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Old 18-11-2011, 01:49 AM   #227
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Lightbulb British atomic testing in australia

The Buffalo atomic tests were the fourth in a series conducted in Australia. In 1952 and 1956, the British had fired atomic bombs on the deserted Monte Bello Islands off the coast of Western Australia.The western region of South Australia had also been used in October 1953, for the testing, by the British Atomic Testing Energy Authority, of two small atomic devices above the ground, at Emu Field. The Buffalo tests of late 1956 were larger bombs with different triggers and simpler mechanisms were fired at the new site of Maralinga. The name by coincidence means "Fields Of Thunder".

Bruce A Bolt describes the location...

"The Nullabor Plain of Australia conveys an endless theme of sparse vegetation, far horizons, and brooding emptiness. This outback landscape appears, at first meeting, desiccated and monotonous. The Plain is almost devoid of real trees; the struggle for life is intense. Even the ubiquitous Australian eucalyptus, evolved in endless variations to survive snow or aridness, is rare. However, intimacy with the Nullabor reveals a different reality. The yellow and browns of the soil, the sculpture mounds of sand and pebbles, create a landscape of endless variety. In the gullies and clefts, among the grey spinifex and mallee scrub one encounters bursts of desert flowers: the purple of the desert rose; the scarlet brilliance of the Sturt's pea, like drops of blood among its feathery foilage; the greenness of a phyllodinous acacia, a few feet high, with its flattened leafstalks evovled to reduce loss of water."

Seismological Results Of The First Atomic Tests...

The 1956 Maralinga seismological experiments proved as successful as the nuclear explosions themselves. A total of ten seismograms of importance were obtained from the four atomic detonations; the readings were used to determine for the first time the thickness of the Earth's crust in the Australian continent. The results of these seismological experiments concluded that the Western Australian crust had a thickness of around 35km in depth. The depth of crust and seismic properties were similar to other continental shield areas such as Canada, South Africa and Siberia...
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