with the conditioning of reflexive (reflex) behaviors which are elicited by antecedent conditions. Behaviours conditioned via a classical conditioning procedure are not maintained by consequences...
Members of an al-Qaeda cell abduct a British soldier home on leave from a tour in Iraq, and threaten to execute him unless the Government cancels the country's Remembrance Sunday commemorations. MI5 secure the release of Lucas North, an MI5 agent captured...
Reinforcement is a consequence that causes a behaviour to occur with greater frequency.

Punishment is a consequence that causes a behaviour to occur with less frequency.

Extinction is caused by the lack of any consequence following a behaviour. When a behaviour is inconsequential (i.e., producing neither favourable nor unfavourable consequences) it will occur less frequently. When a previously reinforced behaviour is no longer reinforced with either positive or negative reinforcement, it leads to a decline in that behaviour.

The seventh series of the BBC espionage television series Spooks (known as MI-5 in the United States) began broadcasting on 27 October 2008 on BBC One before ending on 8 December 2008 on the same channel, and consists of eight episodes, two less than previous series. It follows the actions of Section D, a counter-terrorism division in MI5. The primary storyline involves Sugarhorse, a top secret operation set up by MI5 during the final years of the Cold War, and a mole working for the FSB who intends to leak the operation to the Russians...
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