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Old 25-05-2012, 07:11 PM   #84
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Lightbulb Caesar ean

The Roman Lex Regia (royal law), later the Lex Caesarea (imperial law) of Numa Pompilius (715–673 BC), required the child of a mother dead in childbirth be cut from her womb. This seems to have begun as a religious requirement that mothers not be buried pregnant, and to have evolved into a way of saving the fetus, with Roman practice requiring a living mother be in her 10th month of pregnancy before the procedure was resorted to, reflecting the knowledge that she could not survive the delivery. Although Caesarean sections were performed in Roman times, no classical source records a mother surviving such a delivery, – the earliest recorded survival dates to 1500 AD – and Caesar's mother Aurelia Cotta lived to serve him as an advisor in his adulthood.

The term has also been explained as deriving from the verb caedere, to cut, with children delivered this way referred to as caesones. Pliny the Elder refers to a certain Julius Caesar (not the famous ancient monarch, but a remote forefather) as ab utero caeso, "cut from the womb", a godly attribute comparable to rumours about the birth of Alexander the Great.Notably, the Oxford English Dictionary does not credit a derivation from "caedere", and defines Caesarean birth as "the delivery of a child by cutting through the walls of the abdomen when delivery cannot take place in the natural way, as was done in the case of Julius Cæsar".

Some link with Julius Caesar, or with Roman emperors in general, exists in other languages, as well. For example, the modern German, Danish, Dutch, Swedish and Hungarian terms are respectively Kaiserschnitt, kejsersnit, keizersnede, "kejsarsnitt" and császármetszés (literally: "Emperor's cut"). The German term has also been imported into Japanese (帝王切開 teiōsekkai) and Korean (제왕 절개 jewang jeolgae), both literally meaning "emperor incision". Similar in western Slavic (Polish) cięcie cesarskie, (Czech) císařský řez and (Slovak) cisársky rez (literally "imperial cut"), whereas the south Slavic term is Serbian царски рез and Slovenian cárski réz, which literally means "tzar" cut. The Russian term kesarevo secheniye (Кесарево сечение késarevo sečénije) literally means Caesar's section. The Arabic term (ولادة قيصرية wilaada qaySaríyya) also means pertaining to Caesar or literally Caesarean. The Hebrew term ניתוח קיסרי (nitúakh Keisári) translates literally as Caesarean surgery. In Romania and Portugal, it is usually called cesariana, meaning from (or related to) Caesar. According to Shahnameh ancient Persian book, the hero Rostam was the first person who was born with this method and term رستمينه (rostamineh) is corresponded to Caesarean.

The canonical five Ripper victims are Mary Ann Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes and Mary Jane Kelly.

Mary Ann Nichols...Lower part of the abdomen was partly ripped open by a deep, jagged wound.

Annie Chapman...The abdomen was slashed entirely open, and it was later discovered that the uterus had been removed.

Elizabeth Stride...Uncertainty about whether Stride's murder should be attributed to the Ripper, or whether he was interrupted during the attack, stems from the absence of mutilations to the abdomen...

Catherine Eddowes...The abdomen was ripped open by a long, deep, jagged wound. The left kidney and the major part of the uterus had been removed.

Mary Jane Kelly...The throat had been severed down to the spine, and the abdomen virtually emptied of its organs. The heart was missing.

The "From Hell" letter, received by George Lusk of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee, included half of a preserved human kidney, supposedly from one of the victims.

The similarities between Wicca and Freemasonry...

Last edited by lightgiver; 25-05-2012 at 07:44 PM.
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