View Single Post
Old 02-06-2012, 01:49 PM   #43
Senior Member
Join Date: Apr 2008
Location: Inactive
Posts: 36,483
Likes: 237 (190 Posts)
Arrow Psycho

Originally Posted by ftil View Post
I wanted to know from where you got the idea that psyche means both soul and butterfly.
In Greek mythology Psyche was a personification of the soul and she was depicted with butterfly wings but it doesn’t mean that Psyche means both soul and butterfly.

There was not one myth of Eros.

BTW, you don’t want to mix psychoanalysis with mythology, do you.
In psychology the psyche is the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious. Psychology is the scientific or objective study of the psyche. The word has a long history of use in psychology and philosophy, dating back to ancient times, and has been one of the fundamental concepts for understanding human nature from a scientific point of view. The English word soul is sometimes used synonymously, especially in older texts...The basic meaning of the Greek word ψυχή (psūchĂȘ) was "life". Derived meanings included "spirit", "ghost", and ultimately "self", "conscious personality"

Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, believed that the psyche was composed of three components...

The id, which represents the instinctual drives of an individual and remains largely unconscious.
The super-ego, which represents a person's conscience and their internalization of societal norms and morality.
The ego, which is conscious and serves to integrate the drives of the id with the prohibitions of the super-ego. Freud believed this conflict to be at the heart of neurosis.

Cupid and Psyche ( also known as The Tale of Amour and Psyche and The Tale of Eros and Psyche), is a myth that first appeared as a digressionary story told by an old woman in Lucius Apuleius' novel, The Golden Ass, written in the 2nd century AD. Apuleius likely used an earlier tale as the basis for his story, modifying it to suit the thematic needs of his novel.

Butterflies are souls of the dead waiting to Pass through Purgatory...

The butterfly symbolizing the occurs in numerous cultures over many centuries. Perhaps the most prominent association of the butterfly with the soul is with Psyche.

The myth of Psyche originated in the Orient. A Myth said the Rhetors (mere talkers) is “an untrue narrative representing truth.” This myth is a good example of approaching “profound realities of Nature by poetic intuition.” “Its secret sense shows through thanks to the symbolism of the butterfly.”

By her beauty, Psyche has aroused the jealousy of Venus. She had seduced Eros himself. Carried away by Zephyre into a flowery valley. She lived there in a dream Palace. Each night she greeted there a lover that she was not supposed to see. On the false-hearted advice of her sisters, giving in to curiosity, she came once with a lamp, to see the one who shared her bed. A drop of oil fell on the god who took flight. Thus began the terrible afflictions from which the unfortunate one could escape only thanks to the complicity of Love. When she had surmounted them her wedding was celebrated in Olympia and she was admired at the banquet of the gods.

Now in Greek, Psyche signifies at the same time soul and butterfly. The myth was interpreted by playing on this double sense. It became the story of the soul touched by divine love, but which, by reason of the mistakes made, must undergo some tribulations before having access to happy immortality. The night butterfly [the moth] attracted by the flame, like the soul attracted by heavenly truths, burns in the flame, reflection of the trials that must be endured to eliminate the fleshy sink-stones before knowing the joys of the beyond.

The work of George Hoefnagel (1542-1601) attempted to illustrate sacred texts using symbols. Many of his works contain caterpillars and butterflies, symbolizing man and his soul.

Reincarnated Being...In the Solomon Islands, a “dying man has a choice as to what he will become at death and often chooses a butterfly.”

“Among the Nagas of Assam the dead are believed to go through a series of transformations in the underworld and are finally reborn as butterflies. When the butterfly dies, that is the end of the soul forever.” “The Maya looked upon butterflies also as the spirits of dead warriors in disguise descending to earth.”

Last edited by lightgiver; 02-06-2012 at 03:07 PM.
lightgiver is offline   Reply With Quote